The Landmark Thucydides 1.116 To 2.46

12 Questions

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The Landmark Thucydides 1.116 To 2.46

A 12-question quiz on The History of the Peloponnesian War, based on The Landmark Thucydides and covering the first year of the war.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The oracle located at the most important Greek temple inspired Cylon's attempted coup in Athens. Where was it located?
    • A. 

      Athens

    • B. 

      Delphi

    • C. 

      Mount Olympus

    • D. 

      The Acropolis

  • 2. 
    Why did the Spartans consider "the curse of the goddess" to be a useful pretext for war against Athens?
    • A. 

      It showed their concern for the honor of the gods to the rest of Greece.

    • B. 

      It strengthened the morale of the Peloponnesian allies to believe that the Athenians were cursed.

    • C. 

      They believed that the goddess Athena would help them in order to punish the Athenians.

    • D. 

      They hoped to cause the Athenians to lose confidence in Pericles.

  • 3. 
    Which pair of Hellenic heroes of the Persian War eventually betrayed their cities in favor of King Xerxes of Persia?
    • A. 

      Pericles of Athens and Archidamus of Sparta

    • B. 

      Themistocles of Athens and Leonidas of Sparta

    • C. 

      Themistocles of Athens and Pausanias of Sparta

    • D. 

      Pericles of Athens and Brasidas of Sparta

  • 4. 
    What was the one demand in the ultimatum that was delivered by Sparta's third pre-war embassy to Athens?
    • A. 

      To end the siege of Potidaea.

    • B. 

      To rescind the Megarian Decree.

    • C. 

      To permit Hellenic independence.

    • D. 

      To tear down the Long Walls.

  • 5. 
    What was the principle military advantage of Athens over the Peloponnesian League according to Pericles.
    • A. 

      The Peloponnesians' lack of money.

    • B. 

      The advantage of sea power over land power.

    • C. 

      The agricultural basis of the Peloponnesian economies.

    • D. 

      The inexperience of the Spartan navy.

  • 6. 
    What did Pericles fear would cause Athens to lose its allies?
    • A. 

      An increase in the monetary contributions to the Delian League.

    • B. 

      The inability of Athens to attack them.

    • C. 

      The destruction of Athenian lands and homes.

    • D. 

      An Athenian defeat at sea.

  • 7. 
    How long did the Thirty Years' Peace last?
    • A. 

      30 years

    • B. 

      15 years

    • C. 

      10 years

    • D. 

      14 years

  • 8. 
    Which city's attack on Plataea broke the peace and started the war?
    • A. 

      Athens

    • B. 

      Thebes

    • C. 

      Corinth

    • D. 

      Megara

  • 9. 
    What were the two Peloponnesian city-states that were neutral at the beginning of the war?
    • A. 

      Argos and Achaea

    • B. 

      Mycenae and Corinth

    • C. 

      Messenia and Laconia

    • D. 

      Pellene and Sicyon

  • 10. 
    Why did the Athenians turn against Pericles in the first year of the war?
    • A. 

      They discovered he was a pro-Persian traitor.

    • B. 

      He led them into a terrible naval defeat at Salamis.

    • C. 

      He refused to take the field against Archidamus.

    • D. 

      He embezzled the money being saved for the naval reserve.

  • 11. 
    Why did the Spartans settle for ravaging the country around Athens instead of taking the city?
    • A. 

      They were afraid to get too close to the superior Athenian infantry.

    • B. 

      Their siegecraft was insufficient to defeat the Athenian walls.

    • C. 

      They were waiting for Theban reinforcements to arrive.

    • D. 

      The oracle at Delphi told them not to.

  • 12. 
    What was the estimated value of the annual contribution to Athens from its allies in modern dollars?
    • A. 

      $500,000

    • B. 

      $1 billion

    • C. 

      $850,000

    • D. 

      $9 million