Animal Diversity Trivia Quiz: How Diverse Is Your Knowledge?

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Animal Diversity Trivia Quiz: How Diverse Is Your Knowledge? - Quiz

Kingdom Animalia is composed of a range of organisms united by a set of common characteristics. Barring a few exceptions, animals are multicellular eukaryotes that move, consume organic matter, and reproduce sexually. Although these attributes are shared, species within this kingdom are also extremely diverse.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The process of cytokinesis in animal cells, characterized by pinching of the plasma membrane; specifically.

    • A.

      Cleavage

    • B.

      Cephalization

    • C.

      Indeterminate cleavage

    • D.

      Lophotrochozoa

    Correct Answer
    A. Cleavage
    Explanation
    Cleavage is the correct answer because it refers to the process of cytokinesis in animal cells, where the plasma membrane pinches inwards to divide the cell into two daughter cells. This process is essential for the growth and development of multicellular organisms. Cephalization refers to the concentration of sensory organs in the head region, indeterminate cleavage refers to a type of embryonic development, and lophotrochozoa is a superphylum of animals.

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  • 2. 

    One of two distinct clades within the protostomes. It includes annelids and mollusks.

    • A.

      Mesoderm

    • B.

      Cleavage

    • C.

      Indeterminate cleavage

    • D.

      Lophotrochozoa

    Correct Answer
    D. Lophotrochozoa
    Explanation
    Lophotrochozoa is the correct answer because it is one of the two distinct clades within the protostomes, which includes annelids and mollusks. The term "lophotrochozoa" refers to a group of animals that share certain characteristics, such as having a lophophore (a feeding structure) or a trochophore larva (a type of larval stage). This clade is defined by specific genetic and morphological features, and it helps to classify and understand the evolutionary relationships among these organisms.

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  • 3. 

    Concentration of sense organs and nerve cells at the front of an animal's body

    • A.

      Cephalization

    • B.

      Cleavage

    • C.

      Indeterminate cleavage

    • D.

      Lophotrochozoa

    Correct Answer
    A. Cephalization
    Explanation
    Cephalization refers to the concentration of sense organs and nerve cells at the front of an animal's body. This adaptation allows for better sensory perception and coordination of movement, as the sense organs are located closer to the environment and can gather information more efficiently. Additionally, having nerve cells concentrated in the head region enables quicker and more precise responses to stimuli. This evolutionary development is commonly observed in animals with more complex nervous systems, such as insects, mammals, and humans.

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  • 4. 

    Middle germ layer; develops into muscles, and much of the circulatory, reproductive, and excretory systems

    • A.

      Mesoderm

    • B.

      Lophotrochozoa

    • C.

      Indeterminate cleavage

    • D.

      Cephalization

    Correct Answer
    A. Mesoderm
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mesoderm. The mesoderm is one of the three germ layers that forms during embryonic development. It gives rise to various structures including muscles, the circulatory system, reproductive system, and excretory system. This layer plays a crucial role in the development of the body's internal structures and provides support and movement through the formation of muscles.

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  • 5. 

    A type of embryonic development in deuterostomes, in which each cell produced by early cleavage divisions retains the capacity to develop into a complete embryo.

    • A.

      Indeterminate cleavage

    • B.

      Cleavage

    • C.

      Lophotrochozoa

    • D.

      Mesoderm

    Correct Answer
    A. Indeterminate cleavage
    Explanation
    Indeterminate cleavage refers to a type of embryonic development in deuterostomes where each cell produced by early cleavage divisions retains the capacity to develop into a complete embryo. This means that if any of these cells are separated, they can still develop into a full organism. This type of cleavage allows for the formation of identical twins or the regeneration of lost body parts in some organisms.

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  • 6. 

    Three main layers that form the various tissues and organs of an animal body

    • A.

      Enteroceotus

    • B.

      Edycosoza

    • C.

      Germ layers

    • D.

      Archenteron

    Correct Answer
    C. Germ layers
    Explanation
    Germ layers are the three main layers that form the various tissues and organs of an animal body. These layers are known as the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. The ectoderm gives rise to the outer layer of the skin, nervous system, and sense organs. The mesoderm develops into muscles, bones, blood, and reproductive organs. The endoderm forms the inner lining of the digestive tract, respiratory system, and other internal organs. These germ layers are essential for the development and organization of the different tissues and organs in an animal's body.

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  • 7. 

    In animal development, a series of cell and tissue movements in which the blastula-stage embryo folds inward, producing a three-layered embryo, the gastrula

    • A.

      Cephalization

    • B.

      Edycosoza

    • C.

      Archenteron

    • D.

      Gastrulation

    Correct Answer
    D. Gastrulation
    Explanation
    Gastrulation is the correct answer because it is the process in animal development where the blastula-stage embryo undergoes a series of cell and tissue movements, resulting in the formation of a three-layered embryo called the gastrula. During gastrulation, the blastula folds inward, forming an indentation called the blastopore. This process is crucial for the establishment of the germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm) and the formation of various organs and tissues in the developing embryo.

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  • 8. 

    morphological or physiological complexity

    • A.

      Parazons

    • B.

      Edycosoza

    • C.

      Grade

    • D.

      Radiata

    Correct Answer
    C. Grade
    Explanation
    The term "grade" refers to a level or stage in a series of morphological or physiological complexity. It is used to categorize organisms based on their evolutionary development or complexity. In this context, it suggests that the given organisms (parazons and edycosoza) are being classified or grouped based on their level of complexity. "Grade" is a common term used in biology to describe the different levels of organization or development in organisms.

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  • 9. 

    A eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as an animal, plant, or fungus

    • A.

      Radiata

    • B.

      Protosts

    • C.

      Edycosoza

    • D.

      Bilateral symmetry

    Correct Answer
    D. Bilateral symmetry
    Explanation
    Bilateral symmetry refers to the arrangement of body parts in a way that can be divided into two equal halves along a central axis. This type of symmetry is commonly found in animals, including many eukaryotic organisms. The fact that the eukaryotic organism mentioned in the question cannot be classified as an animal, plant, or fungus suggests that it might belong to a different kingdom or phylum. However, the presence of bilateral symmetry indicates that it shares a characteristic with animals, as they are known for having this type of body arrangement.

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  • 10. 

    Coelom

    • A.

      Edycosoza

    • B.

      Enteroceolus

    • C.

      Body cavity

    • D.

      Germ layers

    Correct Answer
    C. Body cavity
    Explanation
    The term "coelom" refers to the body cavity in animals, which is a fluid-filled space that is lined by the mesoderm. This body cavity plays a crucial role in providing support and protection to internal organs, as well as facilitating their movement and development. The other options mentioned, such as "edycosoza" and "enteroceolus," do not have any known meaning or relevance in the context of the question. Therefore, the correct answer is "body cavity."

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 13, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Max
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