Fundamental Concepts And Principles In Accounting Quiz

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Fundamental Concepts And Principles In Accounting Quiz - Quiz

Learn about fundamental concepts and principles in accounting with this quiz, and you are also getting an opportunity to test your current knowledge on the same at the same time. The quiz has MCQ questions about fundamental concepts and principles in accounting that are made in a way that they keep you engaged and give you a fun learning experience. Let's go for it, and best of luck to you!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All business transactions that will be entered in the accounting records must be fully supported by verifiable evidence.

    • A.

      Historical Cost

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Conservatism (Prudence)

    • D.

      Accrual Principle

    • E.

      Full Disclosure

    • F.

      Consistency

    • G.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    B. Objectivity
    Explanation
    Objectivity is the correct answer because it ensures that all business transactions recorded in the accounting records are based on verifiable evidence. This means that the information is unbiased, reliable, and free from personal opinions or biases. Objectivity is important in accounting to maintain the integrity and accuracy of financial information, allowing stakeholders to make informed decisions based on the facts presented.

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  • 2. 

    Approaches used in reporting must be consistently employed from period to period.

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Conservatism (Prudence)

    • D.

      Accrual Principle

    • E.

      Full Disclosure

    • F.

      Consistency

    • G.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    F. Consistency
    Explanation
    Consistency is the correct answer because it states that the approaches used in reporting must be consistently employed from period to period. This means that the accounting methods and principles should be applied consistently over time to ensure comparability and reliability of financial information. By consistently applying the same methods, companies can provide users of financial statements with reliable and meaningful information for decision-making purposes. Consistency is important in maintaining the integrity and transparency of financial reporting.

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  • 3. 

    Financial reporting is concerned with significant information enough to affect evaluation and decisions.

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Conservatism (Prudence)

    • D.

      Accrual Principle

    • E.

      Full Disclosure

    • F.

      Consistency

    • G.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    G. Materiality
    Explanation
    Materiality is the correct answer because it refers to the concept in financial reporting that states that information should be disclosed if it is significant enough to influence the decisions of users of the financial statements. In other words, materiality focuses on the importance of information and its potential impact on the evaluation and decision-making process. This ensures that only relevant and significant information is included in the financial reports, allowing users to make informed decisions based on the information provided.

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  • 4. 

    All properties and services acquired by the business must be recorded at its original cost.

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Conservatism (Prudence)

    • D.

      Accrual Principle

    • E.

      Full Disclosure

    • F.

      Consistency

    • G.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    A. Historical cost
    Explanation
    The concept of historical cost states that all properties and services acquired by the business must be recorded at their original cost. This means that the initial cost at which an asset was acquired or a service was obtained should be recorded in the financial statements. It ensures that the financial information is reliable and objective, as it is based on actual transactions and not on estimated or subjective values. The historical cost principle also promotes consistency in financial reporting, as it allows for comparability of financial statements over time.

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  • 5. 

    Revenue is recognized when actually earned.

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Conservatism (Prudence)

    • D.

      Accrual Principle

    • E.

      Full Disclosure

    • F.

      Consistency

    • G.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    D. Accrual Principle
    Explanation
    The accrual principle states that revenue should be recognized when it is earned, regardless of when the payment is received. This means that revenue should be recorded when the goods or services have been provided to the customer, even if the payment has not been received yet. This principle ensures that financial statements accurately reflect the financial performance of a company during a specific period, rather than just the timing of cash flows. By recognizing revenue when it is earned, the accrual principle provides a more accurate and comprehensive view of a company's financial position.

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  • 6. 

    Expense is recognized when actually incurred or used.

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Conservatism (Prudence)

    • D.

      Accrual Principle

    • E.

      Full Disclosure

    • F.

      Consistency

    • G.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    D. Accrual Principle
    Explanation
    The accrual principle states that expenses should be recognized when they are incurred or used, regardless of when the cash payment is made. This means that expenses should be recorded in the accounting period in which they are consumed or utilized, rather than when the cash is actually paid. This principle helps to provide a more accurate representation of a company's financial position and performance by matching expenses with the revenue they generate.

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  • 7. 

    All material facts that will significantly affect the financial statements must be indicated.

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Conservatism (Prudence)

    • D.

      Accrual Principle

    • E.

      Full Disclosure

    • F.

      Consistency

    • G.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    E. Full Disclosure
    Explanation
    Full Disclosure is the correct answer because it requires that all material facts that will significantly affect the financial statements must be indicated. This principle ensures that users of the financial statements have access to all relevant information to make informed decisions. By disclosing all material facts, companies are transparent about their financial position and performance, reducing the risk of misleading or incomplete information. Full Disclosure promotes accountability and trust in financial reporting.

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  • 8. 

    Assumes that business has the ability to operate indefinitely.

    • A.

      Entity

    • B.

      Periodicity

    • C.

      Going Concern

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. Going Concern
    Explanation
    The concept of "Going Concern" refers to the assumption that a business will continue to operate in the foreseeable future. It assumes that the business has the ability to operate indefinitely, without any intention or necessity of liquidation or cessation of operations. This assumption is important because it allows for the preparation of financial statements on the basis that the business will continue to exist and fulfill its obligations. It also enables stakeholders to make informed decisions about the business's financial health and prospects.

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  • 9. 

    The business organization is separate and distinct from that of its owners.

    • A.

      Entity

    • B.

      Periodicity

    • C.

      Going Concern

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Entity
    Explanation
    The concept of "Entity" refers to the idea that a business organization is considered as a separate and distinct entity from its owners. This means that the business has its own identity, separate from the personal identities of its owners. It implies that the business has its own rights, responsibilities, and obligations, and its financial transactions should be recorded and reported separately from the personal finances of its owners. This concept is important for ensuring transparency, accountability, and accurate financial reporting.

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  • 10. 

    Methods used by a business to keep records of its financial activities and to summarize these activities in periodic accounting reports.

    • A.

      Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

    • B.

      Accounting System

    • C.

      Transaction

    • D.

      Accounting

    Correct Answer
    B. Accounting System
    Explanation
    An accounting system refers to the methods and procedures used by a business to record and track its financial activities. It includes processes such as recording transactions, preparing financial statements, and summarizing financial data. An accounting system is crucial for businesses as it helps in maintaining accurate records, monitoring financial performance, and ensuring compliance with accounting standards. It provides a systematic and organized approach to managing and reporting financial information, allowing businesses to make informed decisions based on their financial data.

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  • 11. 

    Standards, concepts, and measuring techniques, used in the preparation and presentation of financial statements.

    • A.

      Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

    • B.

      Accounting System

    • C.

      Transaction

    • D.

      Accounting

    Correct Answer
    A. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
    Explanation
    Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) refers to the standard framework of guidelines and principles used in the preparation and presentation of financial statements. These principles provide a standardized and consistent approach to accounting, ensuring that financial information is reliable and comparable across different entities. GAAP includes concepts such as accrual accounting, materiality, consistency, and transparency. It also encompasses specific measurement techniques and rules for recording transactions. By following GAAP, companies can ensure that their financial statements accurately reflect their financial position and performance, enabling stakeholders to make informed decisions.

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  • 12. 

    Completed action, which can be expressed in monetary terms.

    • A.

      Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

    • B.

      Accounting System

    • C.

      Transaction

    • D.

      Accounting

    Correct Answer
    C. Transaction
    Explanation
    A transaction refers to an exchange or transfer of goods, services, or money between two parties. It represents a completed action that can be measured and expressed in monetary terms. In accounting, transactions are recorded to accurately track and document financial activities within an organization. By recording transactions, businesses can maintain financial records, track income and expenses, and generate financial statements. Therefore, a transaction is the correct answer as it represents a completed action that has a monetary value.

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  • 13. 

    A systematic process of measuring and reporting relevant financial information about the activities of an economic organization or unit.

    • A.

      Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

    • B.

      Accounting System

    • C.

      Transaction

    • D.

      Accounting

    Correct Answer
    D. Accounting
    Explanation
    Accounting is the correct answer because it refers to the systematic process of measuring and reporting relevant financial information about the activities of an economic organization or unit. Accounting involves recording, classifying, summarizing, and interpreting financial transactions to provide accurate and reliable information for decision-making purposes. It is an essential function in business and helps in tracking and analyzing financial performance, managing resources, and ensuring compliance with financial regulations.

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  • 14. 

    Financial accounting provides information about the activities of an economic enterprise for specified time periods.

    • A.

      Entity

    • B.

      Periodicity

    • C.

      Going Concern

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. Periodicity
    Explanation
    Periodicity refers to the concept that financial accounting provides information about the activities of an economic enterprise for specified time periods. This means that financial statements are prepared and presented at regular intervals, such as monthly, quarterly, or annually, to provide users with timely and relevant information about the financial performance and position of the entity. Periodicity allows for the comparison of financial information over different time periods, which is essential for making informed decisions and evaluating the financial health of the business.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jul 02, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 22, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Geopoet
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