Test Nga Biologjia

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| By Klasa10
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Test Nga Biologjia - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Cila nga këto materie është pjesë inorganike në qelizë ?

    • A.

      Magnezi

    • B.

      Glukoza

    • C.

      Fruktoza

    • D.

      Sakaroza

    Correct Answer
    A. Magnezi
    Explanation
    Magnezi është pjesë inorganike në qelizë për shkak të natyrës së tij kimike dhe strukturës së tij kristalore. Magnezi është një element kimik i cili nuk përmban atome të karbonit dhe nuk formon lidhje kimike komplekse me atomët e karbonit. Për këtë arsye, magnezi konsiderohet si një pjesë inorganike e qelizës.

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  • 2. 

    Cili nga këto karbohidrate bën pjesë në Monosakaride?

    • A.

      Sakaroza

    • B.

      Glukoza

    • C.

      Glikogjeni

    • D.

      Celuloza

    Correct Answer
    B. Glukoza
    Explanation
    Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates, consisting of a single sugar unit. Glucose is a monosaccharide and is commonly referred to as a "blood sugar" as it is the primary source of energy for the body. Sucrose (sakaroza) is a disaccharide, composed of glucose and fructose. Glycogen (glikogjeni) is a polysaccharide, made up of many glucose units and serves as a storage form of glucose in animals. Cellulose is also a polysaccharide, but it is not digestible by humans and serves as a structural component in plant cell walls. Therefore, out of the given options, only glucose is a monosaccharide.

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  • 3. 

    Procesi gjatë së cilit qeliza gëlltit copëza të ngurta quhet :

    • A.

      Pinocitoza

    • B.

      Fagocitoza

    • C.

      Ekzocitoza

    • D.

      Difuzion

    Correct Answer
    B. Fagocitoza
    Explanation
    Fagocitoza është procesi gjatë të cilit qeliza gëlltit copëza të ngurta. Në këtë proces, qelizat e sistemit imunitar, të quajtura fagocite, kapin dhe gëlltin copëza të huaja ose mikroorganizma për të eliminuar toksinat dhe infeksionet. Kjo ndodh përmes formimit të pseudopodeve, të cilat rrethojnë dhe fagocitojnë materialin e huaj. Fagocitoza është një mekanizëm i rëndësishëm mbrojtës i organizmit dhe ndihmon në mbrojtjen nga sëmundjet dhe infeksionet.

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  • 4. 

    Përbërje më të ndërlikuar kanë :

    • A.

      Qelizat eukariote

    • B.

      Qelizat prokariote

    Correct Answer
    A. Qelizat eukariote
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "qelizat eukariote". This is because eukaryotic cells are more complex and have a true nucleus, membrane-bound organelles, and multiple linear chromosomes. Prokaryotic cells, on the other hand, are simpler and do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles. Therefore, eukaryotic cells are more intricate and include a wider range of cellular structures and functions compared to prokaryotic cells.

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  • 5. 

    Në cilën pjesë të qelizës kryhet procesi i fotosintezës ?

    • A.

      Mitokondrie

    • B.

      Ribosome

    • C.

      Lizozome

    • D.

      Kloroplaste

    Correct Answer
    D. Kloroplaste
    Explanation
    The process of photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells that contain chlorophyll, the pigment responsible for capturing light energy. During photosynthesis, chloroplasts convert light energy into chemical energy, producing glucose and oxygen as byproducts. This process takes place in the chloroplasts' thylakoid membranes, where the chlorophyll molecules are located. Therefore, the correct answer is "kloroplaste" (chloroplasts).

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  • 6. 

    Cila organele qelizore ka rol të posaqëm për ndarjen e qelizës ?

    • A.

      Retikulumi endoplazmatik

    • B.

      Aparati i Golxhit

    • C.

      Lizozomet

    • D.

      Ribozomet

    Correct Answer
    C. Lizozomet
    Explanation
    The lysosome is responsible for the division of the cell. Lysosomes contain enzymes that break down waste materials and cellular debris. They also play a role in cell renewal and cell division by digesting and recycling old or damaged organelles. Therefore, the lysosome has a specific role in the division of the cell.

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  • 7. 

    Sa ATP lirohen gjatë procesit të Ciklit të Krebsit ?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      15

    • D.

      38

    Correct Answer
    D. 38
    Explanation
    During the Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle, ATP molecules are produced through a series of chemical reactions. These reactions involve the oxidation of acetyl CoA and the release of carbon dioxide. For each molecule of glucose that enters the Krebs cycle, a total of 38 ATP molecules are produced. Therefore, the correct answer is 38.

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  • 8. 

    Si quhet procesi kur ADN e kopjon vetveten ?

    • A.

      Transkriptim

    • B.

      Translatim

    • C.

      Transportim

    • D.

      Replikim

    Correct Answer
    D. Replikim
    Explanation
    Replikimi është procesi kur ADN e kopjon vetveten. Gjatë replikimit, molekulat e ADN ndahen dhe secila nga ato përdoret për të formuar një molekulë të re ADN. Ky proces ndodh gjatë fazës së rritjes së qelizave dhe është thelbësor për ruajtjen dhe trasmetimin e informacionit gjenetik nga një gjeneratë në tjetrën.

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  • 9. 

    Cili proces metabolik është paraqitur në figurë ?

    • A.

      Glukoliza

    • B.

      Glukogjenoliza

    • C.

      Cikli i Krebsit

    • D.

      Cikli Pentozik

    Correct Answer
    C. Cikli i Krebsit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Cikli i Krebsit". The question asks for the representation of a metabolic process, and out of the given options, the Krebs cycle (also known as the citric acid cycle) is the most appropriate choice. The Krebs cycle is a series of chemical reactions that occur in the mitochondria of cells, and it plays a crucial role in the production of energy through the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Therefore, it is a significant metabolic process that is commonly represented in diagrams and figures.

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  • 10. 

    Si përbërës i ultramikroelementeve ne qelizë është ?

    • A.

      Ari

    • B.

      Kalciumi

    • C.

      Klori

    • D.

      Bakri

    Correct Answer
    A. Ari
    Explanation
    Ari (gold) is a noble metal that is not essential for cellular function. Ultramicroelements are trace elements that are required by cells in very small amounts for various physiological processes. Gold does not fall into this category and therefore is not a constituent of ultramicroelements in cells.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 25, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Klasa10
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