The Landmark Thucydides 5.1 To 5.116

12 Questions

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The Landmark Thucydides 5.1 To 5.116

A 12-question quiz on The History of the Peloponnesian War, based on The Landmark Thucydides and covering the tenth through sixteenth years of the war.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why did Brasidas conclude that Cleon was incompetent despite his past successes at Pylos, Torone, and Galepsus.
    • A. 

      Cleon neglected to protect his artillery with an infantry screen.

    • B. 

      Cleon insisted on assaulting enemy line formations in a column.

    • C. 

      Cleon exposed his army to an enemy army without expecting battle.

    • D. 

      Cleon had failed to make use of superior Athenian sea transport capabilities.

  • 2. 
    How was Brasidas mortally wounded in the rout at Amphipolis that killed 600 Athenians, including Cleon, at the cost of only 7 Spartans?
    • A. 

      He took the wound while killing Cleon in a duel of the two commanders.

    • B. 

      He took the wound while leading a surprise charge from the front.

    • C. 

      He was struck in the eye by an arrow.

    • D. 

      He took the wound in the ankle, where his mother had held him while dipping him in the waters of the Styx.

  • 3. 
    How long was the peace treaty made after the battle of Amphipolis between the Athenians and the Spartans and their allies supposed to last?
    • A. 

      10 years

    • B. 

      30 years

    • C. 

      50 years

    • D. 

      100 years

  • 4. 
    Why did Sparta enter into an alliance with Athens during the winter that followed the treaty made in the spring?
    • A. 

      Several of the Spartan's allies, including the Boetians, would not accept the treaty.

    • B. 

      The Spartan war party refused to accept the treaty.

    • C. 

      The Athenian war party refused to accept the treaty.

    • D. 

      Several of the Athenian allies, including the Corcyrans, would not accept the treaty.

  • 5. 
    What new alliance appeared and created a potential threat to the general peace of Greece?
    • A. 

      Corcyra and Thebes.

    • B. 

      Syracuse and Lesbos.

    • C. 

      Megara and Heraclea

    • D. 

      Corinth and Argos.

  • 6. 
    What was the difference between the two parties' initial failures to abide by the terms of the peace treaty?
    • A. 

      Athens's failures happened because they could not get a majority vote to approve them.

    • B. 

      Sparta's failures were dependent upon the actions of unwilling third parties.

    • C. 

      None, the two parties both abided fully with the terms of the peace treaty.

    • D. 

      None, neither party ever had any intention of abiding by the terms of the peace treaty.

  • 7. 
    Why did the four Boetian councils refuse to ally with the new league constructed around the Argos-Corinth alliance?
    • A. 

      They did not realize that the Spartan ephors favored it.

    • B. 

      They feared that doing so would provoke a new war with Athens.

    • C. 

      They feared that doing so would provoke a war with Sparta.

    • D. 

      They saw no advantage to themselves in concerning themselves with the matter.

  • 8. 
    What Athenian politician's interference with the Argive-Spartan truce led to a brief Argive-Spartan alliance, then a revolution and an Argive-Spartan war.
    • A. 

      Niceas

    • B. 

      Pericles

    • C. 

      Socrates

    • D. 

      Alcibiades

  • 9. 
    What Spartan colony was surrounded by Athenian forces in the 5th year of the peace treaty and demanded to surrender?
    • A. 

      Herclea

    • B. 

      Melos

    • C. 

      Sphacteria

    • D. 

      Pylos

  • 10. 
    What was the argument made by the Athenians in justifying their demand for a Melian surrender?
    • A. 

      Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law.

    • B. 

      Athenian democracy was better than Spartan oligarchy.

    • C. 

      The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.

    • D. 

      From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.

  • 11. 
    Why did the Athenians reject the Melian offer of friendly neutrality?
    • A. 

      They did not trust the Melians because of their blood ties to Sparta.

    • B. 

      They saw benefit in either crushing opposition or forcing surrender, but none in friendship.

    • C. 

      They knew the Melians were simply hoping to buy time until Spartan reinforcements could come.

    • D. 

      They were being encouraged to attack Melos by the Corcyrans.

  • 12. 
    AWhat was the result of the Melian surrender to Athens?
    • A. 

      The oligarchs were removed and democracy was established.

    • B. 

      Trade between the two cities increased and Melos became wealthy.

    • C. 

      The population was forcibly exiled to Sparta.

    • D. 

      The men were killed, the women and children were enslaved.