1.
Which position did he have at the Liberary of Alexandria?
Correct Answer
B. Chief Liberian
Explanation
The correct answer is "Chief Librarian." This position suggests that the person held a high-ranking role at the Library of Alexandria, overseeing the library's operations and managing its collections. The term "chief" implies a position of authority and responsibility, indicating that the individual had significant influence and decision-making power within the library.
2.
Which principle did he invent?
Correct Answer
C. Geography
Explanation
The correct answer is Geography. This is because the question asks which principle he invented, and out of the given options, Geography is the only one that can be considered a principle. Geophysics, Cosmology, and Geochemistry are all scientific fields or disciplines, but they are not principles themselves. Therefore, Geography is the most fitting answer.
3.
Where was he born?
Correct Answer
D. Cyrene
Explanation
Cyrene is the correct answer because it is one of the options provided and it is a well-known city in Libya where people are born.
4.
Where did he die?
Correct Answer
A. Alexandria
Explanation
The correct answer is Alexandria because it is stated in the question that "he" died, and Alexandria is the only location mentioned as a possible place of death.
5.
Which calculation did he first calculate?
Correct Answer
A. The Earth's axis
Explanation
The question is asking which calculation the person first calculated. The correct answer is "The Earth's axis." This suggests that the person initially focused on determining the axis of the Earth, which refers to the imaginary line around which the Earth rotates. This calculation is important in understanding various phenomena such as the Earth's seasons and day and night cycles.
6.
Which is he best known for?
Correct Answer
B. Sieve of Eratosthenes
Explanation
The correct answer is "Sieve of Eratosthenes." Eratosthenes is best known for his method of finding all prime numbers up to a given limit, known as the Sieve of Eratosthenes. This algorithm involves iteratively marking the multiples of each prime number, starting from 2, and eliminating the non-prime numbers. The remaining unmarked numbers are the prime numbers. This method is still widely used today for finding prime numbers efficiently.
7.
His devotees named him...
Correct Answer
B. Pentathlos
Explanation
The correct answer is "Pentathlos" because it is the only option that is spelled correctly and follows the standard rules of Greek word formation. The prefix "penta-" means five, and "athlos" refers to a contest or competition. Therefore, "Pentathlos" accurately represents someone who participates in or excels in five different events or competitions. The other options are misspelled variations of the correct term.
8.
He created one of the following units of time.
Correct Answer
B. Leap year
Explanation
A leap year is a unit of time that was created to account for the extra time it takes for the Earth to complete one orbit around the Sun. It occurs every four years and adds an extra day to the calendar year. This adjustment is necessary because the Earth's orbit is not exactly 365 days, but approximately 365.25 days. By adding an extra day every four years, we can keep our calendars aligned with the Earth's orbit and ensure that seasons occur at the same time each year.
9.
He dated The Sack of Troy to...
Correct Answer
C. 1183 BC
10.
Which branch of science did he create?
Correct Answer
A. Chronology
Explanation
Chronology is the study of arranging events in the order of their occurrence in time. It involves analyzing and organizing historical records to establish the exact sequence of events. Since the question asks about the branch of science that the person created, it can be inferred that the person in question is responsible for developing a system or methodology for organizing events in a chronological order. Therefore, Chronology is the correct answer.