AP US History: Truman Doctrine Quiz!

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AP US History: Truman Doctrine Quiz!

First expressed in 1947 by US President Truman in a speech to Congress seeking aid for Greece and Turkey, the doctrine was seen by the communists as an open declaration of the Cold War. If you need to study this doctrine, take this quiz to see how much you really know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan represented attempts by the United States to deal with the
    • A. 

      National debt

    • B. 

      Spread of communism

    • C. 

      President’s political opposition

    • D. 

      Arms race

  • 2. 
    Both the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba (1961) and the invasion of Panama (1989) are examples of United States attempts to
    • A. 

      Eliminate unfriendly governments geographically close to the United States

    • B. 

      Cultivate good relations with Latin American nations

    • C. 

      Stop the drug trade

    • D. 

      End the Cold War

  • 3. 
    “An attack on one shall be considered an attack on all.” This statement summarizes the foreign policy known a
    • A. 

      Colonialism

    • B. 

      Nonalignment

    • C. 

      Appeasement

    • D. 

      Collective security

  • 4. 
    Shortly after World War II, the cold war developed mainly as a result of the
    • A. 

      United States refusal to send economic aid to European nations

    • B. 

      Soviet domination of Eastern Europe

    • C. 

      Competition between the superpowers to explore outer space

    • D. 

      Continuation of the pre-World War II balance of power

  • 5. 
    A common purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Eisenhower Doctrine was to
    • A. 

      Carry out the United States policy of preventing the spread of communism

    • B. 

      Insure the survival of the newly independent nations of Africa and Asia

    • C. 

      Limit the proliferation of nuclear weapons

    • D. 

      Provide medical aid to Latin American nations

  • 6. 
    After World War II, the United States departed most sharply from its traditional foreign policy when it
    • A. 

      Stopped foreign-aid programs

    • B. 

      Sponsored disarmament treaties

    • C. 

      Organized global systems of alliances

    • D. 

      Recognized revolutionary governments

  • 7. 
    What was the main purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin air-lift?
    • A. 

      Controlling Nazism in Europe

    • B. 

      Establishing friendly relations between the United States and the Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Spreading democracy to developing nations

    • D. 

      Limiting Soviet expansion

  • 8. 
    During the Korean War, what was the main reason that President Harry Truman dismissed General Douglas MacArthur as commander of the United States troops?
    • A. 

      The United States had suffered many severe military losses.

    • B. 

      Congress refused to appropriate any more money to support the war.

    • C. 

      President Truman believed that General MacArthur’s conduct threatened the concept of civilian control over the military

    • D. 

      General MacArthur disobeyed President Truman by deciding to stop fighting the war.