6th Grade Science - Chapter 11

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 278

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6th Grade Science Quizzes & Trivia

Earthquakes cause a lot of damage and loss depending on their magnitude. There are some areas in the world that are more prone to earthquakes than other. How much do you about the formation and effect of this devastating occurrence? Give the quiz a try and find out. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The buildup of stress in Earth’s crust can become so great that rocks reach their ____________, and an earthquake occurs.
    • A. 

      Elastic limit

    • B. 

      Tectonic force

  • 2. 
    1.      When rocks break because of stress, the energy released is in the form of an _____________.
    • A. 

      Earthquake

    • B. 

      Tsunami

    • C. 

      Hurricane

    • D. 

      Tornado

  • 3. 
    Normal faults are created by ____________.
    • A. 

      Compression

    • B. 

      Tension

  • 4. 
    Rocks are subject to the force of tension where Earth’s plates ____________.
    • A. 

      Come together

    • B. 

      Move apart

  • 5. 
    __________________ forces are present where Earth’s plates come together.
    • A. 

      Compression

    • B. 

      Tension

  • 6. 
     A _______ fault is often located where plates come together.
    • A. 

      Strike-slip

    • B. 

      Reverse

  • 7. 
    The San Andreas Fault in California is an example of a ________ fault.
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Strike-slip

  • 8. 
    At a________ fault, the rocks above the fault surface are forced up and over the rocks below the fault surface.
    • A. 

      Strike-slip

    • B. 

      Reverse

  • 9. 
    __________ move through Earth by causing particles in rocks to vibrate at right angles to the direction of the waves.
    • A. 

      Primary waves

    • B. 

      Secondary waves

  • 10. 
    The radius of the circle seismologist draw on a map is equal to the distance from a station to an earthquake’s ________.
    • A. 

      Epicenter

    • B. 

      Fault line

  • 11. 
    To locate an earthquake’s ___________, scientist use information from at least three seismograph stations.
    • A. 

      Epicenter

    • B. 

      Elastic limit

  • 12. 
    The farther apart primary, secondary, and surface waves arrive, the _______________ the epicenter is.
    • A. 

      Closer

    • B. 

      Farther away

  • 13. 
    __________ move through Earth, causing particles in rocks to move back and forth in the same direction as the waves.
    • A. 

      Primary waves

    • B. 

      Secondary waves

  • 14. 
    Most of the destruction during an earthquake is caused by ________waves.
    • A. 

      Surface

    • B. 

      Primary

  • 15. 
    The slowest seismic waves are ______ waves.
    • A. 

      Secondary

    • B. 

      Surface

  • 16. 
    Primary waves arrive at a seismograph station _______.
    • A. 

      First

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      Third

  • 17. 
    By noting the change in the speed and path of _________, scientist have been able to determine the structure of Earth’s interior.
    • A. 

      Seismic waves

    • B. 

      The Moho discontinuity

  • 18. 
    The boundary between the upper mantle and the crust is called the _________ discontinuity.
    • A. 

      Moho

    • B. 

      Gutenberg

  • 19. 
    The area where no seismic waves are detected after they are released by an earthquake is called the ___________.
    • A. 

      Shadow zone

    • B. 

      Asthenosphere

  • 20. 
    The outermost layer of Earth is the ________.
    • A. 

      Asthenosphere

    • B. 

      Lithosphere

  • 21. 
    One way to make your home more seismic-safe is to put heavy items on _________ shelves.
    • A. 

      Upper

    • B. 

      Lower

  • 22. 
    ___________ don’t pass through liquid so they are stopped when they hit the liquid outer core.
    • A. 

      Primary waves

    • B. 

      Secondary waves

  • 23. 
    An earthquake with a ________ of 6.5 releases about 30 times as much energy as an earthquake the registers 5.5 on the Richter scale.
    • A. 

      Vibration

    • B. 

      Magnitude

  • 24. 
    Shaking from an earthquake can cause wet soil to be more ______.
    • A. 

      Solid

    • B. 

      Liquid

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