Week 1 -digital Radiography

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| By Mary_euline
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Mary_euline
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 988
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 988

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Radiography Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    If you needed to 'complete' an exam, which of the following programs would you access in order to do this?

    • A.

      HIS

    • B.

      RIS

    • C.

      PACS

    • D.

      HL-7

    Correct Answer
    B. RIS
    Explanation
    To 'complete' an exam, one would typically access the RIS (Radiology Information System). RIS is a software program used in radiology departments to manage patient information, scheduling, and workflow related to radiological exams. It allows healthcare professionals to track and complete exams, generate reports, and store and retrieve images. Therefore, accessing the RIS program would be the appropriate choice for completing an exam.

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  • 2. 

    Image transmission within a hospital happens via the ______.

    • A.

      Internet

    • B.

      Intranet

    • C.

      Ethernet

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Intranet
    Explanation
    In a hospital, the transmission of images typically occurs within the hospital's internal network, which is known as an intranet. An intranet is a private network that allows communication and data sharing within an organization. It provides a secure and controlled environment for transmitting sensitive information, such as medical images, within the hospital's premises. The internet, on the other hand, is a public network that connects multiple networks globally and is not typically used for internal image transmission within a hospital. Ethernet is a technology used for local area networks (LANs) and is a common method of connecting devices within a network, but it does not specifically refer to image transmission within a hospital.

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  • 3. 

    CR and DR systems actually had better spatial resolution than Conventional film systems.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because CR and DR systems do not have better spatial resolution than conventional film systems. Conventional film systems provide higher spatial resolution compared to CR and DR systems.

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  • 4. 

    The heart of a PACS system is a high-end computer or server.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The heart of a PACS system, which stands for Picture Archiving and Communication System, is indeed a high-end computer or server. This computer or server is responsible for storing, retrieving, and distributing medical images and patient information within a healthcare facility. It acts as a central hub for managing and organizing the digital imaging data, allowing healthcare professionals to access and analyze the images efficiently. Without a high-end computer or server, a PACS system would not be able to function effectively.

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  • 5. 

    Converting data back into analog information for viewing on a monitor requires the information to be passed through the:

    • A.

      PACS-RIS-HIS

    • B.

      ADC

    • C.

      DAC

    • D.

      The data does not require conversion

    Correct Answer
    C. DAC
    Explanation
    When digital data needs to be converted back into analog information for viewing on a monitor, a Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC) is required. A DAC takes the digital data and converts it into an analog signal that can be displayed on a monitor. This is necessary because monitors typically work with analog signals, so without a DAC, the digital data would not be compatible with the monitor and cannot be viewed. Therefore, the correct answer is DAC.

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  • 6. 

    Two popular types of compression used to send images quickly are:

    • A.

      PACS and HL-7

    • B.

      HL-7 and DICOM

    • C.

      DICOM and IMAC

    • D.

      Lossy and Lossless

    Correct Answer
    D. Lossy and Lossless
    Explanation
    Lossy and Lossless are two popular types of compression used to send images quickly. Lossy compression reduces the file size by removing unnecessary or less important data from the image, resulting in some loss of quality. Lossless compression, on the other hand, reduces the file size without any loss of quality by compressing the data in a way that it can be fully reconstructed when decompressed. These two types of compression offer different trade-offs between file size and image quality, allowing users to choose the most suitable option based on their specific needs.

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  • 7. 

    If you needed to view a patient's History and Physical(H&P) report, you would find this in:

    • A.

      PACS

    • B.

      RIS

    • C.

      DICOM

    • D.

      HIS

    Correct Answer
    D. HIS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is HIS, which stands for Hospital Information System. The HIS is a comprehensive system that stores and manages all patient-related information, including medical history, physical examination reports, laboratory results, and more. Therefore, if you needed to view a patient's History and Physical report, you would find it in the HIS.

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  • 8. 

    One advantage that digital mammography has over conventional film mammography is:

    • A.

      Able to adjust to larger sizes.

    • B.

      Warm flat-panel plates

    • C.

      Computer Aided Diagnosis

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Computer Aided Diagnosis
    Explanation
    Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) is an advantage that digital mammography has over conventional film mammography. CAD systems use computer algorithms to analyze mammograms and assist radiologists in detecting and diagnosing breast abnormalities. This technology can help improve the accuracy and efficiency of mammogram interpretation, leading to earlier detection of breast cancer and potentially reducing the number of false-positive or false-negative results. It provides an additional level of support and can be particularly beneficial in detecting subtle or difficult-to-interpret findings.

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  • 9. 

    DICOM is used to send images to and from PACS. What is the software used to send text between the RIS and HIS?

    • A.

      HL-7

    • B.

      IMAC

    • C.

      Lossless

    • D.

      CCD

    Correct Answer
    A. HL-7
    Explanation
    HL-7 is the correct answer because it is a widely used standard for exchanging information between healthcare systems, including the RIS (Radiology Information System) and HIS (Hospital Information System). While DICOM is used for sending images, HL-7 is specifically designed for transmitting text-based data, such as patient demographics, lab results, and clinical notes, between different healthcare applications and systems. Therefore, HL-7 is the software used to send text between the RIS and HIS.

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  • 10. 

    Conversion of an image into digital data requires the use of the:

    • A.

      ADC

    • B.

      DAC

    • C.

      PACS_RIS_HIS

    • D.

      HL-7

    Correct Answer
    A. ADC
    Explanation
    To convert an image into digital data, the use of an ADC (Analog-to-Digital Converter) is required. ADC is a device that converts the continuous analog signal from the image into a discrete digital representation. It samples the analog signal at regular intervals and assigns digital values to each sample, allowing the image to be stored and processed in a digital format. DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter) is used for the opposite process, converting digital data back into an analog signal. PACS_RIS_HIS and HL-7 are not directly related to the conversion of an image into digital data.

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  • 11. 

    Which has better spatial resolution?

    • A.

      FILM

    • B.

      CR

    Correct Answer
    A. FILM
    Explanation
    Film has better spatial resolution compared to CR.

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  • 12. 

    What is DSA?

    Correct Answer
    Digital Subtraction Angiography
    Explanation
    Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) is a medical imaging technique used to visualize blood vessels in the body. It involves taking a series of X-ray images before and after the injection of a contrast dye. The pre-contrast images are then subtracted from the post-contrast images, resulting in a clearer visualization of the blood vessels. DSA is commonly used to diagnose and treat conditions such as arterial blockages, aneurysms, and vascular malformations. It provides detailed and real-time images, allowing doctors to accurately assess the condition of the blood vessels and plan appropriate treatment strategies.

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  • 13. 

    }How many bits in a byte?

    Correct Answer
    8
    Explanation
    A byte is a unit of digital information that typically consists of 8 bits. Each bit can represent a 0 or a 1, and when combined, they form a byte. Therefore, the correct answer is 8, indicating that there are 8 bits in a byte.

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  • 14. 

    }What’s the difference between direct conversion and indirect conversion?

    Correct Answer
    Direct conversion directly converts x-ray photons into an electronic signal while indirect conversion converts the photons into light and this light is converted to an electronic signal.
    Explanation
    Direct conversion and indirect conversion are two different methods used in imaging technology. In direct conversion, x-ray photons are directly converted into an electronic signal. This means that when the x-ray photons hit the detector, they are immediately converted into an electrical signal, which can then be processed and used to create an image. On the other hand, in indirect conversion, the x-ray photons are first converted into light photons. These light photons are then converted into an electronic signal. So, in indirect conversion, there is an additional step of converting x-ray photons into light before they are converted into an electronic signal.

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