Ionization And Dissociation of Substance Quiz

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Ionization And Dissociation Of Substance Quiz - Quiz

Hello, there! Again we are back with an informative chemistry quiz based on the ionization and dissociation of substances. What do you understand by ionization and dissociation? What are the differences between these two terminologies? If you are a good student of Chemistry, this quiz will not be a tough task for you. Here, we have asked a few basic questions only. Let's see who gets 100 out of 100 marks on this quiz. Good luck, dear!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is ionization?

    • A.

      It is a process in which electrically neutral atoms (or molecules) get converted into electrically charged atoms.

    • B.

      In this process, charged particles and X-rays transfer their energy to matter.

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Ionization is the process in which electrically neutral atoms or molecules gain or lose electrons, resulting in the formation of electrically charged atoms or ions. This can occur through various means, including the transfer of energy from charged particles and X-rays to matter. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both A and B", as both statements A and B describe different aspects of the ionization process.

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  • 2. 

    What is dissociation?

    • A.

      It is the breaking up of a compound into simpler constituents.

    • B.

      It is the combining of simpler constituents into a compound.

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. It is the breaking up of a compound into simpler constituents.
    Explanation
    Dissociation refers to the process of breaking up a compound into simpler constituents. This can occur when a compound is dissolved in a solvent, where the compound's molecules separate into individual ions or smaller molecules. This process is commonly observed in ionic compounds, where the positive and negative ions separate from each other in solution. Therefore, the correct answer is "It is the breaking up of a compound into simpler constituents."

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  • 3. 

    How do most dissociating substances produce ions?

    • A.

      By chemical combination with the solute

    • B.

      By chemical combination with the solvent

    • C.

      By chemical combination with the solution

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. By chemical combination with the solvent
    Explanation
    Most dissociating substances produce ions by chemical combination with the solvent. When a dissociating substance is added to a solvent, it undergoes a chemical reaction with the solvent molecules, causing the substance to dissociate into ions. This process is known as solvation or hydration. The solvent molecules surround the dissociated ions, effectively separating them and allowing them to move freely in the solution. Therefore, the correct answer is "by chemical combination with the solvent."

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  • 4. 

    In which type of solution does ionization often occur?

    • A.

      Substitutional solid solution

    • B.

      Solid solution

    • C.

      Liquid solution

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Liquid solution
    Explanation
    Ionization often occurs in liquid solutions. When a substance dissolves in a liquid, it can break apart into ions, which are charged particles. This process is known as ionization. In a liquid solution, the solvent molecules are able to surround and interact with the solute molecules, causing them to separate into ions. This ionization is important for various chemical reactions and processes that occur in liquid solutions.

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  • 5. 

    Which neutral particles cause almost no ionization?

    • A.

      Neutrons

    • B.

      Neutrinos

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Both neutrons and neutrinos cause almost no ionization because they are electrically neutral particles. Neutrons have no charge, while neutrinos have a very small charge. As a result, they do not interact strongly with charged particles and do not cause the ionization of atoms or molecules as they pass through matter.

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  • 6. 

    How do X-ray and gamma-ray photons cause ionization?

    • A.

      By accepting electrons from atoms through the photoelectric effect.

    • B.

      By ejecting electrons from atoms by the photoelectric effect.

    • C.

      Both a and b

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. By ejecting electrons from atoms by the photoelectric effect.
    Explanation
    X-ray and gamma-ray photons cause ionization by ejecting electrons from atoms through the photoelectric effect. The photoelectric effect occurs when a photon transfers its energy to an electron, causing the electron to be ejected from the atom. This process results in the ionization of the atom, as it loses an electron and becomes positively charged. Therefore, the correct answer is "By ejecting electrons from atoms by the photoelectric effect."

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  • 7. 

    What is the general formula for a dissociation reaction?

    • A.

      A + B → AB

    • B.

      AB → A + B

    • C.

      A + BC → AC + B

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. AB → A + B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is AB → A + B. This formula represents a dissociation reaction where a compound AB breaks down into its constituent elements A and B. This reaction is commonly seen in chemical processes where a compound decomposes into simpler substances.

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  • 8. 

    Dissociation reactions are ___________ in nature.

    • A.

      Irreversible

    • B.

      Reversible

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      It's not clear.

    Correct Answer
    B. Reversible
    Explanation
    Dissociation reactions refer to the breaking apart of compounds into their constituent ions. Reversible reactions can go in both directions, meaning that the products can reform into the original compounds. Therefore, the correct answer is "reversible" because dissociation reactions can be reversed and the compounds can be reformed.

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  • 9. 

    What happens when HCl reacts with H2O?

    • A.

      It produces H3O+

    • B.

      It produces Cl-

    • C.

      Nothing major happens.

    • D.

      It produces oxygen molecules.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. It produces H3O+
    B. It produces Cl-
    Explanation
    When HCl reacts with H2O, it produces H3O+ and Cl-. This is because HCl is a strong acid that dissociates in water, releasing H+ ions. The H+ ions then combine with H2O molecules to form H3O+ ions. Additionally, the Cl- ions are also released from the dissociation of HCl. Therefore, both H3O+ and Cl- are produced when HCl reacts with H2O.

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  • 10. 

    Intermolecular collisions may also ionize gases at ___________ temperatures.

    • A.

      High

    • B.

      Equal

    • C.

      Low

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. High
    Explanation
    At high temperatures, the kinetic energy of gas particles increases, leading to more frequent and energetic collisions between molecules. These collisions can provide enough energy to overcome the ionization energy of gas molecules, resulting in the formation of ions. Therefore, intermolecular collisions can ionize gases at high temperatures.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 09, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Nia Nicholson
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