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35 Questions

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History Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     The conservative movement by 1980 was supported by all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Moral Majority

    • B. 

      Advocates of gun control

    • C. 

      Opponents of affirmative action

    • D. 

      Critics of “secular humanism”

    • E. 

      Citizens against increased taxes

  • 2. 
    All of the following were part of Reaganomics EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Cuts of benefits from Medicare and Social Security to seniors

    • B. 

      A dramatic reduction in personal income taxes

    • C. 

      Deregulation of business and industry

    • D. 

      Tough stand against federal labor unions, such as PATCO

    • E. 

      The theory of supply-side economics

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      The reduction of federal deficits

    • B. 

      His hands-on administration of the federal government

    • C. 

      Initiating the improvement of relations with the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      His ability to communicate traditional values and restore confidence

    • E. 

      Increasing the standard of living of middle-class Americans

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Reagan advisers tried to exchange American hostages for a weapons deal

    • B. 

      Antitank and antiaircraft missiles were sold to Iran

    • C. 

      Funds were used to support rebels against Saddam Hussein

    • D. 

      The arms deal violated the law and congressional restrictions

    • E. 

      Democrats hoped that the scandal would help them in the 1988 election

  • 5. 
    President George H. Bush received his greatest public approval for
    • A. 

      The appointment of the first African American to the Supreme Court

    • B. 

      His conduct of foreign affairs in the Middle East

    • C. 

      His landmark legislation to improve American education

    • D. 

      Holding the line against tax increases

    • E. 

      The invasion of Grenada

  • 6. 
    The election of Bill Clinton in 1992 was most closely associated with the slogan or phrase:
    • A. 

      “It’s the economy, stupid!”

    • B. 

      “Government is not the solution, it is the problem.”

    • C. 

      “Teflon president”

    • D. 

      “Read my lips-no new taxes.”

    • E. 

      “baby-boomers” and “yuppies”

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      The upper 20% of households gained a larger share of the national income

    • B. 

      The national debt increased over four times of what is was in 1980

    • C. 

      The median family income remained stagnant

    • D. 

      The United States became a debtor nation for the first time since World War I

    • E. 

      Deregulation reduced the competitiveness of American business

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Willingness to take on unpopular causes, such as gay rights

    • B. 

      Successes in foreign affairs and peacekeeping

    • C. 

      Improving economic conditions for average Americans

    • D. 

      Ability to work with Congress

    • E. 

      Incremental approach to legislation

  • 9. 
    The extreme partisanship of the Clinton era is illustrated by all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Shutdowns of the federal government

    • B. 

      Debates over tax cuts

    • C. 

      Investigations by independent prosecutors

    • D. 

      Impeachment and trial of Clinton

    • E. 

      NAFTA and Chinese trade agreements

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Conflict in northern Ireland

    • B. 

      Civil war in Somalia

    • C. 

      Nuclear weapons program in North Korea

    • D. 

      Civil war in the Balkans

    • E. 

      Terrorism in Yemen

  • 11. 
    For the nation in the last 2 decades of the 20th century
    • A. 

      The fastest population growth was centered in the Northeast and Midwest states

    • B. 

      The increased birthrate contributed to a younger median age

    • C. 

      A growing percentage of adults and children lived in nuclear families

    • D. 

      Hispanic Americans became the fastest growing and largest minority group

    • E. 

      The reduction in violent crime contributed to smaller prison populations

  • 12. 
    The growing strength of the Republican party in Congress and on the national level in the 1980s and 1990s can be primarily attributed to the
    • A. 

      Campaign finance and election reform championed by Republicans in the 1970s

    • B. 

      Shift of white conservative voters in the South from the Democratic to the Republican party

    • C. 

      Conservative fiscal policies and debt reduction under the Reagan and 2 Bush administrations

    • D. 

      improper behavior by and impeachment of Bill Clinton

    • E. 

      Voters’ fears of terrorist attacks and interest in homeland security

  • 13. 
    The least controversial actions of President George W. Bush were regarding:
    • A. 

      War in Iraq

    • B. 

      Hurricane Katrina

    • C. 

      Immigration reform

    • D. 

      Economic crisis of 2007–2009

    • E. 

      “No Child Left Behind” educational program

  • 14. 
    The election of Barack Obama in 2008 can be most directly attributed to:
    • A. 

      his selection of Joe Biden to be Vice President

    • B. 

      His education and energy reform proposals

    • C. 

      Public distrust of John McCain

    • D. 

      Economic crisis of 2007–2009

    • E. 

      War in Iraq

  • 15. 
    Which of the following does not accurately describe the Kennedy administration?
    • A. 

      Much of his domestic program was held up by Congress

    • B. 

      The US space program was committed to landing astronauts on the moon

    • C. 

      Defense spending and the number of nuclear weapons were cut

    • D. 

      The Trade Expansion Act set up a tariff-reduction process

    • E. 

      Kennedy used presidential pressure to control inflationary price increases

  • 16. 
    Which of the following resulted in the greatest threat of nuclear war during the Kennedy administration?
    • A. 

      Reaction to the Alliance for Progress in Latin America

    • B. 

      US military aid to South Vietnam

    • C. 

      The outbreak of a war in the Middle East

    • D. 

      A US naval blockade of Cuba

    • E. 

      Civil wars in the Congo and Laos

  • 17. 
    President Johnson’s Great Society programs included all of the following except
    • A. 

      Federal aid to poor elementary and high school districts

    • B. 

      Ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to guarantee equality for women

    • C. 

      Federal health insurance for the elderly and medical care for the poor and disabled

    • D. 

      Federal funding of self-help programs for the poor

    • E. 

      Passage of civil rights laws to promote equal opportunity for all Americans

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not a correct association of a person with a policy?
    • A. 

      Barry Goldwater-medical care for the poor and elderly

    • B. 

      Michael Harrington-reductionof poverty in America

    • C. 

      Ralph Nader-regulation of automobile industry

    • D. 

      Rachel Carson-protection of the environment

    • E. 

      Martin Luther King, Jr.-federal protection of voting rights

  • 19. 
    The Black Muslims and the Black Power movement advocated
    • A. 

      Equal opportunity and social integration

    • B. 

      Voting rights and nonviolent protest

    • C. 

      Multicultural education for whites and blacks

    • D. 

      Increased participation of African Americans in national politics

    • E. 

      Separatism and self-rule for African Americans

  • 20. 
    Which of the following was not a ruling of the Warren Court?
    • A. 

      All election districts must provide equal representation for voters

    • B. 

      The courts must provide lawyers for poor defendants

    • C. 

      Police must advise suspects of their right to remain silent

    • D. 

      The right to life of an unborn child is guaranteed by the 14th Amendment

    • E. 

      State-required prayers and Bible readings in public schools violate the 1st Amendment

  • 21. 
    Betty Friedan’s book The Feminine Mystique
    • A. 

      Advocated no-fault divorce and open marriages

    • B. 

      Argued that many women could not have fulfilling lives if limited to a traditional role in the home

    • C. 

      Proposed federal protection of the special needs of wives and mothers

    • D. 

      Resulted in the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment

    • E. 

      Supported premarital sex, abortion, and gay rights

  • 22. 
    The Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    • A. 

      Supported Barry Goldwater’s suggestion to bomb North Vietnam

    • B. 

      Expressed the prowar feeling of the majority of Americans

    • C. 

      Authorized the president to take all necessary steps to defend US forces and interests in Vietnam

    • D. 

      Approved the overthrow of the Diem government in Vietnam

    • E. 

      Authorized the use of up to 500,000 US troops in Vietnam

  • 23. 
    Which phrase best describes President Johnson’s policy in Vietnam?
    • A. 

      Gradual withdrawal of US forces

    • B. 

      Gradual military escalation to force North Vietnam to negotiate

    • C. 

      Total unwillingness to discuss peace terms

    • D. 

      Placing strict limits on US military involvement

    • E. 

      Threatening the use of nuclear weapons

  • 24. 
    The Tet offensive resulted in all of the following except
    • A. 

      The military defeat of US forces in South Vietnam

    • B. 

      Significant military losses by the Vietcong

    • C. 

      Reduced public support for Johnson’s conduct of the war

    • D. 

      Increased public support in the primaries for antiwar Senator Eugene McCarthy

    • E. 

      US diplomats advising Johnson against further escalation of the war

  • 25. 
    Which of the following best reflected President Nixon’s policy of “Vietnamization”?
    • A. 

      Massive bombing of North Vietnam by American air power

    • B. 

      Full-scale invasion of Cambodia to end the Communist threat

    • C. 

      Gradual withdrawal of American armed forces from Vietnam

    • D. 

      Turning the war in South Vietnam over to United Nations forces

    • E. 

      Stopping all American military and economic aid to South Vietnam

  • 26. 
    Which of the following BEST reflected President Nixon’s policy of “Vietnamization”?
    • A. 

      Massive bombing of North Vietnam by American air power

    • B. 

      Full-scale invasion of Cambodia to end the Communist threat

    • C. 

      Gradual withdrawal of American armed forces from Vietnam

    • D. 

      Turning the war in South Vietnam over to United Nations forces

    • E. 

      Stopping all American military and economic aid to South Vietnam

  • 27. 
    Richard Nixon’s conduct of foreign affairs emphasized all of the following except
    • A. 

      Playing off Communist China against Communist Russia

    • B. 

      Reduction of tension between the United States and Communist countries

    • C. 

      A use of the balance of power diplomacy to achieve stability in the world

    • D. 

      A renewed arms race in ballistic and antiballistic missiles

    • E. 

      Providing economic and military assistance to other nations, but not large numbers of American troops

  • 28. 
    The Paris Accords of 1973 included all of the following except
    • A. 

      The United States would withdraw the rest of its troops from South Vietnam

    • B. 

      The United States would end all economic and military aid to South Vietnam

    • C. 

      The United States would get back all prisoners in enemy hands

    • D. 

      North Vietnam could keep some of its troops in South Vietnam

    • E. 

      A promise of a cease-fire and free elections

  • 29. 
    Under the program of New Federalism, President Nixon sought to
    • A. 

      Shift the responsibility for social programs from the federal to state and local governments

    • B. 

      End the Great Society assistance programs for the working poor

    • C. 

      Attack inflation with a series of voluntary guidelines for business and labor

    • D. 

      Slow down desegregation by turning over busing decisions to the state courts

    • E. 

      Bring social programs all together under more efficient federal bureaucracy

  • 30. 
    Richard Nixon’s strategy to build a Republican majority for 1972 included all of the following except
    • A. 

      Hard-hitting attacks by Vice President Spiro Agnew on liberals and the media

    • B. 

      Gaining support in the South by slowing down court-ordered busing for desegregation

    • C. 

      Appointment of southern conservatives to the Supreme Court

    • D. 

      Appealing to the “silent majority”

    • E. 

      Establishing positive relationships with the national media and liberal press

  • 31. 
    What caused Richard Nixon to resign in 1974?
    • A. 

      He violated the War Powers Act passed by Congress

    • B. 

      He ordered the “Saturday night massacre”

    • C. 

      The White House tapes proved he was guilty of obstruction of justice

    • D. 

      He ordered his staff to keep an “enemies list” and use “dirty tricks”

    • E. 

      He took bribes while governor of Maryland

  • 32. 
    President Gerald Ford lost the most support from the American public for
    • A. 

      Allowing the fall of South Vietnam to the Communists

    • B. 

      His ineffective WIN campaign against inflation

    • C. 

      Becoming the first unelected president of the United States

    • D. 

      The loss of American lives in the Mayaquez affair

    • E. 

      His pardon of Richard Nixon

  • 33. 
    The main guiding principle of President Carter’s foreign policy was
    • A. 

      Detente

    • B. 

      Human rights

    • C. 

      Support of Israel

    • D. 

      Lower gas prices

    • E. 

      Containment of communism

  • 34. 
    The US economy in the late 1970s was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Low interest rates

    • B. 

      Oil shortages and increased oil prices

    • C. 

      Massive layoffs of workers

    • D. 

      Runaway inflation rates

    • E. 

      Recession

  • 35. 
    The US policy of detente with the Soviet Union ended because of
    • A. 

      The development of the MX missile

    • B. 

      The US recognition of the People’s Republic of China

    • C. 

      The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

    • D. 

      The failure of Congress to ratify SALT II

    • E. 

      Boycott of the Olympics in Moscow