OWASP Top 10 Trivia

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Daringanandh
D
Daringanandh
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 73,305
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 45,765

1.

What is the attack technique used to exploit websites by altering backend database queries through inputting manipulated queries?

Answer: SQL Injection
Explanation:
SQL Injection is the correct answer because it is a technique used to exploit web sites by altering backend database queries through inputting manipulated queries. In SQL Injection, an attacker inserts malicious SQL code into input fields, which is then executed by the application's database. This allows the attacker to manipulate the database and potentially gain unauthorized access to sensitive information or perform unauthorized actions on the website.
2.

What happens when an application takes user-inputted data and sends it to a web browser without proper validation and escaping?

Answer: Cross Site Scripting
Explanation:
When an application takes user-inputted data and sends it to a web browser without proper validation and escaping, it can lead to Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attacks. XSS occurs when an attacker injects malicious code into a website, which is then executed by the victim's browser. This can allow the attacker to steal sensitive information, manipulate website content, or perform other malicious actions. Proper validation and escaping of user-inputted data is essential to prevent XSS vulnerabilities and protect the application and its users.
3.

What flaw arises from session tokens having poor randomness across a range of values?

Answer: Session Hijacking
Explanation:
The flaw that arises from session tokens having poor randomness across a range of values is Session Hijacking. Session hijacking occurs when an attacker intercepts and steals a user's session token, allowing them to impersonate the user and gain unauthorized access to their account or sensitive information. If session tokens have poor randomness, it becomes easier for attackers to guess or predict these tokens, increasing the likelihood of successful session hijacking attacks.
4.

An attack technique that forces a user’s session credential or session ID to an explicit value.

Answer: Session Fixation
Explanation:
Session fixation is an attack technique where an attacker forces a user's session credential or session ID to an explicit value. This is typically done by tricking the user into using a predetermined session ID, which the attacker can then use to gain unauthorized access to the user's session. By fixing the session ID, the attacker can bypass authentication and gain control over the user's session, potentially leading to unauthorized actions or data theft.
5.

An attack technique that forces a user’s session credential or session ID to an explicit value.

Answer: Session Fixation
Explanation:
Session fixation is an attack technique where an attacker forces a user's session credential or session ID to an explicit value. This can be done by tricking the user into using a predetermined session ID, which allows the attacker to hijack the user's session. Once the attacker has control of the session, they can impersonate the user and perform malicious actions.
6.

What threat arises from not flagging HTTP cookies with tokens as secure?

Answer: Session Hijacking
Explanation:
Not flagging HTTP cookies with tokens as secure can lead to the threat of session hijacking. Session hijacking refers to an attacker gaining unauthorized access to a user's session by stealing or intercepting their session token. By not flagging cookies as secure, they can be transmitted over insecure channels, making them vulnerable to interception and misuse. This can allow an attacker to impersonate the user and perform actions on their behalf, compromising the security and integrity of the session.
7.

Which attack can execute scripts in the user’s browser and is capable of hijacking user sessions, defacing websites, or redirecting the user to malicious sites?

Answer: Cross site scripting
Explanation:
Cross-site scripting (XSS) is an attack that allows an attacker to inject malicious scripts into web pages viewed by users. These scripts can then be executed in the user's browser, giving the attacker the ability to hijack user sessions, manipulate website content, or redirect users to malicious sites. XSS attacks are a significant threat to web applications and can lead to various security vulnerabilities if not properly mitigated.
8.

What flaw can lead to exposure of resources or functionality to unintended actors?

Answer: Improper Authentication
Explanation:
Improper authentication is a flaw that can lead to the exposure of resources or functionality to unintended actors. This means that the system does not properly verify the identity of users before granting them access to certain resources or functionalities. As a result, unauthorized individuals may be able to gain access to sensitive information or perform actions that they should not have the privilege to do. This flaw can be exploited by attackers to compromise the security of the system and potentially cause harm or damage.
9.

Which threat can be prevented by having unique usernames generated with a high degree of entropy?

Answer: Authentication bypass
Explanation:
Having unique usernames generated with a high degree of entropy can prevent authentication bypass. This is because using unique and complex usernames makes it difficult for attackers to guess or brute force their way into an account. By increasing the entropy, the likelihood of successfully bypassing the authentication system is significantly reduced, enhancing the overall security of the system.
10.

What threat are you vulnerable to if you do not validate the authorization of the user for direct references to restricted resources?

Answer: Insecure Direct Object References
Explanation:
If you do not validate the authorization of the user for direct references to restricted resources, you are vulnerable to Insecure Direct Object References. This means that an attacker could bypass the intended restrictions and directly access sensitive information or perform unauthorized actions on restricted resources.
11.

Role-Based Access control helps prevent this OWASP Top 10 weakness.

Answer: Failure to restrict URL Access
Explanation:
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) is a security mechanism that restricts access to certain resources based on the roles assigned to users. By implementing RBAC, access to URLs can be restricted based on the roles assigned to users, thereby preventing unauthorized access to sensitive information. This helps address the weakness of "Failure to restrict URL Access" as RBAC ensures that only users with the appropriate roles are granted access to specific URLs, reducing the risk of unauthorized access and potential security breaches.
12.

What is the type of flaw that occurs when untrusted user-entered data is sent to the interpreter as part of a query or command?

Answer: Injection
Explanation:
Injection is the correct answer because it refers to the type of flaw that occurs when untrusted user-entered data is sent to an interpreter as part of a query or command. Injection attacks can happen in various contexts, such as SQL injection, where malicious code is injected into a database query, or command injection, where an attacker injects malicious commands into a system command. These attacks can lead to unauthorized access, data breaches, or system compromise. It is important to sanitize and validate user input to prevent injection vulnerabilities.
13.

For every link or form which invokes state-changing functions with an unpredictable token for each user what attack can be prevented?

Answer: Cross Site Request Forgery
Explanation:
Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) attack can be prevented by using unpredictable tokens for each user when invoking state-changing functions through links or forms. CSRF attacks occur when an attacker tricks a user's browser into making a malicious request on behalf of the user, without their knowledge or consent. By using unpredictable tokens, it becomes difficult for attackers to forge valid requests as they would not be able to predict the token associated with a particular user session. This helps to prevent unauthorized actions and protect against CSRF attacks.
14.

For a connection that changes from HTTP to HTTPS, what flaw arises if you do not change the session identifier?

Answer: Session Replay
Explanation:
If a connection changes from HTTP to HTTPS without changing the session identifier, the flaw that arises is session replay. Session replay refers to the act of an attacker intercepting and replaying a session token or identifier to gain unauthorized access to a user's session. In this scenario, if the session identifier remains the same during the transition from HTTP to HTTPS, an attacker can capture the session identifier and use it to replay the session, effectively impersonating the user and gaining unauthorized access to their session.
15.

The attack exploits the trust that a site has in a user's browser.

Answer: Cross Site Request Forgery
Explanation:
Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) is the correct answer because it involves exploiting the trust between a website and a user's browser. CSRF attacks trick a user's browser into making unintended requests to a website on which the user is authenticated, allowing the attacker to perform actions on behalf of the user without their knowledge or consent. This attack takes advantage of the fact that websites often trust requests coming from a user's browser, making it a dangerous vulnerability that can lead to unauthorized actions being performed.
16.

For an indirect reference, what happens if there’s no list of limited values authorized for a user in the direct reference?

Answer: Access to sensitive data possible
Explanation:
If there is no list of limited values authorized for a user in the direct reference, it means that there are no restrictions on the data that the user can access. This lack of authorization control can lead to unauthorized access to sensitive data, making it possible for someone to view or manipulate sensitive information without proper permission.
17.

Session related vulnerabilities.

Answer: Session FixationSession Hijacking
Explanation:
Session Fixation is a vulnerability where an attacker can fix or set a session identifier for a user before they authenticate. This allows the attacker to hijack the session once the user logs in. Session Hijacking, on the other hand, is when an attacker steals or hijacks an existing session by obtaining the session identifier. Both vulnerabilities involve unauthorized access to a user's session, but session fixation involves setting the session identifier beforehand, while session hijacking involves stealing it after authentication.
18.

What is phishing?

Answer: Email Scam
Explanation:
Phishing refers to a type of online scam where individuals are tricked into providing sensitive information, such as passwords or credit card details, by posing as a trustworthy entity through fraudulent emails or websites. This fraudulent activity aims to deceive users into believing they are interacting with a legitimate organization, ultimately leading to financial loss or identity theft.
19.

What is a cookie?

Answer: A file that makes it easier to access a Web site and browse.
Explanation:
A cookie is a file that makes it easier to access a website and browse. When a user visits a website, the website sends a small piece of data (cookie) to the user's browser, which is stored on their device. This cookie contains information about the user's preferences, login credentials, and browsing behavior. The next time the user visits the same website, the browser sends the cookie back to the website, allowing it to remember the user's preferences and provide a personalized browsing experience. Cookies do not have any connection to computer viruses or identity theft.
20.

You receive an e-mail from Desjardins saying that you have won a contest. What should you do?

Answer: Contact Caisse to confirm the information.
Explanation:
From the options given, the correct answer is "Contact Caisse to confirm the information." In this context, "Caisse" refers to Desjardins, a financial group in Canada. If you receive an email claiming that you've won a contest from Desjardins, it's important to verify the information by contacting the organization directly. This helps ensure that you're not falling victim to a potential scam or phishing attempt. By contacting Desjardins, you can confirm if the contest is legitimate and if you have indeed won a prize.
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.