Medical Terminology Trivia

Clinically Reviewed by Amanda Nwachukwu
Amanda Nwachukwu, Pharm(D) |
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Amanda, holding a Doctorate in Pharmacy from Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, adeptly simplifies complex medical concepts into accessible content. With clinical proficiency, she ensures optimal patient care, while her adept medical writing skills facilitate comprehension and accessibility of healthcare information. Utilizing her education and expertise, Amanda meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and clarity. Her commitment to excellence in healthcare education drives her passion for delivering quality content, ultimately benefiting both healthcare professionals and patients alike.
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 297,234
Questions: 19 | Viewed: 146,255

1.

What does hemorrhage mean?

Answer: The loss of blood from damaged blood vessels
Explanation:
Hemorrhage refers to the loss of blood from damaged blood vessels. It can occur internally or externally and may result from injuries, trauma, or various medical conditions. In the context of medical terminology, hemorrhage typically implies significant and often uncontrolled bleeding. This can manifest externally, such as from a wound, or internally, involving organs or tissues. Hemorrhages can vary in severity, and prompt medical attention is crucial to address the underlying cause and manage the bleeding to prevent complications. The term does not specifically refer to vomiting blood due to a stomach ulcer, blood in the stool, or blood in the urine, although those conditions may involve bleeding.
2.

What is hepatitis?

Answer: Inflammation of the liver
Explanation:
Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver. It can have various causes, including viral infections, alcohol consumption, autoimmune diseases, or exposure to certain toxins. Inflammation of the liver can lead to liver damage and may contribute to conditions such as scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) or chronic liver disease. It is essential to identify the underlying cause of hepatitis for proper treatment and management. Kidney stones are unrelated to hepatitis; they involve the formation of solid particles in the kidneys.
3.

What is pathology?

Answer: The study of disease
Explanation:
Pathology is the study of disease. It involves the examination and analysis of bodily tissues and fluids to diagnose and understand the nature and causes of diseases. Pathologists study the changes that occur in cells, tissues, and organs as a result of disease, and they play a crucial role in identifying and treating various medical conditions. By studying the patterns and characteristics of diseases, pathologists contribute to the development of effective treatments and prevention strategies.
4.

What is hemiplegia?

Answer: Paralysis of one side of the body
Explanation:
Hemiplegia refers to paralysis of one side of the body. It can affect either the right or left side and typically involves the arms and legs on the same side. Hemiplegia is often caused by damage to the motor cortex of the brain or the nerves connecting the brain to the affected side of the body. This condition can result from various factors such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, or certain neurological disorders. It differs from monoplegia (paralysis of one limb), paraplegia (paralysis of both lower limbs), and quadriplegia (paralysis of all four limbs).
5.

What is tachycardia?

Answer: Rapid heart rate
Explanation:
Tachycardia is a rapid heart rate. It is a condition where the heart beats faster than the normal resting rate. Tachycardia can be caused by various factors, including stress, fever, anemia, heart-related issues, or other medical conditions. It is characterized by a heart rate that exceeds the typical range for a specific age group or health condition. Tachycardia stands in contrast to bradycardia, which is a slow heart rate. Irregular heart rate and heart murmur are separate cardiac conditions with distinct characteristics.
6.

What is osteogenic?

Answer: Originating in the bone
Explanation:
Osteogenic means originating in the bone. The term is commonly used in the context of cells or processes associated with bone formation or development. For example, osteogenic cells are those involved in the production of bone tissue. The term is derived from the Greek words "osteon," meaning bone, and "genesis," meaning origin or creation. It is used in medical and anatomical contexts to describe things related to bones or bone formation.
7.

What is dysphagia?

Answer: Difficulty swallowing
Explanation:
Dysphagia is difficulty swallowing. It refers to the sensation of difficulty or discomfort while swallowing food, liquids, or saliva. Dysphagia can result from various causes, including neurological conditions, muscular disorders, or structural abnormalities in the throat or esophagus. It is distinct from swelling of the vocal cords, difficulty in breathing, or impaired speech, although these conditions may be associated with or contribute to dysphagia in certain cases.
8.

What is aphasia?

Answer: Inability to speak or understand speech
Explanation:
The term "aphasia" refers to a condition characterized by a partial or total loss of the ability to communicate verbally or in writing. It is typically caused by damage to the language centers of the brain, often resulting from a stroke or head injury. Speech impairment, which is the correct answer, is a symptom commonly associated with aphasia. It can manifest as difficulty in finding the right words, forming coherent sentences, or pronouncing words correctly. Other symptoms of aphasia may include difficulty understanding language, reading, or writing.
9.

What is encephalitis?

Answer: Inflammation of the brain
Explanation:
Encephalitis is a condition characterized by inflammation within the head, specifically the brain. This inflammation can be caused by viral infections, such as the herpes simplex virus or the West Nile virus. It can also be caused by bacterial infections or autoimmune disorders. Symptoms of encephalitis include fever, headache, confusion, seizures, and in severe cases, coma. Treatment usually involves antiviral or antibiotic medications, depending on the cause of the inflammation, as well as supportive care to manage symptoms.
10.

What is myalgia?

Answer: Muscle pain
Explanation:
The term "myalgia" refers to muscle pain, which is the correct answer given in the options. It is a common symptom that can be caused by various factors such as muscle strain, overuse, or injury. Myalgia can also be a symptom of certain medical conditions like viral infections or autoimmune disorders. Therefore, muscle pain is the appropriate choice among the given options as it accurately describes the meaning of myalgia.
11.

What is neuropathy?

Answer: Nerve disorder
Explanation:
Neuropathy is a nerve disorder. It involves damage or dysfunction of the nerves, which can lead to various symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness, or weakness. Neuropathy can result from a variety of causes, including diabetes, infections, autoimmune diseases, and exposure to certain medications or toxins. It is important to identify the underlying cause of neuropathy for proper diagnosis and management. The term does not specifically refer to disorders of the legs, hands, or brain, although neuropathy can affect nerves throughout the body. 
12.

What is nephrectomy?

Answer: Surgical removal of a kidney
Explanation:
Nephrectomy refers to the surgical removal of a kidney. This procedure is typically performed to treat conditions such as kidney cancer, severe kidney damage, or kidney donation. During a nephrectomy, the entire kidney is removed from the body, either through open surgery or minimally invasive techniques. This helps to alleviate symptoms, improve kidney function, or prevent the spread of cancer. It is important to note that nephrectomy is a major surgical procedure and should only be performed when necessary and under the guidance of a medical professional.
13.

What is quadriplegia?

Answer: Paralysis of 4 quadrants of the body, excluding the head
Explanation:
Quadriplegia refers to paralysis of the four limbs and typically includes the trunk as well, affecting all four extremities and, in some cases, parts of the torso. It is often associated with spinal cord injuries or certain neurological conditions that impact the cervical (neck) region of the spinal cord. Quadriplegia is also known as tetraplegia. The term accurately describes the extent of paralysis, encompassing both the upper and lower extremities, and distinguishes it from other terms like paraplegia (paralysis of the lower extremities).
14.

What is paraparesis?

Answer: Partial paralysis of the lower extremities
Explanation:
Paraparesis refers to weakness or partial paralysis of the lower extremities. It typically involves a significant reduction in strength and motor function in the legs but may not result in complete paralysis. This term distinguishes itself from paraplegia, which denotes complete paralysis of the lower extremities. Paraparesis can be caused by various factors, including neurological conditions, spinal cord injuries, or other medical issues affecting the motor function of the lower limbs.
15.

What is atherosclerosis?

Answer: Hardening of the arteries
Explanation:
Atherosclerosis is the hardening of the arteries. It is a condition in which the walls of arteries become thickened and narrowed due to the accumulation of fatty deposits, cholesterol, and other substances. This process can restrict blood flow and, over time, may lead to various cardiovascular problems, including heart attacks and strokes. Atherosclerosis primarily affects arteries, not veins. The term distinguishes itself from conditions related to swelling within the head or inflammation of the joints, which are unrelated to the specific process of arterial hardening seen in atherosclerosis.
16.

What is spondylosis?

Answer: A degenerative condition of the spine
Explanation:
Spondylosis refers to a degenerative condition of the spine. It involves the wear and tear of the spinal discs and facet joints, often associated with aging. This condition can result in symptoms such as pain, stiffness, and reduced flexibility in the affected area of the spine. Spondylosis is not a nerve disorder, curving of the spine (scoliosis), or narrowing of the vertebral column (spinal stenosis), although these terms may be associated with or coexist with spondylosis in some cases.
17.

What is apnea?

Answer: Temporary suspension of breathing
Explanation:
Apnea refers to the suspension or temporary pause in breathing. This condition is characterized by the cessation of airflow in the respiratory system, leading to a lack of oxygen supply to the body. It can occur during sleep (known as sleep apnea) or as a result of certain medical conditions. The other options, such as breathing, speech disorder, and inability to speak, do not accurately describe the meaning of apnea.
18.

What is cardiomegaly?

Answer: Enlarged heart
Explanation:
The term "cardiomegaly" refers to an enlarged heart. It can be caused by various factors, including heart disease or a heart attack. Therefore, "enlarged heart" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the condition of cardiomegaly.
19.

What are intercostal muscles?

Answer: Muscles between the rib bones
Explanation:
The intercostal muscles are located between the ribs. They play a crucial role in the process of breathing by aiding in the expansion and contraction of the ribcage. These muscles help in elevating the ribs during inhalation and lowering them during exhalation, allowing for the expansion and compression of the chest cavity. By being situated between the ribs, the intercostal muscles are able to facilitate these movements and contribute to the overall mechanics of breathing.
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