AHS 307 - Gastrointestinal Drugs

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 101

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Gastrointestinal Disease Quizzes & Trivia

Covers material from the GI Lecture, and from chapter 11.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Parasympathetic systems are inhibited by _______ drugs.
  • 2. 
    Parasympathetic systems are stimulated by __________ drugs.
  • 3. 
    Anticholinergics
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Glycopyrrolate

    • C. 

      Aminopentamide

    • D. 

      Isopropamide

    • E. 

      Methscopolamine

  • 4. 
    Can blacken the stool and cause opacities on the radiographs. Also should not be used in cats because of aspirin-like qualities.
    • A. 

      Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-bismol)

    • B. 

      Kaolin/pectin

    • C. 

      Activated charcoal

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Antidiarrheal drug
    • A. 

      Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-bismol)

    • B. 

      Kaolin/pectin

    • C. 

      Activated charcoal

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    Both an adsorbent and a protectant.
    • A. 

      Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-bismol)

    • B. 

      Kaolin/pectin

    • C. 

      Activated charcoal

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    Comes in powdered form. Is considerded the best ADsorbent.
    • A. 

      Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-bismol)

    • B. 

      Kaolin/pectin

    • C. 

      Activated charcoal

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    An adsorbent is a substance that binds other materials to its surface.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Mechanisms of opiate/narcotic analgesics used for diarrheal control.
    • A. 

      Decrease intestinal secretions

    • B. 

      Increase intestinal secretions

    • C. 

      Increase segmental contractions

    • D. 

      Decrease segmental contractions

    • E. 

      Decrease intestinal absorption.

  • 10. 
    Uncontrolled opioid anti-diarrheal.
    • A. 

      Diphenoxylate

    • B. 

      Loperamide

    • C. 

      Paregoric

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    C-V controlled antidiarrheal substance with added atropine.
    • A. 

      Diphenoxylate

    • B. 

      Loperamide

    • C. 

      Paregoric

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    C-III controlled anti-diarrheal. Combined with kaolin/pectin.
    • A. 

      Diphenoxylate

    • B. 

      Loperamide

    • C. 

      Paregoric

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Narcotic anti-diarrheal not be used in horses or cattle.
    • A. 

      Diphenoxylate

    • B. 

      Loperamide

    • C. 

      Paregoric

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Ideal osmotic for animals also suffering from liver disease.
    • A. 

      Lactulose

    • B. 

      Sodium phosphate enemas

    • C. 

      Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4)

    • D. 

      Magnesium hydroxide (Milk of magnesia)

  • 15. 
    Osmotic not for use in cats.
    • A. 

      Lactulose

    • B. 

      Sodium phosphate enemas

    • C. 

      Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4)

    • D. 

      Magnesium hydroxide (Milk of magnesia)

  • 16. 
    Which are emollients?
    • A. 

      Ducosate derivatives (DSS)

    • B. 

      Mineral oil

    • C. 

      Lactulose

    • D. 

      Polyethylene glycol-electrolyte solution

    • E. 

      Castor oil

    • F. 

      Psyllium

  • 17. 
    Includes surfactants, which help reduce surface tension by helping water soak into the fecal material.
    • A. 

      Emollient laxatives

    • B. 

      Osmotic laxitives

    • C. 

      Stimulant laxitives

    • D. 

      Bulk-forming laxatives

  • 18. 
    Bulk forming laxative
    • A. 

      Psyllium seed extract

    • B. 

      Castor oil

    • C. 

      Mineral oil

    • D. 

      Phenophthalein (Ex Lax)

  • 19. 
    Inhibit dopamine in the CRTZ, thus decreasing the stimulation to vomit.
    • A. 

      Acepromazine

    • B. 

      Chlorpromazine

    • C. 

      Prochlorpromazine

    • D. 

      Meclizine

  • 20. 
    Antihistamines that act to decrease input to the CRTZ from the vestibular apparatus.
    • A. 

      Dimenhydrinate

    • B. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • C. 

      Meclizine

  • 21. 
    Anticholiergics that block acetylcholine peripherally, decreasing input to the CRTZ. Contraindicated in animals with glaucoma or pyloric obstruction.
    • A. 

      Aminopentamide

    • B. 

      Atropine

    • C. 

      Acepromazine

  • 22. 
    Most commonly used procainamide derivative anti-emetic.
    • A. 

      Metoclopramide (Reglan)

    • B. 

      Atropine

    • C. 

      Propantheline (Pro-Banthine)

  • 23. 
    Metoclopramide's three modes of actions to reduce vomitting....
    • A. 

      Decrease input to the CRTZ

    • B. 

      Increase GI contractions

    • C. 

      Decreases GI contractions

    • D. 

      Increases gastric emptying

    • E. 

      Decreases gastric emptying

    • F. 

      Increases gastric secretions

  • 24. 
    A dog comes in having ingested some toilet bowl cleaner containing a high concentration of bleach. You should...
    • A. 

      Administer apomorphine.

    • B. 

      Administer activated charcoal.

  • 25. 
    Stimulate dopamine receptors in the CRTZ, thus inducing vomiting.
    • A. 

      Apomorphine

    • B. 

      Acepromazine

    • C. 

      Chlorpromazine

    • D. 

      Ipecac syrup

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