7th Grade Science Test Chapter 4

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Cbcbblock
C
Cbcbblock
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 14 | Total Attempts: 40,750
Questions: 36 | Attempts: 929

SettingsSettingsSettings
7th Grade Science Quizzes & Trivia

Having fully covered chapter four in class today you are expected to explain how a plant is considered a living thing and the process it undergoes to live. The quiz below is set up to review the things we have covered today. Give it a try and test your memory.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The process by which plants capture light energy from the sun and convert it         into sugar is _________

    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the process by which plants capture light energy from the sun and convert it into sugar. This process occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells, where chlorophyll molecules capture sunlight and use it to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. This glucose is then used by the plant as a source of energy for growth and development. Overall, photosynthesis is a vital process for plants as it allows them to produce their own food and release oxygen into the atmosphere.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    _____________ is change in the growth of a plant in response to light

    Explanation
    Phototropism is the change in the growth of a plant in response to light. When a plant detects light, it will grow towards it in order to maximize photosynthesis and energy production. This response is crucial for plants to optimize their exposure to sunlight and ensure their survival. Phototropism allows plants to adjust their growth patterns, bending and orienting themselves towards the light source. This phenomenon is controlled by hormones, such as auxin, which are responsible for regulating plant growth and development.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Trees that keep their leaves year-around

    Explanation
    Evergreen trees are a type of tree that retains its leaves throughout the year, regardless of the season. Unlike deciduous trees that shed their leaves in autumn, evergreen trees maintain their foliage, providing a constant green appearance. This characteristic allows them to photosynthesize and continue to grow even during the winter months. Examples of evergreen trees include pine, fir, and cedar trees.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Chlorophyll is green pigment in _________that absorbs light energy for photosynthesis

    Explanation
    Chlorophyll is a green pigment that is responsible for the absorption of light energy in the process of photosynthesis. It is found in chloroplasts, which are the organelles present in plant cells where photosynthesis takes place. Chlorophyll molecules are located within the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplasts, where they capture light energy and convert it into chemical energy to drive the synthesis of glucose. Therefore, chloroplasts are the correct answer as they contain chlorophyll and are essential for photosynthesis.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    __________ is the breakdown of sugars to make ATP in the absence of oxygen

    Explanation
    Fermentation is the process of breaking down sugars to produce ATP in the absence of oxygen. During fermentation, glucose is converted into simpler molecules, such as lactic acid or ethanol, which release energy in the form of ATP. This process is commonly observed in microorganisms like yeast and bacteria. Fermentation is an anaerobic process and is used by cells when oxygen is not available for cellular respiration. It is an important metabolic pathway in various industries, such as brewing, baking, and dairy production.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The opening in the bottom of the leaf that allow carbon dioxide to enter the          leaf and water  to exit the leaf  is __________

    Explanation
    Stomata are the small openings found on the surface of leaves that allow carbon dioxide to enter the leaf for photosynthesis and allow water to exit through transpiration. These openings are surrounded by guard cells that can open and close the stomata to regulate the exchange of gases and water vapor.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The loss of water from plant leaves through openings called stomata is ________

    Explanation
    Transpiration is the process by which water is lost from plant leaves through stomata, which are small openings on the surface of leaves. This loss of water is essential for plants as it helps in the absorption of nutrients from the soil, transport of water and minerals within the plant, and cooling of the plant. Transpiration also plays a crucial role in maintaining the plant's shape and structure. Therefore, transpiration is the correct term to describe the loss of water from plant leaves through stomata.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    ____________ is the process of producing ATP (also releases carbon dioxide and water)in the cell from oxygen and glucose

    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is the process by which cells produce ATP, the energy currency of the cell, from oxygen and glucose. During this process, carbon dioxide and water are also released as byproducts. This metabolic process occurs in the mitochondria of the cell and is essential for the survival and functioning of all living organisms. Through cellular respiration, cells are able to convert the energy stored in glucose into a usable form of energy, ATP, which is necessary for various cellular activities.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Trees that lose all of their leaves at the same time every year is ________

    Explanation
    Deciduous trees are known for shedding all of their leaves at a specific time each year. This is a characteristic behavior of deciduous trees, distinguishing them from evergreen trees that retain their leaves year-round. Deciduous trees typically lose their leaves in the fall, as a response to changes in temperature and daylight hours. This shedding of leaves helps the tree conserve energy during winter months and prepares it for new growth in the following spring.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    CO2

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    E. Carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    CO2 is the chemical formula for carbon dioxide, which is composed of one carbon atom bonded to two oxygen atoms. It is a colorless and odorless gas that is a byproduct of combustion and respiration. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas and plays a significant role in global warming and climate change.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    C

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      C6H12O6

    • E.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "carbon" because it is the element represented by the symbol "C" in the given list. The other options are either compounds (C6H12O6) or elements (oxygen and hydrogen) but they are not represented by the symbol "C".

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    C6H12O6

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Sugar (glucose)

    • E.

      Carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Sugar (glucose)
    Explanation
    The given chemical formula C6H12O6 represents a sugar molecule called glucose. Glucose is a type of carbohydrate and is commonly referred to as a simple sugar. It is composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Glucose is an essential source of energy for living organisms and plays a vital role in cellular respiration.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    H2O

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Water
    Explanation
    The correct answer is water because H2O is the chemical formula for water. Water is composed of two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom. Carbon and oxygen are elements that can combine to form carbon dioxide, but carbon dioxide is not the correct answer in this case.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    H

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Sugar (glucose)

    Correct Answer
    C. Hydrogen
  • 15. 

    Sunlight supplies the ________ a plant needs to make sugar.

    Correct Answer
    energy
    Explanation
    Sunlight provides the necessary energy for a plant to undergo photosynthesis, the process by which it converts carbon dioxide and water into glucose (sugar) and oxygen. During photosynthesis, the plant's chlorophyll pigment absorbs sunlight, which is then used to power the chemical reactions that produce glucose. This glucose serves as the plant's main source of energy for growth, reproduction, and other metabolic processes. Therefore, the answer "energy" accurately describes the role of sunlight in providing the necessary fuel for a plant's sugar production.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    . Almost all  the energy needed to fuel life comes from the ____

    Correct Answer
    sun
    Explanation
    Almost all the energy needed to fuel life comes from the sun. The sun is the primary source of energy for most living organisms on Earth through the process of photosynthesis. Plants and other photosynthetic organisms convert sunlight into chemical energy, which is then passed on to other organisms through the food chain. This energy is essential for the growth, development, and functioning of all living organisms, making the sun a crucial source of energy for life on Earth.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Plants ____ ____sugar during cellular respiration

    Correct Answer
    breaks down
    Explanation
    During cellular respiration, plants break down sugar. This process occurs in the mitochondria of plant cells and involves the conversion of glucose molecules into ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which is the main energy currency of cells. Through a series of chemical reactions, glucose is oxidized and broken down into carbon dioxide and water, releasing energy in the form of ATP. This energy is then used by the plant for various metabolic processes and growth.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Plant cells make glucose from ____  and H2O

    Correct Answer
    CO2
    Explanation
    Plant cells use carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) to undergo photosynthesis, a process that converts sunlight into energy. During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide is taken in from the atmosphere through tiny pores called stomata on the leaves. Inside the plant cells, carbon dioxide combines with water in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll to produce glucose and oxygen as byproducts. Glucose serves as the main source of energy for the plant, while oxygen is released back into the atmosphere. Therefore, the correct answer is CO2.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    During photosynthesis _________is taken in by the plant and oxygen and glucose are produced

    Correct Answer
    carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    During photosynthesis, plants take in carbon dioxide and convert it into oxygen and glucose through a series of chemical reactions. This process occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells, specifically in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll. Carbon dioxide is a crucial component for photosynthesis as it provides the carbon atoms necessary for building glucose molecules. Oxygen is released as a byproduct and glucose is stored or used as energy for the plant's growth and metabolic processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Plants use photosynthesis (light energy) to produce glucose which is_____for the plants(so it is converted to chemical energy)

    Correct Answer
    food
    Explanation
    Plants use photosynthesis, a process that converts light energy into chemical energy, to produce glucose. Glucose serves as food for the plants, providing them with the necessary energy for growth, development, and various metabolic activities. Therefore, the correct answer is "food."

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Sugar is made in the plant’s _______

    Correct Answer
    leaves
    Explanation
    Sugar is made in the plant's leaves through a process called photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, plants use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to produce glucose, which is then converted into various forms of sugar, such as sucrose. The leaves contain specialized structures called chloroplasts, which contain chlorophyll, the pigment that captures sunlight and initiates the photosynthesis process. Therefore, it is in the leaves where sugar production occurs in plants.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Water enters a plant through the________

    Correct Answer
    roots
    Explanation
    Water enters a plant through the roots. The roots of a plant are responsible for absorbing water from the soil. They have tiny root hairs that increase the surface area for water absorption. This water is then transported through the plant's vascular system, specifically the xylem, to reach the rest of the plant's tissues and cells. The roots also play a vital role in anchoring the plant and providing it with necessary minerals and nutrients from the soil.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    __________exits the plant through the leaves

    Correct Answer
    oxygen
    Explanation
    Oxygen is produced during photosynthesis in plants. It is a byproduct of the process and exits the plant through the leaves. This oxygen is then released into the atmosphere, where it is essential for the survival of other organisms, including humans.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Carbon dioxide and ______ _________enter the plant through the leaf

    Correct Answer
    light energy
    Explanation
    Carbon dioxide and light energy enter the plant through the leaf. Carbon dioxide is necessary for photosynthesis, while light energy is required for the process of converting carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. The leaf contains specialized cells called stomata, which allow for the exchange of gases, including carbon dioxide. Additionally, the leaf contains chloroplasts, which contain chlorophyll, the pigment that absorbs light energy for photosynthesis. Therefore, both carbon dioxide and light energy are essential for the plant's survival and growth.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Carbon dioxide (not  water) enters leaves through open ________.

    Correct Answer
    stomata
    Explanation
    Carbon dioxide enters leaves through open stomata. Stomata are small openings on the surface of leaves that allow for gas exchange. These openings can be regulated by the plant to control the amount of carbon dioxide and water vapor that enters or exits the leaf. Water, on the other hand, enters leaves through the roots and is transported throughout the plant via the xylem.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Water diffuses out of a leaf through the open stomata in a               process called _________

    Correct Answer
    transpiration
    Explanation
    Water diffuses out of a leaf through the open stomata in a process called transpiration. Transpiration is the process by which water is lost from the surface of a plant, mainly through the stomata. Stomata are small openings on the surface of leaves that allow for gas exchange, but they also allow for water vapor to escape. This process is important for the plant as it helps to transport water and nutrients from the roots to the rest of the plant, and it also helps to cool the plant through evaporation.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    _________ are organized from simplest to most complex. (cells- tissues- organs- organ systems)

    Correct Answer
    Organisms
    Explanation
    Organisms are the highest level of organization in the biological hierarchy. They are made up of various organ systems, which in turn are composed of organs, tissues, and cells. Organisms are the most complex and advanced level of organization, as they exhibit all the characteristics of life, including growth, reproduction, and response to stimuli.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Respiration means ________

    Correct Answer
    breathing
    Explanation
    Respiration refers to the process of breathing, which involves taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. It is a vital function in living organisms, allowing the exchange of gases to support cellular respiration and provide energy for various physiological processes. Through respiration, oxygen is transported to the cells, and waste products such as carbon dioxide are eliminated from the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "breathing".

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    An organism with chloroplasts is a ________

    Correct Answer
    producer
    Explanation
    An organism with chloroplasts is a producer because chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants and some other organisms convert sunlight into energy-rich molecules like glucose. Through photosynthesis, producers are able to produce their own food and are the primary source of energy for all other organisms in an ecosystem.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    Photosynthesis means _________.It is the foundation for the                    food web

    Correct Answer
    made by light
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants and some other organisms convert sunlight into chemical energy in the form of glucose. It is the foundation for the food web because it is the primary source of energy for most living organisms. Through photosynthesis, plants produce glucose, which is then consumed by other organisms, starting a chain of energy transfer and providing sustenance for the entire food web.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Chlorophyll is what gives plants their ______color and what absorbs light  energy

    Correct Answer
    green
    Explanation
    Chlorophyll is the pigment responsible for the green color in plants. It absorbs light energy from the sun and uses it for the process of photosynthesis, where plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen. This pigment is found in chloroplasts within plant cells and is essential for the plants' ability to produce food and carry out their metabolic processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    Photosynthesis takes place in ________

    Correct Answer
    chloroplasts
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen. This process occurs in specialized organelles called chloroplasts, which are found in the cells of plant leaves. Chloroplasts contain a pigment called chlorophyll that captures sunlight and uses its energy to carry out photosynthesis. Therefore, the correct answer is chloroplasts.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    Two products of cellular respiration are carbon dioxide and ______

    Correct Answer
    water
    Explanation
    During cellular respiration, glucose is broken down to produce energy. This process occurs in the presence of oxygen, resulting in the formation of carbon dioxide as a waste product. Additionally, water is also produced as a byproduct of cellular respiration. This occurs through the electron transport chain, where electrons are transferred and combined with oxygen, forming water molecules. Therefore, the correct answer is water.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    Cellular respiration takes place in a ________cell's mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    eukaryotic
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is the process by which cells convert nutrients into energy in the form of ATP. This process occurs in the mitochondria, which are organelles found in eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells are characterized by having a membrane-bound nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles, including mitochondria. Therefore, the correct answer is "eukaryotic" because cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are dependent upon one another  because photosynthesis requires the carbon dioxide produced during cellular respiration, which requires the ___________ produced during  photosynthesis

    Correct Answer
    oxygen
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are dependent upon one another because photosynthesis requires the carbon dioxide produced during cellular respiration, which requires the oxygen produced during photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, plants use sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. This glucose is then used during cellular respiration, where it is broken down to release energy for the cell's activities. In this process, oxygen is consumed and carbon dioxide is produced, which is then used by plants during photosynthesis. Thus, oxygen is necessary for cellular respiration and carbon dioxide is necessary for photosynthesis, making them interdependent processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    ____________ are organized structures of DNA

    Correct Answer
    Chromosomes
    Explanation
    Chromosomes are organized structures of DNA that contain the genetic information of an organism. They are located in the nucleus of cells and are made up of DNA molecules tightly coiled around proteins called histones. Chromosomes are responsible for carrying and transmitting genetic information from one generation to the next during cell division. They play a crucial role in determining the traits and characteristics of an organism.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.