History Quiz: The Rise Of Dictators

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History Quiz: The Rise Of Dictators - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What political and economic challenges did the Western world face in the 1920's and 1930's, and how did various countries react to these challenges?

  • 2. 

    Many Italians supported the Fascist party because it:

    • A.

      Promised to improve the economy

    • B.

      Was the only political party

    • C.

      Pledged to unite Italy and Germany

    • D.

      Ended the influence of the Church

    Correct Answer
    A. Promised to improve the economy
    Explanation
    Many Italians supported the Fascist party because it promised to improve the economy. This suggests that the economic conditions in Italy at that time were not favorable, and people were looking for a solution to their financial struggles. The promise of economic improvement would have appealed to those who were hoping for a better standard of living and financial stability.

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  • 3. 

    Under Mussolini's rule in Italy...

    • A.

      A democracy was put in place

    • B.

      The socialists came into power

    • C.

      There was a one-party dictatorship

    • D.

      Free speech was encouraged

    Correct Answer
    C. There was a one-party dictatorship
    Explanation
    Under Mussolini's rule in Italy, there was a one-party dictatorship. This means that Mussolini and his party, the National Fascist Party, had complete control over the government and there was no political opposition allowed. This type of dictatorship suppresses individual freedoms and concentrates power in the hands of a single party or leader.

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  • 4. 

    What was the appeal of Mussolini's fascist government to Italians?

    • A.

      The fascists supported democratic ideals.

    • B.

      The fascists supported a classless society.

    • C.

      The fascists ended political feuding in government.

    • D.

      The fascists worked for socialist change.

    Correct Answer
    C. The fascists ended political feuding in government.
    Explanation
    The appeal of Mussolini's fascist government to Italians was that it ended political feuding in government. This means that under the fascist regime, there was a sense of stability and unity in the political system, which was appealing to the Italians who were tired of the constant conflicts and disagreements among different political factions. Mussolini's government promised to bring order and discipline to the country, and many Italians saw this as a positive change that would lead to a more efficient and effective government.

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  • 5. 

    What was the main purpose of Stalin's five-year plans?

    • A.

      To turn the Soviet Union into a military power

    • B.

      To increase farm production

    • C.

      To produce more consumer goods

    • D.

      To turn the Soviet Union into a modern industrial power

    Correct Answer
    D. To turn the Soviet Union into a modern industrial power
    Explanation
    Stalin's five-year plans were implemented with the main objective of transforming the Soviet Union into a modern industrial power. These plans focused on rapid industrialization, with an emphasis on heavy industry such as steel production, coal mining, and machinery manufacturing. The aim was to increase the country's economic strength and military capabilities, as well as to catch up with the industrial advancements of other nations. The plans also included the development of infrastructure, such as railways and power plants, to support industrial growth.

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  • 6. 

    On Stalin's collectives...

    • A.

      Individual peasants could own small plots of land

    • B.

      Agricultural output skyrocketed in the 1930's

    • C.

      The government provided tractors, fertilizers, and seed

    • D.

      Peasants set all prices and controlled access to farm supplies

    Correct Answer
    C. The government provided tractors, fertilizers, and seed
    Explanation
    During Stalin's collectivization, the government played a significant role in providing necessary resources such as tractors, fertilizers, and seeds to the peasants. This support aimed to increase agricultural output and modernize the farming practices. By providing these resources, the government attempted to boost productivity and efficiency in the agricultural sector. This intervention was part of the larger Soviet plan to industrialize and transform the country's economy.

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  • 7. 

    Stalin attempted to make the cultural life of the Soviet Union more Russian by promoting a policy of...

    • A.

      Russification

    • B.

      Surrealism

    • C.

      Tsarism

    • D.

      Capitalism

    Correct Answer
    A. Russification
    Explanation
    Stalin attempted to make the cultural life of the Soviet Union more Russian by promoting a policy of russification. This involved imposing the Russian language, customs, and traditions on the diverse ethnic groups within the Soviet Union, with the aim of creating a unified and homogenous Soviet society. This policy aimed to strengthen the dominance of the Russian culture and identity, while suppressing the cultural autonomy of other ethnic groups. It was part of Stalin's broader efforts to centralize power and control within the Soviet Union.

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  • 8. 

    What was the cause of Stalin's Great Purge?

    • A.

      Peasants did not want to give up their lands to the state

    • B.

      Central planners did not achieve production goals

    • C.

      Stalin feared rival party leaders

    • D.

      The kuklaks resisted collectivization

    Correct Answer
    C. Stalin feared rival party leaders
    Explanation
    Stalin's Great Purge was caused by his fear of rival party leaders. During this period, Stalin sought to eliminate any potential threats to his power and authority within the Communist Party. He believed that these rival leaders posed a risk to his control and could potentially challenge his leadership. As a result, Stalin orchestrated a campaign of mass repression, persecution, and execution, targeting not only party leaders but also intellectuals, military officials, and ordinary citizens. This purge allowed Stalin to consolidate his power and ensure his dominance within the Soviet Union.

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  • 9. 

    What was the drawback of being among the Soviet elite under Stalin?

    • A.

      The elite often suffered from Stalin's purges

    • B.

      The elite could not get scarce consumer goods

    • C.

      The elite could not join the Communist Party

    • D.

      The elite could not find good housing

    Correct Answer
    A. The elite often suffered from Stalin's purges
    Explanation
    During Stalin's rule, the Soviet elite often suffered from his purges. Stalin carried out mass repressions and purges to eliminate any potential threats to his power. This included purging and executing members of the Soviet elite who were perceived as disloyal or a threat to his regime. These purges created an atmosphere of fear and paranoia among the elite, as they never knew when they could be targeted and removed from their positions or even killed. This constant threat and instability made it a drawback to be among the Soviet elite under Stalin.

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  • 10. 

    Which group sharply criticized the Weimar Republic as too weak and longed for another strong leader like Bismarck?

    • A.

      Women's groups

    • B.

      Communists

    • C.

      Socialists

    • D.

      Conservative Germans

    Correct Answer
    D. Conservative Germans
    Explanation
    Conservative Germans criticized the Weimar Republic as too weak and expressed a desire for a strong leader like Bismarck. Bismarck was a prominent conservative leader in Germany who was known for his strong leadership and authoritarian style. The conservative Germans believed that the Weimar Republic lacked the strength and stability that Bismarck had provided during his time in power. They longed for a leader who could restore order and assert national strength, which they felt was lacking in the Weimar Republic.

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  • 11. 

    What measure did the Nazis take that was a rejection of the Versailles Treaty?

    • A.

      They launched large public works projects

    • B.

      They rearmed Germany

    • C.

      They passed the Nuremberg Laws

    • D.

      They established the Gestapo

    Correct Answer
    B. They rearmed Germany
    Explanation
    The Nazis took the measure of rearming Germany as a rejection of the Versailles Treaty. The treaty had imposed strict limitations on Germany's military capabilities after World War I, and by rearming the country, the Nazis were openly defying these restrictions. This action demonstrated their desire to rebuild Germany's military strength and regain its status as a major power, which ultimately led to the outbreak of World War II.

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  • 12. 

    In 1935, the Nazis passed the Nuremberg Laws which

    • A.

      Combined all Protestant sects into a single state church

    • B.

      Deprived the Jews of German citizenship

    • C.

      Required all young Germans to join the Hitler Youth

    • D.

      Established the Third Reich under Hitler

    Correct Answer
    B. Deprived the Jews of German citizenship
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "deprived the Jews of German citizenship." The Nuremberg Laws were a set of anti-Semitic laws passed by the Nazis in 1935. These laws aimed to discriminate against and marginalize Jewish people in Germany. One of the main provisions of the Nuremberg Laws was the revocation of German citizenship for Jews, stripping them of their rights and making them vulnerable to further persecution and discrimination. This marked a significant step in the Nazis' systematic oppression and marginalization of the Jewish population in Germany.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following helped Adolf Hitler gain power in Germany?

    • A.

      The promise of a new democracy

    • B.

      The Great Depression

    • C.

      Big business and labor

    • D.

      The support of the Weimar government

    Correct Answer
    B. The Great Depression
    Explanation
    The Great Depression helped Adolf Hitler gain power in Germany because it created an environment of economic instability and despair. The severe economic crisis caused by the Depression led to widespread unemployment and poverty, which made people desperate for change and willing to support radical leaders like Hitler. Hitler capitalized on the discontent and used his charismatic leadership skills to promise economic recovery and restore national pride. The economic hardships caused by the Great Depression provided Hitler with an opportunity to present himself as a strong leader who could bring about change and improve the lives of the German people.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following statements regarding Germany under Hitler is true?

    • A.

      Most Germans were barely affected by Nazism

    • B.

      The Nazis controlled all aspects of German life

    • C.

      The Nazis controlled the government but had little influence on other German institutions

    • D.

      The Nazis kept firm control over Germany but followed moderate and tolerant policies

    Correct Answer
    B. The Nazis controlled all aspects of German life
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Nazis controlled all aspects of German life. This means that under Hitler's rule, the Nazi party had complete control over not only the government but also various institutions and aspects of daily life in Germany. This included controlling education, media, economy, and even social and cultural activities. The Nazis implemented strict policies and propaganda to ensure their ideology and control were pervasive throughout the country.

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  • 15. 

    France occupied Germany's coal rich Ruhr Valley in 1923

    • A.

      To protest the policies of Adolf Hitler

    • B.

      Because the French wanted to acquire more land

    • C.

      To force striking German miners back to work

    • D.

      Because Germany had fallen behind in reparations

    Correct Answer
    D. Because Germany had fallen behind in reparations
    Explanation
    France occupied Germany's coal-rich Ruhr Valley in 1923 because Germany had fallen behind in reparations. After World War I, Germany was required to pay reparations to the Allied powers as part of the Treaty of Versailles. However, Germany struggled to meet these financial obligations, leading to tensions between Germany and the Allied powers. In response to Germany's failure to make payments, France decided to occupy the Ruhr Valley, which was a key industrial region, as a way to pressure Germany into fulfilling its reparations commitments.

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  • 16. 

    What 1924 agreement reduced German reparations and provided U.S. loans to Germany?

    • A.

      Dawes Plan

    • B.

      Versailles Treaty

    • C.

      Locarno treaties

    • D.

      Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Correct Answer
    A. Dawes Plan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Dawes Plan. The Dawes Plan was an agreement made in 1924 that aimed to reduce the amount of reparations that Germany had to pay after World War I. It also provided loans from the United States to Germany in order to help stabilize its economy. The plan was named after Charles G. Dawes, an American banker who played a key role in its negotiation.

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