Microbiology Test #4-chapter 11,12,13-bideshi @cbu

152 Questions  I  By Ejohnson856 on November 5, 2011
MICROBIOLOGY Test #4, SYMPTOMS NAME ORGANISM TREATMENT PREVELANCE

  

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1.  What is known as the "Clap"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Organism that causes Chlamydia?
3.  Organism that causes syphilis?
4.  Hard Chancre Seeps clear fluid Heals within 3 weeks Are all symptoms of what orgamism? _________  ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Teponema pallidum organis is in the shape of rods?
A.
B.
6.  Treatment for Treponema pallidum is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Gram (-) diplococci, kidney shape, name the organism?__________
8.  Treatment for Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Secondary Syphilis has symptoms: flu like palms of soles and feet have a rash death can result if untreated copper colored skin rash
A.
B.
10.  Inflammation of the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Inflammation of the fallopian tubes?___________
12.  Treatment for Chlamydia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Symptoms of Chlamydia include: painful urination watery discharge discharge
A.
B.
14.  Haemophilus ducrey, is a gram (-) coccobacilli? Name the disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Symptoms of Haemophilus ducrey include: Gummas Damage to the central nervous system
A.
B.
16.  Azithromycin Erythormycin Ceftriazone All are treatments used for what disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Symptoms include: Salpingitis PID Opthalmia Pneumonia infertitlity, etopic pregnancy
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Obligate intracellular parasite non-gonococcal urethritis 15-24 years old 2 phases- infectious elementary body, non-infectious reticulate body
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Fever, swelling and tenderness of the groin lymph nodes. Prevalence: C & S America, SE Asia
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Symptoms include: begins with nodules>lead to ulcers>bleed easily>lymph nodes Fever absent
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Name the organism that causes Granuloma inguinale?
22.  Treatment for Donovanosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Klebsiella granulomatis  has a gram (+) cocci.
A.
B.
24.  Gonorrhea, is an infection of the urogenital tract.
A.
B.
25.  Ureaplasma urealyticum (T-mycoplasma) ****lacks a cell wall the common name is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Ureaplasma urealyticum (T-Mycoplasma) lacks cell wall Symptoms are similar to those similar to gonorrhea and chlamydia but are more severe. Treatment: Penicillin
A.
B.
27.  Ureaplasmal urethritis, can colonize the placenta during pregnancy, miscarriage, premature birth.
A.
B.
28.  Urethritis Cystitis Prostatitis Pyelonephritits Are all similar inflammatory symptoms of what infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Urinary tract infections are caused by viruses and the treatment is penicillin.
A.
B.
30.  Treament includes: Ceftriaxone & tetracycline PPNG(Penicillinase producing Neisseria gonorrhea) (beta-lactamase) gene located on plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Death in women who become pregnant, Bacteria can spread to the blood stream and infect the joints, heart valves and brain. DGI(Disseminated gonococcal infection)
A.
B.
32.  Non-specific vaginitis & Non-gonococcal urethritis include what kind of treatment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Contact diseases are caused by?____________ ______________ _______________
34.  _________________in the skin protects deeper layers.
35.  Proprionibacterium acnes is also known as?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Proprionibacterium acnes is a?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Types of COMEDONES? Description for Open:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Plugged glands are also called?__________
39.  Treatment for Acne is: Harsh soaps, hydrogen peroxide; Retin B
A.
B.
40.  Protective Barrier: Epidermis, Keratin, Acid mantle, Salt (sweat)
A.
B.
41.  With regards to Microbiota in the skin; Molecules/cells: Defensins Dendritic (Langerhans) cells
A.
B.
42.  Cornynebacterium Staphylococcus Acinetobacter are all examples of normal Microbiota in the skin.
A.
B.
43.  __________________infections can create abscesses and/or produce exotoxins.
44.  Exotoxins can include what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  _________________ is a diffuse inflammation of connective tissue with severe inflammation of dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin.
46.  What is a circumscribed pus-filled lesion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What causes infants;red; wrinkled; tender skin
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Superficial, thin walled blister is known as Boil (furuncle).
A.
B.
49.  Treatments for Staphylococcus skin diseases include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Erythromycin is used for MRSA?
A.
B.
51.  Rapid-rising fever/circulatory collapse vomiting severe diarrhea sore throat, muscle aches sunburn like rash with peeling of skin
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Treatment of Toxic Shock Syndrome:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Streptococcal diseases can be asymptomatic to mild.
A.
B.
54.  Streptococcus pyogenes is hemolytic on blood agar.
A.
B.
55.  Group B strep (GAS) attach to cells and secrete toxins.
A.
B.
56.  Group A strep causes:_______________ ________ _______________
57.  ___________acute infection of the dermis resulting in inflammation/redining of the skin.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Cat scratch (fever) disease is caused by what organism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Pasteurella multocida is a gram - cocci; causes mad cow disease.
A.
B.
60.  Local redness, warmth, swelling and tenderness; abscesses. caused by this gram - rod, Pasteurella multocida.
A.
B.
61.  Also called sodoku.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Sodoku is primarily found in?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Treatment for sodoku is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  In the USA Acinobacillus muris ( formerly Streptobacillus moniliformis) Gram-negative rod is also called____________ __________ ______________?
65.  Triad of symptoms for Acinobacillus muris
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Infects the skin and peripheral nerves, deformities due to lack of pain sensation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  95% of the Worlda population has natural immunity to this disease. Also known as Hansen's Disease.
68.  Screening test for Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)?
69.  Tumor like growth on skin_________
70.  Has affinity for Schwann Cells which surround nerve axons.
71.  M. leprae cannot pass through intcact skin.
A.
B.
72.  Nodular Type of leprosy usually involves the forehead with loss of the eyebrows
A.
B.
73.  Presentss as multiple infiltrated papules and plaques.
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  95% of the World population is immune from Lepromatous Leprosy (multibacillary leprosy) .
A.
B.
75.  PGL-1 triggers uptake of M. leprae by Schwann cells.
A.
B.
76.  ____________typically shows damage to adjacent peripheral nerves with resulting neuropathic ulceration and traumatic amputation of the toes and fingers or marked flexion contractures of the fingers.
77.  Limited skin lesions(<5) smear test show absence of organisms skin test show positive Not contagious: possible because of low baterial load
78.  Treatment for Leprosy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Haemophilus influenze III (H. aegypticus) is also known as?
80.  Neisseria gonorrhea Chlamydia trachomatis cause blindness in newborn children passing it through birth canal.
A.
B.
81.  Trachoma can lead to blindness. 500,000,000 infections mostly in children
A.
B.
82.  Yaws is spread person to person and has bloody lesion the has a "raspberry" color.
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Organism for Bejel:
84.  Organism for Pinta:
85.  Pseudomembranous colitis Anaerobic gram + spore forming rod yellowish green pseudomembrane association with antibiotic therapy What is the organism name?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  _______________________diseases are acquired in a health care setting.
87.  Enterobacteriaceae such as E.coli, P. mirabilis and S. aureus are examples of Nosocomial diseases acquired in public restrooms.
A.
B.
88.  Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is also known as MRSA.
A.
B.
89.  Bacillus antracis
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Signs and symptoms include: Foul oder and intense pain and swelling at the wound site
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Symptoms include: Muscle stiffness in jaw and neck.
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Spirochaete with a hook on one end undulant movement Organism name       hint:( causes fever and headache) (Weil's disease)
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Disease due to stoppage of blood flow, usually as a result of blockage by dead tissue.
94.  Cyonecrosis is dead tissue.
A.
B.
95.  Known as the "Medical time bomb" Treatment: Doxycycline
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Gram - bacilli Bacteria absorbed through contaminate wounds Chronic disease: Abscess in heart,lung, liver, spleen Acute disease: Pneumonia and septicemia Usually Fatal Treatment:  Doxycycline
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  ___________________is a blood disease- Lymph Nodes Swelling Dark-purple splotches from Hemorrhages also observed Bacteria from buboes can spread to bloodstream to cause Septicemia and plague meningitits. 100% fatal if untreated.
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Transmitted by respiratory (aerosols) to the respiratory system- 100% mortality if untreated;lung hemorrhaging and cardiovascular collapse.
99.  Treatment for Bubinc (black)/Pneumonic plague:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Plague is transmitted by the rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopsis. Etiologic Agent of Plague: Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
101.  Endemic in the southwestern US in wild animals called the Bubonic Plague .
A.
B.
102.  Description of Borrelia burgdorferi: Spirocheaete Named after Willy Burgdorfer. Name the common name?
103.  Tularemia organism name is? Plague like disease in squirrels 10-50 colony forming units can cause disease transmission by ticks and skinning animals Treatment: Tetracycline or Streptomycin
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Deer tick is known as?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Rocky Mountain Wood tick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Small "gram-negative bacilli; transmitted by ticks, lice and fleas.
A.
B.
107.  Work by degrading cytoplasmic membrae integrity, causing cell lysis and death.
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Mexican typhus is also known as : Due to its prevalence in the Southwest .
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  R. tsustsugamushi vectored by mites?
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  R. akari; vectored by mites?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Epidemic typhus Transmission: by lice feces: Pediculus Infectious agent scratched into skin Intense fever as high as 40C, rash Maculopapular rash first appear on the body trunk; then progess to exptremities. 75% die in epidemics
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) begins with a characteristic rash on palms and soles. Diagnosis is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  Bull's eye rash begins at the site of the tick bite with fever, aches and pains and flue like symptoms.
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Endemic (murine) typhus is transmitted by infected fleas it occurs sporadically.
A.
B.
115.  Treatment of Lyme disease:
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  Treatment of Tularemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.