Accounting Principles And Concepts Quiz Questions And Answers

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Accounting Principles And Concepts Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

How good are your basic accounting principles and concepts? Try out these quiz questions and answers and check your financial knowledge. Accounting principles are the common rules and guidelines that companies need to follow while preparing and presenting financial statements. So, how updated are you on these rules? We will test your understanding of this topic with this quiz. Take the test and evaluate yourself. Also, make your learning better here with us.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the entity concept?

    • A.

      A boundary is drawn around each organization. This means personal assets and expenses are not part of the company

    • B.

      You have to report accounting info at regular intervals

    • C.

      You only use GAAP for things that really make a difference or are significant to the company

    • D.

      Assume the business will continue to operate for the foreseeable future

    Correct Answer
    A. A boundary is drawn around each organization. This means personal assets and expenses are not part of the company
    Explanation
    The entity concept in accounting refers to the idea that a business is treated as a separate entity from its owners or shareholders. This means that personal assets and expenses of the owners are not considered as part of the company's financial records. The entity concept ensures that the financial statements of the business provide an accurate representation of its financial position and performance by excluding any personal transactions or assets of the owners.

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  • 2. 

    What is the matching principle?

    • A.

      You stick with the same accounting principles and approach from one period to the next

    • B.

      Record revenue when a service is provided to the customer, whether or not you collect the money due at that moment

    • C.

      Accountants identify and measure all expenses incurred during the period and match the expenses against revenues earned

    • D.

      You must report enough information for insiders to make an informed decision about the company

    Correct Answer
    C. Accountants identify and measure all expenses incurred during the period and match the expenses against revenues earned
    Explanation
    The matching principle in accounting refers to the practice of identifying and measuring all expenses incurred during a specific period and matching them against the revenues earned in that same period. This principle ensures that expenses are properly allocated and recognized in the same period as the corresponding revenue, providing a more accurate representation of the company's financial performance. By matching expenses with revenues, the matching principle helps to provide a clearer picture of the profitability and financial health of the company.

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  • 3. 

    Which concept states that "You have to report accounting info at regular intervals?"

    • A.

      Entity

    • B.

      Conservatism

    • C.

      Reliability

    • D.

      Time-Period

    Correct Answer
    D. Time-Period
    Explanation
    The concept of Time-Period states that accounting information should be reported at regular intervals. This means that financial statements should be prepared and presented at specific time intervals, such as monthly, quarterly, or annually. This allows for the timely and accurate reporting of financial information, enabling stakeholders to make informed decisions based on the current financial position and performance of the entity.

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  • 4. 

    Which principle states that one must "report enough information for outsiders to make informed decisions about the company?"

    • A.

      Consistency

    • B.

      Disclosure

    • C.

      Matching

    • D.

      Revenue

    Correct Answer
    B. Disclosure
    Explanation
    Disclosure is the principle that states that one must "report enough information for outsiders to make informed decisions about the company." This means that companies should provide transparent and accurate information about their financial performance, operations, and any other relevant information that may impact stakeholders' decisions. By practicing disclosure, companies can promote trust and confidence among investors, creditors, and other external parties who rely on this information to assess the company's financial health and make informed decisions.

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  • 5. 

    The _________ principle tells you when to record revenue, and how much to record. You record revenue when you have provided your goods and services, whether you collect money at that moment or not. 

    Correct Answer
    revenue, Revenue
    Explanation
    The revenue recognition principle guides companies on when and how much revenue to record. According to this principle, revenue should be recorded when goods or services have been provided, regardless of whether payment has been received. This means that revenue should be recognized when the company has fulfilled its obligations to the customer, regardless of the timing of the actual cash inflow. By following this principle, companies can accurately reflect their financial performance and ensure that revenue is recognized in the appropriate accounting period.

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  • 6. 

    ____________ accounting requires you to take note of both cash collected and as well as accounts receivable.

    Correct Answer
    Accrual, accrual
    Explanation
    Accrual accounting requires you to take note of both cash collected and accounts receivable. This means that you need to record revenue when it is earned, regardless of when the cash is actually received. This allows for a more accurate representation of a company's financial position and performance, as it takes into account revenue that has been earned but not yet received in cash. By tracking both cash and accounts receivable, accrual accounting provides a more comprehensive view of a company's financial transactions.

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  • 7. 

    The going-concern concept is:

    • A.

      Reporting accounting info at regular intervals

    • B.

      Not overstating assets, owner's equity, and revenues, and not understating liabilities and expenses

    • C.

      Assuming that a business will continue to operate for the foreseeable future

    • D.

      Reporting numbers without calculating inflation

    Correct Answer
    C. Assuming that a business will continue to operate for the foreseeable future
    Explanation
    The going-concern concept in accounting refers to the assumption that a business will continue its operations in the foreseeable future. This means that financial statements are prepared under the assumption that the company will not be liquidated or forced to cease operations. It is an important concept as it allows for the proper valuation of assets and liabilities, and provides a basis for decision-making by stakeholders. By assuming that the business will continue to operate, the financial statements can accurately reflect the company's financial position and performance.

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  • 8. 

    Reporting numbers without having to reflect the calculation of inflation is which of the following concepts?

    • A.

      Stable-monetary-unit

    • B.

      Time-period

    • C.

      Materiality

    • D.

      Entity

    Correct Answer
    A. Stable-monetary-unit
    Explanation
    The concept of reporting numbers without considering inflation is known as the stable monetary unit concept. This concept assumes that the currency used to measure financial transactions remains stable over time and does not change in value due to inflation or deflation. It allows for easier comparison of financial information across different time periods and ensures that the reported numbers are not distorted by changes in the purchasing power of the currency.

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  • 9. 

    This concept means not overstating assets, owner's equity, and revenues, and not understating liabilities and expenses

    • A.

      Materiality

    • B.

      Entity

    • C.

      Time-period

    • D.

      Conservatism

    Correct Answer
    D. Conservatism
    Explanation
    Conservatism is the correct answer because it refers to the principle of accounting that requires caution and prudence in recognizing and reporting financial information. It means that assets, owner's equity, and revenues should not be overstated, while liabilities and expenses should not be understated. This principle ensures that financial statements are conservative and reflect a more cautious approach, thereby reducing the risk of overestimating the financial position of a company.

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  • 10. 

    The materiality concept is:

    • A.

      Only using GAAP accounting for things that are significant to the company's financial statements

    • B.

      Not overstating assets, owner's equity, and revenues, and not understating liabilities and expenses

    • C.

      Reporting enough information for insiders to make an informed decision about the company

    • D.

      Reporting numbers without calculating inflation

    Correct Answer
    A. Only using GAAP accounting for things that are significant to the company's financial statements
    Explanation
    The materiality concept in accounting refers to the principle of only including information in the financial statements that is significant or relevant to the company's financial position and performance. This means that only items that would have an impact on the decisions of users of the financial statements, such as investors or creditors, need to be reported. This concept helps to ensure that the financial statements are not cluttered with immaterial or insignificant information, allowing users to focus on the key aspects that affect the company's financial health.

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  • 11. 

    In what principle states that one must base accounting records and statements on the most accurate data available?

    • A.

      Cost

    • B.

      Reliability

    • C.

      Matching

    • D.

      Consistency

    Correct Answer
    B. Reliability
    Explanation
    Reliability is the principle that states that accounting records and statements should be based on the most accurate data available. This means that the information presented should be trustworthy, verifiable, and free from bias or error. By adhering to the principle of reliability, financial statements can provide users with a true and fair representation of the entity's financial position and performance, enabling them to make informed decisions.

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  • 12. 

    Recording assets and services, revenues, and expenses at their actual historical cost falls under which principle?

    • A.

      Consistency

    • B.

      Matching

    • C.

      Cost

    • D.

      Reliability

    Correct Answer
    C. Cost
    Explanation
    The principle of cost refers to the practice of recording assets and services, revenues, and expenses at their actual historical cost. This means that transactions are recorded based on the amount of money paid or received at the time of the transaction. The principle of cost ensures that financial statements accurately reflect the value of assets and the costs incurred to generate revenues. It also promotes transparency and consistency in financial reporting.

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  • 13. 

    The __________ principle means sticking with the same accounting principles or approach from one period to the next.

    Correct Answer
    Consistency
    consistency
    Explanation
    The principle of consistency in accounting refers to the practice of using the same accounting principles and methods consistently over time. This ensures that financial statements are comparable and can be easily understood and analyzed. By maintaining consistency, companies can provide accurate and reliable financial information to stakeholders, allowing for better decision-making and evaluation of performance. It also helps in maintaining transparency and credibility in financial reporting.

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  • Current Version
  • May 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 02, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Henchdiesel
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