# Vocabulary Test - Electricity And Magnets

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Jones54
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,693
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 1,693

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This is a vocabulary quiz on electricity and magnets. It is for 4th grade.

Questions and Answers
• 1.

### A material through which heat or electricity do not flow easily

• A.

Circuit

• B.

Current

• C.

Insulator

• D.

Conductor

Correct Answer
C. Insulator
Explanation
An insulator is a material that does not allow the easy flow of heat or electricity. Unlike conductors, which readily allow the movement of these forms of energy, insulators have high resistance and inhibit the flow. This property makes insulators useful in applications where the prevention of heat or electrical transfer is desired, such as in electrical wiring, insulation materials, or protective coatings.

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• 2.

### A material through which heat or electricity flows easily

• A.

Circuit

• B.

Current

• C.

Insulator

• D.

Conductor

Correct Answer
D. Conductor
Explanation
A conductor is a material that allows heat or electricity to flow easily through it. Unlike insulators, which impede the flow of heat or electricity, conductors have a high conductivity and low resistance. This property makes conductors suitable for use in electrical circuits, where they can efficiently transmit electrical energy.

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• 3.

### A circuit in which each object is connected to the cell separately

• A.

Series circuit

• B.

Parallel circuit

• C.

Complete circuit

Correct Answer
B. Parallel circuit
Explanation
A parallel circuit is a circuit in which each object or component is connected to the cell separately, allowing the current to flow through each component independently. In a parallel circuit, the voltage across each component remains the same, while the current is divided among the components. This arrangement allows for multiple paths for the current to flow, providing redundancy and ensuring that if one component fails, the others can still function.

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• 4.

### A circuit in which the objects are connected in a single path

• A.

Series circuit

• B.

Parallel circuit

• C.

Complete circuit

Correct Answer
A. Series circuit
Explanation
A series circuit is a type of circuit where the objects or components are connected in a single path, meaning that the current flows through each component in sequence. In a series circuit, the total resistance is equal to the sum of the individual resistances, and the total voltage is divided among the components. Therefore, if any component in the series circuit fails or is disconnected, the entire circuit will be interrupted and no current will flow.

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• 5.

### A temporary magnet created when current flows through wire wrapped in coils around an iron bar.

• A.

Permanent magnet

• B.

Electro magnet

• C.

Powerful magnet

Correct Answer
B. Electro magnet
Explanation
An electromagnet is created when an electric current flows through a wire wrapped in coils around an iron bar. The flow of current generates a magnetic field, which magnetizes the iron bar and creates a temporary magnet. Unlike a permanent magnet, which retains its magnetism without the need for an external power source, an electromagnet only exhibits magnetic properties when the current is flowing through the wire.

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• 6.

### A device that creates alternating current by spinning an electric coil between magnets

• A.

Circuit

• B.

Electric motor

• C.

Generator

Correct Answer
C. Generator
Explanation
A device that creates alternating current by spinning an electric coil between magnets is called a generator. In a generator, the spinning motion of the coil induces a current in the wire due to the magnetic field generated by the magnets. This current alternates in direction, producing an alternating current. Generators are commonly used in power plants to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy, which can then be distributed through a circuit.

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• 7.

### A reusable switch that protects circuits from dangerously high currents

• A.

Circuit

• B.

Fuse

• C.

Circuit breaker

Correct Answer
C. Circuit breaker
Explanation
A circuit breaker is a reusable switch that protects circuits from dangerously high currents. It is designed to automatically interrupt the flow of electricity when it detects an overload or short circuit. This helps prevent damage to the circuit and potential hazards such as electrical fires. Unlike a fuse, which needs to be replaced after it blows, a circuit breaker can be reset and used again. Therefore, a circuit breaker is the correct answer for a reusable switch that protects circuits from dangerously high currents.

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• 8.

### A device that melts to keep too much electricity from flowing through wires

• A.

Circuit

• B.

Fuse

• C.

Circuit breaker

Correct Answer
B. Fuse
Explanation
A fuse is a device that melts when there is too much electricity flowing through wires. When the current exceeds a certain level, the fuse wire inside the device heats up and melts, breaking the circuit and preventing further flow of electricity. This helps protect the wires and other electrical components from damage caused by excessive current. Circuit breakers, on the other hand, use an electromagnetic switch to break the circuit when there is an overload, while fuses rely on the melting of a wire.

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• 9.

### A complete path through which electricity can flow

• A.

Current

• B.

Discharge

• C.

Circuit

Correct Answer
C. Circuit
Explanation
A circuit is a complete path through which electricity can flow. It allows the current to flow from the power source, through various components such as resistors or capacitors, and back to the power source. Without a circuit, there would be no complete path for the electricity to follow, and therefore no flow of current or discharge of electrical energy.

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• 10.

### A moving electrical charge is

• A.

Current electricity

• B.

Circuit

• C.

A magnetic field

Correct Answer
A. Current electricity
Explanation
A moving electrical charge refers to the flow of electrons through a conductor. This flow of electrons is known as electric current, which is the movement of charge. Therefore, the correct answer is "current electricity."

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• 11.

### A power source that transforms electrical energy into movement

• A.

Electric motor

• B.

Generator

• C.

Magnetism

Correct Answer
A. Electric motor
Explanation
An electric motor is a power source that converts electrical energy into mechanical movement. It consists of a coil of wire, called an armature, which is surrounded by a magnetic field. When an electric current is passed through the coil, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the surrounding field, causing the armature to rotate. This rotational motion can be used to drive various mechanical devices, such as fans, pumps, or vehicles. Unlike a generator, which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, an electric motor operates in the opposite direction, making it the correct answer in this context.

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• 12.

### A region of magnetic force around a magnet

• A.

Pole

• B.

Discharge

• C.

Magnetic field

Correct Answer
C. Magnetic field
Explanation
A magnetic field refers to the region around a magnet where the magnetic force is exerted. It is the area in which magnetic objects or particles experience a magnetic force. This force is responsible for the attraction or repulsion between magnets and the interaction between magnets and magnetic materials. The strength and direction of the magnetic field are determined by the properties of the magnet, such as its size and shape.

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• 13.

### The sudden movement of an electric charge from the object where it built up onto another nearby object

• A.

Pole

• B.

Generator

• C.

Circuit

• D.

Discharge

Correct Answer
D. Discharge
Explanation
The term "discharge" refers to the sudden movement of an electric charge from one object to another nearby object. This can occur when there is a buildup of electric charge on an object, and it is released or transferred onto another object. It can happen in various electrical systems such as circuits, generators, or even in the context of poles. The answer choice "discharge" accurately describes this process of the sudden movement of electric charge.

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• 14.

### The buildup of an electric charge on a material

• A.

Discharge

• B.

Circuit

• C.

Static electricity

• D.

Current electricity

Correct Answer
C. Static electricity
Explanation
Static electricity refers to the buildup of an electric charge on a material. Unlike current electricity, which involves the flow of electrons through a circuit, static electricity occurs when there is an excess or deficiency of electrons on a surface. This buildup of charge can cause objects to attract or repel each other and can result in a sudden discharge of electricity when the imbalance is disrupted. Static electricity is commonly experienced in everyday life, such as when we get a shock after walking on a carpet or when our clothes cling together after being in a dryer.

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• 15.

### Lightning is an example of a

Correct Answer
discharge, static discharge
Explanation
Lightning is an example of a discharge because it is a sudden release of electrical energy between clouds or between a cloud and the ground. It is also referred to as a static discharge because it occurs when there is a buildup of static electricity in the atmosphere, which is then discharged through a lightning bolt.

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• 16.

### The region of magnetic force around a magnet is called

Correct Answer
magnetic field, a magnetic field
Explanation
The region of magnetic force around a magnet is referred to as a magnetic field. It is a region in which a magnetic force can be detected and experienced. This force is generated by the motion of electric charges, such as the movement of electrons in atoms. The magnetic field is characterized by its direction and strength, which can be represented by magnetic field lines. The magnetic field plays a crucial role in various phenomena, including the interaction between magnets, the generation of electric currents, and the behavior of charged particles in electromagnetic fields.

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• 17.

### Most newer houses or electrical systems use a ___ to protect circuits from dangerously high currents

Correct Answer
circuit breaker, circuitbreaker
Explanation
A circuit breaker is used in newer houses or electrical systems to protect circuits from dangerously high currents. It is a device that automatically interrupts the flow of electricity when it detects an overload or short circuit. This helps prevent damage to the electrical system and reduces the risk of electrical fires.

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• 18.

### A circuit with two light bulbs on the same circuit is known as a __ circuit

Correct Answer
series
Explanation
A circuit with two light bulbs on the same circuit is known as a series circuit. In a series circuit, the components are connected in a single path, meaning that the current flows through one component before flowing through the next. In this case, the current would flow through one light bulb before reaching the other. If one light bulb were to burn out or be removed, it would break the circuit and both bulbs would not light up.

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• 19.

### Rubber and plastic are good examples of _____

Correct Answer
insulator, insulators, an insulator, a insulator
Explanation
Rubber and plastic are good examples of insulators. Both materials have high electrical resistance, which prevents the flow of electric current. This property makes them suitable for use in electrical insulation, as they can effectively prevent the transfer of electrical energy. Therefore, they can be classified as insulators, whether referred to in the singular form (an insulator, a insulator) or plural form (insulators).

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