Veterinary Technology - Nursing - Quiz

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Veterinary Technology - Nursing - Quiz - Quiz

Pre-Test for Veterinary Technology Nursing 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The estrus cycle is composed of 4 or 5 stages

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The estrus cycle is indeed composed of 4 or 5 stages. These stages include proestrus, estrus, metestrus, diestrus, and an optional stage called anestrus. Each stage is characterized by specific hormonal changes and behaviors in female mammals, indicating their readiness to mate and reproduce. Therefore, the statement "The estrus cycle is composed of 4 or 5 stages" is true.

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  • 2. 

    In this stage the animal has genital and behavior changes that attract the males, estrogen is produced.

    • A.

      Anestrus

    • B.

      Metestrus

    • C.

      Proestrus

    Correct Answer
    C. Proestrus
    Explanation
    Proestrus is the correct answer because it is the stage in the estrous cycle of female mammals where the reproductive system prepares for mating. During this stage, the animal experiences genital and behavior changes that attract males, such as swelling of the vulva and increased vocalization. Estrogen is also produced during proestrus, which further stimulates these changes. Therefore, proestrus is the most suitable option that aligns with the given description.

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  • 3. 

    _________ in the  estrus cycle is a time when no behavioral changes are seen, and a period of ovarian inactivity.

    Correct Answer
    Anestrus
    Explanation
    Anestrus refers to a phase in the estrus cycle where there are no noticeable behavioral changes and the ovaries are inactive. This is a period of reproductive quiescence, characterized by a lack of estrous behavior and a lack of ovulation. During anestrus, there is no sexual receptivity or fertility, and it is considered a period of reproductive rest for the female.

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  • 4. 

    Estrus is the point in the estrus cycle that the females show signs, but do not allow mating.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    They DO allow mating, and show signs of heat.

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  • 5. 

    Short stage of estrus cycle that the female still may attract a male, but will not allow mating.

    • A.

      Diestrus

    • B.

      Metestrus

    • C.

      Anestrus

    Correct Answer
    B. Metestrus
    Explanation
    Metestrus is the correct answer because it is the stage of the estrus cycle where the female is no longer receptive to mating but still displays behaviors that may attract a male. During metestrus, the female's reproductive tract undergoes changes in preparation for pregnancy, and if fertilization does not occur, the female will progress into diestrus. Anestrus, on the other hand, refers to the period of sexual inactivity between estrus cycles.

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  • 6. 

    Estrus lasts 20-40 days

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    4-13 days

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  • 7. 

    This stage is when pregnancy is being established, and the CL (corpus luteum) on the ovary is being formed, the female them produces progesterone.

    • A.

      Estrus

    • B.

      Metestus

    • C.

      Diestrus

    Correct Answer
    C. Diestrus
    Explanation
    Diestrus is the correct answer because it is the stage in the reproductive cycle of mammals when the corpus luteum is formed on the ovary and progesterone is produced by the female. This stage is characterized by a decrease in sexual receptivity and the preparation of the uterus for potential pregnancy.

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  • 8. 

    This stage lasts 57-60 days

    • A.

      Diestrus

    • B.

      Estrus

    • C.

      Metestrus

    Correct Answer
    A. Diestrus
    Explanation
    Diestrus is the correct answer because it is the stage of the estrous cycle in mammals that typically lasts 57-60 days. During diestrus, the corpus luteum is present and progesterone levels are high, preparing the uterus for potential pregnancy. This stage follows estrus, the period of sexual receptivity, and is followed by metestrus, a transitional phase. Therefore, diestrus is the most appropriate choice based on the given information.

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  • 9. 

    Bitches are seasonally polyestrus

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Come into heat every 6-7 months, anytime in the year.

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  • 10. 

    When do dogs reach puberty?

    • A.

      By 4 months of age

    • B.

      Around 6-24 months of age

    • C.

      By 12 months of age

    Correct Answer
    B. Around 6-24 months of age
    Explanation
    Dogs typically reach puberty around 6-24 months of age. This is the age range when they start to experience sexual maturity and can start reproducing. The exact timing can vary depending on factors such as breed, size, and individual development. Some smaller breeds may reach puberty earlier, while larger breeds may take longer. It is important for dog owners to be aware of this milestone and consider spaying or neutering their pets to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

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  • 11. 

    Check all that are true:  False pregnancy can have signs such as...

    • A.

      Enlarged Mammary Glands

    • B.

      Nesting behavior

    • C.

      Distention of the abdomen

    • D.

      Passing placenta

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Enlarged Mammary Glands
    B. Nesting behavior
    C. Distention of the abdomen
    Explanation
    During false pregnancy, a condition known as pseudopregnancy, a female mammal may exhibit signs similar to those of a real pregnancy. Enlarged mammary glands occur as a result of hormonal changes, preparing the body for lactation. Nesting behavior is observed as the female prepares a safe and comfortable space for her "offspring". Distention of the abdomen can be seen due to hormonal changes and fluid accumulation. However, passing placenta is not a sign of false pregnancy as there is no actual pregnancy occurring.

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  • 12. 

    Male dogs reach puberty by 4 months of age

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    5-9 months

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  • 13. 

    Please list and describe 5 pre-breeding considerations

  • 14. 

    For breeding a dog for the first time one should consider breeding on her first heat.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Second Heat

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  • 15. 

    An owner calls you on the phone while you are working for "The Greatest Vet Clinic Ever" and is asking when she should breed her toy poodle for the first time.  Answer her questions to the best of your ability.

  • 16. 

    Average length of a bitches gestation length

    Correct Answer
    63
    Explanation
    The average length of a bitch's gestation period is 63 days. This refers to the time it takes for a female dog to carry and develop her puppies before giving birth.

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  • 17. 

    In dogs, parturition is called Queening.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Whelping

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  • 18. 

    In what stage of parturition does the animal appear restless, show nesting behavior, and have a milky white vaginal discharge, ending with delivery of fetus into the pelvic canal.

    • A.

      II

    • B.

      I

    • C.

      III

    Correct Answer
    B. I
    Explanation
    Stage I of parturition is known as the preparatory stage. During this stage, the animal may appear restless and exhibit nesting behavior as they prepare for the upcoming delivery. The milky white vaginal discharge is also a characteristic sign of this stage. The delivery of the fetus into the pelvic canal marks the end of stage I and the beginning of stage II, which is the expulsion stage. Therefore, the correct answer is I.

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  • 19. 

    In what stage does the cervix relax and fully dilate and muscles undergo rhythmic contractions.

    • A.

      I

    • B.

      III

    • C.

      II

    Correct Answer
    A. I
    Explanation
    Stage I of labor, also known as the dilation stage, is when the cervix begins to relax and fully dilate (open up). During this stage, the muscles of the uterus undergo rhythmic contractions, which help to push the baby down and out of the birth canal. This stage is typically the longest and can last for several hours.

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  • 20. 

    What happens in Stage III of parturition?

  • 21. 

    In which stage does the uterus begin to shrink to it's non pregnant size?

    • A.

      I

    • B.

      III

    • C.

      II

    Correct Answer
    B. III
    Explanation
    In stage III, the uterus begins to shrink to its non-pregnant size. This stage is known as the involution stage. During this stage, the uterus contracts and the blood vessels that supplied blood to the placenta constrict, causing the uterus to gradually decrease in size. This process typically takes around 6 weeks postpartum.

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  • 22. 

    In what stage of parturition is greenish or black discharge normal?

    • A.

      I

    • B.

      III

    • C.

      II

    Correct Answer
    C. II
    Explanation
    In the second stage of parturition, the greenish or black discharge is considered normal. This stage is known as the expulsion stage, where the fetus is delivered. The discharge is called meconium, which is the first stool of a newborn. It is usually greenish or black in color and consists of amniotic fluid, mucus, and other substances that the fetus ingested while in the womb. This discharge is a sign that the baby's digestive system is functioning properly.

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  • 23. 

    __________________ is the stage of parturition in which there is active labor.

    Correct Answer
    Stage II
    2
    2
    Two
    two
    Explanation
    Stage II of parturition is the stage in which there is active labor. This stage is characterized by strong and regular contractions of the uterus, which help in the expulsion of the fetus from the mother's body. It is the stage where the cervix is fully dilated and the fetus moves through the birth canal. This stage ends with the successful delivery of the fetus.

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  • 24. 

    Per every placenta, there is 2 pups.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    1:1 ratio

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  • 25. 

    Name some things that one will need for preparing for delivery.

  • 26. 

    Cats are seasonally polyestrus, induced ovulators.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cats are seasonally polyestrus, which means they have multiple estrus cycles throughout the year. They are also induced ovulators, meaning that ovulation is triggered by mating. This is true for cats, as they have reproductive cycles that are influenced by changes in daylight and environmental factors.

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  • 27. 

    Cats show vulvar bleeding like dogs do.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Cats do not show vulvar bleeding like dogs do. Unlike dogs, female cats do not have a visible external vulva, making it difficult to observe any bleeding. Additionally, cats have a different reproductive anatomy compared to dogs, and their reproductive cycles do not involve a visible estrous bleeding. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 28. 

    A lady calls into the veterinary clinic you work for and asks you to describe how a cat acts when it is in heat, because she thinks hers may be. Please describe how female cats act when they are in heat.

  • 29. 

    How long is a cats gestation period?

    • A.

      54 days

    • B.

      63-64 days

    • C.

      70-75 days

    Correct Answer
    B. 63-64 days
    Explanation
    A cat's gestation period refers to the length of time it takes for a cat to be pregnant. The correct answer is 63-64 days. This means that on average, a cat's pregnancy lasts for approximately two months. It is important to note that this is just an average and individual cats may have slightly shorter or longer gestation periods.

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  • 30. 

    How long does a cats estrus cycle usually take?

    • A.

      7 days

    • B.

      14 days

    • C.

      12 days

    Correct Answer
    B. 14 days
    Explanation
    The estrus cycle in cats typically lasts for 14 days. During this time, the female cat is fertile and may exhibit behaviors such as increased vocalization and rubbing against objects. This cycle occurs multiple times throughout the year, with intervals of rest in between. It is important for cat owners to be aware of their cat's estrus cycle to prevent unwanted pregnancies and to provide appropriate care during this time.

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  • 31. 

    A cat will cycle when it becomes about 60% of its adult body weight

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    80%

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  • 32. 

    Problems in parturition are common, and very serious in felines.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Problems are rare.

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  • 33. 

    Pyometra is pus within the lumen of the uterus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pyometra is a condition characterized by the presence of pus within the lumen or cavity of the uterus. This can occur in both humans and animals, typically due to an infection. The accumulation of pus can lead to various symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, and abnormal vaginal discharge. If left untreated, pyometra can be a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Therefore, it is important to recognize the signs and seek appropriate medical care.

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  • 34. 

    Check all that apply:  Pyometra

    • A.

      Open and/or Closed

    • B.

      Life threatening

    • C.

      Does not need prompt medical attention

    • D.

      Happens in middle to older age females

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Open and/or Closed
    B. Life threatening
    D. Happens in middle to older age females
    Explanation
    Pyometra is a condition in which the uterus of a female dog or cat becomes infected and filled with pus. It can occur in both open and closed forms, depending on whether the cervix is open or closed. Pyometra is considered life-threatening and requires prompt medical attention. It typically occurs in middle to older age females due to hormonal changes.

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  • 35. 

    Please tell me how an animal with a pyometra will present to you at the clinic (clinical signs please). 

  • 36. 

    A cytology is useless when trying to determine wither or not a dog has a pyometra

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Very useful!

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  • 37. 

    Please tell me what type of in house tests may be used to determine if a dog has a pyometra.

  • 38. 

    Please discuss treatment options for pyometras, and some basis for why owners choose to do one over an other.

  • 39. 

    An open pyometra is the most dangerous, and requires surgical treatment promptly.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An open pyometra is not the most dangerous. While it is a serious condition that requires surgical treatment, a closed pyometra is actually considered more dangerous. In a closed pyometra, the cervix is closed, trapping the pus inside the uterus and preventing it from draining. This can lead to a buildup of toxins and an increased risk of complications such as uterine rupture. Therefore, a closed pyometra requires even more urgent surgical intervention to prevent potentially life-threatening complications.

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  • 40. 

    Antibiotics, supportive care, and fluids can be used to treat an open pyometra.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Antibiotics, supportive care, and fluids are effective treatment options for an open pyometra. Antibiotics help to fight the infection, supportive care helps to manage symptoms and provide comfort, and fluids help to maintain hydration and support overall health. Therefore, it is true that these treatment methods can be used to treat an open pyometra.

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  • 41. 

    What is the  treatment of choice for pyometras? 

    • A.

      Surgical

    • B.

      Antibiotics

    • C.

      Allowing it to run its course

    Correct Answer
    A. Surgical
    Explanation
    The treatment of choice for pyometras is surgical intervention. Pyometra is a serious condition in which the uterus becomes infected and filled with pus. Antibiotics alone may not be sufficient to completely resolve the infection and prevent recurrence. Surgical removal of the uterus, known as a hysterectomy, is the most effective and definitive treatment option for pyometras. Allowing the condition to run its course without intervention can lead to severe complications and potentially be life-threatening for the affected individual.

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  • 42. 

    Difficult Birth

    • A.

      Dystoppic

    • B.

      Dystocia

    • C.

      Breech

    Correct Answer
    B. Dystocia
    Explanation
    Dystocia refers to a difficult or prolonged labor and delivery. It can occur due to various reasons such as abnormal positioning of the fetus (breech), large size of the baby, or problems with the birth canal. Dystocia can lead to complications for both the mother and the baby, and may require medical intervention such as a cesarean section. Therefore, dystocia is the correct answer as it accurately represents the concept of a difficult birth.

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  • 43. 

    The two reasons for dystocia can be uterine inertia, and anatomic abnormalities.  Please describe both below in detail.

  • 44. 

    Fetal causes of dystocia can be

    • A.

      Dead

    • B.

      Abnormally large

    • C.

      Too much fetal fluids

    • D.

      Malpositioned

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Dead
    B. Abnormally large
    D. Malpositioned
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes three possible fetal causes of dystocia: dead, abnormally large, and malpositioned. A dead fetus can cause difficulty during childbirth as it lacks the ability to move and assist in the birthing process. An abnormally large fetus can also lead to dystocia due to the challenges it presents in passing through the birth canal. Additionally, a malpositioned fetus, such as being in a breech position, can cause complications and hinder a smooth delivery.

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  • 45. 

    In a pregnant female, radiographs can help one see

    • A.

      Number

    • B.

      Location

    • C.

      Heart Rate

    • D.

      Size

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Number
    B. Location
    D. Size
    Explanation
    Radiographs, or X-rays, can provide valuable information about a pregnant female's condition. They can help determine the number of fetuses present, their location within the uterus, and their size. This information is crucial for monitoring the progress of the pregnancy and ensuring the health of both the mother and the unborn babies. Radiographs can also help identify any abnormalities or complications that may require medical intervention. Therefore, the correct answer includes the ability of radiographs to provide information about the number, location, and size of the fetuses.

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  • 46. 

    An ultrasound in a pregnant female can help determine

    • A.

      Fetal movement

    • B.

      Heart rate

    • C.

      Heart beat

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Fetal movement
    B. Heart rate
    C. Heart beat
    Explanation
    An ultrasound in a pregnant female can help determine fetal movement, heart rate, and heart beat. Ultrasound technology uses sound waves to create images of the inside of the body. By using this technology, doctors can observe the movement of the fetus as well as measure the heart rate and detect the presence of a heartbeat. This information is crucial in monitoring the health and development of the baby during pregnancy.

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  • 47. 

    There are 3 treatment options for dystocia.  Medical intervention, manual manipulation, surgical managementPlease describe each.

  • 48. 

    Describe considerations for using C-section in animals with uterine dystocia.

  • 49. 

    When getting a dog ready for anesthesia for a C-Section, all the prep (clipping, cleaning) should be done after she is well anesthetized

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False. When getting a dog ready for anesthesia for a C-Section, all the prep (clipping, cleaning) should be done before she is well anesthetized. This is because once the dog is anesthetized, it becomes more difficult to handle and position her for the necessary preparations. It is important to ensure that the dog is fully prepared before the anesthesia takes effect to minimize any potential risks or complications during the procedure.

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  • 50. 

    QUICK!  You have been just giving a little puppy that just came out of the anesthetized dam from a C-Section.  Tell me what you are going to do.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 13, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Bachx102
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