Whap Ch. 9-11

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 216

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Whap Ch. 9-11

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Which of the following was NOT a development during the period of China's political fragmentation from about 220 to about 580 C.E.?
    • A. 

      Confucianism was discredited by the disunity that occurred, leading many among the elite to adopt Buddhism and Daoism

    • B. 

      China enjoyed its most rapid economic development before 1400 C.E.

    • C. 

      Chinese migrants spread into the Yangzi River valley, beginning a major transformation of the Chinese environment

    • D. 

      Many northern nomads settled in China and adopted Chinese language and customs

  • 2. 
     This dynasty reunified China in the late sixth century C.E., solidifying that unity by greatly extending the country's canals.
    • A. 

      Sui

    • B. 

      Qin

    • C. 

      Tang

    • D. 

      Song

  • 3. 
     Which of the following is among the reasons why Tang and Song dynasty China is regarded as a "golden age"?
    • A. 

      Major voyages of exploration sponsored by the emperors, giving the Chinese access to a new range of trade goods and wealth

    • B. 

      The invention of new forms of weaponry that assured peace by giving China a new military advantage over its neighbors

    • C. 

      The development of democratic institutions that gave more people a say in government

    • D. 

      Major artistic, literary, and scholarly advances, including the creation of Neo-Confucianism

  • 4. 
    Which of the following did NOT contribute to China's economic revolution during the Tang and Song dynasties?
    • A. 

      Sophisticated commercial networks that included paper money and letters of credit

    • B. 

      A complex network of internal waterways that allowed cheap transportation

    • C. 

      The import of large numbers of slaves to work in agriculture and industry

    • D. 

      A major increase in industrial production

  • 5. 
     Which of the following is a reason why women were more restricted under the Song dynasty than under its predecessor, the Tang dynasty?
    • A. 

      The threat of foreign invasion, which made male military skills highly valued

    • B. 

      The spread of Daoism, whose female deities offended mainstream Chinese notions of proper behavior

    • C. 

      A reaction against the misrule of several strong empresses, who gave all women a bad name

    • D. 

      A revival of Confucianism, which emphasized patriarchal control over women

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements about women is true of Song dynasty China?
    • A. 

      Women became more important as industries developed to perform traditionally female tasks such as weaving, since the factories preferred to hire skilled female workers.

    • B. 

      Women gained property rights, including the ability to inherit property from their families

    • C. 

      Women were closed out from the service sector of Chinese cities, because the practice of foot binding made it nearly impossible for them to move around in society.

    • D. 

      Women had almost no opportunities to gain a formal education, because of fear that learning would make them less subordinate to their husbands or fathers.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following was NOT a corollary of the Chinese belief that China represented "civilization" and was at the center of the world?
    • A. 

      The belief that the Chinese were an inherently superior race and that "barbarians" could never become truly civilized

    • B. 

      The belief that Chinese society was self-sufficient, while "barbarians" craved Chinese wealth and learning

    • C. 

      The belief that the various peoples outside of China were "barbarians"

    • D. 

      The belief that one of China's tasks was to enlighten "barbarians" by teaching them the ways of civilization

  • 8. 
     Which of the following statements about the Chinese "tribute system" is true?
    • A. 

      The tribute system operated at the end of wars of conquest and was designed to humiliate the conquered peoples

    • B. 

      China's neighbors in the premodern period often refused to submit to the rituals of the tribute system and resented China's assumption of superiority

    • C. 

      The tribute system was an exploitative "one-way street," with foreign states paying tribute to China but the Chinese government offering nothing in return

    • D. 

      The Chinese government often gave other states gifts that were in fact worth more than the tribute that those states paid to China.

  • 9. 
     Which of the following entities did the Chinese occasionally have to recognize as a political equal?
    • A. 

      Vietnam

    • B. 

      Korea

    • C. 

      the Xiongnu

    • D. 

      Japan

  • 10. 
    Which of the following was NOT a result of Chinese interaction with the northern nomads during the Tang dynasty?
    • A. 

      The Chinese converted large numbers of the northern nomads to Chinese cultural ways

    • B. 

      Interaction with the nomads encouraged the spread of Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Manichaeism in China

    • C. 

      In northern China, a mixed Chinese/Turkic culture evolved that produced the founder of the Tang dynasty

    • D. 

      Elite Chinese adopted music, clothing, and artistic styles brought to them by the nomads.

  • 11. 
     Confucianism had the most negative impact on women in which of the following states?
    • A. 

      Vietnam

    • B. 

      Japan

    • C. 

      Korea

    • D. 

      The Xiongnu confederacy

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements best describes Korea's relationship with China in the premodern period?
    • A. 

      Chinese culture deeply influenced Korean society at every level, including the lives of peasants and slaves.

    • B. 

      The Korean elite adopted many elements of Chinese culture, importing many Chinese goods and customs while sending thousands of students to China

    • C. 

      Korea was a subject state that for most of its history was ruled by China.

    • D. 

      To give themselves legitimacy, the rulers of the Korean Silla, Koryo, and Yi dynasties emphasized their connection to Korean legend, in an effort to distance themselves from the Chinese

  • 13. 
    . The cultural heartland of ____________ was a part of the Chinese state for more than a thousand years, encouraging both the adoption of Chinese culture and periodic rebellions.
    • A. 

      Japan

    • B. 

      Tibet

    • C. 

      Korea

    • D. 

      Vietnam

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Korea, Vietnam, and Japan all adopted Chinese cultural attitudes toward women

    • B. 

      Korea, Vietnam, and Japan were all ruled, at least for a time, by China.

    • C. 

      Korea, Vietnam, and Japan all adopted numerous elements of Chinese culture

    • D. 

      Korea, Vietnam, and Japan all continue to use Chinese writing to the present day

  • 15. 
     Which of the following was NOT a reason for the spread of Buddhism in China during the period 300–800 C.E.?
    • A. 

      Buddhists made a serious effort to present their religion in terms that were meaningful to the Chinese

    • B. 

      With its emphasis on ritual, morality, and contemplation, Buddhism provided a satisfying response to the violence and disunity of the times.

    • C. 

      Buddhism was forcibly imposed on the population by a number of rulers who sponsored the new religion

    • D. 

      Buddhism, as a foreign religion, was appealing to the nomadic rulers of northern China

  • 16. 
    Buddhism lost state support in China for all but which of the following reasons?
    • A. 

      Government officials wanted the wealth of tax-exempt Buddhist monasteries.

    • B. 

      Buddhists led the failed An Lushan rebellion of 755–763, discrediting their religion in the eyes of government administrators.

    • C. 

      Buddhism was foreign, and therefore was caught up in the reaction against foreign influence that marked seventh- and eighth-century China

    • D. 

      Some saw the Buddhist monasteries as a potential "state within a state" that could challenge imperial authority

  • 17. 
     In comparison to Byzantium, the Latin West before 1000 C.E.
    • A. 

      Was more politically unified

    • B. 

      had a Christian church more firmly under the control of political authorities

    • C. 

      possessed no city that could compare to the splendor of Constantinople

    • D. 

      Was more integrated into the Silk Roads