Langley CST - 3D151 Vol 1

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3D151 Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What entails how we communicate and manage data?

    • A.

      Information systems

    • B.

      Satellite systems

    • C.

      Airfield systems

    • D.

      Power systems

    Correct Answer
    A. Information systems
    Explanation
    Information systems encompass the various tools, technologies, and processes that are used to communicate and manage data within an organization. These systems include hardware, software, networks, databases, and people. They enable the collection, storage, retrieval, processing, and dissemination of information in an efficient and effective manner. Information systems play a crucial role in facilitating communication, decision-making, and overall management of data within an organization. They help in streamlining operations, improving productivity, enhancing collaboration, and ensuring the accuracy and security of data.

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  • 2. 

    What part of client systems includes the physical aspect of computers, telecommunications, and other devices, to include the interconnect devices?

    • A.

      Programs

    • B.

      Processes

    • C.

      Hardware

    • D.

      Paperwork

    Correct Answer
    C. Hardware
    Explanation
    The physical aspect of client systems, including computers, telecommunications, and other devices, is referred to as hardware. This includes all the tangible components that make up a computer system, such as the CPU, memory, storage devices, input/output devices, and networking equipment. Hardware is essential for the functioning of client systems and enables the execution of programs and processes.

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  • 3. 

    What devices are mostly small, lightweight, and designed for mobile use?

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Hardware

    • C.

      Computers

    • D.

      Handhelds

    Correct Answer
    D. Handhelds
    Explanation
    Handhelds are mostly small, lightweight, and designed for mobile use. Unlike computers, which can be bulky and stationary, handhelds are portable devices that can be easily carried around. They are specifically designed for mobile use, allowing users to access information and perform tasks on the go. Handhelds include devices such as smartphones, tablets, and portable gaming consoles, which are compact and lightweight, making them ideal for mobile use.

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  • 4. 

    Any hardware added to a computer that expands its capabilities is referred to as a/an:

    • A.

      Port

    • B.

      Peripheral

    • C.

      Interface

    • D.

      I/O device

    Correct Answer
    B. Peripheral
    Explanation
    A peripheral is any hardware device that is added to a computer to enhance its capabilities. This can include devices such as printers, scanners, keyboards, and mice, which provide input and output functions to the computer. Peripherals are connected to the computer through various interfaces, such as USB, HDMI, or Bluetooth, allowing them to communicate and interact with the computer system. Therefore, the correct answer is "Peripheral."

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is not one of the three types of interface?

    • A.

      Graphical

    • B.

      Hardware

    • C.

      Software

    • D.

      User

    Correct Answer
    A. Graphical
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Graphical," is not one of the three types of interface. The three types of interface typically referred to are hardware, software, and user interfaces. A graphical interface is a type of user interface that utilizes graphical elements such as icons, buttons, and menus to interact with a computer system. Therefore, the answer "Graphical" is not correct in the context of the question.

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  • 6. 

    The transfer of eight bits of data simultaneously through eight separate lines in a single cable is a function of a:

    • A.

      Serial port

    • B.

      Parallel port

    • C.

      Switching port

    • D.

      Universal serial bus port

    Correct Answer
    B. Parallel port
    Explanation
    A parallel port is capable of transferring eight bits of data simultaneously through eight separate lines in a single cable. This means that each bit of data is sent through its own dedicated line, allowing for faster data transfer compared to a serial port where data is sent one bit at a time. Therefore, a parallel port is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 7. 

    What program translates commands between a device and the programs that use the device?

    • A.

      Operating system

    • B.

      Memory

    • C.

      Driver

    • D.

      Port

    Correct Answer
    C. Driver
    Explanation
    A driver is a program that acts as a translator between a device and the programs that use the device. It allows the operating system to communicate with the device by translating the commands and instructions from the programs into a language that the device can understand. This enables the device to function properly and ensures that the programs can effectively utilize the device's capabilities.

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  • 8. 

    The term used to refer to the process of launching the OS is the:

    • A.

      Boot

    • B.

      Random access memory

    • C.

      Basic Input/Output System

    • D.

      CMOS

    Correct Answer
    A. Boot
    Explanation
    The term used to refer to the process of launching the OS is "boot". This term is derived from the phrase "bootstrapping", which means starting a computer system. During the boot process, the computer's hardware is initialized, the operating system is loaded into memory, and the necessary system files are executed. The boot process is essential for the computer to become operational and for the user to interact with the operating system and run applications.

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  • 9. 

    What program sets up the divisions of memory that hold the operating system, user information and applications?

    • A.

      The memory

    • B.

      The bootstrap loader

    • C.

      BIOS

    • D.

      CMOS

    Correct Answer
    B. The bootstrap loader
    Explanation
    The bootstrap loader is a program that sets up the divisions of memory that hold the operating system, user information, and applications. It is responsible for loading the operating system into memory and initializing it, allowing the system to start up and run properly. The bootstrap loader is an essential component in the boot process of a computer, ensuring that the necessary software and data are properly loaded into memory for the system to function correctly.

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  • 10. 

    What describes how a computer finds a specific byte it is looking for in memory?

    • A.

      Processing

    • B.

      Programming

    • C.

      Memory addressing

    • D.

      Memory segmenting

    Correct Answer
    C. Memory addressing
    Explanation
    Memory addressing is the process by which a computer finds a specific byte it is looking for in memory. When a computer needs to access a specific byte of data, it uses memory addressing to locate the exact location of that byte in the memory. This involves assigning unique addresses to each byte in the memory space, allowing the computer to easily locate and retrieve the desired data. Memory addressing is an essential aspect of computer architecture and is used in various computing tasks, such as data retrieval, storage, and manipulation.

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  • 11. 

    How many bits long are the addresses that computer instructions work with?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      16

    • C.

      24

    • D.

      32

    Correct Answer
    B. 16
    Explanation
    Computer instructions typically work with addresses that are 16 bits long. The length of an address refers to the number of bits used to represent the memory location or register being accessed by an instruction. In a 16-bit address, there are 2^16 (65536) possible memory locations or registers that can be addressed. This allows for a larger memory space and more flexibility in the instructions that can be executed by the computer.

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  • 12. 

    Which type of memory stores configuration information, and is used by the BIOS during system boot up?

    • A.

      Complemtary metal-oxide semiconductor memory (CMOS)

    • B.

      Programmable read only memory

    • C.

      Random access memory

    • D.

      Read only memory

    Correct Answer
    A. Complemtary metal-oxide semiconductor memory (CMOS)
    Explanation
    CMOS memory stores configuration information and is used by the BIOS during system boot up. It is a type of non-volatile memory that retains data even when the power is turned off. CMOS memory is commonly used to store BIOS settings such as date, time, and hardware configuration. It allows the computer to remember these settings even after a power loss or restart. Hence, CMOS memory is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 13. 

    What type of memory is nonvolatile, considered permanent, and is also called firmware in reference to the data and instructions stored?

    • A.

      RAM

    • B.

      ROM

    • C.

      Cache

    • D.

      CMOS

    Correct Answer
    B. ROM
    Explanation
    ROM stands for Read-Only Memory. It is a type of memory that is nonvolatile, meaning it retains its data even when the power is turned off. ROM is considered permanent because the data and instructions stored in it cannot be modified or erased by normal computer operations. It is also called firmware because it contains the essential instructions that are permanently programmed during manufacturing and cannot be changed by the user. Therefore, ROM is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 14. 

    This type of memory is blank and instructions can be placed on permanently.

    • A.

      ROM

    • B.

      RAM

    • C.

      CMOS

    • D.

      PROM

    Correct Answer
    D. PROM
    Explanation
    PROM stands for Programmable Read-Only Memory. It is a type of memory that can be programmed once by the manufacturer or user and the instructions placed on it are permanent. Unlike RAM (Random Access Memory) which is volatile and loses its data when the power is turned off, PROM retains its data even without power. CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) is a type of technology used in integrated circuits, not a type of memory. Therefore, PROM is the correct answer.

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  • 15. 

    Which type of memory is used to duplicate frequently used information stored elsewhere or computed earlier, because the original data is time consuming to retrieve or to compute?

    • A.

      RAM

    • B.

      ROM

    • C.

      Buffer

    • D.

      Cache

    Correct Answer
    D. Cache
    Explanation
    Cache memory is used to duplicate frequently used information stored elsewhere or computed earlier, because the original data is time-consuming to retrieve or compute. Cache memory is a small, high-speed memory that is located closer to the CPU than the main memory (RAM). It stores copies of frequently accessed data from the main memory, allowing the CPU to access it quickly. By duplicating this data in cache memory, the CPU can avoid the delay of retrieving it from the main memory, resulting in improved system performance.

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  • 16. 

    Which term describes that data is whole or complete?

    • A.

      Driver

    • B.

      Parity bit

    • C.

      Data integrity

    • D.

      Error correction

    Correct Answer
    C. Data integrity
    Explanation
    Data integrity refers to the accuracy, consistency, and reliability of data throughout its entire lifecycle. It ensures that data is complete, whole, and unaltered. This term describes the state of data where it is free from any errors, inconsistencies, or corruption. Data integrity is crucial in maintaining the quality and trustworthiness of data, especially in databases and information systems, as it ensures that the data remains intact and reliable for its intended use.

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  • 17. 

    Which is a very simple example of an error detecting code?

    • A.

      Parity bit

    • B.

      Interrupt

    • C.

      Data integrity

    • D.

      Asynchronous

    Correct Answer
    A. Parity bit
    Explanation
    A parity bit is a very simple example of an error detecting code. It is a single bit added to a binary code to make the total number of 1s either even or odd. This allows the detection of errors that may occur during transmission or storage of data. By checking the parity bit, the receiver can determine if any bit errors have occurred. If the number of 1s does not match the expected parity, an error is detected. Therefore, the parity bit is an effective way to detect errors in a simple and straightforward manner.

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  • 18. 

    What data integrity method is used in high-end personal computers and file servers?

    • A.

      Parity

    • B.

      Polling

    • C.

      Nonparity

    • D.

      Error correction code memory (EEC)

    Correct Answer
    D. Error correction code memory (EEC)
    Explanation
    Error correction code memory (EEC) is a data integrity method used in high-end personal computers and file servers. EEC is a type of memory that includes additional bits to detect and correct errors in data. It uses advanced algorithms to identify and fix errors that may occur during data storage or transmission. This method is crucial in ensuring data integrity and preventing data corruption or loss, making it an ideal choice for high-end systems that require reliable and accurate data storage and retrieval.

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  • 19. 

    Reading and storing a document on a hard disk or some other storage medium for processing at a more convenient time is called:

    • A.

      A driver

    • B.

      Spooling

    • C.

      An interrupt

    • D.

      A print queue

    Correct Answer
    B. Spooling
    Explanation
    Spooling refers to the process of reading and storing a document on a storage medium, such as a hard disk, for later processing. This allows the computer to handle multiple tasks simultaneously and improves efficiency by separating the input and output processes. By spooling, the document is temporarily stored in a queue, which can be accessed by the appropriate device or program when it is ready to process the document. This helps to prevent delays and ensures smooth execution of tasks.

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  • 20. 

    A spooled print job can be several times larger than the printed document size because of the conversion to the:

    • A.

      Printer's language

    • B.

      Driver's language

    • C.

      Processor's language

    • D.

      Print server's language

    Correct Answer
    A. Printer's language
    Explanation
    When a print job is spooled, it is converted into the language that the printer understands, which is known as the printer's language. This language is specific to the printer model and allows the printer to accurately reproduce the document. The size of the spooled print job can be larger than the original document size because the printer's language may include additional information such as fonts, graphics, and formatting instructions that are necessary for the printer to accurately reproduce the document.

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  • 21. 

    A static internet protocol address on a network printer during hardware configuration is used for:

    • A.

      Print job queuing

    • B.

      Print job locating

    • C.

      Print job spooling

    • D.

      Operating system configuration

    Correct Answer
    B. Print job locating
    Explanation
    A static internet protocol address on a network printer is used for print job locating. This means that the address allows the printer to be easily identified on the network, making it possible for devices to locate and send print jobs to that specific printer. By having a static IP address, the printer's location remains consistent, ensuring that print jobs are sent to the correct printer every time.

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  • 22. 

    Printer hardware configuration via the web is done through:

    • A.

      Hypertext transfer protocol

    • B.

      Printer front panel controls

    • C.

      Hewlett Packard Jetadmin

    • D.

      Telnet

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypertext transfer protocol
    Explanation
    Printer hardware configuration via the web is done through the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP). HTTP is the protocol used for transmitting hypertext over the internet, allowing users to access and interact with web pages. In the context of printer hardware configuration, HTTP enables users to access the printer's web interface through a web browser, where they can make changes to settings, configure options, and manage the printer remotely. This method provides a convenient and user-friendly way to configure printer hardware settings without the need for physical access to the printer or using specialized software.

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  • 23. 

    What type of printer software configuration option requires a new port to be created?

    • A.

      Telnet

    • B.

      Local printer

    • C.

      Driver printing

    • D.

      TCP/IP printing

    Correct Answer
    D. TCP/IP printing
    Explanation
    TCP/IP printing is a type of printer software configuration option that requires a new port to be created. This is because TCP/IP printing allows for printing over a network using the TCP/IP protocol. In order to establish a connection and send print jobs to the printer, a new port needs to be created to facilitate the communication between the computer and the printer. This ensures that the print jobs are properly transmitted and received by the printer over the TCP/IP network.

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  • 24. 

    Which of these is not a prominent characteristic of an operating system?

    • A.

      The operational environment

    • B.

      The way it processes

    • C.

      The user interface

    • D.

      Multitasking

    Correct Answer
    B. The way it processes
    Explanation
    The given answer, "The way it processes," is not a prominent characteristic of an operating system. An operating system is primarily responsible for managing hardware and software resources, providing an operational environment for applications to run, and facilitating communication between the user and the computer system through the user interface. The way it processes refers to the internal functioning and algorithms used by the operating system, which are not typically considered as prominent characteristics but rather implementation details.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the below is not a type of computer user interface?

    • A.

      Application driven interface

    • B.

      Command driven interface

    • C.

      Graphical user interface

    • D.

      Menu driven interface

    Correct Answer
    A. Application driven interface
    Explanation
    The term "Application driven interface" is not commonly used to describe a type of computer user interface. The other three options are well-known types of interfaces. A command-driven interface relies on text commands, a graphical user interface (GUI) uses visual elements like icons and windows, and a menu-driven interface provides a list of options for the user to choose from. However, an "Application driven interface" is not a recognized term in the field of computer user interfaces.

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  • 26. 

    Which hardware requirement is defined as the model and the clock speed of the CPU?

    • A.

      Memory

    • B.

      Peripherals

    • C.

      Architecture

    • D.

      Processing power

    Correct Answer
    D. Processing power
    Explanation
    Processing power refers to the capability of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) to perform calculations and execute instructions. It is determined by the model and clock speed of the CPU. The model represents the specific type and generation of the CPU, while the clock speed measures how quickly the CPU can process data. Therefore, processing power is the hardware requirement defined by the model and clock speed of the CPU.

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  • 27. 

    What should be done before anything else, once the operating system installation is complete?

    • A.

      A reboot

    • B.

      Install drivers

    • C.

      Set a password

    • D.

      Install antivirus

    Correct Answer
    D. Install antivirus
    Explanation
    Once the operating system installation is complete, it is important to install antivirus software before anything else. This is because antivirus software helps protect the system from potential threats and malware that could compromise its security and functionality. By installing antivirus software early on, it ensures that the system is protected from the moment it starts being used, reducing the risk of any malicious attacks or infections.

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  • 28. 

    The specifications that should be met, if not exceeded, to ensure a computer is compatible as well as powerful enough to run an operating system without constant problems is for the computer to have the minimum

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Hardware

    • C.

      Processors

    • D.

      Applications

    Correct Answer
    B. Hardware
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hardware". In order for a computer to be compatible and powerful enough to run an operating system without constant problems, it needs to have the necessary hardware components. This includes the processor, memory, storage, and other hardware components that meet or exceed the minimum requirements of the operating system. Without the right hardware, the computer may struggle to run the operating system smoothly and may encounter frequent issues and problems.

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  • 29. 

    What are minor software updates or improvements called?

    • A.

      Bundles

    • B.

      Patches

    • C.

      Databases

    • D.

      Processors

    Correct Answer
    B. Patches
    Explanation
    Minor software updates or improvements are commonly referred to as patches. Patches are small updates that are released to fix bugs, address security vulnerabilities, or enhance the functionality of software. They are typically released by the software developers to ensure that the software remains up-to-date and performs optimally. Patches are important for maintaining the stability and security of software systems, and they are usually provided to users at no additional cost.

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  • 30. 

    What is the simplest and most efficient way to duplicate a computer's software, with no loss of files or configurations within the programs?

    • A.

      WinZip

    • B.

      Norton Utilities

    • C.

      Bundled software

    • D.

      Imaging software

    Correct Answer
    D. Imaging software
    Explanation
    Imaging software is the simplest and most efficient way to duplicate a computer's software without any loss of files or configurations within the programs. Imaging software creates an exact copy or "image" of the entire computer's hard drive, including the operating system, programs, files, and settings. This allows for easy restoration of the computer to its original state in case of system failure or the need to transfer the software to another computer. It ensures that all files and configurations are preserved, making it the ideal solution for duplicating software.

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  • 31. 

    How many byte sectors is a hard disk divided in to?

    • A.

      124

    • B.

      248

    • C.

      512

    • D.

      1024

    Correct Answer
    C. 512
    Explanation
    A hard disk is divided into sectors, which are the smallest units of storage on the disk. Each sector typically consists of 512 bytes. Therefore, the correct answer is 512, as it represents the number of byte sectors that a hard disk is divided into.

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  • 32. 

    The first sector at the beginning of a hard drive is called the master

    • A.

      Volume

    • B.

      Cylinder

    • C.

      Partition

    • D.

      Boot record

    Correct Answer
    D. Boot record
    Explanation
    The first sector at the beginning of a hard drive is called the boot record. This sector contains important information about the file system and the operating system installed on the drive. During the boot process, the computer reads this sector to load the necessary files and instructions to start the operating system. It is also responsible for initiating the boot loader, which allows the user to choose the operating system if multiple ones are installed on the drive.

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  • 33. 

    A formatted disk partition that is used for a particular file system is called

    • A.

      Dynamic storage

    • B.

      Basic storage

    • C.

      A volume

    • D.

      A sector

    Correct Answer
    C. A volume
    Explanation
    A formatted disk partition that is used for a particular file system is called a volume. This term refers to a section of a physical disk that is treated as a separate entity and is assigned a drive letter. It can be formatted with a specific file system, such as NTFS or FAT32, and is used to store and organize files and folders. By using volumes, different file systems and data can coexist on the same physical disk, allowing for efficient storage and management of data.

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  • 34. 

    Which file system is the best choice for data storage if the server is a dedicated Windows server?

    • A.

      NTFS

    • B.

      FATS

    • C.

      Neither FATS nor NTFS

    • D.

      Either FATS or NTFS

    Correct Answer
    A. NTFS
    Explanation
    NTFS is the best choice for data storage on a dedicated Windows server because it offers advanced features such as file and folder permissions, encryption, and compression. It also supports larger file sizes and has better performance and reliability compared to the FAT file system. Additionally, NTFS provides better support for modern hardware and software, making it the preferred choice for Windows servers.

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  • 35. 

    What physical structure component is a collection of Internet Protocol subnet ranges?

    • A.

      Site

    • B.

      Namespace

    • C.

      Global catalog

    • D.

      Domain controller

    Correct Answer
    A. Site
    Explanation
    A site is a physical structure component that represents a collection of Internet Protocol subnet ranges. It is used in Active Directory to define the physical locations of network resources, such as domain controllers and client computers. Sites help optimize network traffic and replication by grouping resources that are in close proximity to each other. By organizing resources into sites, administrators can control how data is replicated and accessed within a network, ensuring efficient communication and resource utilization.

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  • 36. 

    By default, the first domain controller in active directory service is a

    • A.

      Forest

    • B.

      Namespace

    • C.

      Global catalog

    • D.

      Globally unique identifier

    Correct Answer
    C. Global catalog
    Explanation
    The first domain controller in Active Directory Service is by default a global catalog. A global catalog is a domain controller that stores a partial replica of all objects in the forest. It allows users to search and access information from any domain in the forest without the need to contact multiple domain controllers. The global catalog also helps in speeding up the authentication process and enables universal group membership caching.

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  • 37. 

    Which of these is a disadvantage of client-server networks?

    • A.

      A high level of security can be implemented at the server.

    • B.

      Users are relieved of the burden of managing resources.

    • C.

      Managing servers requires a dedicated staff.

    • D.

      More powerful resources can be shared.

    Correct Answer
    C. Managing servers requires a dedicated staff.
    Explanation
    The disadvantage of client-server networks is that managing servers requires a dedicated staff. This means that organizations need to allocate resources and personnel specifically for server management, which can be costly and time-consuming. Unlike peer-to-peer networks where each user manages their own resources, client-server networks rely on centralized servers that need to be constantly monitored, maintained, and updated by a dedicated team. This can result in additional expenses and dependency on skilled IT professionals for server administration.

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  • 38. 

    What type of remote network provides a private tunnel through public cloud (the internet)?

    • A.

      Virtual private network (VPN)

    • B.

      Peer to peer

    • C.

      Broadband

    • D.

      Three tier

    Correct Answer
    A. Virtual private network (VPN)
    Explanation
    A virtual private network (VPN) is a type of remote network that provides a private tunnel through the public cloud, which is the internet. It allows users to securely access and transmit data over the internet by encrypting the connection between the user's device and the VPN server. This ensures that the data remains private and protected from unauthorized access. VPNs are commonly used by individuals and organizations to establish secure connections and maintain privacy while accessing the internet remotely.

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  • 39. 

    What form of remote network access is often the only choice for rural or remote areas?

    • A.

      Dial-up

    • B.

      Wireless

    • C.

      Broadband

    • D.

      Virtual Private Network (VPN)

    Correct Answer
    A. Dial-up
    Explanation
    Dial-up is often the only choice for rural or remote areas because it uses existing telephone lines to establish a connection. This makes it accessible even in areas where other forms of network access like wireless or broadband may not be available or reliable. Dial-up may have slower speeds compared to other options, but it remains a viable choice for those in remote locations with limited infrastructure.

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  • 40. 

    What does Wi-Fi use to carry network signals to the network access point?

    • A.

      Cable lines

    • B.

      Radio waves

    • C.

      Dedicated lines

    • D.

      Telephone lines

    Correct Answer
    B. Radio waves
    Explanation
    Wi-Fi uses radio waves to carry network signals to the network access point. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves that can transmit data wirelessly through the air. Wi-Fi devices such as routers and smartphones use radio frequency signals to communicate with each other, allowing users to connect to the internet without the need for physical cables. This wireless technology has become popular due to its convenience and ability to provide internet access in various locations.

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  • 41. 

    What item below is not found in the Active Directory structure?

    • A.

      Domains

    • B.

      Objects

    • C.

      Forests

    • D.

      Wi-Fi

    Correct Answer
    D. Wi-Fi
    Explanation
    Wi-Fi is not found in the Active Directory structure. Active Directory is a directory service developed by Microsoft that is used to manage and organize resources in a network. It is primarily used for managing users, computers, and other network objects within a domain. Domains, objects, and forests are all components of the Active Directory structure, but Wi-Fi is not a part of it. Wi-Fi refers to a wireless networking technology that allows devices to connect to a network without the need for physical cables, and it is not directly related to the Active Directory structure.

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  • 42. 

    What is configured to provide or deny users access to service on a local computer or on the local network/domain?

    • A.

      Profile

    • B.

      Domain

    • C.

      Account

    • D.

      Directory

    Correct Answer
    A. Profile
    Explanation
    A profile is configured to provide or deny users access to services on a local computer or on the local network/domain. Profiles contain settings and permissions that determine what resources and services a user can access. By configuring the profile, administrators can control user access to specific services and resources, ensuring that only authorized users can utilize them.

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  • 43. 

    User accounts are uniquely identified by the

    • A.

      ACL

    • B.

      SID

    • C.

      Permissions

    • D.

      Rights

    Correct Answer
    B. SID
    Explanation
    User accounts are uniquely identified by the Security Identifier (SID). The SID is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to each user account in a Windows operating system. It is used by the system to control access and permissions for the user. The SID remains the same even if the user account is renamed or moved to a different domain. Therefore, the SID is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 44. 

    Groups in active directory are directory

    • A.

      Trees

    • B.

      Units

    • C.

      Forests

    • D.

      Objects

    Correct Answer
    D. Objects
    Explanation
    In Active Directory, groups are considered as objects. Objects in Active Directory represent various entities such as users, computers, groups, and organizational units. These objects are organized in a hierarchical structure called a directory tree, which consists of forests, trees, and units. Therefore, the correct answer is "objects" as groups are a type of object in Active Directory.

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  • 45. 

    Members of this group have full control of the server or individual workstations and can assign user rights and access control permissions.

    • A.

      Domain group accounts

    • B.

      Domain user accounts

    • C.

      Local administrators

    • D.

      Local user

    Correct Answer
    C. Local administrators
    Explanation
    Local administrators have full control of the server or individual workstations and can assign user rights and access control permissions. This means that they have the authority to manage and control the resources within their local environment. This is in contrast to domain group accounts and domain user accounts, which are typically used for managing resources across multiple servers or workstations within a domain. Local user accounts, on the other hand, do not have the same level of control and permissions as local administrators.

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  • 46. 

    Which item resides on a domain controller and provides access to network resources througout the domain?

    • A.

      Local groups

    • B.

      Domain groups

    • C.

      Local user accounts

    • D.

      Domain user accounts

    Correct Answer
    B. Domain groups
    Explanation
    Domain groups reside on a domain controller and provide access to network resources throughout the domain. Domain groups are used to organize users, computers, and other resources within a domain, and they can be assigned permissions and rights to access specific network resources. By adding users to domain groups, administrators can easily manage access control and permissions across the entire domain, making it a crucial component in network administration.

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  • 47. 

    What is used to organize different types of accoutns into managable units?

    • A.

      An object

    • B.

      An ACL

    • C.

      A group

    • D.

      An SID

    Correct Answer
    C. A group
    Explanation
    A group is used to organize different types of accounts into manageable units. By grouping similar accounts together, it becomes easier to manage and control access permissions, as well as apply changes or updates to a specific set of accounts at once. This helps in maintaining a structured and organized system, ensuring efficient management of accounts and their associated permissions.

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  • 48. 

    What is installed on a computer to act as the interface between the computer and network?

    • A.

      A NIC

    • B.

      Ethernet

    • C.

      Transceiver

    • D.

      Coaxial cable

    Correct Answer
    A. A NIC
    Explanation
    A NIC (Network Interface Card) is installed on a computer to act as the interface between the computer and the network. It allows the computer to connect to a network, sending and receiving data packets. The NIC converts the data from the computer into a format that can be transmitted over the network, and vice versa. It also handles the communication protocols required for network connectivity. Ethernet and transceiver are components related to network connectivity, but they are not specifically responsible for acting as the interface between the computer and the network. Coaxial cable is a type of cable used for network connections, but it is not the component that acts as the interface.

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  • 49. 

    What is the unique identification number a network interface card (NIC) provides to a personal computer?

    • A.

      MAC address

    • B.

      IEEE address

    • C.

      OUI address

    • D.

      SAS address

    Correct Answer
    A. MAC address
    Explanation
    A network interface card (NIC) provides a unique identification number known as a MAC address to a personal computer. MAC stands for Media Access Control, and it is a hardware address assigned to the NIC by the manufacturer. The MAC address is used to identify the NIC on a network and is essential for communication between devices. It consists of six groups of two hexadecimal digits separated by colons or hyphens. The MAC address ensures that each device on a network has a distinct identifier, allowing for efficient and accurate data transmission.

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  • 50. 

    How many connector interfaces does a network interface card (NIC) provide for network cables?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    A network interface card (NIC) typically provides four connector interfaces for network cables. These interfaces, often in the form of RJ-45 ports, allow the NIC to connect to a network using Ethernet cables. Each interface can be used to establish a separate network connection, enabling the NIC to communicate with multiple devices or networks simultaneously.

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