Please read the Explanation of Nawawi's 40 Hadeeths by Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen, available in English. If you are not memorising the hadeeths, then you might wish to skip the first two questions.
A passage that the Messenger (sall Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) read in the Bible and found to be true
Words which Bahira, the monk, told the Messenger (sall Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) on his trip to Yemen
What remains of the first prophecy from the previous nations and this legislation confirms it
Words of revelation that are not confirmed in our religion but which are true
A person who is not shy will do whatever he wants and will not mind.
Shyness is not a praiseworthy characteristic.
If a person is shy often, he will not do good deeds.
If you are shy of doing an action but still don't withhold from doing it, then do as you wish.
When that action is harmful
When that action brings good to animals
When that action brings benefit to non Muslims
When the person is in the haram (sacred precincts)
This only means belief that Allaah exists.
This encompasses everything about Allaah, but does not include any of the other pillars of eemaan (belief)
It includes belief in Allaah, the Last Day, His Messenger and everything that He sent them with.
If includes belief in Allaah and making duaa (supplication) to his awliyaa at times of distress.
Sufyaan was intelligent in his choice of question.
It is not permissible to ask vague questions.
The Companions were eager to ask questions about things that would benefit them in this life and the Hereafter.
Sufyaan's question was remarkable and decisive.
Sufyaan would have attained more benefit if he had asked some fiqh questions instead.
The answer was so short that it cannot be considered comprehensive.
Here's an interesting quiz for you.