The Baroque Period Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 20 | Total Attempts: 15,906
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 4,020

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The Baroque Period Quiz - Quiz

Embark on a musical journey back to the opulent and vibrant era of the Baroque period. "The Baroque Period Quiz" is crafted to challenge your knowledge of an essential era in art, music, architecture, and literature, spanning from the late 16th to the early 18th centuries. This period saw the emergence of famous composers like Bach and Handel, as well as intricate architectural designs and rich artistic styles.

Uncover the key composers, their masterpieces, and the transformative techniques that shaped the Baroque's distinct style. Challenge yourself to grasp the essence of Baroque music's grandeur and its lasting impact on Read morethe classical tradition.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following was not a significant difference between Renaissance music and Baroque music?

    • A.

      Renaissance - modal harmonies. Baroque - Major and minor tonalities

    • B.

      Renaissance - instrumental genres derived from vocal genres. Baroque - many independent instrumental genres such as sinfonia and suite

    • C.

      Renaissance - Monteverdi and Palestrina. Baroque - Handel, Purcell, Vivaldi

    • D.

      Renaissance - Concerto solo. Baroque - Concerto grosso

    Correct Answer
    D. Renaissance - Concerto solo. Baroque - Concerto grosso
    Explanation
    Both the solo concerto and the concerto grosso are examples of concerted music, where multiple instruments interact with one another. In both forms, there is a contrast between soloists or smaller groups of instruments and the larger ensemble.

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  • 2. 

    Who is "the father of the fugue"?

    • A.

      Monteverdi

    • B.

      Torelli

    • C.

      Handel

    • D.

      Bach

    Correct Answer
    D. Bach
    Explanation
    Johann Sebastian Bach, often hailed as "the father of the fugue," elevated the fugue form to unparalleled heights. His intricate contrapuntal mastery and innovative use of thematic development set a standard that continues to inspire composers and musicians to this day.

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  • 3. 

    Who is "the father of the concerto grosso?"

    • A.

      Torelli

    • B.

      Corelli

    • C.

      Vivaldi

    • D.

      Handel

    Correct Answer
    B. Corelli
    Explanation
    Arcangelo Corelli is often referred to as "the father of the concerto grosso," pioneering the form's structure and principles. His compositions laid the foundation for the Baroque concerto style, emphasizing the interplay between soloists and the larger ensemble.

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  • 4. 

    How can "rhythm" be described in most baroque music?

    • A.

      Varied

    • B.

      Continuous

    • C.

      Fast

    • D.

      Slow

    Correct Answer
    B. Continuous
    Explanation
    Baroque music frequently features a continuous rhythmic drive, characterized by regular pulse and rhythmic patterns that provide a foundation for intricate melodies and harmonies to unfold with dynamic energy and expression.

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  • 5. 

    During the baroque period, crescendos and decrescendos were prominent features of the music. Especially when comparing with renaissance music, where the dynamics stayed quite constant.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Crescendos and decrescendos did not become prominent features of classical music before Vienna classicism. Baroque music does however contain much terraced dynamics (e.g moving directly from piano to forte without using crescendo). 

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  • 6. 

    Handel contrasted many of his textures between polyphonic and _______ textures.

    • A.

      Monodic

    • B.

      Homophonic

    • C.

      Heterephonic

    • D.

      Fugal

    Correct Answer
    B. Homophonic
    Explanation
    Handel skillfully juxtaposed polyphonic textures, where multiple independent lines interweave, with homophonic textures, characterized by chordal harmonies and a unified melody, creating dynamic shifts that enriched the emotional depth and complexity of his compositions during the Baroque era.

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  • 7. 

    When getting a baroque piece on paper 1, it's relevant to comment on the bass accompaniment. What is the bass part of the baroque period called?

    • A.

      Walking bass

    • B.

      Basso continuo

    • C.

      Harpsichord

    • D.

      Double bass

    Correct Answer
    B. Basso continuo
    Explanation
    Baroque music's foundation lay in the basso continuo, a harmonic framework provided by keyboard and bass instruments, supporting melodies with its harmonies, facilitating improvisation, and imparting richness to compositions through its consistent presence in the Baroque ensemble.

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  • 8. 

    What is probably the easiest way of telling that a piece is from the baroque period?

    • A.

      The use of small orchestra

    • B.

      The use of clarinet as a solo instrument

    • C.

      The use of harpsichord

    • D.

      The use of concertino and ripieno sections

    Correct Answer
    C. The use of harpsichord
    Explanation
    In the Baroque period, the harpsichord played a pivotal role as both a solo and continuo instrument, providing intricate ornamentation, harmonic support, and a distinctive plucked sound that enriched the texture and added depth to compositions of the time.

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  • 9. 

    Bach was not as well-known a composer during his life time as he was a(n) ______

    • A.

      Organ player

    • B.

      Crumhorn player

    • C.

      Violin player

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Organ player
    Explanation
    Johann Sebastian Bach, a virtuoso organist, showcased unparalleled skill in improvisation and intricate pedal techniques, elevating the instrument's expressive range and solidifying his reputation as a master of Baroque organ music.

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  • 10. 

    While renaissance music was largely based on cantus firmus, most baroque music was/is said to be _____

    • A.

      Fugata

    • B.

      Free composed

    • C.

      Through-composed

    • D.

      Blank composed

    Correct Answer
    B. Free composed
    Explanation
    Baroque music often embraced improvisational elements and ornamentation, allowing performers to embellish melodies and add their personal touch, contributing to the expressive and spontaneous nature of the compositions.

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  • 11. 

    It was common in the Baroque period that two sections of a piece could have completely contrasting moods.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Unity of mood is a definite characteristic of baroque music. Hence the statement here is false. 

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  • 12. 

    What is not true about basso continuo?

    • A.

      It was usually performed on two instruments; harpsichord and a bass instrument (such as bassoon or cello)

    • B.

      Continuous bass for keyboard (harpsichord) generally involved quite a lot of improvisation

    • C.

      It regained popularity in the beginning of the Romantic period, especially through the works of Mendelssohn

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. It regained popularity in the beginning of the Romantic period, especially through the works of Mendelssohn
    Explanation
    Basso continuo, or thoroughbass, was a foundational aspect of Baroque music composition and performance practice, where a keyboard instrument (like a harpsichord) and a bass melody instrument (such as cello or bassoon) provided harmonic structure. This practice did not regain popularity in the Romantic period; instead, Romantic composers moved away from the strict forms and compositional techniques of the Baroque period, favoring more expressive and individualistic styles. Mendelssohn and other Romantic composers did not reintroduce basso continuo into their works; rather, they developed new ways of orchestration and composition.

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  • 13. 

    "Solo song with instrumental accompaniment." Specifically, what is being defined here?

    • A.

      Motet

    • B.

      Sonata

    • C.

      Monody

    • D.

      Prosody

    Correct Answer
    C. Monody
    Explanation
    Monody, a solo vocal style with simple accompaniment, emerged during the Baroque period, prioritizing expressive lyrics and emotional delivery over complex polyphony, ushering in a new era of individual vocal prominence and dramatic storytelling in music.

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  • 14. 

    The major/minor tonality system was established during the baroque period.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Baroque era solidified the major/minor tonality system, laying the foundation for Western classical music's harmonic structure by establishing the distinct emotional qualities and relationships between major and minor keys that continue to shape compositions today.

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  • 15. 

    The fugue is based on a main theme called the _____

    Correct Answer
    subject
    Explanation
    The fugue's essence lies in the subject, its core theme, which undergoes intricate variations and contrapuntal interplay, forming the foundation of this intricate and captivating musical form.

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  • 16. 

    The hymn tune in a lutheran cantata, which "unites" the work, and is mostly performed in four-part harmony is known as:

    • A.

      Motif

    • B.

      Motet

    • C.

      Chorale

    • D.

      Oratorio

    Correct Answer
    C. Chorale
    Explanation
    In Lutheran cantatas, the Chorale, a hymn tune sung in four-part harmony, serves as a unifying element that threads through the composition, embodying both the theological essence and communal spirit of the work, while offering a familiar anchor for the congregation's participation.

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  • 17. 

    The "Hallelujah chorus" is one of the most well-known choir pieces in the world. It was written by Handel and first performed 1742. It is part of a large-scale work called Messiah. The work is known as _____

    • A.

      An opera

    • B.

      A cantata

    • C.

      An oratorio

    • D.

      An operetta

    Correct Answer
    C. An oratorio
    Explanation
    Handel's "Hallelujah Chorus," a pinnacle of his oratorio "Messiah," resonates with grandeur, featuring majestic choral harmonies and the iconic "Hallelujah" proclamation, making it an enduring masterpiece of choral music.

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  • 18. 

    Concerto grosso consisted of two major groups. The concertino (the soloists) and the ______ (the orchestra)

    Correct Answer
    ripieno
    Explanation
    The concerto grosso in the Baroque era prominently featured two distinct groups: the smaller ensemble called the "concertino," and the larger orchestra known as the "ripieno" or "tutti." These groups interacted, alternating and contrasting, to create a dynamic interplay.

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  • 19. 

    How is "binary form" signified using letters?

    • A.

      A-B

    • B.

      A-B-A

    • C.

      A-A-B-B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. A-A-B-B
    Explanation
    In binary form, there are two sections, and both are played twice. Binary form is indicated using the letters "A" and "B" to represent two distinct sections. 

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  • 20. 

    How is "ternary form" signified using letter?

    • A.

      A-B-A

    • B.

      A-A-B-B-A-A

    • C.

      A-B-C

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A-B-A
    Explanation
    In ternary form, there are two sections, where the A section "encloses" the B section. 

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  • 21. 

    Most baroque dances were either in the binary or in the ternary form. Which one of the following is not a baroque dance?

    • A.

      Sarabande

    • B.

      Allemande

    • C.

      Gigue

    • D.

      Kynd

    Correct Answer
    D. Kynd
    Explanation
    There is nothing in music that is called "kynd". 

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  • 22. 

    If you get a piece with baroque features where there is a clear solo instrument that is accompanied by an orchestra, what would earn you musical elements/context marks?

    • A.

      Saying that it seems to be a solo concerto

    • B.

      Saying that it seems to be a concerto grosso

    • C.

      Saying that it seems to be a grosso solo

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Saying that it seems to be a solo concerto
    Explanation
    The correct answer is saying that it seems to be a solo concerto. This is because a solo concerto is a musical composition where a solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra, which matches the description given in the question. A concerto grosso, on the other hand, is a composition where a small group of soloists is accompanied by an orchestra, and a grosso solo does not exist in the context of baroque music. Therefore, neither of those options would earn musical elements/context marks.

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  • 23. 

    "Later baroque music is characterized by vigorous, regular rhythms if compared with early baroque music where the music moves more freely."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In later Baroque music, robust and consistent rhythms prevail, in contrast to the early Baroque's more fluid and unconstrained musical motion, reflecting the evolving stylistic preferences and rhythmic structures of each era.

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  • 24. 

    In a fugue, there is a section where free-derived material of the subject, answer, and countersubject is presented. This section can be likened to the development section in sonata form. So what is the "development section of the fugue" known as?

    • A.

      The stretto

    • B.

      The second group

    • C.

      The episode

    • D.

      The entry

    Correct Answer
    C. The episode
    Explanation
    In the development section known as the "episode," a fugue's themes are creatively explored and intertwined, often away from the main subject, adding diverse musical elements and building tension before returning to the primary theme.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following facts made Handel stand out as a baroque composer?

    • A.

      His music is exceptionally polyphonic.

    • B.

      He is the master of the concerto grosso.

    • C.

      He is the master of the fugue.

    • D.

      He music actually made him rich.

    Correct Answer
    D. He music actually made him rich.
    Explanation
    Handel's music, embraced by both royalty and the public, led to his financial success, setting him apart as one of the few composers of his time who achieved substantial wealth from his musical endeavors.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 26, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 30, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    IBLindman

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