Advancements In Mechanical Ventilation And ABG Interpretation

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Advancements In Mechanical Ventilation And ABG Interpretation


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Pressure Ventilation is the only mode of therapy provided in Mechanical Ventilation?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Non-Invasive Ventilation supports patients who require therapy from:
    • A. 

      Outside the body via trach

    • B. 

      Outside the body via face mask, nasal mask

    • C. 

      Trach with cuff

    • D. 

      Cool aerosol via trach mask

  • 3. 
    Risks of complications from CPAP occur besides?
    • A. 

      Irritation from mask

    • B. 

      Intolerance from air pressure

    • C. 

      Dry mouth

    • D. 

      Cuff leak

  • 4. 
    Invasive Ventilation is recommended for patients who are?
    • A. 

      Requiring bilevel therapy via face mask

    • B. 

      Trached and Intubated

    • C. 

      Require Negative Pressure

    • D. 

      SNP Ventilation

  • 5. 
    Cpap differentiates from Bipap because :
    • A. 

      Bipap has an inhalation and an exhalation

    • B. 

      Cpap is based off of negative pressure

    • C. 

      Cpap is triggered by the patient effort upon exhalation

    • D. 

      Bipap is meant for positive pressure only

  • 6. 
    Bipap is often used after or because? ​
    • A. 

      Post Operation

    • B. 

      CPAP has failed to adequately treat the patient

    • C. 

      Patient failed to adequately take MDI tx

    • D. 

      Cough Assist Therapy has failed to adequately treat the patient

  • 7. 
    Sip n Puff is assisted technology used to send signals to a device using air pressure by inhalation and exhalation ?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    An arterial blood gas (ABG) is a blood test that is performed by taking blood from a Vein? 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    What are the normal PH level values:
    • A. 

      7.35 – 7.55

    • B. 

      7.00 – 7.56

    • C. 

      7.27 – 7.78

    • D. 

      7.35 – 7.45

  • 10. 
    If the PC02 is abnormal then it is a?
    • A. 

      Oxygenation Issue

    • B. 

      Metabolic Problem

    • C. 

      Respiratory Problem

    • D. 

      Poor Perfusion

  • 11. 
    Measuring the PA02 in the arterial blood gives us the amount of oxygen in the blood?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    What values identify Moderate Hypoxia?
    • A. 

      80-100

    • B. 

      60-79

    • C. 

      20-39

    • D. 

      40-59

  • 13. 
    If the Bicarbonate is abnormal then it is a?
    • A. 

      Respiratory Issue

    • B. 

      Ph problem

    • C. 

      Hypoxia Problem

    • D. 

      Metabolic Problem

  • 14. 
    Determine what issue is occurring in this ABG?PH – 7.34PC02 -  49HC03 - 24PA02 – 75Sp02 – 95% 
    • A. 

      Respiratory Acidosis w/ moderate hypoxia

    • B. 

      Metabolic Alkalosis w/ moderate hypoxia

    • C. 

      Respiratory Acidosis w/ severe hypoxia

    • D. 

      Respiratory Alkalosis w/severe hypoxia

  • 15. 
    Is the PH acidotic or alkalotic? Is the PC02 acidotic or alkalotic?PH 7.15PC02 -  49HC03 - 24PA02 – 85Sp02 – 95%​
    • A. 

      PH- Alkalotic / PC02 Alkalotic

    • B. 

      PH- Acidotic / PC02 Acidotic

    • C. 

      PH- Acidotic / PC02 Alkalotic

    • D. 

      PH- Alkalotic / PC02 Acidotic

  • 16. 
    Determine the current ABG sample:PH – 7.18PC02 – 61HC03 – 26PA02 – 68Sp02 – 99%
    • A. 

      Respiratory Alkalosis with Moderate Hypoxia

    • B. 

      Respiratory Acidosis with Mild Hypoxia

    • C. 

      Respiratory Acidosis with Moderate Hypoxia

    • D. 

      Respiratory Alkalosis with Severe Hypoxia

  • 17. 
    In order to correct a Respiratory problem with an elevated PC02 it is recommended to:
    • A. 

      Decrease Tidal Volume

    • B. 

      Decrease the Minute Ventilation

    • C. 

      Adjust I:E ratio

    • D. 

      Increase Minute Ventilation, RR or Tidal Volume

  • 18. 
    What is the formula for minute ventilation?
    • A. 

      VT + HR

    • B. 

      RR x VT

    • C. 

      RR x HR

    • D. 

      RR + VT

  • 19. 
    Calculate the minute ventilation from the patients settings as follows:AC 14 VT 550 Fi02 40% Peep +5​
    • A. 

      7.1 Liters

    • B. 

      8.5 Liters

    • C. 

      7.7 Liters

    • D. 

      6.4 Liters