Test Quiz: Pharmacotherapy Of Parkinsonism

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Test Quiz: Pharmacotherapy Of Parkinsonism - Quiz

Parkinsonism describes any condition that causes a combination of the movement abnormalities seen in the actual Parkinson's disease, like, for instance, tremor, slow movement, impaired speech or muscle stiffness. What do you know about this condition? Take our quiz and find out now.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What's an example of symptomatic treatment for Parkinsonism?

    • A.

      Levodopa

    • B.

      Lodova

    • C.

      Popova

    • D.

      Rokova

    Correct Answer
    A. Levodopa
    Explanation
    Levodopa is an example of symptomatic treatment for Parkinsonism because it is a medication that helps to alleviate the symptoms of the condition. Parkinsonism is a neurological disorder characterized by tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with movement. Levodopa is converted into dopamine in the brain, which is a neurotransmitter that is deficient in individuals with Parkinsonism. By increasing dopamine levels, Levodopa helps to improve motor function and reduce symptoms such as tremors and rigidity. Therefore, Levodopa is a commonly used medication to manage the symptoms of Parkinsonism.

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  • 2. 

    What's the main problem with treatments with levodopa and dopamine?

    • A.

      They give you amnesia

    • B.

      They make you death

    • C.

      They give you facial hair

    • D.

      They are toxic to cultures of dopaminengic neurones

    Correct Answer
    D. They are toxic to cultures of dopaminengic neurones
    Explanation
    The main problem with treatments involving levodopa and dopamine is that they are toxic to cultures of dopaminergic neurons. This means that these treatments can cause harm to the cells responsible for producing dopamine in the brain. This toxicity can potentially worsen the condition being treated and lead to further neurological damage.

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  • 3. 

    What has made anticholinergics so popular with the treatment of Parkinsonism? 

    • A.

      The discovery of selective muscarinic antagonists

    • B.

      The patients sleep well

    • C.

      The patients walk better

    • D.

      The patients regain their speech abilities

    Correct Answer
    A. The discovery of selective muscarinic antagonists
    Explanation
    The discovery of selective muscarinic antagonists has made anticholinergics popular for the treatment of Parkinsonism. These drugs specifically target and block the action of muscarinic receptors, which are involved in the transmission of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that is overactive in Parkinson's disease. By blocking these receptors, anticholinergics help to restore the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain, alleviating symptoms such as tremors and stiffness. This discovery has led to the development of more effective and targeted medications for Parkinsonism, making anticholinergics a popular choice for treatment.

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  • 4. 

    What's an example of an anticholinergic drug?

    • A.

      Benzechrol

    • B.

      Benzhedol

    • C.

      Benshedol

    • D.

      Benzhexol

    Correct Answer
    D. Benzhexol
    Explanation
    Benzhexol is an example of an anticholinergic drug. Anticholinergic drugs are substances that block the action of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral nervous systems. They are commonly used to treat various conditions such as Parkinson's disease, overactive bladder, and gastrointestinal disorders. Benzhexol specifically acts as an anticholinergic agent by blocking the effects of acetylcholine in the brain, helping to alleviate symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease.

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  • 5. 

    What are the side effects of using Amantadine?

    • A.

      Confusion and sleep disturbance

    • B.

      Loud voice

    • C.

      Blurry vision

    • D.

      Loss of appetite

    Correct Answer
    A. Confusion and sleep disturbance
    Explanation
    Amantadine is a medication commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease and certain viral infections. One of the known side effects of using Amantadine is confusion, which refers to a state of disorientation and difficulty in thinking clearly. Sleep disturbance is another side effect, which can include insomnia or excessive drowsiness. These side effects can be bothersome and may require medical attention. The other options, loud voice, blurry vision, and loss of appetite, are not typically associated with the use of Amantadine.

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  • 6. 

    What's the main side effect of using selegiline?

    • A.

      Sleep disturbance

    • B.

      Speech disturbance

    • C.

      Amnesia

    • D.

      Depression

    Correct Answer
    A. Sleep disturbance
    Explanation
    Selegiline is a medication commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease. One of the main side effects of using selegiline is sleep disturbance. This can manifest as difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing abnormal sleep patterns. Sleep disturbance is a well-documented side effect of selegiline and can significantly impact the quality of life for individuals taking this medication.

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  • 7. 

    What's an example of an adjuvant treatment?

    • A.

      Dopamine agonists

    • B.

      Betadine

    • C.

      Proladol

    • D.

      Xanax

    Correct Answer
    A. Dopamine agonists
    Explanation
    Adjuvant treatment refers to a therapy that is used in addition to the primary treatment to enhance its effectiveness. Dopamine agonists, such as bromocriptine or pramipexole, are an example of adjuvant treatment. They are commonly used in combination with other medications or therapies to manage symptoms of Parkinson's disease. By stimulating dopamine receptors in the brain, dopamine agonists can help improve motor symptoms and reduce the need for higher doses of levodopa, the primary medication for Parkinson's disease.

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  • 8. 

    What does COMT mean?

    • A.

      Catechol-O- methyltransferase

    • B.

      Common origin transition

    • C.

      Color monostase

    • D.

      Common monostase

    Correct Answer
    A. Catechol-O- methyltransferase
    Explanation
    COMT stands for Catechol-O- methyltransferase. Catechol-O- methyltransferase is an enzyme that is involved in the breakdown of catecholamines, such as dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. This enzyme plays a crucial role in regulating the levels of these neurotransmitters in the brain. By methylating and inactivating catecholamines, COMT helps to maintain proper neurotransmitter balance and function.

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  • 9. 

    What do COMT inhibitors do?

    • A.

      They reduce the metabolism to 3-0-methyldopa

    • B.

      They increase adrenaline

    • C.

      They help release feel-hormones

    • D.

      They help bring protein to the body

    Correct Answer
    A. They reduce the metabolism to 3-0-methyldopa
    Explanation
    COMT inhibitors are medications that reduce the metabolism of certain substances in the body, including 3-0-methyldopa. By inhibiting the enzyme COMT, these inhibitors can increase the levels of 3-0-methyldopa in the body, which can be beneficial for certain medical conditions. This medication does not increase adrenaline or help release feel-hormones, nor does it help bring protein to the body.

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  • 10. 

    When are paramedical therapies used in later Parkinson's disease?

    • A.

      When significant functional disability has developed

    • B.

      When you are transitioning into the actual Parkinson's disease

    • C.

      When the patient cannot speak anymore

    • D.

      When the patient develops dementia

    Correct Answer
    A. When significant functional disability has developed
    Explanation
    Paramedical therapies are used in later stages of Parkinson's disease when significant functional disability has developed. This means that the patient's ability to perform daily activities such as walking, dressing, and eating has been significantly affected. Paramedical therapies, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, aim to improve the patient's quality of life by addressing these functional limitations and helping them maintain independence for as long as possible. These therapies can also help manage symptoms such as muscle stiffness, tremors, and balance issues that are common in later stages of the disease.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 06, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Anouchka
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