The Invincible Roman God: Test You Knowledge! Trivia Quiz

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The Invincible Roman God: Test You Knowledge! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

The term invincible god refers to the Roman god known as Sol Invictus which stands for the unconquered sun. The cult to this god was the official religion in Ancient Rome before Christianism. Sol Invictus was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. What do you know about this deity of antiquity? Take our quiz and find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What did the word Invictus mean?

    • A.

      Invincible

    • B.

      Invisible

    • C.

      Unreachable

    • D.

      Untouchable

    Correct Answer
    A. Invincible
    Explanation
    The word "Invictus" means invincible. It refers to something or someone that cannot be defeated or overcome.

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  • 2. 

    Which Roman deities were described as invincible? 

    • A.

      Mars and Cupido

    • B.

      Jupiter and Minerva

    • C.

      Jupiter, mars, Hercules, Apollo, and Silvanus

    • D.

      Jupiter and Diana

    Correct Answer
    C. Jupiter, mars, Hercules, Apollo, and Silvanus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Jupiter, Mars, Hercules, Apollo, and Silvanus. These Roman deities were described as invincible because they were believed to possess immense power and strength, making them unbeatable and unconquerable. Jupiter was the king of the gods and the god of thunder and lightning, Mars was the god of war, Hercules was the strongest of all the gods, Apollo was the god of the sun, and Silvanus was the god of forests and fields. Together, they represented the ultimate power and invincibility in Roman mythology.

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  • 3. 

    What was Sol Invictus role?

    • A.

      He played a prominent role in Mithraic mysteries

    • B.

      He played a prominent role in Roman mysteries

    • C.

      He played a prominent role in Judaism

    • D.

      He played a prominent role in Christianism

    Correct Answer
    A. He played a prominent role in Mithraic mysteries
    Explanation
    Sol Invictus was a prominent figure in the Mithraic mysteries. The Mithraic mysteries were a religious cult that originated in the Roman Empire and worshipped the god Mithras. Sol Invictus, meaning "Unconquered Sun," was a syncretic deity associated with Mithras and was considered the god of the sun. In the Mithraic mysteries, Sol Invictus held a central role as the source of light and life, representing the power and vitality of the sun. The cult's rituals and beliefs revolved around the worship and veneration of Sol Invictus, making him a significant figure in the Mithraic mysteries.

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  • 4. 

    What represented the date of the 25th of December in ancient Rome?

    • A.

      It was the end of the year

    • B.

      It was the date of the festival of the Sol Invictus

    • C.

      It was already considered as the date of the birth of Christ

    • D.

      It was the date where the bull was sacrificed

    Correct Answer
    B. It was the date of the festival of the Sol Invictus
    Explanation
    In ancient Rome, the 25th of December was associated with the festival of the Sol Invictus. Sol Invictus, meaning the "Unconquered Sun," was a popular Roman festival that celebrated the winter solstice and the rebirth of the sun. This festival was held on December 25th, symbolizing the gradual return of longer days and the triumph of light over darkness. It was an important celebration in the Roman calendar and held religious significance for the Romans. The association of December 25th with the birth of Christ came later, as Christianity spread and adapted some existing pagan traditions.

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  • 5. 

    What's a solstice?

    • A.

      It's an event occurring when the sun appears to reach its most northerly/southerly excursion relative to the celestial equator or celestial sphere.

    • B.

      It's an event occurring when the moon appears to reach its most northerly/southerly excursion relative to the celestial equator or celestial sphere.

    • C.

      It's an event occurring when the moon appears to reach its most northerly excursion relative to the celestial equator or celestial sphere.

    • D.

      It's an event occurring when the sun appears to reach its most southerly excursion relative to the celestial equator or celestial sphere.

    Correct Answer
    A. It's an event occurring when the sun appears to reach its most northerly/southerly excursion relative to the celestial equator or celestial sphere.
    Explanation
    A solstice is an event that occurs when the sun appears to reach its most northerly or southerly point relative to the celestial equator or celestial sphere. This means that during a solstice, the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky, resulting in the longest or shortest day of the year. The correct answer accurately describes this phenomenon, stating that a solstice is an event occurring when the sun appears to reach its most northerly/southerly excursion.

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  • 6. 

    What are the other names for the deity Elagabalus?

    • A.

      Pluto

    • B.

      Hermes

    • C.

      Mercury

    • D.

      Jupiter and Sol

    Correct Answer
    D. Jupiter and Sol
    Explanation
    Elagabalus was a Roman emperor who was known for his devotion to the Syrian sun god, Elagabalus. He changed his name to Elagabalus and promoted the worship of this deity in Rome. However, in addition to being associated with Elagabalus, he was also linked to the Roman gods Jupiter and Sol. Jupiter was the king of the gods in Roman mythology, while Sol was the personification of the sun. These names were likely used to emphasize his connection to both Roman and Syrian religious traditions.

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  • 7. 

    Who made the Sol Invictus Cult official on 25 December AD 274?

    • A.

      Julius Cesar

    • B.

      The Roman Emperor Aurelian

    • C.

      Emperor Constantine

    • D.

      Nero

    Correct Answer
    B. The Roman Emperor Aurelian
    Explanation
    The Roman Emperor Aurelian made the Sol Invictus Cult official on 25 December AD 274.

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  • 8. 

    Who is Elagabalus?

    • A.

      An Indian god

    • B.

      A Norse god

    • C.

      A syro-Roman sun god

    • D.

      A greek god

    Correct Answer
    C. A syro-Roman sun god
    Explanation
    Elagabalus is a Syro-Roman sun god. He was a deity worshipped in the ancient Roman Empire, particularly during the reign of the Roman emperor Elagabalus. Elagabalus was originally a god from Emesa in Syria, and his worship was introduced to Rome during Elagabalus' rule. As a sun god, Elagabalus was associated with the sun's power and warmth, and his worship involved rituals and ceremonies centered around the sun. Therefore, the correct answer is A syro-Roman sun god.

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  • 9. 

    When was the last inscription referring to Sol Invictus recorded?

    • A.

      AD 387

    • B.

      AD 500

    • C.

      AD 650

    • D.

      AD 320

    Correct Answer
    A. AD 387
    Explanation
    The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus was recorded in AD 387.

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  • 10. 

    What inspired the Mithraic mysteries?

    • A.

      It was inspired by the Iranian worship of the god Mithra

    • B.

      It was inspired by the Greek worship of the god Mithra

    • C.

      It was inspired by the Germanic worship of the god Mithra

    • D.

      It was inspired by the African worship of the god Mithra

    Correct Answer
    A. It was inspired by the Iranian worship of the god Mithra
    Explanation
    The Mithraic mysteries were inspired by the Iranian worship of the god Mithra. This ancient religion originated in Persia and spread throughout the Roman Empire, particularly in the 1st to 4th centuries AD. The Mithraic mysteries were a secretive and exclusive cult that worshipped Mithra as a god of light, truth, and cosmic order. The rituals and beliefs of the Mithraic mysteries were influenced by Persian religious practices, including the concept of a divine hierarchy and the use of initiation ceremonies. The cult's popularity among Roman soldiers and its syncretism with other religions contributed to its widespread influence in the Roman Empire.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
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