The Modern History Of India Quiz (Long)

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The Modern History Of India Quiz (Long) - Quiz

Do you know anything about the modern history of India? Would you be able to pass this quiz? The early modern period of Indian history goes back to 1526 CE to 1858 CE, which parallels to the growth and collapse of the Mughal Empire. The Timurid Renaissance inherited this. During this period, India’s economy flourished. If you want to put your knowledge to the test, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The practice of Sati was declared illegal by :

    • A.

      Lord William Bentinck

    • B.

      Lord Ripon

    • C.

      Lord Lytton

    • D.

      Lord Dalhousie

    Correct Answer
    A. Lord William Bentinck
    Explanation
    Lord William Bentinck declared the practice of Sati illegal. Sati was a practice in which a widow would immolate herself on her husband's funeral pyre. Bentinck, as the Governor-General of India, introduced the Bengal Sati Regulation in 1829, which banned the practice and made it a punishable offense. This regulation was a significant step towards the abolition of this inhumane tradition and was a reflection of Bentinck's efforts to bring about social reforms in India.

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  • 2. 

    Delhi was named as the capital of India during whose viceroyalty?

    • A.

      Lord Bentick

    • B.

      Lord Hardinge

    • C.

      Lord Chelmsford

    • D.

      Lord Curzon

    Correct Answer
    B. Lord Hardinge
    Explanation
    Lord Hardinge was the Viceroy of India when Delhi was named as the capital of India. He served as the Viceroy from 1910 to 1916. During his tenure, the decision was made to shift the capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911. This decision was influenced by various factors, including the strategic location of Delhi and its historical significance as the former capital of the Mughal Empire. Lord Hardinge played a crucial role in the planning and execution of the shift, which eventually led to the establishment of New Delhi as the capital of India.

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  • 3. 

    Who among the following did not belong to the Swarajist group?

    • A.

      C R Das

    • B.

      C Rajgopalachari

    • C.

      NC Kelkar

    • D.

      M.L. Nehru

    Correct Answer
    B. C Rajgopalachari
    Explanation
    C Rajgopalachari did not belong to the Swarajist group. The Swarajist group was a faction within the Indian National Congress during the 1920s. They supported the idea of self-rule or Swaraj within the British Empire. C Rajgopalachari, also known as Rajaji, was a prominent leader in the Indian National Congress, but he did not align himself with the Swarajist group. He had his own political ideology and was associated with other factions within the Congress.

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  • 4. 

    In which session, congress appointed first Muslim president of INC?

    • A.

      1885

    • B.

      1896

    • C.

      1888

    • D.

      1887

    Correct Answer
    D. 1887
    Explanation
    Badrubddin Tayyabji

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  • 5. 

    In which case was Bhagat Singh found guilty and sentenced to death?

    • A.

      Meerut

    • B.

      Lahore

    • C.

      Kakori

    • D.

      Delhi

    Correct Answer
    B. Lahore
    Explanation
    Bhagat Singh was found guilty and sentenced to death in the Lahore case.

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  • 6. 

    The President of the annual session of Congress for the year 1917 was___

    • A.

      Annie Besant

    • B.

      A C Mazumdar

    • C.

      Sarojini Naidu

    • D.

      Bishan Narayan Dar

    Correct Answer
    A. Annie Besant
    Explanation
    Annie Besant was the President of the annual session of Congress in the year 1917. She was a prominent British socialist, women's rights activist, and theosophist who became involved in Indian politics. Besant played a significant role in the Indian National Congress and was elected as its president in 1917. She was known for her advocacy of Indian self-rule and her efforts to promote social reform and women's rights in India. Her presidency in 1917 marked a significant milestone in the Indian independence movement.

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  • 7. 

    Who among the following was NOT associated with the Prarthana Samaj founded in 1867?

    • A.

      MG Ranade

    • B.

      B G Tilak

    • C.

      R G Bhandarkar

    • D.

      A Pandurang

    Correct Answer
    B. B G Tilak
    Explanation
    MG Ranade, R G Bhandarkar, and A Pandurang were all associated with the Prarthana Samaj founded in 1867. However, B G Tilak was not associated with the Prarthana Samaj.

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  • 8. 

    The book ‘The First Indian War of Independence 1857’ was written by

    • A.

      V D Savarkar

    • B.

      R C Dutt

    • C.

      A.K. Mazumdar

    • D.

      Karl Marx

    Correct Answer
    D. Karl Marx
    Explanation
    The book 'The First Indian War of Independence 1857' was not written by V D Savarkar, R C Dutt, or A.K. Mazumdar. It was written by Karl Marx.

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  • 9. 

    Who among the following was killed by Udham Singh to avenge the Jallianwalabagh massacre?

    • A.

      Reginald Dyer

    • B.

      Michael O Dwyer

    • C.

      M Sanders

    • D.

      Curzon Wilye

    Correct Answer
    B. Michael O Dwyer
    Explanation
    Udham Singh killed Michael O Dwyer to avenge the Jallianwalabagh massacre. The Jallianwalabagh massacre was a tragic incident that occurred on April 13, 1919, where British troops under the command of Reginald Dyer opened fire on a peaceful gathering in Amritsar, India, resulting in the death of hundreds of innocent people. Michael O Dwyer was the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab at the time and supported Dyer's actions. Udham Singh, a survivor of the massacre, sought revenge and assassinated O Dwyer in London in 1940.

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  • 10. 

    Widow Remarriage Act was enacted during the rule of

    • A.

      Lord William Bentinck

    • B.

      Lord Metcafe

    • C.

      Lord Dalhousie

    • D.

      Lord Ellenborough

    Correct Answer
    C. Lord Dalhousie
    Explanation
    The Widow Remarriage Act was enacted during the rule of Lord Dalhousie. This act was passed in 1856 and aimed to abolish the practice of prohibiting widows from remarrying. It was a significant social reform in India as it challenged the prevailing social norms and customs that treated widows as outcasts. Lord Dalhousie's administration played a crucial role in introducing this act, which was a step towards empowering widows and improving their social status.

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  • 11. 

    The resolution demanding Purna Swaraj was adopted by the Indian National Congress in its session held at

    • A.

      Lucknow

    • B.

      Bombay

    • C.

      Lahore

    • D.

      Calcutta

    Correct Answer
    C. Lahore
    Explanation
    The resolution demanding Purna Swaraj was adopted by the Indian National Congress in its session held at Lahore.

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  • 12. 

    Satyagraha as a political method was first used by Gandhiji in 1906 in

    • A.

      Durban

    • B.

      St. Pietermaitzburg

    • C.

      Johannesburg

    • D.

      Port Elizabeth

    Correct Answer
    C. Johannesburg
    Explanation
    Satyagraha, meaning "truth-force" or "soul-force," was a nonviolent resistance technique developed by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1906, Gandhi first employed this method in Johannesburg, South Africa, during the Indian community's struggle against discriminatory laws imposed by the British government. He organized protests, strikes, and civil disobedience campaigns to challenge these unjust laws. This marked the beginning of Gandhi's lifelong commitment to nonviolent resistance, which later played a crucial role in India's struggle for independence from British colonial rule.

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  • 13. 

    What was the immediate cause for the launch of the Swadeshi movement?

    • A.

      The partition of Bengal done by Lord Curzon

    • B.

      A sentence of 18 months rigorous imprisonment imposed on Lokmanya Tilak

    • C.

      The arrest and deportation of Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh; and passing of the Punjab Colonization Bill

    • D.

      Death sentence pronounced on the Chapekar brothers.

    Correct Answer
    A. The partition of Bengal done by Lord Curzon
    Explanation
    The immediate cause for the launch of the Swadeshi movement was the partition of Bengal done by Lord Curzon. This decision by the British government in 1905 to divide Bengal into two separate provinces, based on religious lines, was seen as a deliberate attempt to weaken the nationalist movement and promote divide and rule. The partition sparked widespread protests and boycotts, leading to the formation of the Swadeshi movement, which aimed at promoting Indian goods and industries and boycotting British goods.

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  • 14. 

    Which one of the following began with the Dandi March?

    • A.

      Home Rule Movement

    • B.

      Non-Cooperation Movement

    • C.

      Civil Disobedience Movement

    • D.

      Quit India Movement

    Correct Answer
    C. Civil Disobedience Movement
    Explanation
    The Dandi March was a significant event during the Indian independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. It began on March 12, 1930, and was part of the Civil Disobedience Movement. Gandhi and his followers marched for 24 days to the coastal village of Dandi, where they illegally produced salt in protest against the British salt monopoly. This act of civil disobedience was a powerful symbol of defiance against British rule and played a crucial role in galvanizing the Indian masses to join the movement for independence.

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  • 15. 

    During the Indian Freedom Struggle, why did Rowlatt Act arouse popular indignation?

    • A.

      It curtailed the freedom of religion

    • B.

      It suppressed the Indian traditional education

    • C.

      It authorized the government to imprison people without trial

    • D.

      It curbed the trade union activities

    Correct Answer
    C. It authorized the government to imprison people without trial
    Explanation
    The Rowlatt Act aroused popular indignation during the Indian Freedom Struggle because it authorized the government to imprison people without trial. This meant that individuals could be detained indefinitely without any legal recourse or evidence against them. This blatant violation of civil liberties and denial of due process angered the Indian population, who saw it as a direct attack on their freedom and rights. The act was seen as a tool for suppressing dissent and stifling any opposition to British rule, further fueling the growing discontent and resistance against colonial rule.

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  • 16. 

    Which city was originally conducting 1st session of Indian National Congress?

    • A.

      Bombay

    • B.

      Indore

    • C.

      Nagpur

    • D.

      Pune

    Correct Answer
    D. Pune
    Explanation
    The city of Pune was originally conducting the 1st session of the Indian National Congress. The Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885 and the first session was held in Pune from 28–31 December 1885. This session was attended by 72 delegates, representing different parts of India, who came together to discuss political and social issues and to formulate strategies for the Indian independence movement.

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  • 17. 

    In which year, vernacular press act was passed?

    • A.

      1878

    • B.

      1879

    • C.

      1881

    • D.

      1882

    Correct Answer
    A. 1878
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1878. The Vernacular Press Act was passed in 1878. This act was enacted by the British colonial government in India and aimed to control the vernacular press, which was seen as a threat to British rule. The act imposed strict regulations on the press, including the requirement of obtaining a license, allowing the government to censor and suppress any content deemed seditious or harmful to British interests. The act was highly controversial and faced strong opposition from Indian nationalists and journalists who fought for press freedom.

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  • 18. 

    At which one of the following places did Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in India?

    • A.

      Bardoli

    • B.

      Ahmedabad

    • C.

      Champaran

    • D.

      Kheda

    Correct Answer
    C. Champaran
    Explanation
    Mahatma Gandhi first started his Satyagraha in India in Champaran. Satyagraha, meaning "truth force," was a nonviolent resistance movement that Gandhi employed to fight against social and political injustices. In Champaran, Gandhi led a successful campaign against the oppressive indigo plantation system, where farmers were forced to grow indigo instead of food crops. This marked the beginning of Gandhi's active involvement in India's freedom struggle and his use of Satyagraha as a powerful tool for social change.

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  • 19. 

    Which party was founded by Subhash Chandra Bose in the year 1939 after he broke away from the Congress?

    • A.

      Indian Freedom Party

    • B.

      Forward Bloc

    • C.

      Indian National Army

    • D.

      Azad Hind Fauz

    Correct Answer
    B. Forward Bloc
    Explanation
    Subhash Chandra Bose founded the Forward Bloc in 1939 after breaking away from the Congress. The Forward Bloc was a political party that aimed to unite all anti-imperialist forces in India and work towards achieving complete independence from British rule. Bose believed that the Congress was not doing enough to fight for India's freedom and thus formed the Forward Bloc as an alternative platform to continue the struggle for independence.

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  • 20. 

    Consider the following statements: The government of India Act, 1935 provided for: 1. the provincial autonomy. 2. the establishment of Federal court. 3. all India Federation at the centre. Which of the statements given above are correct?

    • A.

      1,2 only

    • B.

      2,3 only

    • C.

      1,3 only

    • D.

      All statements are correct.

    Correct Answer
    D. All statements are correct.
    Explanation
    The government of India Act, 1935 provided for provincial autonomy, the establishment of a Federal court, and an All India Federation at the centre. This means that all the statements given in the options are correct.

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  • 21. 

    Who unfurled the National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Paris in the year 1907?

    • A.

      Dada Bhai Naroji

    • B.

      Lala Lajpat Rai

    • C.

      Bhikaji Kama

    • D.

      Pingali Venkayya

    Correct Answer
    C. Bhikaji Kama
    Explanation
    Bhikaji Kama unfurled the National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Paris in the year 1907.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? Movement/Satyagraha Person Actively Associated with:  1. Champaran : Rajendra Prasad 2. Ahmedabad Mill Workers : Morarji Desai 3. Kheda : Vallabhai Patel 4. Red Shirt: Abul Kalam  Select the correct answer using the code given below: Codes:

    • A.

      1, 2 and 4

    • B.

      1, 3 and 4

    • C.

      2, 3 and 4

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    D. 1, 2 and 3
    Explanation
    Important movements of Gandhi: Champaran (First Civil Disobedience) - 1917; Ahmedabad Mill Strike (First
    Hunger Strike) - March 1918; Kheda Satyagraha (First Non-Cooperation)-
    June 19

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  • 23. 

    Who among the following drafted the resolution on fundamental rights for the Karachi session of Congress in 1931?

    • A.

      Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

    • B.

      Dr. Rajendra Prasad

    • C.

      Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

    • D.

      Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

    Correct Answer
    C. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
    Explanation
    Nehru drafted the resolution on Fundamental rights but the Karachi Session
    was presided by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

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  • 24. 

     Consider the following statements: 1. In the First Round Table Conference, Dr. Ambedkar demanded separate electorates for the depressed classes. 2. In the Poona Act, special provisions for representation of the depressed people in the local bodies and civil services were made. 3. The Indian National Congress did not take part in the Third Round Table Conference. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    • A.

      1 and 2

    • B.

      1 and 3

    • C.

      2 and 3

    • D.

      All three are correct

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 and 3
    Explanation
    First Round Table Conference held from Nov 1930 - Jan 1931. Second
    Round Table Conference held in Dec 1931 in London. Third Round Table
    Conference held from Nov 1932 - Dec 1932. Indian National Congress did not
    participate in first and third RTC. Poona Pact was signed by B.R. Ambedkar in
    September 1932, the pact abandoned separate electorates for the depressed
    classes. But the seats reserved for the depressed classes were increased in
    provincial as well as Central legislatures.

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  • 25. 

     Under whose presidency was the Lahore Session of the Indian Congress held in the year 1929, wherein a resolution was adopted to gain complete independence from the British?

    • A.

      BalGangadhar Tilak

    • B.

      M.L Nehru

    • C.

      G K Gokhale

    • D.

      J L Nehru

    Correct Answer
    D. J L Nehru
    Explanation
    They also celebrated the first Independence day on January 26, 1930, which
    was the date later on chosen for the implementation of the Indian constitution.

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  • 26. 

    Who among the following gave a systematic critique of the moderate politics of the Indian National Congress in a series of articles entitled New Lamps for Old?

    • A.

      Bipinchandra Pal

    • B.

      Bal Gangadhar Tilak

    • C.

      Lala Lajapat Rai

    • D.

      Aurobindo Ghosh

    Correct Answer
    D. Aurobindo Ghosh
    Explanation
    Aurobindo Ghosh gave a systematic critique of the moderate politics of the Indian National Congress in a series of articles entitled New Lamps for Old.

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  • 27. 

    Four resolutions were passed at the famous Calcutta session of Indian National Congress in 1906. The question of either retention OR of rejection of these four resolutions became the cause of a split in Congress at the next Congress session held in Surat in 1907. Which one of the following was not one of those resolutions?

    • A.

      Annulment of partition of Bengal

    • B.

      Boycott of Foreign Goods

    • C.

      Establishment of factories and universities in Bengal

    • D.

      Imparting education in vernacular languages

    Correct Answer
    A. Annulment of partition of Bengal
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because the question asks for the resolution that was not one of the four resolutions passed at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress in 1906. The other three options - Boycott of Foreign Goods, Establishment of factories and universities in Bengal, and Imparting education in vernacular languages - were all resolutions that were passed at the session and became points of contention leading to the split in the Congress at the Surat session in 1907.

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  • 28. 

    Who among the following rejected the title of Knighthood and refused to accept a position in the Council of the Secretary of State for India?

    • A.

      Motilal Nehru

    • B.

      M G Ranade

    • C.

      G K Gokhale

    • D.

      D B Naroji

    Correct Answer
    C. G K Gokhale
    Explanation
    G K Gokhale rejected the title of Knighthood and refused to accept a position in the Council of the Secretary of State for India. This demonstrates his commitment to his principles and his refusal to be influenced or compromised by positions of power or titles. Gokhale's actions reflect his dedication to his role as a political leader and his determination to work for the betterment of India without any personal gain or recognition.

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  • 29. 

    The name of the English newspaper which was edited by B G Tilak was

    • A.

      Mahratta

    • B.

      Kesari

    • C.

      Young India

    • D.

      Bombay Chronicles

    Correct Answer
    A. Mahratta
    Explanation
    B G Tilak was the editor of the English newspaper called Mahratta.

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  • 30. 

    Goa was headquarters of Portugal Colonies till the year___

    • A.

      1961

    • B.

      1963

    • C.

      1967

    • D.

      1971

    Correct Answer
    A. 1961
    Explanation
    Goa was the headquarters of Portugal Colonies until 1961. In that year, India successfully annexed Goa, along with the other Portuguese territories in India, ending over 400 years of Portuguese colonial rule. This event is known as the "Liberation of Goa" and marked a significant moment in India's history as it regained control over its territories.

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  • 31. 

    In which year, Battle of Buxar was fought?

    • A.

      1744

    • B.

      1760

    • C.

      1764

    • D.

      1881

    Correct Answer
    C. 1764
    Explanation
    The Battle of Buxar was fought in 1764. This battle took place in the town of Buxar in present-day Bihar, India. It was a significant conflict between the forces of the British East India Company and the combined forces of the Nawab of Bengal, the Nawab of Awadh, and the Mughal Emperor. The British emerged victorious in this battle, which had far-reaching consequences for their control and influence in India.

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  • 32. 

    East India Company was formed during the reign of the king___ in India

    • A.

      Akbar

    • B.

      Jahangir

    • C.

      Shahjahan

    • D.

      Aurangzeb

    Correct Answer
    A. Akbar
    Explanation
    During the reign of Akbar, the East India Company was formed in India. Akbar was the Mughal emperor who ruled over a large part of the Indian subcontinent from 1556 to 1605. The formation of the East India Company in 1600 marked the beginning of British colonialism in India. Akbar's reign was known for its cultural and economic prosperity, and it was during this time that the British started establishing trade relations and eventually gained a foothold in India through the East India Company.

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  • 33. 

    First settlement of British East India company was in the city___

    • A.

      Serampore

    • B.

      Masaulipatnam

    • C.

      Trarquebrar

    • D.

      Surat

    Correct Answer
    D. Surat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Surat. Surat was the first settlement of the British East India Company in India. It was established in 1612 and served as a major trading port for the company. The city was strategically located on the western coast of India, making it an ideal base for the company's trade activities. Surat was known for its textile industry and was an important center for the export of goods to Europe.

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  • 34. 

    First English Translation of Bhagwad Gita was done by___

    • A.

      William Hawkins

    • B.

      William Jones

    • C.

      Charles Metcafe

    • D.

      Charles Wilkins

    Correct Answer
    D. Charles Wilkins
    Explanation
    Charles Wilkins is the correct answer because he was the first person to translate the Bhagavad Gita into English. He accomplished this in 1785 and his translation played a significant role in introducing the Gita to the Western world. Wilkins' translation helped to popularize the text and make it accessible to English-speaking audiences, ultimately contributing to its widespread influence and study outside of India.

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  • 35. 

    Who was the first governor general of non-free India?

    • A.

      Lord Mountbatten

    • B.

      C Rajagopalachari

    • C.

      Lord William Bentick

    • D.

      Lord Canning

    Correct Answer
    C. Lord William Bentick
    Explanation
    Lord William Bentick was the first governor general of non-free India because he served as the Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835. During his tenure, he implemented various reforms such as the abolition of Sati, suppression of Thugs, and introduction of English education. His policies aimed at modernizing and westernizing India, making him an important figure in the history of British India.

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  • 36. 

    What was the year of French Revolution?

    • A.

      1761

    • B.

      1774

    • C.

      1789

    • D.

      1797

    Correct Answer
    C. 1789
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1789. The French Revolution began in 1789 and lasted until 1799. It was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France, marked by the overthrow of the monarchy, the rise of the French Republic, and eventually the Reign of Terror. The revolution had a profound impact not only on France but also on the rest of Europe and the world, as it paved the way for the spread of revolutionary ideas and the rise of nationalism.

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  • 37. 

    Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, or Tippoo Sahib as the British called him, was the Indian ruler who resisted the East India Company's conquest of southern India. He was killed at the fort of

    • A.

      Travancore

    • B.

      Seringapatnam

    • C.

      Vishakhapatnam

    • D.

      Pabmallika

    Correct Answer
    B. Seringapatnam
    Explanation
    Tipu Sultan, also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was an Indian ruler who fiercely resisted the East India Company's attempts to conquer southern India. He was killed at the fort of Seringapatnam, which was his capital and the center of his resistance against the British. This event marked the end of Tipu Sultan's reign and solidified British control over the region.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following acts completely took away the power of British East India Company?

    • A.

      Regulating Act 1773

    • B.

      Indian Councils Act 1892

    • C.

      Government of India Act 1858

    • D.

      Government of India Act 1935

    Correct Answer
    C. Government of India Act 1858
    Explanation
    The Government of India Act 1858 completely took away the power of the British East India Company. This act was passed by the British Parliament after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny. It abolished the East India Company's rule in India and transferred the powers and responsibilities of the company to the British Crown. The act established the British Raj, with the British government directly ruling over India. It also marked the beginning of direct British control and administration in India, ending the company's influence and authority.

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  • 39. 

    Who among the following is known as the father of local self government in India?

    • A.

      Canning

    • B.

      Hunter

    • C.

      Ripon

    • D.

      Welleseley

    Correct Answer
    C. Ripon
    Explanation
    Lord Ripon is known as the father of local self-government in India. During his viceroyalty from 1880 to 1884, he introduced several reforms aimed at decentralizing power and giving more autonomy to local bodies. The most significant of these was the passing of the Local Self-Government Act in 1882, which established elected local bodies in rural and urban areas. This act laid the foundation for the development of local self-government institutions in India and marked a crucial step towards democratic governance at the grassroots level.

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  • 40. 

     Founded in In 30 December 1906, the All-India Muslim League had Dhaka as its founding city. Aga Khan was its first president. In which city was the HQ's of AIML located?

    • A.

      Lahore

    • B.

      Karachi

    • C.

      Aligarh

    • D.

      Lucknow

    Correct Answer
    D. Lucknow
    Explanation
    The All-India Muslim League (AIML) was founded in 1906 in Dhaka, with Aga Khan as its first president. However, the headquarters of AIML was located in Lucknow.

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  • 41. 

    The Muslim League observed the Direct Action Day in support of their demand for Pakistan on

    • A.

      August 14, 1940

    • B.

      September 16, 1944

    • C.

      August 16, 1946

    • D.

      September 14, 1942

    Correct Answer
    C. August 16, 1946
    Explanation
    On August 16, 1946, the Muslim League observed the Direct Action Day in support of their demand for Pakistan. This day was chosen by the Muslim League to showcase their strength and demonstrate their determination to achieve a separate nation for Muslims in India. The Direct Action Day resulted in widespread communal violence between Hindus and Muslims, leading to the loss of thousands of lives and further deepening the divisions between the two communities. This event played a significant role in the eventual partition of India and the creation of Pakistan.

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  • 42. 

    The Ghadar Party was organized by

    • A.

      ChandraShekhar Azad

    • B.

      Lala Hardayal

    • C.

      Ras Behari Bosh

    • D.

      A C Mazumdar

    Correct Answer
    B. Lala Hardayal
    Explanation
    The Ghadar Party was organized by Lala Hardayal. Lala Hardayal was a prominent Indian nationalist and revolutionary who played a significant role in the Indian independence movement. He was one of the key founders of the Ghadar Party, which was formed in 1913 in San Francisco, with the aim of liberating India from British rule. The party advocated for armed revolution and actively worked towards mobilizing Indians living abroad to support the cause of independence. Lala Hardayal's leadership and vision were instrumental in shaping the Ghadar Party and its activities.

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  • 43. 

    The Morley-Minto Reforms which were passed in 1909

    • A.

      Established a constitution making body

    • B.

      Enlarged the central and the provincial legislative councils

    • C.

      Made the executive council of the Governor General purely English in composition

    • D.

      Anticipated that Clatapult will give best results 109 years later

    Correct Answer
    B. Enlarged the central and the provincial legislative councils
    Explanation
    The Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909 expanded the central and provincial legislative councils. This means that the reforms increased the number of members in these councils, allowing for greater representation and participation in the political process. The enlargement of the legislative councils was a significant step towards including more voices and perspectives in the governance of British India.

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  • 44. 

    _____________was popularly known as Deenbandhu

    • A.

      C D Deshmukh

    • B.

      C R Das

    • C.

      C F Andrews

    • D.

      C M Gama

    Correct Answer
    C. C F Andrews
    Explanation
    C F Andrews was popularly known as Deenbandhu because he was a close associate and follower of Mahatma Gandhi. Andrews played a significant role in the Indian independence movement and was known for his dedication to social and political causes. He was deeply committed to promoting the welfare of the untouchables and fought against discrimination and inequality. Andrews's close association with Gandhi and his tireless efforts to uplift the marginalized sections of society earned him the title of Deenbandhu, meaning "Friend of the Poor".

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  • 45. 

    In which year did Cripps Mission visit India?

    • A.

      1940

    • B.

      1942

    • C.

      1944

    • D.

      1946

    Correct Answer
    B. 1942
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1942. The Cripps Mission was a delegation sent by the British government to India in 1942 during World War II. The mission was led by Sir Stafford Cripps and aimed to secure Indian support for the war effort in exchange for greater self-governance and the promise of full independence after the war. However, the mission failed to reach an agreement with Indian political leaders, leading to further tensions between the British government and the Indian National Congress.

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  • 46. 

    Shuddi movement (conversion of non-Hindus to Hinduism) was started by

    • A.

      Swami Vivekananda

    • B.

      Swami Dayanand Saraswati

    • C.

      Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

    • D.

      Raja Rammohan Roy

    Correct Answer
    B. Swami Dayanand Saraswati
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Swami Dayanand Saraswati. The Shuddi movement, which aimed at converting non-Hindus to Hinduism, was initiated by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. He was a prominent Hindu reformer and the founder of the Arya Samaj, a socio-religious organization that advocated for the revival of Vedic principles and practices. Swami Dayanand Saraswati believed in the superiority of Hinduism and sought to purify the Hindu community by bringing back those who had converted to other religions. He actively promoted the Shuddi movement as a means to achieve this goal.

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  • 47. 

    Vande Mataram was first sung at the session of the Indian National Congress in

    • A.

      1892

    • B.

      1896

    • C.

      1907

    • D.

      1911

    Correct Answer
    B. 1896
    Explanation
    Vande Mataram was first sung at the session of the Indian National Congress in 1896. This patriotic song, composed by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, became the rallying cry for the Indian independence movement. It played a significant role in uniting and inspiring the masses to fight against British colonial rule. The song's powerful lyrics and emotional appeal made it a symbol of national pride and resistance. Its first rendition at the Indian National Congress session in 1896 marked the beginning of its journey as a powerful anthem for the freedom struggle.

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  • 48. 

    After Quit India Movement, C. Rajagopalachari issued a pamphlet entitled "The Way Out". Which one of the following was a proposal in this pamphlet?

    • A.

      The establishment of a "War Advisory Council' composed of representatives of British India and the Indian States

    • B.

      Reconstitution of the Central Executive Council in such a way that all its members, except the Governor General and the Commander-in-Chief should be Indian leaders

    • C.

      Fresh elections to the Central and Provincial Legislatures to be held at the end of 1945 and the Constitution making body to be convened as soon as possible

    • D.

      A solution for the constitutional deadlock

    Correct Answer
    D. A solution for the constitutional deadlock
    Explanation
    In his pamphlet "The Way Out," C. Rajagopalachari proposed a solution for the constitutional deadlock that existed at the time. This suggests that he put forward a plan or idea to resolve the ongoing issues and conflicts related to the constitution. However, without further information about the specific details of his proposal, it is difficult to provide a more detailed explanation.

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  • 49. 

    With reference to Simon Commission's recommendations, which one of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government in the Provinces

    • B.

      It proposed the setting up of interprovincial council under the Home Department

    • C.

      It recommended the creation of Indian Police Service with a provision for increased pay and allowances for British recruits as compared to Indian recruits

    • D.

      It suggested the abolition of bicameral legislature at the Centre

    Correct Answer
    A. It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government in the Provinces
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government in the Provinces." This means that the Simon Commission recommended replacing the system of diarchy, where power was shared between British officials and Indian ministers, with a system of responsible government, where elected Indian ministers would have more power and responsibility in the provinces.

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  • 50. 

    Who was the only leader to attend all three round table conferences?

    • A.

      Lord Irwin

    • B.

      M A Jinnah

    • C.

      M K Gandhi

    • D.

      B R Ambedkar

    Correct Answer
    D. B R Ambedkar
    Explanation
    B R Ambedkar was the only leader to attend all three round table conferences. These conferences were held in London between 1930 and 1932 to discuss constitutional reforms in India. Ambedkar, a prominent social reformer and leader of the Dalit community, actively participated in these conferences and advocated for the rights of marginalized communities. His presence and contributions at all three conferences made him the only leader to have attended them all.

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