How Well Do You Know Strong Acids?

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How Well Do You Know Strong Acids? - Quiz

The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+). A strong acid is one that completely ionizes (dissociates) in a solution (provided there is sufficient solvent). Take this quiz to see how many strong acids you can identify correctly.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Perchloric acid is formed by adding ______________ perchlorate to hydrogen chloride

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Sodium

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Chlorine

    Correct Answer
    B. Sodium
    Explanation
    Perchloric acid is formed by adding sodium perchlorate to hydrogen chloride. Sodium perchlorate reacts with hydrogen chloride to produce perchloric acid. This reaction occurs because the sodium cation (Na+) from sodium perchlorate replaces the hydrogen cation (H+) in hydrogen chloride, resulting in the formation of perchloric acid.

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  • 2. 

    This strong acid is naturally found in gastric acid

    • A.

      Hydrochloric acid

    • B.

      Formic acid

    • C.

      Acetic acid

    • D.

      Hydrofluoric acid

    Correct Answer
    A. Hydrochloric acid
    Explanation
    Hydrochloric acid is the correct answer because it is naturally found in gastric acid, which is the digestive fluid in the stomach. It is secreted by the cells lining the stomach to aid in the digestion of food. Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid that helps break down proteins and kill bacteria in the stomach. It has a low pH and is highly corrosive. Formic acid, acetic acid, and hydrofluoric acid are not naturally found in gastric acid and do not play a role in digestion.

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  • 3. 

    Hydrobromic acid is formed by dissolving hydrogen bromide in __________

    • A.

      Ethanol

    • B.

      Salt

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    C. Water
    Explanation
    Hydrobromic acid is formed by dissolving hydrogen bromide in water. This is because hydrogen bromide is highly soluble in water, and when it dissolves, it forms hydrobromic acid. Ethanol, salt, and carbon dioxide do not have the same ability to dissolve hydrogen bromide and form hydrobromic acid.

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  • 4. 

    Hydrogen iodide is a colorless ________ which reacts with water and iodine.

    • A.

      Gas

    • B.

      Solid

    • C.

      Liquid

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Gas
    Explanation
    Hydrogen iodide is a colorless gas that reacts with water and iodine.

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  • 5. 

    This acid's formula is H2SO4

    • A.

      Nitric acid

    • B.

      Hydrobromic acid

    • C.

      Sulfuric acid

    • D.

      Perchloric acid

    Correct Answer
    C. Sulfuric acid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is sulfuric acid because its formula is H2SO4.

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  • 6. 

    This strong acid is also known as aqua fortis

    • A.

      Nitric acid

    • B.

      Hydrobromic acid

    • C.

      Sulfuric acid

    • D.

      Perchloric acid

    Correct Answer
    A. Nitric acid
    Explanation
    Nitric acid is commonly referred to as aqua fortis, which is a highly corrosive and strong acid. It is used in various industries, such as the production of fertilizers, dyes, and explosives. Nitric acid is a colorless liquid that releases toxic fumes when exposed to air. It is known for its ability to dissolve metals, making it a powerful oxidizing agent. Due to its strong properties, nitric acid is commonly used in laboratory settings and industrial processes.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following strong acids is the strongest?

    • A.

      Hydrofluoric acid

    • B.

      Perchloric acid

    • C.

      Carbonic acid

    • D.

      Phosphuric acid

    Correct Answer
    B. Perchloric acid
    Explanation
    Perchloric acid is the strongest among the given options because it is a strong acid that completely dissociates in water, releasing a high concentration of hydrogen ions. This high concentration of hydrogen ions makes perchloric acid highly reactive and capable of easily donating protons to other substances. In contrast, hydrofluoric acid, carbonic acid, and phosphoric acid are all weak acids that only partially dissociate in water, resulting in a lower concentration of hydrogen ions and weaker acidity.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following strong acids is the weakest?

    • A.

      Carbonic acid

    • B.

      Hydrochloric acid

    • C.

      Nitric acid

    • D.

      Sulfuric acid

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbonic acid
    Explanation
    Carbonic acid is the weakest strong acid among the options given. This is because carbonic acid is a diprotic acid, meaning it can donate two protons (H+) per molecule. However, it is a relatively weak acid compared to the others listed. Hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, and sulfuric acid are all monoprotic acids, meaning they can donate only one proton per molecule. These three acids are much stronger in terms of their ability to donate protons and dissociate in water. Therefore, carbonic acid is the weakest strong acid among the options provided.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 19, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Cimm8783
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