Depolarization and Repolarization Quiz

By Amit Mangal
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Depolarization And Repolarization Quiz - Quiz

The series of events from one heartbeat to the next is referred to as the cardiac cycle. Play this informative quiz and see how well you know the important concepts of depolarization and repolarization. They play a vital role in the proper functioning of the heart. This quiz contains various questions ranging from easy, medium, to a hard level that will not only gauge your understanding but would also enhance your theoretical and practical understanding of the subjects. Play this quiz to know more. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does ECG stand for?

    • A.

      Electric Cardio Graph

    • B.

      Electric Cardio Gram

    • C.

      Electro Cardio Gram

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Electro Cardio Gram
    Explanation
    ECG stands for Electro Cardio Gram. It is a medical test that records the electrical activity of the heart. This test is commonly used to detect and diagnose various heart conditions, such as arrhythmias, heart attacks, and heart disease. During an ECG, electrodes are placed on the skin to measure the electrical signals produced by the heart. These signals are then recorded and displayed as waves on a graph, providing valuable information about the heart's health and functioning.

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  • 2. 

    The three ECG events occurring in the sequence are? 

    • A.

       wave, T wave, QRS complex

    • B.

      P wave, QRS complex, T wave

    • C.

      T wave, QRS complex, P wave

    • D.

      QRS complex, P wave, T wave

    Correct Answer
    B. P wave, QRS complex, T wave
    Explanation
    The correct sequence of ECG events is P wave, QRS complex, T wave. The P wave represents atrial depolarization, which is the electrical activity that causes the atria to contract. The QRS complex represents ventricular depolarization, which is the electrical activity that causes the ventricles to contract. The T wave represents ventricular repolarization, which is the electrical activity that allows the ventricles to relax and prepare for the next contraction. Therefore, the correct sequence of events is P wave, QRS complex, T wave.

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  • 3. 

    What does T wave show?

    • A.

      Repolarization of ventricles and atria

    • B.

      Repolarization of atria

    • C.

      Repolarization of ventricles

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Repolarization of ventricles
    Explanation
    The T wave on an electrocardiogram (ECG) represents the repolarization of the ventricles. During this phase of the cardiac cycle, the ventricles are resetting their electrical charge in preparation for the next heartbeat. The T wave is a small, rounded wave that follows the larger QRS complex on the ECG. It is important in assessing the overall health and function of the heart, as abnormalities in the T wave can indicate various cardiac conditions. The other options, repolarization of atria and none of the above, are incorrect as they do not accurately describe what the T wave represents.

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  • 4. 

    Ventricle depolarization means

    • A.

      The atria's walls receive the electrical impulse

    • B.

      Electrical impulses are transmitted to the atrium's wall

    • C.

      The left ventricle's wall is reached by the electrical impulse

    • D.

      The ventricle walls receive the electrical impulse

    Correct Answer
    D. The ventricle walls receive the electrical impulse
    Explanation
    In the process of ventricle depolarization, the electrical impulse is transmitted to the walls of the ventricles. This means that the electrical signal that initiates the contraction of the ventricles is received by the ventricle walls, causing them to contract and pump blood out of the heart.

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  • 5. 

    The starting point of the electrical current, which is regarded as the heart's pacemaker, is called?

    • A.

      Right atrium

    • B.

      Sino-atrial node

    • C.

      Atria-ventricular node

    • D.

      Left ventricle

    Correct Answer
    B. Sino-atrial node
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sino-atrial node. The Sino-atrial node is located in the right atrium of the heart and is responsible for initiating the electrical impulses that regulate the heart's rhythm. It acts as the heart's natural pacemaker, sending signals to the atria to contract and pump blood into the ventricles. The electrical current generated by the Sino-atrial node then spreads throughout the heart, coordinating the contraction and relaxation of the different chambers and ensuring an efficient pumping action.

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  • 6. 

    Which heart structures are harmed if there is a 

    • A.

      Tricuspid valve

    • B.

      Bicuspid valve

    • C.

      Purkinje fibers

    • D.

      SA/AV node

    Correct Answer
    A. Tricuspid valve
    Explanation
    The tricuspid valve is responsible for controlling the flow of blood between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart. If the tricuspid valve is harmed, it can lead to a condition called tricuspid valve regurgitation or tricuspid valve stenosis. This can result in blood flowing back into the right atrium instead of going to the lungs to get oxygenated, causing symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and fluid retention. In severe cases, it may require surgical intervention to repair or replace the damaged valve.

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  • 7. 

    A cell's capacity to send an electrical impulse to an additional cardiac cell is called?

    • A.

      Conductivity

    • B.

      Automaticity

    • C.

      Excitability

    • D.

      Contractility 

    Correct Answer
    A. Conductivity
    Explanation
    Conductivity refers to a cell's ability to transmit an electrical impulse to another cell. In the context of the question, conductivity is the correct answer as it describes the capacity of a cardiac cell to send an electrical impulse to an additional cardiac cell. Conductivity is an essential property of cardiac cells that allows for the coordinated contraction of the heart muscle, ensuring proper functioning of the organ.

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  • 8. 

    Fully depolarized cells that make an effort to return to their resting state are known as

    • A.

      Depolarization

    • B.

      Repolarization

    • C.

      Polarization

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Repolarization
    Explanation
    Repolarization refers to the process in which fully depolarized cells make an effort to return to their resting state. During depolarization, the cell's membrane potential becomes more positive, while during repolarization, it becomes more negative again. Therefore, repolarization is the correct term to describe the phenomenon of cells returning to their resting state after depolarization.

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  • 9. 

    What pacemaker fires between 40 and 60 times each minute?

    • A.

      SV node

    • B.

      AV node

    • C.

      Purkinje fibers

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. AV node
    Explanation
    The AV node is responsible for controlling the heart rate by firing electrical signals between 40 and 60 times per minute. This node acts as a bridge between the atria and the ventricles, allowing for coordinated contractions and proper blood flow. The other options, such as the SV node and Purkinje fibers, do not regulate the heart rate in this specific range. Therefore, the correct answer is the AV node.

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  • 10. 

    Which "wave form" is occasionally absent from an ECG?

    • A.

      U

    • B.

      QRS

    • C.

      P

    • D.

      T

    Correct Answer
    A. U
    Explanation
    The U wave is occasionally absent from an ECG. The U wave represents the repolarization of the Purkinje fibers in the ventricles. It is a small, rounded wave that follows the T wave. While it is not always present, its absence can be an indication of certain conditions such as hypokalemia or hypercalcemia.

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Amit Mangal |Content Moderator |
Amit, a Senior Quiz Moderator at ProProfs.com, utilizes his profound content expertise to design captivating and precise quizzes. His unwavering commitment to maintaining quiz excellence resonates seamlessly with ProProfs.com's vision of fostering knowledge enhancement. Amit holds a strong background in creating quizzes on history, politics, current affairs, etc.

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  • Aug 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 22, 2022
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    Amit Mangal
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