5th Grade Natural Resource Content Pre-survey

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Lynette.meyer
L
Lynette.meyer
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 10 | Total Attempts: 13,023
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 137

SettingsSettingsSettings
5th Grade Natural Resource Content Pre-survey - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The most plentiful fossil fuel found in the United States is?

    • A.

      Natural gas

    • B.

      Petroleum

    • C.

      Wood

    • D.

      Coal

    Correct Answer
    D. Coal
    Explanation
    Coal is the most plentiful fossil fuel found in the United States. This is because the United States has large coal reserves, with significant deposits located in various regions across the country. Coal has been a major source of energy in the United States for many years, and it is used for electricity generation, industrial processes, and heating. The abundance of coal reserves in the United States makes it the most plentiful fossil fuel in the country.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which of the following fossil fuels produces the least amount of pollution?

    • A.

      Coal

    • B.

      Natural gas

    • C.

      Oil

    • D.

      Gasoline

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural gas
    Explanation
    Natural gas produces the least amount of pollution compared to other fossil fuels. When burned, natural gas releases fewer greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide and methane, compared to coal and oil. It also produces less air pollutants, such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, which contribute to smog and respiratory problems. As a result, natural gas is considered a cleaner and more environmentally friendly option for energy production.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Where does petroleum come from?

    • A.

      Ancient plankton and sea life

    • B.

      Rocks from moving glaciers

    • C.

      Minerals from the ocean

    • D.

      Shells from ancient lakes

    Correct Answer
    A. Ancient plankton and sea life
    Explanation
    Petroleum comes from ancient plankton and sea life. Over millions of years, the remains of these organisms have been subjected to heat and pressure, transforming into fossil fuels. This process occurs in sedimentary rocks, where the organic matter is converted into hydrocarbons, such as oil and natural gas. These hydrocarbons are then trapped in reservoirs beneath the Earth's surface, where they can be extracted and refined into various petroleum products.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What does petroleum look like underground?

    • A.

      A large cave filled with oil

    • B.

      A solid black layer of carbon

    • C.

      A river of black oil flowing through a tunnel

    • D.

      Drops of oil mixed with sand or filling small cracks

    Correct Answer
    D. Drops of oil mixed with sand or filling small cracks
    Explanation
    Petroleum is a mixture of hydrocarbons that is typically found underground. It does not exist as a large cave filled with oil or a solid black layer of carbon. Instead, petroleum is usually found in porous rocks, such as sandstone or limestone, where it fills small cracks or mixes with sand. This is why the correct answer is "Drops of oil mixed with sand or filling small cracks."

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    In which of the following rock types are fossil fuels found?

    • A.

      Sedimentary

    • B.

      Metamorphic

    • C.

      Igneous

    • D.

      Magma

    Correct Answer
    A. Sedimentary
    Explanation
    Fossil fuels are formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals that were buried and subjected to high pressure and temperature over millions of years. Sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and compaction of sediments, including organic matter, making them the most likely rock type to contain fossil fuels. Metamorphic rocks are formed from the transformation of pre-existing rocks under high heat and pressure, which can destroy any organic matter present. Igneous rocks are formed from the solidification of molten magma and do not typically contain fossil fuels. Magma refers to molten rock beneath the Earth's surface and is not a rock type.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following actions are required for the formation of fossil fuels?

    • A.

      Oil from the seas sank into underground caves over thousands of years

    • B.

      Heat and pressure over millions of years to organisms buried deep in the Earth

    • C.

      Dinosaur bones that have become fossilized over time

    • D.

      Magma that is formed deep in the Earth

    Correct Answer
    B. Heat and pressure over millions of years to organisms buried deep in the Earth
    Explanation
    Heat and pressure over millions of years is required for the formation of fossil fuels because this process transforms the remains of ancient organisms, such as plants and animals, into substances like coal, oil, and natural gas. These organisms are buried deep in the Earth, and over time, the heat and pressure cause chemical reactions that convert their organic matter into fossil fuels.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What type of region is most likely to produce the raw materials that can transform into coal?

    • A.

      Arctic

    • B.

      Desert

    • C.

      Tropical

    • D.

      Mountain

    Correct Answer
    C. Tropical
    Explanation
    Tropical regions are most likely to produce the raw materials that can transform into coal. This is because coal is formed from the remains of ancient plants and trees that lived in warm and humid environments. Tropical regions have the necessary conditions of high temperature and abundant rainfall, which promote the growth of dense vegetation. Over time, the accumulation and burial of this vegetation under layers of sediment and pressure leads to the formation of coal.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The diagram below represents various sedimentary rock layers.  Which layer is the oldest?

    • A.

      Layer A

    • B.

      Layer C

    • C.

      Layer B

    • D.

      Layer D

    Correct Answer
    B. Layer C
    Explanation
    Based on the principle of superposition, which states that in an undisturbed sequence of sedimentary rocks, the oldest rocks are at the bottom, Layer C is the oldest. This is because it is located at the lowest position in the diagram, indicating that it was the first layer to be deposited.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    A slab of sedimentary rock is found close to a mountain peak.  In it are fossils of fish.  Which of the following is not a good explanation for why this happened?

    • A.

      The bones of fish eaten at a recent picnic became a fossil

    • B.

      The mountain was once underwater and was uplifted

    • C.

      The ocean has receded over the centuries that was once covering the mountain

    • D.

      The slab of sedimentary rock has been transported from an ocean environment to a land environment

    Correct Answer
    C. The ocean has receded over the centuries that was once covering the mountain
    Explanation
    The ocean receding over the centuries cannot explain why a slab of sedimentary rock with fish fossils is found close to a mountain peak. The presence of fish fossils suggests that the area was once underwater, but the explanation of the ocean receding does not address how the slab of rock with fossils ended up near the mountain peak.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    What is the group of processes that transform sediments into rock?

    • A.

      Compaction and cementation

    • B.

      Transportation and cementation

    • C.

      Digenesis and compaction

    • D.

      Oxidation and transportation

    Correct Answer
    A. Compaction and cementation
    Explanation
    Compaction and cementation are the processes that transform sediments into rock. Compaction occurs when the weight of overlying sediments compresses the lower layers, reducing the pore space and increasing the density of the sediment. Cementation, on the other hand, involves the deposition of minerals in the pore spaces between the sediment grains, binding them together and forming a solid rock. These two processes work together to transform loose sediments into consolidated rock.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.