4.4 Columbian Exchange And Global Trade: Section Quiz

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4.4 Columbian Exchange And Global Trade: Section Quiz - Quiz

4.4 Columbian Exchange and Global Trade: Section Quiz
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Columbian Exchange was the global transfer of which three choices listed below?

    • A.

      Wool

    • B.

      Foods

    • C.

      Plants

    • D.

      Animals

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Foods
    C. Plants
    D. Animals
    Explanation
    The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas is known as the Columbian Exchange.

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  • 2. 

    Disease was just as much a part of the Columbian Exchange as goods and food.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Columbian Exchange was a period of extensive exchange of goods, ideas, and diseases between the Old World (Europe, Africa, and Asia) and the New World (the Americas) following Christopher Columbus's arrival in 1492. Along with the exchange of goods and food, diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza were also introduced to the Americas, causing devastating effects on the indigenous populations who had no immunity to these diseases. This resulted in a significant decline in the native population and reshaped the demographics of the Americas.

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  • 3. 

    Analyze this primary source of a Spanish missionary in Mexico describing the effects of smallpox on the Aztecs: "There was a great havoc. Very many died of it. They could not walk...They could not move; they could not stir; they could not change position, nor lie on one side; nor face down, nor on their backs. And if they stirred, much did they cry out. Great was its destruction." - Bernardino De Sahagun, quoted in Seeds of Change

  • 4. 

    What were the two factors that prompted a wave of new business and trade practices in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries?

    Correct Answer
    New wealth from the Americas and the dramatic growth in overseas trade.
    Explanation
    During the 16th and 17th centuries, Europe experienced a wave of new business and trade practices due to two main factors. Firstly, the discovery of new wealth from the Americas brought a significant influx of resources, such as gold and silver, into Europe. This newfound wealth fueled economic growth and led to the establishment of new businesses and trade ventures. Secondly, there was a dramatic expansion in overseas trade during this period. European countries began to explore and establish colonies in different parts of the world, leading to increased trade opportunities and the development of new business practices to facilitate international commerce.

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  • 5. 

    What did Christopher Colombus plan to bring back to the Spanish monarchs?

    • A.

      Gunpowder and Rum

    • B.

      Spices and Gold

    • C.

      Wood and Cloth

    Correct Answer
    B. Spices and Gold
    Explanation
    Christopher Columbus planned to bring back spices and gold to the Spanish monarchs. This was because during his voyages, Columbus believed that he had reached the East Indies, where valuable spices such as cinnamon, cloves, and pepper were produced. Additionally, he hoped to find gold and other precious metals in these new lands, as it was known that the indigenous peoples of the Americas possessed these resources. Columbus saw the acquisition of spices and gold as a way to bring wealth and prestige to Spain and to fulfill his promise to the monarchs who sponsored his expeditions.

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  • 6. 

    Explain how disease was a part of the Columbian Exchange.

  • 7. 

    Choose the best definition of the word 'mercantilism' from the following choices:

    • A.

      A nation's ultimate goal was to become self-sufficient

    • B.

      A new economic policy that held that a country's power depended mainly on its wealth

    • C.

      The theory of a nation being able to increase its wealth in several ways

    Correct Answer
    B. A new economic policy that held that a country's power depended mainly on its wealth
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A new economic policy that held that a country's power depended mainly on its wealth." This definition accurately describes mercantilism, which was an economic theory that emerged in the 16th to 18th centuries. According to mercantilism, a nation's power and success were believed to be directly linked to its accumulation of wealth, particularly through the establishment of a favorable balance of trade. This policy promoted the idea of protectionism and government intervention in the economy to promote exports and restrict imports, with the aim of increasing a country's wealth and power.

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  • 8. 

    Mercantilism went hand in hand with colonization.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Since colonies played an important role in the new economy practices.

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  • 9. 

    Define 'capitalism'

  • 10. 

    In 1511, Africans begin working as slaves in the Americas. (Take a guess using your knowledge of this topic so far)

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in 1511, Africans did indeed begin working as slaves in the Americas. The transatlantic slave trade was already well underway by this time, with Europeans forcibly capturing and transporting Africans to the Americas to work on plantations and in other labor-intensive industries. This marked the beginning of a long and brutal period of slavery in the Americas, which lasted for several centuries.

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