Uti Or Yeast Infection Quiz

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Questions: 12 | Attempts: 1,122

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Uti Or Yeast Infection Quiz - Quiz

How much information do you have about Urinary tract infections? Let's test your knowledge with the help of this quiz. To score the maximum marks, try answering all the questions correctly. So, are you ready? All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All these are examples of urinary tract infections EXCEPT...

    • A.

      Cystitis

    • B.

      Urethritis

    • C.

      Pyleonephritis

    • D.

      Perinephric abscess

    • E.

      Periurethritis

    Correct Answer
    E. Periurethritis
    Explanation
    Periurethritis is not an example of a urinary tract infection. Cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, and perinephric abscess are all types of urinary tract infections. Periurethritis refers to inflammation of the tissues surrounding the urethra, rather than an infection within the urinary tract itself.

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  • 2. 

    UTIs are divided epidemiologically by where the infection is acquired. Which of these are NOT examples of causative organisms of UTIs from the community?

    • A.

      Escherichia coli

    • B.

      Staphylococcus aureus

    • C.

      Staphylococcus saprophyticus

    • D.

      Serratia marcescens

    Correct Answer
    D. Serratia marcescens
    Explanation
    Serratia marcescens is often nosocomial and drug-resitant.

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  • 3. 

    All of these infectious/ virulence/ bacterial factors can lead to UTIs except...

    • A.

      Fimbriae (pili) of bacteria

    • B.

      Capsular antigens

    • C.

      Siderophores

    • D.

      Tamm-Horsfall protein

    Correct Answer
    D. Tamm-Horsfall protein
    Explanation
    Tamm-Horsfall protein is an antiadherence factor and prevents binding of pathogens to uroepithelial cells.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these symptoms does not increase the probability of UTI?

    • A.

      Dysuria

    • B.

      Haematuria

    • C.

      Vaginal discharge

    • D.

      Suprapubic pain

    • E.

      Back pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Vaginal discharge
    Explanation
    Vaginal discharge does not increase the probability of UTI because it is not directly related to the urinary tract. UTIs are caused by bacteria entering the urethra and multiplying in the bladder, causing symptoms such as dysuria, haematuria, suprapubic pain, and back pain. Vaginal discharge is more commonly associated with vaginal infections or other gynecological issues, rather than UTIs.

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  • 5. 

    Which of these are not diagnostic testing for UTI?

    • A.

      C-Reactive Protein test

    • B.

      Leucocyte esterase test

    • C.

      Greiss test

    • D.

      Urinalysis

    Correct Answer
    A. C-Reactive Protein test
    Explanation
    The C-Reactive Protein (CRP) test is not a diagnostic testing for UTI. CRP is a protein produced by the liver in response to inflammation in the body. While a UTI can cause inflammation, the CRP test is not specific to UTIs and can be elevated in various other conditions such as infections, autoimmune diseases, and even after surgery. Therefore, it is not a reliable test for diagnosing UTIs. Urinalysis, on the other hand, is a commonly used diagnostic test for UTIs as it can detect the presence of bacteria, white blood cells, and other markers of infection in the urine. The Leucocyte esterase test is also a part of urinalysis and helps to identify the presence of white blood cells in the urine, indicating an infection. The Greiss test is not a common diagnostic test for UTIs and is used to measure nitrite levels in the urine, which can be an indicator of bacterial infection.

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  • 6. 

    UTIs are classified as recurrent when ________________________. 

    • A.

      The causative organisms are drug resitant.

    • B.

      The patient is infected by the same causative organisms again.

    • C.

      It is more than three episodes per year.

    • D.

      The patient is diagnosed with UTI at the same times every year.

    • E.

      The patient has more than three positive MSU test and urine culture per year.

    Correct Answer
    E. The patient has more than three positive MSU test and urine culture per year.
    Explanation
    need to be confirmed by MSU

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  • 7. 

    Investigations in adult patients with UTI must be done for a patient who is ___________________.

    • A.

      The woman had just started menopause.

    • B.

      The woman who just returned from vacation in Bali.

    • C.

      The man who has manageable type-II diabetes.

    • D.

      The woman who just had a kidney transplant.

    Correct Answer
    C. The man who has manageable type-II diabetes.
    Explanation
    simple rule is to investigate all men with UTI

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  • 8. 

    Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs. What is the mechanism of action for antibiotic cephalosporins?

    • A.

      Block cell wall synthesis

    • B.

      Block protein synthesis at 30S ribosomal subunit

    • C.

      Block DNA topoisomerases

    • D.

      Block nucleotide synthesis

    • E.

      Increase aquaporins synthesis

    Correct Answer
    A. Block cell wall synthesis
    Explanation
    A beta-lactam drug that inhibits cell wall synthesis by inhibition of peptidoglycan cross-linking. Other drugs include- penicillin, ampicillin.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these drugs block protein synthesis at the 30S ribosomal subunit?

    • A.

      Polymyxins

    • B.

      Erythromycin

    • C.

      Tetracyclines

    • D.

      Vancomycin

    Correct Answer
    C. Tetracyclines
    Explanation
    Tetracyclines are a group of antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. This prevents the attachment of aminoacyl-tRNA to the ribosome, thereby blocking the elongation of the growing peptide chain. Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum antibiotics and are effective against a wide range of bacteria.

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  • 10. 

    Which is the correct clinical use of aminoglycosides?

    • A.

      Drug of choice for Enterobacter.

    • B.

      Severe gram-negative rod infections.

    • C.

      Treat anaerobic infections.

    • D.

      Strengthen Lactobacillus to protect further infection.

    Correct Answer
    B. Severe gram-negative rod infections.
    Explanation
    Clindamycin- Treat anaerobic infections Imipenem/ cilastatin- Drug choice for enterobacter (not important to know yet) Aminoglycosides- require oxygen uptake; therefore ineffective for anaerobes, examples- gentamicin

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  • 11. 

    Which of these is not responsible for the management of recurrent UTIs?

    • A.

      Having proanthocyanidin supplements

    • B.

      Intravaginal oestrogens for postmenopausal women

    • C.

      Using contraceptive barrier methods during sex

    • D.

      Prophylactic therapy

    Correct Answer
    C. Using contraceptive barrier methods during sex
    Explanation
    proanthocyanidin appears in cranberry juice (reduce attachment of pathogens to uroepithelium) The following are barrier methods of contraception. * Condom (with spermicides) * Female condom * Cervical cap (including Lea's Shield) * Diaphragm

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  • 12. 

    What are the typical symptoms of UTIs in children?

    • A.

      Back pain

    • B.

      Haematuria

    • C.

      Enuresis

    • D.

      Groin pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Enuresis
    Explanation
    Enuresis, or bedwetting, is a common symptom of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. UTIs can cause irritation and inflammation in the bladder, leading to increased urgency and frequency of urination. In some cases, children may not be able to control their bladder and experience involuntary bedwetting. Therefore, enuresis is a typical symptom of UTIs in children.

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