Accounting 202: Management Accounting! Quiz

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Accounting 202: Management Accounting! Quiz - Quiz

Are you familiar with management accounting? Would you like to try this quiz? In managerial accounting, managers utilize accounting information to better inform themselves before making decisions about their organizations, which helps them manage and implement control functions. It delivers financial information for the organization’s internal management, its employees, managers, and executives. If you want to learn more about management accounting, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following statements is TRUE with respect to variable costs per unit?

    • A.

      They will decrease as production increases within the relevant range

    • B.

      They will increase as production decreases within the relevant range

    • C.

      They will remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range

    • D.

      They will decrease as production decreases within the relevant range

    Correct Answer
    C. They will remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range
    Explanation
    Variable costs per unit refer to costs that change in direct proportion to the level of production. In this case, the statement that variable costs per unit will remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range is true. This means that regardless of the increase or decrease in production, the variable cost per unit will remain constant. This is because variable costs are incurred on a per-unit basis and do not change with the overall level of production.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following statements is TRUE with respect to total variable costs?

    • A.

      They will remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range.

    • B.

      They will decrease as production increases within the relevant range.

    • C.

      They will decrease as production decreases within the relevant range.

    • D.

      They will increase as production decreases within the relevant range.

    Correct Answer
    C. They will decrease as production decreases within the relevant range.
    Explanation
    Total variable costs are costs that vary with the level of production. As production decreases within the relevant range, the total variable costs will also decrease. This is because when production decreases, there is less need for resources and inputs, resulting in lower costs. Therefore, the statement that "They will decrease as production decreases within the relevant range" is true.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following statements is TRUE with respect to total fixed costs?

    • A.

      They will increase as production decreases within the relevant range.

    • B.

      They will remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range.

    • C.

      They will decrease as production increases within the relevant range.

    • D.

      They will decrease as production decreases within the relevant range.

    Correct Answer
    B. They will remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range.
    Explanation
    Total fixed costs remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range because fixed costs do not vary with the level of production. Fixed costs are expenses that do not change regardless of the production volume, such as rent, insurance, and salaries. These costs are incurred regardless of whether the company produces more or less. Therefore, the statement that total fixed costs remain the same as production levels change within the relevant range is true.

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  • 4. 

    Within the relevant range, which of the following statements is TRUE with respect to fixed costs per unit?

    • A.

      They will increase as production increases.

    • B.

      They will decrease as production decreases.

    • C.

      They will increase as production decreases.

    • D.

      They will remain the same as production levels change.

    Correct Answer
    C. They will increase as production decreases.
    Explanation
    Fixed costs per unit will increase as production decreases because fixed costs are spread over a smaller number of units. When production decreases, the fixed costs are still incurred but are allocated to fewer units, resulting in higher fixed costs per unit.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is a fixed cost?

    • A.

      Direct materials cost

    • B.

      Direct labor cost

    • C.

      Sales commissions expense

    • D.

      Straight-line depreciation expense

    Correct Answer
    D. Straight-line depreciation expense
    Explanation
    Straight-line depreciation expense is considered a fixed cost because it remains constant regardless of the level of production or sales. This cost is associated with the wear and tear or obsolescence of long-term assets, such as buildings or equipment, and is spread out evenly over the asset's useful life. Unlike variable costs, which fluctuate with changes in production or sales volume, straight-line depreciation expense remains the same and is considered a necessary cost for maintaining and replacing assets over time.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following statements describes variable costs?

    • A.

      They are fixed per unit and vary in total.

    • B.

      They are fixed in total.

    • C.

      They vary per unit of output.

    • D.

      They decrease per unit as production volume increases.

    Correct Answer
    A. They are fixed per unit and vary in total.
    Explanation
    Variable costs are costs that change in direct proportion to the level of production or output. This means that the cost per unit remains constant, but the total cost varies depending on the level of output. For example, if a company produces 100 units and the variable cost per unit is $5, the total variable cost would be $500. However, if the company produces 200 units, the total variable cost would be $1000. Therefore, the statement "They are fixed per unit and vary in total" accurately describes variable costs.

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  • 7. 

    Renting a car and paying $15 per day plus $.03 per mile driven is an example of what type of cost?

    • A.

      Conversion cost

    • B.

      Fixed cost

    • C.

      Mixed cost

    • D.

      Variable cost

    Correct Answer
    C. Mixed cost
    Explanation
    Renting a car and paying a daily rate plus a charge per mile driven is an example of a mixed cost. This is because the cost includes both a fixed component (the $15 per day) and a variable component (the $.03 per mile). The fixed cost portion remains constant regardless of the number of miles driven, while the variable cost portion increases as the number of miles driven increases.

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  • 8. 

    For most businesses, annual straight line depreciation expense on the company’s building is what type of cost?

    • A.

      Variable

    • B.

      Fixed

    • C.

      Mixed

    • D.

      Step

    Correct Answer
    B. Fixed
    Explanation
    The annual straight line depreciation expense on a company's building is considered a fixed cost. This is because it is a predictable and consistent expense that does not vary with changes in production or sales levels. Fixed costs are expenses that remain constant over a certain period of time, regardless of the company's level of activity. In the case of depreciation, it is spread out evenly over the useful life of the building, resulting in a fixed annual expense.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following would be considered a discretionary fixed cost?

    • A.

      Property taxes and insurance

    • B.

      Depreciation

    • C.

      Employees wages

    • D.

      Advertising

    Correct Answer
    D. Advertising
    Explanation
    A discretionary fixed cost refers to an expense that a company can control and choose to incur or not. Property taxes and insurance are mandatory fixed costs that a company must pay. Depreciation is a non-cash expense that reflects the decrease in value of an asset over time. Employees wages are considered variable costs as they can fluctuate based on the level of production or sales. Advertising, on the other hand, is a discretionary fixed cost as a company can decide how much to spend on advertising activities based on its budget and marketing strategy.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following would be considered a committed fixed cost?

    • A.

      Research and Development

    • B.

      Depreciation

    • C.

      Office holiday party

    • D.

      Advertising

    Correct Answer
    B. Depreciation
    Explanation
    Depreciation is considered a committed fixed cost because it is a non-cash expense that occurs over time and is necessary for the operation of a business. It represents the gradual decrease in the value of an asset, such as equipment or buildings, due to wear and tear or obsolescence. Unlike variable costs, which fluctuate with production levels, depreciation remains constant regardless of the level of production. Therefore, it is considered a committed fixed cost that a business must incur to maintain its operations.

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  • 11. 

    Management has little or no control over:

    • A.

      Committed fixed costs.

    • B.

      Discretionary fixed costs.

    • C.

      All fixed costs.

    • D.

      Any of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Committed fixed costs.
    Explanation
    Committed fixed costs are expenses that a company must incur regardless of its level of production or sales. These costs are typically long-term in nature and cannot be easily changed or eliminated by management. Examples of committed fixed costs include rent, insurance premiums, and salaries of permanent employees. Unlike discretionary fixed costs, which can be adjusted or eliminated at management's discretion, committed fixed costs are not under the control of management. Therefore, the correct answer is committed fixed costs.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following cost behaviors cannot be accurately represented by a single straight line?

    • A.

      Step costs

    • B.

      Mixed costs

    • C.

      Fixed costs

    • D.

      Variable costs

    Correct Answer
    A. Step costs
    Explanation
    Step costs cannot be accurately represented by a single straight line because they do not vary continuously with the level of activity. Instead, step costs remain constant within a certain range of activity and then abruptly increase or decrease when the activity level crosses a certain threshold. This means that the cost does not change in a linear manner and cannot be accurately represented by a single straight line.

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  • 13. 

    When predicting costs at different volumes, managers should consider which of the following?

    • A.

      The relevant range of the cost

    • B.

      The type of cost behavior

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Both of the above
    Explanation
    Managers should consider both the relevant range of the cost and the type of cost behavior when predicting costs at different volumes. The relevant range of the cost refers to the range of activity levels within which the cost behavior remains consistent. Understanding the relevant range helps managers make accurate predictions about costs. Additionally, the type of cost behavior, such as fixed costs or variable costs, can greatly impact cost predictions. By considering both factors, managers can make more informed decisions and better plan for different volume levels.

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  • 14. 

    Using account analysis, what type of cost is utilities if you are charged $40 for the first 200 kilowatts hours, $85 for 201- 400 kilowatt hours, and $135 + or - for 401-600 kilowatt hours?

    • A.

      Fixed

    • B.

      Mixed

    • C.

      Step

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    C. Step
    Explanation
    Utilities cost in this scenario is classified as a step cost. This is because the cost increases or decreases in steps as the usage of kilowatt hours crosses certain thresholds. For the first 200 kilowatt hours, the cost is $40, for the next 200 kilowatt hours (201-400), the cost is $85, and for the next 200 kilowatt hours (401-600), the cost is $135 + or -. The cost does not change within each step, but jumps to a different level when a new threshold is reached.

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  • 15. 

    Using account analysis, what type of cost is the local phone service which charges a flat fee for unlimited local calls?

    • A.

      Fixed

    • B.

      Mixed

    • C.

      Step

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    A. Fixed
    Explanation
    The local phone service that charges a flat fee for unlimited local calls is considered a fixed cost. This is because the cost remains constant regardless of the level of activity or usage. Whether there are few or many local calls made, the flat fee remains the same. Fixed costs do not vary with changes in production or sales volume.

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  • 16. 

    Using account analysis, what type of cost is Satellite TV when the charge is $30.00 per month plus $3.99 for pay-per-view movies?

    • A.

      Fixed

    • B.

      Mixed

    • C.

      Step

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    B. Mixed
    Explanation
    Satellite TV is classified as a mixed cost because it consists of both fixed and variable components. The fixed cost is the $30.00 per month charge, which remains constant regardless of the number of pay-per-view movies watched. The variable cost is the $3.99 charge for pay-per-view movies, which varies based on the number of movies purchased. Therefore, the total cost of Satellite TV is a combination of these fixed and variable costs, making it a mixed cost.

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  • 17. 

    Manufacturing overhead is usually what type of cost?

    • A.

      Variable

    • B.

      Fixed

    • C.

      Mixed

    • D.

      Step

    Correct Answer
    C. Mixed
    Explanation
    Manufacturing overhead is usually considered a mixed cost because it consists of both fixed and variable components. Fixed costs are those that do not change with the level of production, such as rent or depreciation on factory equipment. Variable costs, on the other hand, fluctuate with the level of production, such as direct labor or raw materials. Manufacturing overhead includes expenses like factory utilities, maintenance, and indirect labor, which can have both fixed and variable elements. For example, the cost of utilities may be relatively fixed, while the cost of indirect labor may vary based on production levels. Therefore, manufacturing overhead is typically categorized as a mixed cost.

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  • 18. 

    When managers use their judgment to classify costs as variable, fixed, or mixed, which method are they using?

    • A.

      Account analysis

    • B.

      High-low method

    • C.

      Regression analysis

    • D.

      Low-high method

    Correct Answer
    A. Account analysis
    Explanation
    Managers use account analysis to classify costs as variable, fixed, or mixed. This method involves examining each cost account and determining whether the cost varies with changes in production levels (variable), remains constant regardless of production levels (fixed), or has elements of both (mixed). It requires analyzing historical data, considering the nature of the cost, and using professional judgment to make the classification. This method is subjective and relies on the manager's expertise and understanding of the business operations.

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  • 19. 

    The data points with the________ and the ________ should be selected for use in the high-low method.

    • A.

      Highest volume; the lowest volume

    • B.

      Highest cost; the lowest cost

    • C.

      Highest volume; the lowest cost

    • D.

      Highest cost; the lowest volume

    Correct Answer
    A. Highest volume; the lowest volume
    Explanation
    The high-low method is a technique used to estimate fixed and variable costs in a mixed cost function. In order to accurately determine these costs, data points with the highest volume and the lowest volume should be selected. By choosing the highest volume data point, we ensure that we capture the maximum variation in costs, while selecting the lowest volume data point helps to account for any fixed costs that may be present. This combination allows for a more accurate estimation of the fixed and variable costs in the high-low method.

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  • 20. 

    A regression equation’s fixed cost component is represented by the__________ on the regression analysis output.

    • A.

      Intercept coefficient

    • B.

      X variable 1 coefficient

    • C.

      R-square

    • D.

      Residual

    Correct Answer
    A. Intercept coefficient
    Explanation
    The intercept coefficient represents the fixed cost component in a regression equation. It is the value of the y-intercept, which indicates the expected value of the dependent variable when all independent variables are set to zero. In other words, it represents the fixed cost or the constant term in the regression equation.

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  • 21. 

    When predicting costs at other volumes using a cost equation derived from either the high-low method or regression analysis, managers should consider:

    • A.

      Outliers

    • B.

      General inflation

    • C.

      Seasonality

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    When predicting costs at other volumes using a cost equation derived from either the high-low method or regression analysis, managers should consider outliers, general inflation, and seasonality. Outliers are data points that deviate significantly from the rest of the data, and they can have a significant impact on cost predictions. General inflation refers to the overall increase in prices over time, which can affect the cost of resources and materials. Seasonality refers to recurring patterns or fluctuations in costs that are influenced by factors such as holidays, weather, or demand. Considering all of these factors is important for accurate cost predictions.

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  • 22. 

    On a traditional income statement, sales revenue less cost of goods sold equals:

    • A.

      Contribution margin

    • B.

      Gross profit

    • C.

      Operating income

    • D.

      Operating expenses

    Correct Answer
    B. Gross profit
    Explanation
    On a traditional income statement, sales revenue less cost of goods sold equals gross profit. Gross profit represents the amount of money left after subtracting the direct costs associated with producing the goods or services sold. It indicates the profitability of the company's core operations and does not take into account other expenses such as operating expenses or taxes.

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  • 23. 

    Traditional income statements organize costs by:

    • A.

      Function

    • B.

      Behavior

    • C.

      Discretionary vs. committed

    • D.

      No particular manner. Costs are listed in any order

    Correct Answer
    A. Function
    Explanation
    Traditional income statements organize costs by function. This means that costs are categorized based on the different functions or activities within a business, such as production, marketing, or administration. By organizing costs in this way, it becomes easier to analyze and understand where the expenses are occurring and how they relate to the different areas of the business. This can help management make informed decisions and identify areas where costs can be reduced or optimized.

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  • 24. 

    The contribution margin is equal to:

    • A.

      Sales minus cost of goods sold

    • B.

      Sales minus variable expenses

    • C.

      Sales minus fixed expenses

    • D.

      Sales minus operating expenses

    Correct Answer
    B. Sales minus variable expenses
    Explanation
    The contribution margin represents the amount of revenue that is available to cover fixed expenses and contribute to profit after deducting variable expenses. It is calculated by subtracting the variable expenses from the sales. This is because variable expenses directly vary with the level of production or sales, and by deducting them from sales, we can determine the amount that is left to cover fixed expenses and contribute to the company's profitability.

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  • 25. 

    On a contribution margin income statement, all fixed costs are listed:

    • A.

      Above the contribution margin line

    • B.

      Above the gross profit line

    • C.

      Below the contribution margin line

    • D.

      Below the gross profit line

    Correct Answer
    C. Below the contribution margin line
    Explanation
    On a contribution margin income statement, fixed costs are listed below the contribution margin line. This is because the contribution margin represents the amount of revenue remaining after deducting variable costs. Fixed costs are not directly related to the level of production or sales, so they are not included in the contribution margin calculation. By listing fixed costs below the contribution margin line, the statement shows the total contribution margin before deducting fixed costs to arrive at the net income.

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  • 26. 

    On a contribution margin income statement, all variable costs are listed:

    • A.

      Above the contribution margin line

    • B.

      Above the gross profit line

    • C.

      Below the contribution margin line.

    • D.

      Below the gross profit line

    Correct Answer
    A. Above the contribution margin line
    Explanation
    On a contribution margin income statement, all variable costs are listed above the contribution margin line. This is because the contribution margin represents the amount of revenue remaining after deducting variable costs. By listing variable costs above the contribution margin line, it allows for a clear separation between the costs directly associated with generating revenue (variable costs) and the contribution margin itself. This presentation helps in analyzing the profitability and efficiency of the company's operations.

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  • 27. 

    Cotown Corporation has total sales revenues of $300,000.  If their total fixed costs are $50,000 and their total variable costs are $175,000, the contribution margin is:

    • A.

      $125,000

    • B.

      $475,000

    • C.

      $225,000

    • D.

      $250,000

    Correct Answer
    A. $125,000
    Explanation
    Calculations:
    Sales $ 300,000
    Less: Variable expense $ 175,000
    Contribution Margin 125,000

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  • 28. 

    Zucca Company has a contribution margin per unit of $54.  If 6,000 more items are sold, and fixed expenses remain the same, the net change in operating income will be:

    • A.

      $(324,000)

    • B.

      $324,000

    • C.

      $111

    • D.

      $6,000

    Correct Answer
    B. $324,000
    Explanation
    6,000 x 54 = 324,000
    Variable costs y = vx Mixed costs y = vx + f

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 05, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Jc173
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