Learn About World Religions With This Quiz

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Learn About World Religions With This Quiz - Quiz

This test assesses your knowledge of the five major world religions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A follower of Islam is called a __________________________.

    • A.

      Brahman

    • B.

      Missionary

    • C.

      Muslim

    • D.

      Hindi

    Correct Answer
    C. Muslim
    Explanation
    A follower of Islam is called a Muslim. Islam is a monotheistic religion founded by Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. Muslims believe in the teachings of the Quran and follow the five pillars of Islam, which include faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca. The term "Muslim" comes from the Arabic word "salam," meaning peace, and refers to someone who submits themselves to the will of Allah. Muslims practice their faith through prayer, attending mosques, observing religious festivals, and living according to Islamic principles and values.

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  • 2. 

    The founder of Islam is  ___________________.

    • A.

      Siddhartha Gautama

    • B.

      Abraham

    • C.

      Jesus

    • D.

      Muhammad

    Correct Answer
    D. Muhammad
    Explanation
    Muhammad is the founder of Islam. He was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in the 6th century AD. At the age of 40, he received a series of revelations from God, which became the basis of the Islamic faith. Muhammad preached monotheism and emphasized the importance of social justice, charity, and equality. He united the Arab tribes under the banner of Islam and established the first Islamic state in Medina. Muhammad's teachings and actions are recorded in the Quran and Hadith, which form the basis of Islamic law and theology.

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  • 3. 

    The belief in one god is called ________________

    • A.

      Monotheism

    • B.

      Polytheism

    • C.

      Religion

    Correct Answer
    A. Monotheism
    Explanation
    Monotheism is the belief in one god. This belief system asserts that there is only one supreme being or deity that is worshipped and revered. Unlike polytheism, which believes in multiple gods, monotheism focuses on the existence of a single divine entity. Religion, on the other hand, is a broader term that encompasses various belief systems and practices, including both monotheistic and polytheistic religions.

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  • 4. 

    The sacred text (holy book) of the Christians is the _______________.

    • A.

      Qu'ran or Koran

    • B.

      Bible

    • C.

      The Vedas

    • D.

      The Torah

    Correct Answer
    B. Bible
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bible. The Bible is considered the sacred text or holy book of Christians. It is a collection of religious texts and scriptures that contain the teachings, stories, and history of the Christian faith. It is divided into two main sections, the Old Testament and the New Testament, and is regarded as a foundational and authoritative source of Christian belief and practice.

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  • 5. 

    The founder of Buddhism is ______________________

    • A.

      Siddhartha Gautama

    • B.

      Jesus

    • C.

      Muhammad

    • D.

      Abraham

    Correct Answer
    A. Siddhartha Gautama
    Explanation
    Siddhartha Gautama is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the founder of Buddhism. Born in ancient India, Siddhartha Gautama renounced his privileged life and embarked on a spiritual journey in search of enlightenment. After years of meditation and self-reflection, he achieved enlightenment and became known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one." Siddhartha Gautama's teachings formed the basis of Buddhism, which emphasizes the cessation of suffering and the pursuit of enlightenment through the Noble Eightfold Path.

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  • 6. 

    Some of the sacred texts of the Hindus include __________________

    • A.

      The Torah and the Hebrew Bible

    • B.

      The Qu'ran and the teachings Abraham

    • C.

      The Vedas, Maharbharata, and the Upanishads

    Correct Answer
    C. The Vedas, Maharbharata, and the Upanishads
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Vedas, Maharbharata, and the Upanishads. These texts are considered sacred in Hinduism and are foundational to its religious and philosophical teachings. The Vedas are the oldest Hindu scriptures, containing hymns, rituals, and philosophical discussions. The Maharbharata is an epic poem that tells the story of the Kurukshetra War and includes important teachings on duty and righteousness. The Upanishads are philosophical texts that explore the nature of reality and the self. Together, these texts form an important part of Hindu religious and intellectual traditions.

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  • 7. 

    The sacred text (holy book) for followers of Islam is _______________

    • A.

      Bible

    • B.

      The Vedas

    • C.

      Qu'ran or Koran

    • D.

      The Torah

    Correct Answer
    C. Qu'ran or Koran
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Qu'ran or Koran. The Qu'ran is considered the holy book of Islam and is believed to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. It serves as a guide for Muslims in matters of faith, worship, and daily life. The Qu'ran is written in Arabic and is divided into chapters called Surahs, which are further divided into verses called Ayahs. It is highly revered and recited by Muslims worldwide.

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  • 8. 

    This man was the founder of Judaism

    • A.

      Solomon

    • B.

      Abraham

    • C.

      Jesus

    • D.

      Mohammad

    Correct Answer
    B. Abraham
    Explanation
    Abraham is considered the founder of Judaism because he is believed to have made a covenant with God, establishing a special relationship between the Jewish people and God. He is considered the patriarch of the Jewish people and is credited with establishing many of the core beliefs and practices of Judaism. Abraham's story is central to the Jewish faith, as he is seen as a model of faithfulness and obedience to God. His descendants, including Isaac and Jacob, became the ancestors of the Israelites, who later formed the nation of Israel.

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  • 9. 

    Which is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Faith associated with Islam?

    • A.

      Give to charity

    • B.

      Pray 5 x's per day

    • C.

      Travel to Mecca at least once in your lifetime

    • D.

      Become a missionary in a foreign land

    Correct Answer
    D. Become a missionary in a foreign land
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Become a missionary in a foreign land." This is not one of the Five Pillars of Faith associated with Islam. The Five Pillars of Faith include giving to charity, praying five times per day, fasting during Ramadan, making a pilgrimage to Mecca, and declaring faith in Allah and Muhammad as his prophet. Becoming a missionary in a foreign land is not a mandatory requirement in Islam.

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  • 10. 

    The Five Pillars of Faith which include praying five times a day and making a pilgrimage to what holy city? Muslims also face this city when they pray.

    • A.

      Mecca

    • B.

      Jerusalem

    • C.

      Istanbul

    • D.

      Beijing

    Correct Answer
    A. Mecca
    Explanation
    Muslims are required to perform five pillars of faith, one of which is making a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. This pilgrimage, known as Hajj, is considered a mandatory religious duty for all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey. Muslims also face towards Mecca when they pray, as it is believed to be the holiest city in Islam and the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad.

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  • 11. 

    All three major monotheistic religions developed in this region.

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      North America

    • C.

      Middle East or Southwest Asia

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    C. Middle East or Southwest Asia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Middle East or Southwest Asia because this region is historically known as the birthplace and center of the three major monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It is in this region that important religious events and figures, such as the founding of Jerusalem, the life of Jesus Christ, and the birth of Muhammad, took place. The influence and development of these religions have shaped the culture, history, and identity of the Middle East or Southwest Asia.

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  • 12. 

    Hinduism and Buddhism both developed in this area.

    • A.

      Middle East

    • B.

      Europe

    • C.

      India

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. India
    Explanation
    Hinduism and Buddhism both developed in India. Hinduism is considered one of the oldest religions in the world and originated in the Indian subcontinent. Buddhism, founded by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha), also emerged in ancient India. Both religions have had a significant impact on Indian culture, philosophy, and spirituality. The Middle East, Europe, and Italy are not historically associated with the development of Hinduism and Buddhism, making India the correct answer.

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  • 13. 

    Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all ____________________________.

    • A.

      Believe in many divine Gods

    • B.

      Worship only one God

    • C.

      Follow the teachings of the Qu'ran

    • D.

      Believe Jesus was the son of God

    Correct Answer
    B. Worship only one God
    Explanation
    Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all share the belief in monotheism, which means they worship only one God. This common belief in the oneness of God is a fundamental aspect of these three religions.

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  • 14. 

    The Torah is the sacred writing (holy book) for which religion?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism
    Explanation
    The Torah is the sacred writing for Judaism. It is the central text of the Jewish religion, consisting of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. These books contain religious laws, moral teachings, historical accounts, and narratives of the Jewish people. The Torah is considered to be the word of God and serves as a guide for Jewish beliefs and practices.

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  • 15. 

    The belief that the soul never dies but is continually reborn or reincarnated is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Islam

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Hinduism and Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    D. Hinduism and Buddhism
    Explanation
    The belief in the continuous cycle of death and rebirth, known as reincarnation, is a central concept in Hinduism and Buddhism. Both religions teach that the soul or consciousness is eternal and that it undergoes multiple births and deaths until it achieves liberation or enlightenment. This belief is not associated with Islam, Christianity, or Judaism, as they generally hold different views on the afterlife and the nature of the soul.

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  • 16. 

    Following the Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths to achieve enlightenment is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Christianity

    Correct Answer
    A. Buddhism
    Explanation
    Following the Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths to achieve enlightenment is associated with Buddhism. The Eightfold Path consists of eight principles that guide individuals towards attaining enlightenment and ending suffering. The Four Noble Truths are the foundational teachings of Buddhism, which explain the nature of suffering and the path to liberation from it. These concepts are central to Buddhist philosophy and practice, making Buddhism the correct answer.

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  • 17. 

    Diwali, the festival of Lights is important to which religion?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Judaism

    • C.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Diwali, also known as the festival of Lights, is an important celebration in Hinduism. It is observed by Hindus worldwide and signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. During Diwali, Hindus light oil lamps and candles, decorate their homes, exchange gifts, and participate in prayers and religious rituals. The festival holds deep cultural and religious significance for Hindus, making Hinduism the correct religion associated with Diwali.

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  • 18. 

    The following symbol represents what religion?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    The symbol represents Islam because it is associated with the religion.

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  • 19. 

    The Star of David, honors King David who ruled the kingdom of Israel from 1000-962 BC. This is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism
    Explanation
    The Star of David is a symbol that is closely associated with Judaism. It is named after King David, who ruled the kingdom of Israel in ancient times. The star is made up of two interlocking triangles, which represent the connection between God and the Jewish people. It is widely used as a symbol of Jewish identity and is often seen on synagogues, Jewish religious texts, and the flag of Israel. Therefore, the correct answer is Judaism.

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  • 20. 

    The "Om" symbol represents the religion of _________________.

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinduism
    Explanation
    The "Om" symbol is a sacred sound and a spiritual icon in Hinduism. It is considered to be the primordial sound of the universe and is often chanted during meditation and prayers. The symbol represents the essence of the ultimate reality, Brahman, and is associated with various Hindu deities. It is also a symbol of peace, unity, and spiritual awakening.

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  • 21. 

    Ramadan is the holy month of fasting for which religion?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    Ramadan is the holy month of fasting for Islam. During this month, Muslims around the world observe fasting from dawn until sunset as a way of purifying their souls, practicing self-discipline, and showing devotion to Allah. It is considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is a significant time for spiritual reflection, increased prayer, and acts of charity.

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  • 22. 

    This religion believes that the main god and creator, Brahman, takes the form of three deities. There are hundreds of other gods in this religion. What religion is this?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Hinduism is the correct answer because it is a religion that believes in the existence of a main god and creator called Brahman, who takes the form of three deities. Hinduism also encompasses hundreds of other gods, making it a polytheistic religion.

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  • 23. 

    The cross and the wheel of Dharma are a symbol for what two faiths, respectively?

    • A.

      Hinduism and Islam

    • B.

      Christianity and Islam

    • C.

      Christianity and Buddhism

    • D.

      Judaism and Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Christianity and Buddhism
    Explanation
    The cross is a symbol of Christianity, representing the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, while the wheel of Dharma is a symbol of Buddhism, representing the teachings of Buddha. Both symbols hold significant meaning within their respective faiths and are widely recognized as symbols of Christianity and Buddhism.

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  • 24. 

    The predominant religion in the Middle East (located between Africa and Asia), including countries such as Saudi Arabia and Iraq is __________________

    • A.

      Islam--Sunni

    • B.

      Christianity--Protestant

    • C.

      Hinduism

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    A. Islam--Sunni
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Islam - Sunni. The Middle East, which includes countries like Saudi Arabia and Iraq, is predominantly populated by Muslims who follow the Sunni sect of Islam. Sunni Islam is the largest branch of Islam and is followed by the majority of Muslims worldwide.

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  • 25. 

    The predominant religion in South America is ____________________

    • A.

      Christianity--Roman Catholic

    • B.

      Islam--Sunni

    • C.

      Christianity--Protestant

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    A. Christianity--Roman Catholic
    Explanation
    The predominant religion in South America is Christianity, specifically Roman Catholicism. This is because of the historical influence of Spanish and Portuguese colonization in the region, which brought Catholicism as the main religion. The majority of the population in South American countries identifies as Roman Catholic, and Catholic traditions and practices are deeply ingrained in the culture and society of the region.

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  • 26. 

    The predominant religion in East Asia, including Japan and China, and south Asian countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand is _______________________.

    • A.

      Christianity--Catholic

    • B.

      Islam--Sunni

    • C.

      Buddhism

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Buddhism
    Explanation
    Buddhism is the correct answer because it is the predominant religion in East Asia, including Japan and China, as well as in south Asian countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. Buddhism originated in India and spread to these regions, where it became widely practiced and deeply ingrained in the local cultures. It emphasizes the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha, and promotes the pursuit of enlightenment and the alleviation of suffering through meditation, ethical conduct, and mindfulness.

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  • 27. 

    The predominant religion in India is __________________.

    • A.

      Islam--Sunni

    • B.

      Buddhism

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    D. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Hinduism is the predominant religion in India. It is one of the oldest religions in the world and has a significant following in India, with the majority of the population identifying as Hindus. Hinduism is characterized by its diverse beliefs, rituals, and practices, and it encompasses a wide range of traditions and philosophies. It has had a profound influence on Indian culture, society, and politics throughout history.

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  • 28. 

    What two religions make up more the 50% of the world's followers?

    • A.

      Hinduism and Buddhism

    • B.

      Christianity and Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam and Judaism

    • D.

      Christianity and Islam

    Correct Answer
    D. Christianity and Islam
    Explanation
    Christianity and Islam make up more than 50% of the world's followers. Christianity is the largest religion in the world, with over 2 billion followers, while Islam is the second-largest religion, with over 1.8 billion followers. Together, these two religions account for a significant majority of the global population.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following statements are true about the graph?

    • A.

      There are more people who follow Judaism than people who follow Buddhism.

    • B.

      The nonreligious make up the third largest group.

    • C.

      There are more Buddhists and Hindus than there are Christians.

    • D.

      Islam is the most widely followed religion in the world.

    Correct Answer
    B. The nonreligious make up the third largest group.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the nonreligious make up the third largest group. This means that there are two other groups that have a larger number of followers than the nonreligious. However, the answer does not provide information about the specific number of followers in each group or the order of the other groups in terms of size.

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  • 30. 

    The clergy for Christianity are called _______________.

    • A.

      Rabbis

    • B.

      Priests or ministers

    • C.

      Imams

    • D.

      Brahman

    Correct Answer
    B. Priests or ministers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is priests or ministers. In Christianity, the clergy refers to individuals who have been ordained and are responsible for leading religious services, performing sacraments, and providing spiritual guidance to the community. They are commonly known as priests or ministers and play a crucial role in the religious practices and beliefs of Christians. Rabbis are Jewish religious leaders, imams are Islamic religious leaders, and Brahman refers to the highest caste in Hinduism.

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  • 31. 

    The clergy for Judaism are called _________________.

    • A.

      Monks

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Rabbis

    • D.

      Imams

    Correct Answer
    C. Rabbis
    Explanation
    Rabbis are the clergy for Judaism. They are religious leaders who are knowledgeable in Jewish law, rituals, and teachings. Rabbis play a central role in guiding and instructing the Jewish community, leading worship services, providing spiritual counseling, and interpreting religious texts. Unlike monks, priests, and imams, who are associated with other religions, rabbis specifically pertain to Judaism.

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  • 32. 

    This is a holy day for Judaism and begins every Friday evening and ends every Saturday evening. It begins with the lighting of the candles, followed by a family meal.

    • A.

      Hanukkah

    • B.

      Shabat or the Sabbath

    • C.

      Ramadan

    • D.

      Diwali

    Correct Answer
    B. Shabat or the Sabbath
    Explanation
    Shabat, also known as the Sabbath, is a holy day in Judaism that begins every Friday evening and ends every Saturday evening. It is a time of rest and worship, where Jewish families light candles and gather for a family meal. This day holds great significance in the Jewish faith as a time to connect with God and spend quality time with loved ones. Hanukkah, Ramadan, and Diwali are all important religious holidays, but they do not involve the weekly observance of Shabat.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of the Christian holy text?

    • A.

      Old Testament.

    • B.

      New Testament.

    • C.

      Qu'ran.

    • D.

      The Holy Bible

    Correct Answer
    C. Qu'ran.
    Explanation
    The Qu'ran is not part of the Christian holy text. The Old Testament and New Testament are both included in the Christian Bible, which is also known as the Holy Bible. However, the Qu'ran is the holy text of Islam, not Christianity. It is considered the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad and is followed by Muslims.

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  • 34. 

    What are the clergy in Buddhism called?

    • A.

      Savior.

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Monks

    • D.

      Rabbis

    Correct Answer
    C. Monks
    Explanation
    Monks are the correct answer because in Buddhism, the clergy is referred to as monks. Monks are individuals who have dedicated their lives to practicing Buddhism and following the teachings of Buddha. They live in monasteries and are responsible for leading religious ceremonies, conducting rituals, and providing guidance to the Buddhist community. The term "monk" is commonly used to describe male members of the clergy, while "nun" is used for female members.

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  • 35. 

    One of the practices of  Buddhism is to :

    • A.

      Follow the Five Pillars of Faith, including travel at least once to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

    • B.

      Meditate and say mantras from one of the holy books.

    • C.

      Be baptized as a baby.

    • D.

      Take communion, bread and wine, from a priest.

    Correct Answer
    B. Meditate and say mantras from one of the holy books.
    Explanation
    One of the practices of Buddhism is to meditate and say mantras from one of the holy books. Meditation is a fundamental practice in Buddhism that involves training the mind to develop mindfulness, concentration, and insight. Mantras, on the other hand, are sacred sounds, words, or phrases that are repeated during meditation to focus the mind and cultivate spiritual qualities. This practice helps Buddhists to achieve a state of inner peace, clarity, and enlightenment.

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  • 36. 

    Gurus are a type of clergy in what religion?

    • A.

      Islam

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    D. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Gurus are a type of clergy in Hinduism. In Hinduism, a guru is a spiritual teacher and guide who helps individuals on their spiritual journey. They provide knowledge, guidance, and support to their disciples, helping them to attain spiritual enlightenment and liberation. The role of gurus is highly respected and revered in Hinduism, and they play a crucial role in imparting spiritual wisdom and teachings to their followers.

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  • 37. 

    There are no official clergy in Islam, but people who lead prayers at a mosque are called _________.

    • A.

      Imams

    • B.

      Rabbis

    • C.

      Priests

    • D.

      Monks

    Correct Answer
    A. Imams
    Explanation
    In Islam, there is no official clergy system like in some other religions. However, individuals who lead prayers at a mosque are commonly referred to as imams. They are responsible for leading the congregation in prayer and delivering sermons. Imams are typically knowledgeable in Islamic teachings and are respected figures within the community.

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  • 38. 

    This religion is the oldest religion of the five major world religions. 

    • A.

      Hinduism.

    • B.

      Buddhism.

    • C.

      Judaism.

    • D.

      Islam.

    Correct Answer
    A. Hinduism.
    Explanation
    Hinduism is considered the oldest religion among the five major world religions. It can be traced back to ancient times in the Indian subcontinent, with its roots dating back thousands of years. Hinduism is a complex and diverse religion that encompasses a wide range of beliefs, practices, and traditions. Its ancient texts, such as the Vedas and Upanishads, provide insights into its rich history and development. Hinduism's longevity and continuous existence over centuries make it the oldest among the given options.

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  • 39. 

    What is Karma?

    • A.

      The soul in Hinduism.

    • B.

      Meditation that leads to enlightenment.

    • C.

      A measurement of how good or bad a person has been.

    • D.

      The sacred text of Buddhism.

    Correct Answer
    C. A measurement of how good or bad a person has been.
    Explanation
    Karma is a concept in Hinduism and Buddhism that refers to the consequences of one's actions. It is believed that every action, whether good or bad, will have an effect on a person's future experiences and circumstances. This answer accurately describes karma as a measurement of how good or bad a person has been, reflecting the belief that one's actions determine their future outcomes.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following religions believe in Karma?

    • A.

      Hinduism.

    • B.

      Buddhism.

    • C.

      All of the above.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Both Hinduism and Buddhism believe in the concept of Karma. In Hinduism, Karma is the law of cause and effect, where one's actions in this life will determine their future lives. In Buddhism, Karma is also the law of cause and effect, but it is more focused on the moral consequences of one's actions in the present life. Therefore, both religions believe in the idea that one's actions have consequences and will affect their future experiences.

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  • 41. 

    This religion can be divided into Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox sects.

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    B. Christianity
    Explanation
    Christianity can be divided into Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox sects. These different sects within Christianity have varying beliefs, practices, and structures of worship. Catholicism is the largest sect, with its own hierarchy and centralized authority in the Pope. Protestantism emerged from the Reformation and emphasizes individual interpretation of the Bible and direct relationship with God. Orthodox Christianity originated in the Eastern Roman Empire and has its own distinct traditions and liturgy. Therefore, the statement correctly identifies Christianity as a religion that can be divided into these three major sects.

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  • 42. 

    The Western Wailing Wall is located in Jerusalem, Israel  and is an important place of prayer, mostly for people of the __________________ faith. 

    • A.

      Jewish

    • B.

      Hindu

    • C.

      Buddhist

    • D.

      Muslim

    Correct Answer
    A. Jewish
    Explanation
    The Western Wailing Wall is located in Jerusalem, Israel, and is an important place of prayer, mostly for people of the Jewish faith.

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  • 43. 

    Christianity began with:

    • A.

      The Covenant of the Hebrews.

    • B.

      The receiving of the Ten Commandments by Moses.

    • C.

      The enlightenment of Siddhartha Gautama.

    • D.

      The teachings that Jesus of Nazareth started.

    Correct Answer
    D. The teachings that Jesus of Nazareth started.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the teachings that Jesus of Nazareth started. This is because Christianity is a monotheistic religion that originated from the teachings and life of Jesus Christ. Jesus is believed to be the Son of God and the Messiah who came to fulfill the Old Testament prophecies. His teachings emphasized love, forgiveness, and salvation through faith in him. The early followers of Jesus, known as disciples, spread his teachings and established the foundation of the Christian faith.

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  • 44. 

    Check the two main sects of Islam.

    • A.

      Sunni

    • B.

      Tibetan

    • C.

      Reformed

    • D.

      Shia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sunni
    D. Shia
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies the two main sects of Islam, Sunni and Shia. Sunni is the largest sect in Islam, comprising the majority of Muslims worldwide. Shia is the second-largest sect, with a significant presence in countries such as Iran, Iraq, and Bahrain. These two sects have theological and historical differences, primarily related to the succession of leadership after the death of Prophet Muhammad. Understanding the distinction between Sunni and Shia is crucial to comprehending the diversity within the Islamic faith.

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  • 45. 

    What is the language of Judaism?

    • A.

      Greek

    • B.

      Arabic

    • C.

      Hebrew

    • D.

      Polish

    Correct Answer
    C. Hebrew
    Explanation
    Hebrew is the language of Judaism. It is the ancient language in which the Hebrew Bible, or the Tanakh, is written. It is also the language used in Jewish liturgy, prayers, and religious texts. Hebrew has a deep historical and cultural significance for the Jewish people, and it is considered a sacred language. It is still spoken and studied by Jewish communities worldwide, making it an integral part of Jewish identity and religious practice.

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  • 46. 

    Jews who keep kosher 

    • A.

      Must pray five times a day

    • B.

      Follow a dietary law of eating

    • C.

      Face Israel when they pray

    • D.

      Must visit the Western Wailing Wall

    Correct Answer
    B. Follow a dietary law of eating
    Explanation
    Jews who keep kosher follow a dietary law of eating. Kosher refers to the set of dietary rules and regulations that Jewish people follow, based on the principles outlined in the Torah. These rules dictate what foods can be eaten, how they should be prepared, and how they should be consumed. The purpose of keeping kosher is to maintain spiritual purity and to adhere to the religious traditions and customs of Judaism. By following these dietary laws, Jews who keep kosher ensure that their food is prepared in a specific way and that they only consume foods that are considered kosher.

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  • 47. 

    Check all the following that are TRUE about Israel

    • A.

      Today, it is predominately Jewish

    • B.

      It used to be called Palestine

    • C.

      It is a holy place to Judaism, Islam and Christianity

    • D.

      In the 20th century, despite different religious beliefs, it has been a land of peace.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Today, it is predominately Jewish
    B. It used to be called Palestine
    C. It is a holy place to Judaism, Islam and Christianity
    Explanation
    Israel is predominately Jewish today, as it has a significant Jewish population. It used to be called Palestine, which was the name of the region before the establishment of the State of Israel. Israel is considered a holy place to Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, as it is home to important religious sites for all three religions, such as the Western Wall, the Dome of the Rock, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. However, it is not accurate to say that Israel has been a land of peace in the 20th century, as it has experienced conflicts and tensions with neighboring countries and within its own borders.

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  • 48. 

    The pope is the leader of the ____________________ church in Christianity.

    • A.

      Roman Catholic

    • B.

      Greek Orthodox

    • C.

      Baptist

    • D.

      Methodist

    Correct Answer
    A. Roman Catholic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Roman Catholic because historically, the Pope has been recognized as the leader of the Roman Catholic Church. The Pope is considered the successor of Saint Peter and holds the highest authority in the Roman Catholic Church, making decisions on matters of doctrine and leading the Church's worldwide community of believers. The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian denomination, with a hierarchical structure and specific beliefs and practices that differentiate it from other branches of Christianity.

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  • 49. 

    Choose the statement that is true based on the data in the graph. 

    • A.

      Most people in the world are Europeans

    • B.

      The majority of Muslims are from Sub Sahara Africa

    • C.

      Most Buddhists are from the Middle East

    • D.

      Christians can be found in many different places in the world

    Correct Answer
    D. Christians can be found in many different places in the world
    Explanation
    The graph does not provide any information about the majority or distribution of different religious groups in the world. Therefore, we cannot determine the accuracy of the statements regarding the majority of Muslims from Sub Sahara Africa or most Buddhists from the Middle East. However, the statement "Christians can be found in many different places in the world" is true because the graph shows that Christianity is the largest religion globally, with followers in various regions.

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  • 50. 

    Unlike other world religions, Hinduism does not have a single founder.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hinduism does not have a single founder because it developed over thousands of years through the contributions of various sages, philosophers, and religious leaders. It is a complex and diverse religion that encompasses a wide range of beliefs, practices, and traditions. Unlike religions like Christianity or Islam, which can be traced back to a specific individual or prophet, Hinduism evolved organically over time, making it unique in its lack of a single founder.

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