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Microbiology Test #4-chapter 11,12,13-bideshi @cbu

152 Questions  I  By Ejohnson856
Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
MICROBIOLOGY Test #4,
SYMPTOMS
NAME
ORGANISM
TREATMENT
PREVELANCE

  
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1.  What is known as the "Clap"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Organism that causes Chlamydia?
3.  Organism that causes syphilis?
4.  Hard Chancre Seeps clear fluid Heals within 3 weeks Are all symptoms of what orgamism? _________  ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Teponema pallidum organis is in the shape of rods?
A.
B.
6.  Treatment for Treponema pallidum is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Gram (-) diplococci, kidney shape, name the organism?__________
8.  Treatment for Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Secondary Syphilis has symptoms: flu like palms of soles and feet have a rash death can result if untreated copper colored skin rash
A.
B.
10.  Inflammation of the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Inflammation of the fallopian tubes?___________
12.  Treatment for Chlamydia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Symptoms of Chlamydia include: painful urination watery discharge discharge
A.
B.
14.  Haemophilus ducrey, is a gram (-) coccobacilli? Name the disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Symptoms of Haemophilus ducrey include: Gummas Damage to the central nervous system
A.
B.
16.  Azithromycin Erythormycin Ceftriazone All are treatments used for what disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Symptoms include: Salpingitis PID Opthalmia Pneumonia infertitlity, etopic pregnancy
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Obligate intracellular parasite non-gonococcal urethritis 15-24 years old 2 phases- infectious elementary body, non-infectious reticulate body
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Fever, swelling and tenderness of the groin lymph nodes. Prevalence: C & S America, SE Asia
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Symptoms include: begins with nodules>lead to ulcers>bleed easily>lymph nodes Fever absent
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Name the organism that causes Granuloma inguinale?
22.  Treatment for Donovanosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Klebsiella granulomatis  has a gram (+) cocci.
A.
B.
24.  Gonorrhea, is an infection of the urogenital tract.
A.
B.
25.  Ureaplasma urealyticum (T-mycoplasma) ****lacks a cell wall the common name is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Ureaplasma urealyticum (T-Mycoplasma) lacks cell wall Symptoms are similar to those similar to gonorrhea and chlamydia but are more severe. Treatment: Penicillin
A.
B.
27.  Ureaplasmal urethritis, can colonize the placenta during pregnancy, miscarriage, premature birth.
A.
B.
28.  Urethritis Cystitis Prostatitis Pyelonephritits Are all similar inflammatory symptoms of what infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Urinary tract infections are caused by viruses and the treatment is penicillin.
A.
B.
30.  Treament includes: Ceftriaxone & tetracycline PPNG(Penicillinase producing Neisseria gonorrhea) (beta-lactamase) gene located on plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Death in women who become pregnant, Bacteria can spread to the blood stream and infect the joints, heart valves and brain. DGI(Disseminated gonococcal infection)
A.
B.
32.  Non-specific vaginitis & Non-gonococcal urethritis include what kind of treatment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Contact diseases are caused by?____________ ______________ _______________
34.  _________________in the skin protects deeper layers.
35.  Proprionibacterium acnes is also known as?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Proprionibacterium acnes is a?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Types of COMEDONES? Description for Open:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Plugged glands are also called?__________
39.  Treatment for Acne is: Harsh soaps, hydrogen peroxide; Retin B
A.
B.
40.  Protective Barrier: Epidermis, Keratin, Acid mantle, Salt (sweat)
A.
B.
41.  With regards to Microbiota in the skin; Molecules/cells: Defensins Dendritic (Langerhans) cells
A.
B.
42.  Cornynebacterium Staphylococcus Acinetobacter are all examples of normal Microbiota in the skin.
A.
B.
43.  __________________infections can create abscesses and/or produce exotoxins.
44.  Exotoxins can include what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  _________________ is a diffuse inflammation of connective tissue with severe inflammation of dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin.
46.  What is a circumscribed pus-filled lesion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What causes infants;red; wrinkled; tender skin
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Superficial, thin walled blister is known as Boil (furuncle).
A.
B.
49.  Treatments for Staphylococcus skin diseases include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Erythromycin is used for MRSA?
A.
B.
51.  Rapid-rising fever/circulatory collapse vomiting severe diarrhea sore throat, muscle aches sunburn like rash with peeling of skin
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Treatment of Toxic Shock Syndrome:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Streptococcal diseases can be asymptomatic to mild.
A.
B.
54.  Streptococcus pyogenes is hemolytic on blood agar.
A.
B.
55.  Group B strep (GAS) attach to cells and secrete toxins.
A.
B.
56.  Group A strep causes:_______________ ________ _______________
57.  ___________acute infection of the dermis resulting in inflammation/redining of the skin.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Cat scratch (fever) disease is caused by what organism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Pasteurella multocida is a gram - cocci; causes mad cow disease.
A.
B.
60.  Local redness, warmth, swelling and tenderness; abscesses. caused by this gram - rod, Pasteurella multocida.
A.
B.
61.  Also called sodoku.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Sodoku is primarily found in?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Treatment for sodoku is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  In the USA Acinobacillus muris ( formerly Streptobacillus moniliformis) Gram-negative rod is also called____________ __________ ______________?
65.  Triad of symptoms for Acinobacillus muris
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Infects the skin and peripheral nerves, deformities due to lack of pain sensation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  95% of the Worlda population has natural immunity to this disease. Also known as Hansen's Disease.
68.  Screening test for Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)?
69.  Tumor like growth on skin_________
70.  Has affinity for Schwann Cells which surround nerve axons.
71.  M. leprae cannot pass through intcact skin.
A.
B.
72.  Nodular Type of leprosy usually involves the forehead with loss of the eyebrows
A.
B.
73.  Presentss as multiple infiltrated papules and plaques.
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  95% of the World population is immune from Lepromatous Leprosy (multibacillary leprosy) .
A.
B.
75.  PGL-1 triggers uptake of M. leprae by Schwann cells.
A.
B.
76.  ____________typically shows damage to adjacent peripheral nerves with resulting neuropathic ulceration and traumatic amputation of the toes and fingers or marked flexion contractures of the fingers.
77.  Limited skin lesions(<5) smear test show absence of organisms skin test show positive Not contagious: possible because of low baterial load
78.  Treatment for Leprosy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Haemophilus influenze III (H. aegypticus) is also known as?
80.  Neisseria gonorrhea Chlamydia trachomatis cause blindness in newborn children passing it through birth canal.
A.
B.
81.  Trachoma can lead to blindness. 500,000,000 infections mostly in children
A.
B.
82.  Yaws is spread person to person and has bloody lesion the has a "raspberry" color.
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Organism for Bejel:
84.  Organism for Pinta:
85.  Pseudomembranous colitis Anaerobic gram + spore forming rod yellowish green pseudomembrane association with antibiotic therapy What is the organism name?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  _______________________diseases are acquired in a health care setting.
87.  Enterobacteriaceae such as E.coli, P. mirabilis and S. aureus are examples of Nosocomial diseases acquired in public restrooms.
A.
B.
88.  Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is also known as MRSA.
A.
B.
89.  Bacillus antracis
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Signs and symptoms include: Foul oder and intense pain and swelling at the wound site
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Symptoms include: Muscle stiffness in jaw and neck.
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Spirochaete with a hook on one end undulant movement Organism name       hint:( causes fever and headache) (Weil's disease)
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Disease due to stoppage of blood flow, usually as a result of blockage by dead tissue.
94.  Cyonecrosis is dead tissue.
A.
B.
95.  Known as the "Medical time bomb" Treatment: Doxycycline
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Gram - bacilli Bacteria absorbed through contaminate wounds Chronic disease: Abscess in heart,lung, liver, spleen Acute disease: Pneumonia and septicemia Usually Fatal Treatment:  Doxycycline
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  ___________________is a blood disease- Lymph Nodes Swelling Dark-purple splotches from Hemorrhages also observed Bacteria from buboes can spread to bloodstream to cause Septicemia and plague meningitits. 100% fatal if untreated.
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Transmitted by respiratory (aerosols) to the respiratory system- 100% mortality if untreated;lung hemorrhaging and cardiovascular collapse.
99.  Treatment for Bubinc (black)/Pneumonic plague:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Plague is transmitted by the rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopsis. Etiologic Agent of Plague: Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
101.  Endemic in the southwestern US in wild animals called the Bubonic Plague .
A.
B.
102.  Description of Borrelia burgdorferi: Spirocheaete Named after Willy Burgdorfer. Name the common name?
103.  Tularemia organism name is? Plague like disease in squirrels 10-50 colony forming units can cause disease transmission by ticks and skinning animals Treatment: Tetracycline or Streptomycin
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Deer tick is known as?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Rocky Mountain Wood tick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Small "gram-negative bacilli; transmitted by ticks, lice and fleas.
A.
B.
107.  Work by degrading cytoplasmic membrae integrity, causing cell lysis and death.
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Mexican typhus is also known as : Due to its prevalence in the Southwest .
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  R. tsustsugamushi vectored by mites?
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  R. akari; vectored by mites?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Epidemic typhus Transmission: by lice feces: Pediculus Infectious agent scratched into skin Intense fever as high as 40C, rash Maculopapular rash first appear on the body trunk; then progess to exptremities. 75% die in epidemics
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) begins with a characteristic rash on palms and soles. Diagnosis is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  Bull's eye rash begins at the site of the tick bite with fever, aches and pains and flue like symptoms.
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Endemic (murine) typhus is transmitted by infected fleas it occurs sporadically.
A.
B.
115.  Treatment of Lyme disease:
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  Treatment of Tularemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  Murine typhus causative agent is Rickettsia rickettsii. Treatment is Doxycycline.
A.
B.
118.  Symptoms:  HIgh fever, shaking chills, headaches, sweats. Last for a few days then disappear for about eight days; up to ten relapses may occur
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Immunization for Lyme disease in humans is LYMErix and LYMEVax in cows.
A.
B.
120.  Late Stage- month to years 10% chronic arthiritis; knee and joint swelling  Progression of untreated cases of what disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  Weil-Felix test- Clumping of Proteus OX19 with patients serum.
A.
B.
122.  The action of Botulinum Toxin from C. botulinum results is: Flacid Paralysis. Botulinum toxin blocks release of A inhibiting contraction.
A.
B.
123.  The Action of Tetanus Toxin from Clostridium tetani Results: Spastic and rigid paralysis, "lock-jaw".
A.
B.
124.  Work by stimulating large numbers of immune cells- stimulate immune results Results in extensive inflammation and tissue damage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  Toxin Shock Syndrome Bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. Infection with S.aureus produces classical TSS.
A.
B.
126.  Massive cytokine production is induced by what toxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  _______________is a biofilm containing salivary proteins, food debris and bacterial cells and products.
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  _________ ______ can arise from bacteria in dental plaque.
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  Major cause of dental caries is_________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  This results in tooth decay from: plaque building dietary carbohydrates acidogenic bacteria
A.
B.
131.  Poor oral hygiene leads to increased subgingival plaque which can be populated by bacteria.
A.
B.
132.  Trench Mouth: AKA Vincents Angina and ANUG- Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative GIngivitis is caused by what bacteria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  The incubation period is the time between: consumption of contaminated material appearance of symptoms
A.
B.
134.  Many foodborne and waterborne diseases have a bacterial cause. ______are illnesses in which live bacterial pathogens are ingested and grow in the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  ____________are illnesses in which bacterial toxins are ingested with food and water.
A.
B.
C.
136.  Epidemiology: Scientific study from which health problems are identified, including the source, cause, and mode of transmission.
A.
B.
137.  Food can become contaminated in several ways: *contamination of carcasses *contamination of water *cross-contamination *MIrcrobial growth and improper handling/incubation.
A.
B.
138.  Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin: is a botulism toxin that is heat- liabile. Clostridium botulinum: Produced in food and is thermostable
A.
B.
139.  Staphylococcus food poisoning is caused by an exotoxin. Staphylococcus aureus Second to salmonellosis found in potato salads, coleslaw, milk, meats, fish Transmission: Boils and skin abscess, nose Grows at 8C to 45C Heat Stable cannot destroy at 100C/30min Treatment: Hydration Therapy
A.
B.
140.  Clostridal food poisoning is caused by the same agent that causes GAS GANGRENE.
A.
B.
141.  Bacillus cereus can cause diarrhea or vomiting. Infections usually occur from eating contaminated cooked grains. ***NO FEVEr and RECOVER within 2 days Importance of spores in transmission of disease.
A.
B.
142.  Botulism is caused by an exotoxin in improperly canned foods. Clostridium botulinum Most powerful toxin known:  Spores, and inhibits releaase of ACETYLCHOLINE 1 OUNCE CAN ELIMINATE THE US POPULATION.
A.
B.
143.  Blepharospasm (eye lid spasm) Unable to open eyes due to abnormal muscle contraction.
A.
B.
144.  Cholera can involve enormous fluid loss Vibrio cholerae symptoms: rice water stool Mortality: can be reached 70% if untreated Treatment: Oral rehydration solution (ORS)
A.
B.
145.  Typhoid fever involves a blood infection. (Salmonella enterica serotype typhi) acid resistant rose spot on abdomen Fever Lethargy and delerium Treatment: Ceftriaxone Vaccines: Attenuated strains, ViCPS
A.
B.
146.  Shigellosis(bacterial dysentery) occurs where sanitary conditions are lacking. Organism:  Shigella Watery diarrhea without blood or mucus. Treatment:  Hydration therapy
A.
B.
147.  Shigellosis is a Shiga toxin production in the intestinal epithelium triggers gastroenteritis.  No vaccine is available
A.
B.
148.  Montezuma's revenge or Travelers diarrhea is also known as E. coli.
A.
B.
149.  Yersinia enterolocitica:
A.
B.
C.
150.  Plesiomona shigelloids: Commonly found in fish gut, ingesting contaminated raw fish.
A.
B.
151.  Aeromonas hyrdrophilia: Found in soil and water, transmitted through food can cause both cholera and dysentery-like diarrhea.
A.
B.
152.  The danger of Cholera toxin is that it causes fluid loss that thickens the blood, leading to schock and coma. Antibiotics and water hydration therapy are an effective treatment.
A.
B.
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