Upper GI SySTEM - Topic Examination

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| By Iptmajorproject2
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Iptmajorproject2
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 1,445
Questions: 7 | Attempts: 780

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Organ Quizzes & Trivia

How well do you know your upper gastrointestinal system?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is another word for digested food?

    • A.

      Chime

    • B.

      Chyme

    • C.

      Bile

    • D.

      Byme

    Correct Answer
    B. Chyme
    Explanation
    Chyme is the correct answer because it refers to the partially digested food that moves from the stomach to the small intestine. Bile, on the other hand, is a substance produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder, which helps in the digestion and absorption of fats. Chime, Byme, and Chime are not valid alternatives for digested food.

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  • 2. 

    In which layer of the upper GI system has a clear boundary between the gut and surrounding tissue?

    • A.

      Mucosa

    • B.

      Submucosa

    • C.

      Muscularis externa

    • D.

      Serosa

    Correct Answer
    D. Serosa
    Explanation
    The serosa is the correct answer because it is the outermost layer of the upper GI system and forms a clear boundary between the gut and the surrounding tissue. The serosa is a smooth, slippery membrane that helps to protect and lubricate the gastrointestinal organs. It is composed of connective tissue and a layer of simple squamous epithelium called mesothelium.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following pH levels is plausible for the substances in your stomach? 

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    D. 10
  • 4. 

    The function of the "cardia" is to:

    • A.

      Push food into the stomach via the oesophagus

    • B.

      Breakdown complex carbohydrates

    • C.

      Facilitates emptying of stomach contents

    • D.

      Bathes undigested foods in gastric enzymes

    Correct Answer
    A. Push food into the stomach via the oesophagus
    Explanation
    The cardia is a part of the stomach located at the upper opening where the esophagus connects. Its main function is to allow the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach. Therefore, it pushes food into the stomach via the esophagus.

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  • 5. 

    To which side does the common bile duct reside, relative to the stomach? 

    • A.

      Top right

    • B.

      Top left

    • C.

      Bottom right

    • D.

      Bottom left

    Correct Answer
    D. Bottom left
    Explanation
    The common bile duct is located on the bottom left side relative to the stomach.

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  • 6. 

    Which parts of the GI tract are covered in serosa?

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Duodenum

    • C.

      Jejunum

    • D.

      Caecum

    • E.

      Appendix

    • F.

      Transverse colon

    • G.

      Sigmooid colon

    • H.

      Ascending colon

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Stomach
    B. Duodenum
    C. Jejunum
    D. Caecum
    E. Appendix
    F. Transverse colon
    G. Sigmooid colon
    Explanation
    The serosa is the outermost layer of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It is a smooth, slippery membrane that helps protect and lubricate the organs. The parts of the GI tract that are covered in serosa include the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, caecum, appendix, transverse colon, sigmoid colon, and ascending colon.

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  • 7. 

    True or false - the pancreas is larger than the stomach?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The pancreas is actually smaller than the stomach. The stomach is a muscular organ located in the upper abdomen, responsible for breaking down food through the secretion of digestive enzymes and acids. On the other hand, the pancreas is a gland located behind the stomach, responsible for producing digestive enzymes and hormones such as insulin. While both organs play important roles in the digestive system, the stomach is larger in size compared to the pancreas.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 16, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Iptmajorproject2
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