The Pullman Strike of 1894 Quiz

By Amit Mangal
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The Pullman Strike Of 1894 Quiz - Quiz

The Pullman Strike of 1894 was a landmark event in the United States labor movement. This quiz provides you with valuable information about the strike. Rail travel in the United States Midwest was significantly affected due to the strike's extensive railroad blockage and boycott. This informative quiz traces the history, ramifications, and government's response to the strike. If you like the quiz, do share it with your friends and family. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the primary reason behind the 1894 Pullman Strike?

    • A.

      Reduced pay without a corresponding decrease in rent.

    • B.

      Awful workplace conditions

    • C.

      The murder of Eugene V. Debs 

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Reduced pay without a corresponding decrease in rent.
    Explanation
    The primary reason behind the 1894 Pullman Strike was reduced pay without a corresponding decrease in rent. This means that the workers' wages were lowered, but the cost of living in the company town of Pullman, where they lived, remained the same. This created a significant financial burden for the workers and led to their decision to go on strike. The other options, awful workplace conditions and the murder of Eugene V. Debs, may have also been factors contributing to the strike, but the reduced pay without a decrease in rent was the main reason.

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  • 2. 

    At the time of the strike, what percent of the company's workforce was represented by the American Railway Union?

    • A.

      50%

    • B.

      35%

    • C.

      75%

    • D.

      20%

    Correct Answer
    B. 35%
    Explanation
    The American Railway Union represented 35% of the company's workforce at the time of the strike.

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  • 3. 

    Who was George Pullman?

    • A.

      Owner of Pullman Palace Car Co.

    • B.

      A man who pulled things.

    • C.

      A worker who died.

    • D.

      Leader of the Pullman strike.

    Correct Answer
    A. Owner of Pullman Palace Car Co.
    Explanation
    George Pullman was the owner of Pullman Palace Car Co., a company that manufactured luxury railway cars. He is best known for his invention of the Pullman sleeping car, which revolutionized train travel by providing comfortable accommodations for passengers. Pullman's company became highly successful, and he amassed great wealth and power. However, he also faced criticism for his treatment of workers and was involved in the infamous Pullman Strike of 1894. Overall, Pullman's role as the owner of the Pullman Palace Car Co. defines his significance in history.

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  • 4. 

    Which union encouraged the Pullman employees to unite?

    • A.

      American Railway Union

    • B.

      American Workers Association

    • C.

      American Mill Association

    • D.

      American Socialist Association

    Correct Answer
    A. American Railway Union
    Explanation
    The American Railway Union encouraged the Pullman employees to unite. This union was specifically focused on representing and advocating for the rights and interests of railway workers in the United States. Given that the Pullman employees were also part of the railway industry, it makes sense that the American Railway Union would be the one to encourage them to unite and stand together for their common goals and demands.

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  • 5. 

    Who was the leader of the American Railway Union?

    • A.

      Mark Elliot

    • B.

      Charles Taylor

    • C.

      Frank Munro

    • D.

       Eugene V. Debs

    Correct Answer
    D.  Eugene V. Debs
    Explanation
    Eugene V. Debs was the leader of the American Railway Union. He was a prominent labor leader and socialist who played a significant role in the labor movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Debs founded the American Railway Union in 1893, which was one of the first industrial unions in the United States. He led several strikes and advocated for workers' rights, often facing opposition from powerful corporations and the government. Debs' leadership and activism made a lasting impact on the labor movement in America.

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  • 6. 

    How many strikers died in Pullman Strike?

    • A.

      52

    • B.

      30

    • C.

      62

    • D.

      15

    Correct Answer
    B. 30
    Explanation
    The Pullman Strike was a nationwide railroad strike that occurred in the United States in 1894. It was led by the American Railway Union (ARU) against the Pullman Company, a railroad car manufacturing company. During the strike, there were violent clashes between the striking workers and the federal government, resulting in deaths. The correct answer, 30, indicates that 30 strikers died during the Pullman Strike.

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  • 7. 

    The strike started from

    • A.

      Austin

    • B.

      Chicago

    • C.

      Houston

    • D.

      St. Louis

    Correct Answer
    B. Chicago
    Explanation
    The strike started from Chicago.

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  • 8. 

    The strike ended with

    • A.

      With an agreement that the employees must be paid more.

    • B.

      Federal troops killing some union men.

    • C.

      With an agreement that the workers would receive better working conditions.

    • D.

      With a Supreme Court ruling in favor of the workers. 

    Correct Answer
    B. Federal troops killing some union men.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Federal troops killing some union men." This answer suggests that the strike ended through violent means, specifically with the intervention of federal troops who resorted to killing some of the union members. This implies that the strike was forcefully suppressed, leading to a tragic outcome for the workers involved.

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  • 9. 

    Who in Washington demanded that federal troops should be sent to quell the strike?

    • A.

      Secretary of State

    • B.

      Attorney General

    • C.

      Secretary of Treasury

    • D.

      Secretary of Defense

    Correct Answer
    B. Attorney General
    Explanation
    During a strike in Washington, it was the Attorney General who demanded that federal troops be sent to suppress the strike. The Attorney General is responsible for providing legal advice to the government and enforcing federal laws. In this situation, the Attorney General likely believed that deploying federal troops would help maintain law and order and ensure the strike was brought under control.

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  • 10. 

    Who was the Attorney General of the United States at the time of the Pullman strike?

    • A.

      Charles Lee

    • B.

      William Bradford

    • C.

      Richard Olney

    • D.

      William Pinkney

    Correct Answer
    C. Richard Olney
    Explanation
    Richard Olney was the Attorney General of the United States at the time of the Pullman strike. The Pullman strike occurred in 1894 when workers at the Pullman Palace Car Company went on strike to protest wage cuts and poor working conditions. President Grover Cleveland appointed Olney as Attorney General in 1893, and during the strike, Olney played a significant role in supporting the company's position and obtaining an injunction against the striking workers. This action ultimately led to the federal government's intervention and the suppression of the strike.

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Amit Mangal |Content Moderator |
Amit, a Senior Quiz Moderator at ProProfs.com, utilizes his profound content expertise to design captivating and precise quizzes. His unwavering commitment to maintaining quiz excellence resonates seamlessly with ProProfs.com's vision of fostering knowledge enhancement. Amit holds a strong background in creating quizzes on history, politics, current affairs, etc.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 08, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Amit Mangal
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