Whap Chapters 1-4 Review

67 Questions | Total Attempts: 206

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Whap Chapters 1-4 Review - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the Paleolithic Era?
    • A. 

      The first writing systems developed in this period of human history.

    • B. 

      Paleolithic people used stone rather than metal tools.

    • C. 

      Paleolithic people made a living by gathering and hunting, rather than producing food.

    • D. 

      Paleolithic people developed rituals to help them deal with human existence.

  • 2. 
    All EXCEPT which of the following is a source that modern scholars have used to understand Paleolithic peoples?
    • A. 

      The study of modern Paleolithic peoples for comparison

    • B. 

      The study of written ritual texts

    • C. 

      The study of Paleolithic art, such as cave paintings and engraving

    • D. 

      The study of Paleolithic remains, such as stone tools and fossils

  • 3. 
    The last Ice Age may have helped early gatherer-hunters in which of the following ways?
    • A. 

      The heavier rainfall of the Ice Age's weather fluctuations made it possible for them to grow crops

    • B. 

      Ice served as an important preservative for food, making it possible for them to settle in the same place for extended periods.

    • C. 

      The cold weather killed off most large mammals that had been predatory on early human beings.

    • D. 

      The lower sea levels associated with the Ice Age created land bridges, allowing human beings to travel to many regions of the earth.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is generally true of Paleolithic peoples?
    • A. 

      Paleolithic societies failed to innovate, stubbornly refusing to change in response to new situations or environments.

    • B. 

      Paleolithic societies regularly relied on trade to secure items needed to survive.

    • C. 

      Paleolithic societies often developed elaborate and complex outlooks on the world.

    • D. 

      Paleolithic societies were technologically complex, relying on a surprisingly wide array of tools and weapons made from both stone and metal.

  • 5. 
    In what way were the Austronesian migrations to the Pacific Islands NOT distinct from earlier human migrations?
    • A. 

      They had a significant impact on their new environments, unlike earlier migrants.

    • B. 

      They were more recent than other migrants, beginning only about 3,500 years ago

    • C. 

      They were waterborne, using oceangoing canoes.

    • D. 

      They were already agriculturists when the migration began.

  • 6. 
    All EXCEPT which of the following was a common feature of early gathering and hunting societies?
    • A. 

      They were small, consisting of bands of 25–50 people.

    • B. 

      They had clearly defined social hierarchies.

    • C. 

      They were seasonally mobile or nomadic.

    • D. 

      Relationships between women and men were far more equal than in later societies.

  • 7. 
    In which of the following ways did Paleolithic people purposely alter the natural environment?
    • A. 

      They tamed and kept certain species of animals for their meat and wool.

    • B. 

      They built walls to protect themselves from wild animals and their neighbors.

    • C. 

      They cleared fields and planted simple crops.

    • D. 

      They deliberately set fire to encourage the growth of particular plants.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was NOT a result of the end of the last Ice Age?
    • A. 

      Humans learned to sew, instead of wearing simple animal skins as clothing.

    • B. 

      Some gathering and hunting communities established permanent settlements.

    • C. 

      Society became more unequal, as some people were able to acquire more goods than others.

    • D. 

      Population grew.

  • 9. 
    In what way did the settling down of human populations change the way societies were organized?
    • A. 

      People became increasingly unequal, as some proved better or more fortunate at accumulating goods.

    • B. 

      Societies became more complex, as people settled together in larger numbers than before.

    • C. 

      On the whole, people had to work fewer hours per week, and could devote the time they gained to artistic and technological development.

    • D. 

      Both a and b

  • 10. 
    In which environment is it most likely that a Paleolithic society would have been able to settle down permanently in villages, while continuing to live from gathering and hunting?
    • A. 

      Near the sea, because the sea provided a permanent food supply

    • B. 

      On the edge of a desert, where enemies would be more likely to leave them alone

    • C. 

      In the mountains, where caves were available for storage and shelter

    • D. 

      In a forest region, because of the presence of large mammals

  • 11. 
     Which of the following factors made it more likely that hunting and gathering people would turn to agriculture?
    • A. 

      Population pressure that placed a heavy demand on the environment

    • B. 

      Desire to acquire goods

    • C. 

      Living in settled communities, which made heavier demands on the environment than gathering and hunting could supply

    • D. 

      A and c only

  • 12. 
    In recent decades, some people have celebrated Paleolithic life, on the grounds that:
    • A. 

      Paleolithic peoples enjoyed much greater gender equality.

    • B. 

      Paleolithic people had an ideal diet of wild plants and animals that is well-suited to human physiology.

    • C. 

      Paleolithic societies valued sharing and equality rather than competition and materialism.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    About 12,000 years ago a new global pattern of human life started to unfold as humankind began:
    • A. 

      To migrate and settle outside of Africa.

    • B. 

      Deliberately to cultivate plants.

    • C. 

      To tame and breed wild animals.

    • D. 

      Both b and c

  • 14. 
    Agriculture developed separately and independently in:
    • A. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa.

    • B. 

      Europe.

    • C. 

      India.

    • D. 

      Australia

  • 15. 
    The warming period at the end of the last Ice Age helped make agriculture possible by:
    • A. 

      Creating generally drier conditions especially in temperate and tropical regions.

    • B. 

      Permitting cereal grasses to flourish.

    • C. 

      Contributing to the flourishing of the large mammals upon which Paleolithic peoples had relied for food.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Which of the following was NOT an outcome of domestication?
    • A. 

      The impact of human beings on the environment declined.

    • B. 

      Many plants and animals became reliant on human action or protection to reproduce successfully.

    • C. 

      Humans consciously directed the process of evolution in both plants and animals.

    • D. 

      It became impossible for humankind to return to gathering/hunting both because of the loss of skills and the growth in human numbers.

  • 17. 
    The development of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa differed from the development of agriculture in Southwest Asia in which of the following ways?
    • A. 

      Only the Fertile Crescent domesticated grain crops.

    • B. 

      Only sub-Saharan Africa domesticated cattle.

    • C. 

      In sub-Saharan Africa crops were domesticated in a greater variety of environments.

    • D. 

      Fertile Crescent crops spread across Eurasia, while no crop from sub-Saharan Africa spread beyond Africa.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following was NOT a challenge to the establishment of agriculture in the Americas as compared to the Afro-Eurasian world?
    • A. 

      The lack of rich cereal grains to domesticate

    • B. 

      The lack of other crops with which to supplement a diet of maize

    • C. 

      The north/south orientation of the Americas

    • D. 

      The lack of large mammals suitable for domestication

  • 19. 
    Compared to the Americas, the domestication of animals in Southwest Asia made it easier
    • A. 

      To fertilize fields.

    • B. 

      To develop plow technology.

    • C. 

      To rely less on hunting and fishing.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    The spread of agriculture through diffusion and migration:
    • A. 

      Resulted in the spread of language groups.

    • B. 

      Always benefited the gatherer-hunter peoples with whom migrants came into contact.

    • C. 

      Resulted in India receiving crops only from Southwest Asia.

    • D. 

      resulted in the widespread dissemination of crops from New Guinea.

  • 21. 
    Gatherer-hunter societies most often succeeded in resisting the encroachment of agricultural societies in which of the following environments?
    • A. 

      Arctic environments

    • B. 

      Desert environments

    • C. 

      Regions of particular natural abundance

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    Early agricultural people:
    • A. 

      Uniformly enjoyed a greater life expectancy than gatherer-hunters.

    • B. 

      Didn't suffer from famines.

    • C. 

      Suffered from deadly diseases caught from domesticated animals.

    • D. 

      Had more leisure time than their gatherer-hunter counterparts.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following technologies was NOT first developed by Neolithic peoples?
    • A. 

      Creation of pottery

    • B. 

      Stone axes and scrapers

    • C. 

      Weaving of textiles

    • D. 

      Metallurgy

  • 24. 
    The Agricultural Revolution:
    • A. 

      Lessened the impact of humans on the natural environment.

    • B. 

      Resulted in a uniform improvement in the health of the population.

    • C. 

      Resulted in significant technological developments.

    • D. 

      Lessened the impact of smallpox and other diseases on the human population.

  • 25. 
    Agricultural village societies:
    • A. 

      Were usually organized in terms of kinship groups or lineages.

    • B. 

      Formed through the leadership of strong kings and aristocracies.

    • C. 

      Developed hierarchical societies with large disparities between elites and commoners.

    • D. 

      Formed a strong sense of patriarchy in which men dominated trades and positions of authority.

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