9th Grade Geography MCQ Quiz: Test!

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9th Grade Geography MCQ Quiz: Test! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Australia is located in which global region?

    • A.

      East Asia

    • B.

      Americas

    • C.

      North Pacific

    • D.

      Asia- Pacific

    Correct Answer
    D. Asia- Pacific
    Explanation
    Australia is located in the Asia-Pacific region. This region encompasses countries in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. Australia is geographically situated in the southern hemisphere, southeast of Asia. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Being part of the Asia-Pacific region, Australia has strong economic, political, and cultural ties with neighboring countries in this region.

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  • 2. 

    What is the name associated with plate movements?

    • A.

      Tectonic movement

    • B.

      Plate movement

    • C.

      Continental drift

    • D.

      Weathering and erosion

    Correct Answer
    C. Continental drift
    Explanation
    Continental drift is the correct answer because it refers to the theory that explains the movement of Earth's continents over time. This theory suggests that the continents were once joined together in a single landmass called Pangaea, and have since moved apart to their current positions. The term "plate movement" is too broad and does not specifically refer to the movement of continents. Tectonic movement is related to the movement of Earth's tectonic plates, which includes both the movement of continents and other geological features. Weathering and erosion are processes that occur on the Earth's surface and are not directly related to plate movements.

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  • 3. 

    There are several factors influencing Australia's climate. These include:

    • A.

      Latitude, El Nino and Ocean currents

    • B.

      Latitude, Longitude and Relief

    • C.

      Relief, Ocean Currents and Vegetation

    • D.

      Weather, Pressure systems and Distance from the coast

    Correct Answer
    A. Latitude, El Nino and Ocean currents
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Latitude, El Nino and Ocean currents. Latitude plays a significant role in Australia's climate as it determines the amount of solar radiation received. El Nino, a climate pattern characterized by warmer ocean temperatures, affects rainfall patterns and temperature distribution in Australia. Ocean currents, such as the warm Leeuwin Current and the cool East Australian Current, also influence the country's climate by transporting heat and moisture.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is NOT an example of a natural Australian feature?

    • A.

      Uluru

    • B.

      Great Barrier Reef

    • C.

      Sydney Aquarium

    • D.

      Jenolan Caves

    Correct Answer
    C. Sydney Aquarium
    Explanation
    The Sydney Aquarium is not an example of a natural Australian feature because it is a man-made attraction that houses a variety of marine life. The other options, such as Uluru, the Great Barrier Reef, and the Jenolan Caves, are all natural features that can be found in Australia.

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  • 5. 

    There are three types of impacts of natural hazards. Social impacts refer to:

    • A.

      The loss of life and stress placed on families and people

    • B.

      The loss of income and business for people, property and industry

    • C.

      The destruction of the natural and human homes and livestock

    • D.

      The loss of buildings and farm equiptment

    Correct Answer
    A. The loss of life and stress placed on families and people
    Explanation
    Social impacts of natural hazards refer to the loss of life and the stress placed on families and individuals affected by the event. This includes the emotional and psychological toll on survivors, as well as the disruption of social structures and support systems. It also encompasses the economic impact, such as the loss of income and business for individuals, property, and industries. Additionally, the destruction of homes, both natural and human-made, and the loss of livestock are part of the social impacts. The loss of buildings and farm equipment further contribute to the overall social consequences of natural hazards.

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  • 6. 

    What is the defintion of 'isobars'?

    • A.

      Isobars join areas of equal hight

    • B.

      Isobars join areas of equal barometric pressure

    • C.

      Isobars join areas of equal windspeed

    • D.

      Isobars join areas of equal rainfall patterns

    Correct Answer
    B. Isobars join areas of equal barometric pressure
    Explanation
    Isobars are lines on a weather map that connect points of equal barometric pressure. These lines help meteorologists analyze and forecast weather patterns by identifying areas of high and low pressure. The spacing and shape of isobars can indicate the strength and direction of winds, as well as the likelihood of precipitation. By studying isobars, meteorologists can better understand the movement and intensity of weather systems.

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  • 7. 

    Fires require three elements to grow into bushfires and spread. These are:

    • A.

      Fuel source, leaf litter and oxygen

    • B.

      Oxygen, starter fluid and heat

    • C.

      Fuel source, oxygen and heat

    • D.

      Heat, leaf litter and oxygen

    Correct Answer
    C. Fuel source, oxygen and heat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is fuel source, oxygen, and heat. In order for a fire to grow into a bushfire and spread, it needs fuel to burn, oxygen to sustain the combustion process, and heat to initiate and maintain the fire. Without any of these elements, a fire cannot sustain itself and spread.

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  • 8. 

    Indigenous Australia traditionally used bushfire for several purposes. Which of the following is NOT a way that Aboriginal people used fire:

    • A.

      As a hunting tool to flush out animals

    • B.

      As a farming tool to encorage new growth in plants

    • C.

      For warfare, as a tactic to fight other enemy tribes

    • D.

      For ceremonial purposes, signalling and cooking

    Correct Answer
    C. For warfare, as a tactic to fight other enemy tribes
    Explanation
    Aboriginal people traditionally used bushfire for several purposes, including as a hunting tool to flush out animals, as a farming tool to encourage new growth in plants, and for ceremonial purposes, signalling, and cooking. However, they did not use fire for warfare as a tactic to fight other enemy tribes.

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  • 9. 

    Maps are often said to be large scale or small scale. Large scale maps are useful because:

    • A.

      They show a small area in a lot of detail

    • B.

      They show a large area of a region

    • C.

      They show broad patterns of a much larger area

    • D.

      They show trends between places

    Correct Answer
    A. They show a small area in a lot of detail
    Explanation
    Large scale maps are useful because they provide a detailed representation of a small area. This level of detail allows for a closer examination of specific features, such as roads, buildings, and landmarks. Large scale maps are particularly helpful for navigation purposes, urban planning, and conducting detailed surveys. By focusing on a small area, large scale maps can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the geography and characteristics of that specific location.

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  • 10. 

    Population pyramids show the:

    • A.

      Sex structure of a population

    • B.

      Age sturcture of a population

    • C.

      Male/ Female ratio of a population

    • D.

      Age/ sex structure of a population

    Correct Answer
    D. Age/ sex structure of a population
    Explanation
    Population pyramids provide information about the distribution of age and sex within a population. They depict the number or proportion of males and females in different age groups. By analyzing the shape and characteristics of the pyramid, we can understand the age distribution, fertility rates, mortality rates, and overall structure of a population. Therefore, the correct answer is "Age/sex structure of a population."

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 23, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Rgalea
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