Midterm Examination: Foreign Language 1 ( Hpc7)

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Midterm Examination: Foreign Language 1 ( Hpc7) - Quiz

Foreign Language1 ( HPC7)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Translate the sentence to Nihongo. I am a student.

  • 2. 

    Translate the sentence to Nihongo.. Good morning, Mr. Takishima.  

  • 3. 

    Translate the sentence to Nihongo. Are you a teacher?

  • 4. 

    Translate the sentence to English. Ha- isha desu ka?

  • 5. 

    Translate the sentence to English. Kare wa Nihonjin desu.

  • 6. 

    Read the questions below and write your answer in a form of paragraph.  Remember K.I.S.S. (Keep It Short and Simple. (5 points each)
    1. Why do you think learning Nihongo is essential in relation to your course?
    2. How is Chouon, Yoon and Sokuon applied in reading or writing Japanese words?

  • 7. 

    Which of the following situations shows a Japanese etiquette?

    • A.

      Leaving outdoor shoes outside and putting on indoor shoes.

    • B.

      Eating and drinking while walking is a trend

    • C.

      Slurping while eating noodles is discouraged

    • D.

      Using chopsticks and sticking it into your food when done eating.

    Correct Answer
    A. Leaving outdoor shoes outside and putting on indoor shoes.
    Explanation
    The Japanese etiquette of leaving outdoor shoes outside and putting on indoor shoes is a common practice in Japan. This is done to maintain cleanliness and hygiene inside the house or other indoor spaces. It is considered respectful to remove dirty shoes before entering someone's home or certain public places. By providing indoor shoes, it shows consideration for the cleanliness and comfort of the indoor environment.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is a formal term to say good night?

    • A.

      Konnichiwa

    • B.

      Ohayou gozaimasu

    • C.

      Oyasuminasai

    • D.

      Konbanwa

    Correct Answer
    C. Oyasuminasai
    Explanation
    Oyasuminasai is a formal term in Japanese that is used to say "good night". It is commonly used when bidding farewell to someone before they go to sleep. The other options listed are greetings used at different times of the day: Konnichiwa means "good afternoon", Ohayou gozaimasu means "good morning", and Konbanwa means "good evening". Therefore, Oyasuminasai is the correct answer as it specifically refers to saying "good night".

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  • 9. 

    What does Nihonjin mean?

    • A.

      Japanese Language

    • B.

      Japanese person

    • C.

      Japanese food

    • D.

      Language

    Correct Answer
    A. Japanese Language
    Explanation
    Nihonjin means Japanese person in Japanese language. It refers to someone who is from Japan or of Japanese nationality. The term is used to specifically identify individuals who are of Japanese descent or have Japanese citizenship. It is not related to Japanese food or the general concept of language, but rather specifically refers to the people of Japan.

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  • 10. 

    The Japanese have relied on their creativity and scientific know- how to succeed not only economically but also in ecology- and efficiency- oriented ways. They are known as high- tech leaders in fields such as optical media, semiconductor manufacturing, industrial robotics and fermentation processes. What characteristic of Japanese is emphasized in the statement?

    • A.

      Time- bound     

    • B.

      Polite

    • C.

      Innovative

    • D.

      Kind

    Correct Answer
    C. Innovative
    Explanation
    The characteristic of Japanese that is emphasized in the statement is innovative. The statement mentions that the Japanese rely on their creativity and scientific know-how to succeed economically and in ecology- and efficiency-oriented ways. This indicates that they are known for their ability to come up with new and inventive solutions to problems, and to apply their scientific knowledge in practical and innovative ways.

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  • 11. 

    Nihongo is influenced by the Chinese writing system. What do you call the writing system which represents ideas/ sounds and is used for some content words?

    • A.

      Kanojo

    • B.

      Kanji

    • C.

      Kana

    • D.

      Hiragana

    Correct Answer
    B. Kanji
    Explanation
    Kanji is the correct answer because it is a writing system used in Japanese that represents ideas or sounds. It is derived from Chinese characters and is used for content words in Japanese. Kana, on the other hand, refers to the two syllabic writing systems in Japanese, which are hiragana and katakana. Kana is used for grammatical and inflectional endings, as well as for native Japanese words. Therefore, Kanji is the most appropriate answer in this context.

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  • 12. 

    Mr. Kazuya is the only man in the Shibuya Company, during March 14, he gives chocolates to all his co-workers, why do you think he is doing this?

    • A.

      It is his birthday.

    • B.

      It is Valentine’s Day

    • C.

      It is White Day

    • D.

      Both b and c

    Correct Answer
    C. It is White Day
    Explanation
    Mr. Kazuya is giving chocolates to his co-workers on March 14 because it is White Day. White Day is a holiday celebrated in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, where men who received chocolates on Valentine's Day return the favor by giving gifts, usually chocolates, to women. Since Mr. Kazuya is the only man in the company, he is following this tradition and giving chocolates to his female co-workers on White Day.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following term is an equivalent for the English titles such as Mr. /Ms., and Mrs.?

    • A.

      Sama    

    • B.

      Chan

    • C.

      Kun

    • D.

      San

    Correct Answer
    D. San
    Explanation
    San is an equivalent term for the English titles such as Mr./Ms. and Mrs. in Japanese. It is a title used to address someone with respect, regardless of their gender.

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  • 14. 

    Politeness is a characters visible also in the language of the Japanese, which of the following speech manner is applicable when talking to a sibling?

    • A.

      Casual

    • B.

      Polite

    • C.

      Respectful

    • D.

      Friendly

    Correct Answer
    A. Casual
    Explanation
    When talking to a sibling, the appropriate speech manner in Japanese would be casual. This is because siblings are considered to be close and familiar, so a more relaxed and informal style of speech is used. Polite speech would be more suitable when talking to someone of higher status or in formal situations, while respectful speech is used when speaking to elders or superiors. Friendly speech is a general term that can be used in various contexts, but when specifically addressing a sibling, casual speech is the most appropriate choice.

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  • 15. 

    In Japanese culture, manner in speech is observed. In choosing what manner in speech must be used, one must consider the person’s ________.

    • A.

      Face

    • B.

      Height

    • C.

      Position/ Rank

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Position/ Rank
    Explanation
    In Japanese culture, the manner in which one speaks is important and is determined by various factors, including the person's position or rank. This means that depending on the hierarchical structure, individuals must use appropriate speech patterns and honorifics when communicating with those of higher positions or ranks. This is a way to show respect and maintain social harmony. Therefore, considering the person's position or rank is crucial in determining the appropriate manner of speech in Japanese culture.

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  • 16. 

    When is followed by m, p, and b how should it be pronounced?

    • A.

      Remain as n       

    • B.

      Change it to P

    • C.

      Pronounce as M              

    • D.

      Change to ng     

    Correct Answer
    C. Pronounce as M              
    Explanation
    When ん is followed by m, p, and b, it should be pronounced as M. This is because the sound of ん before these consonants naturally transitions into a nasalized M sound. Therefore, instead of pronouncing it as "n", it is pronounced as "m".

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  • 17. 

    What must be put to H to change it to P?

    • A.

      Maru

    • B.

      Handakuten

    • C.

      Tenten

    • D.

      Write p

    Correct Answer
    A. Maru
    Explanation
    To change H to P, a "Maru" must be put. In Japanese, "Maru" refers to a small circle or dot that is used to indicate a sound change. In this case, adding a "Maru" to the letter H would change it to P, as the "Maru" indicates a sound change from "Ha" to "Pa". Therefore, the correct answer is "Maru".

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  • 18. 

    Shi when put with a tenten, what does it become?

    • A.

      Zhi

    • B.

      Chi

    • C.

      Ji

    • D.

      Zi

    Correct Answer
    C. Ji
    Explanation
    When the character "Shi" is combined with a "tenten" (a diacritic mark used in Japanese writing), it becomes the character "Ji". In Japanese writing, the "tenten" modifies the sound of the character, causing "Shi" to be pronounced as "Ji". Therefore, the correct answer is "Ji".

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is read as Katta?

    • A.

      かった

    • B.

      かた

    • C.

      かて

    • D.

      かって

    Correct Answer
    A. かった
    Explanation
    The correct answer is かった. In Japanese, the character か (ka) is pronounced as "ka" and った (tta) is pronounced as "tta". When combined, they form the sound "katta" which means "bought" or "won".

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  • 20. 

    How should a person indicate that a certain character is pronounced with a short silent pause?

    • A.

      By putting maru

    • B.

      By putting coma

    • C.

      By putting small “っ”

    • D.

      By separating the character

    Correct Answer
    C. By putting small “っ”
    Explanation
    When a person wants to indicate that a certain character is pronounced with a short silent pause, they can do so by putting a small "っ" in Japanese. This small character is known as a "sokuon" and is used to double the consonant sound of the following character. It represents a quick pause or break in the pronunciation. Therefore, putting a small "っ" is the correct way to indicate a short silent pause in the pronunciation of a character.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following word is a question marker in Japanese?

    • A.

      Shita

    • B.

      Dewa

    • C.

      Ka

    • D.

      Anata

    Correct Answer
    C. Ka
    Explanation
    "Ka" is a question marker in Japanese. It is added to the end of a sentence to indicate that it is a question. In Japanese, unlike in English where the word order changes to form a question, the sentence structure remains the same and "ka" is used to show that it is a question.

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  • 22. 

    How should the special characters (ya, yo, y) be written to create a new character?

    • A.

      Must be written in half size character at the left corner

    • B.

      Must be written in half size character at the right corner

    • C.

      Must be written with two spaces after the other character

    • D.

      Must be written the same with other characters.

    Correct Answer
    A. Must be written in half size character at the left corner
  • 23. 

    How many set of phonetic characters are present in a hiragana writing system?

    • A.

      44

    • B.

      46

    • C.

      11

    • D.

      33

    Correct Answer
    B. 46
    Explanation
    The hiragana writing system consists of 46 phonetic characters. These characters are used in Japanese writing to represent syllables and are essential for reading and writing in the language. Each character represents a specific sound, allowing for the creation of words and sentences. Therefore, the correct answer is 46.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following word is a verb in Japanese?

    • A.

      Wa

    • B.

      Desu

    • C.

      Watashi

    • D.

      Kare

    Correct Answer
    B. Desu
    Explanation
    The word "desu" is a verb in Japanese. It is a form of the verb "to be" and is used to indicate existence or to describe a state or condition. It is commonly used as a copula, connecting the subject of a sentence to its predicate.

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  • 25. 

    Choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. KASA (Umbrella)

    • A.

      こし

    • B.

      かき

    • C.

      かさ

    • D.

      さか

    Correct Answer
    C. かさ
    Explanation
    The correct answer is かさ. In Hiragana, "かさ" corresponds to the Romaji word "KASA" which means "Umbrella".

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  • 26. 

    In Japanese writing, end of strokes can be identified into three features, which of the following is not?

    • A.

      Tome

    • B.

      Hane

    • C.

      Harai

    • D.

      Hana

    Correct Answer
    D. Hana
    Explanation
    The given options are Tome, hane, harai, and hana. The question asks for the feature that is not an end of stroke in Japanese writing. Tome, hane, and harai are all features that can be identified as the end of strokes in Japanese writing. Therefore, the correct answer is hana, as it is not a feature that indicates the end of a stroke in Japanese writing.

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  • 27. 

    Choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. SATOU (Sugar) 

    • A.

      さとう

    • B.

      さとう     

    • C.

      さつう

    Correct Answer
    A. さとう
    Explanation
    The Romaji word “SATOU”, which means “sugar” in English, is written in Hiragana as “さとう”.

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  • 28. 

    Choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. NEKO (Cat)        

    • A.

      れこ

    • B.

      ねこ

    • C.

      ぬこ

    • D.

      めこ

    Correct Answer
    B. ねこ
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ねこ. In Hiragana, "ねこ" translates to "neko" which means "cat" in English. The other options "れこ," "ぬこ," and "めこ" do not match the Romaji word "NEKO" and do not correspond to the correct translation of "cat."

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  • 29. 

    Choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. NAMAE (Name)

    • A.

      なめえ

    • B.

      なまえ

    • C.

      なほえ

    • D.

      なみい

    Correct Answer
    B. なまえ
    Explanation
    The correct answer is なまえ. This is because なまえ is the correct Hiragana representation for the Romaji word "Name". The other options, なめえ, なほえ, and なみい, are not the correct Hiragana representations for "Name".

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  • 30. 

    Choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. KYOU (Today)

    • A.

      きよう

    • B.

      きぇう

    • C.

      きゅう

    • D.

      きょう

    Correct Answer
    A. きよう
    Explanation
    The correct answer is きょう. In Hiragana, "kyou" is written as きょう. The other options, きよう, きぇう, and きゅう, do not accurately represent the pronunciation of "kyou" in Romaji.

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  • 31. 

    Choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. RYOURI (Cooking)                           

    • A.

      りゃうり

    • B.

      りょえり

    • C.

      りゅうり

    • D.

      りょうり

    Correct Answer
    C. りゅうり
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "りゅうり" because it matches the Romaji word "RYOURI" which means "Cooking" in English.

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  • 32. 

    Choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. TANJOUBI (Birthday)

    • A.

      だんじゅび

    • B.

      でんしょ

    • C.

      てんしゃ

    • D.

      でんしゃ

    Correct Answer
    A. だんじゅび
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "だんじゅび". In Hiragana, "だんじゅび" represents the word "Tanjobi" which means "Birthday" in English. The other options "でんしょ", "てんしゃ", and "でんしゃ" do not correspond to the Romaji word "Tanjobi".

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  • 33. 

    The following are classroom phrases choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. Tatte Kudasai. (Please Stand up)

    • A.

      . たって ください

    • B.

      ちょっと まって ください

    • C.

      すわって ください

    • D.

      たって

    Correct Answer
    A. . たって ください
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "たって ください" because "たって" is the correct Hiragana representation for the Romaji word "Tatte" which means "Stand up" and "ください" is the correct Hiragana representation for the Romaji word "Kudasai" which means "Please". Therefore, "たって ください" translates to "Please stand up".

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  • 34. 

    The following are classroom phrases choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. Haittemo Iidesuka. (May I enter?)

    • A.

      たって ください

    • B.

      ちょっと まって ください

    • C.

      はいっても いいですか   

    • D.

      これ は あってますか

    Correct Answer
    C. はいっても いいですか   
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "はいっても いいですか". This phrase translates to "May I enter?" in English. It is the most appropriate response to the Romaji phrase "Haittemo Iidesuka."

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  • 35. 

    The following are classroom phrases choose the correct Hiragana words for the Romaji words. Chotto matte kudasai (Please wait a minute.)

    • A.

      ちょっと まって ください

    • B.

      たって ください

    • C.

      はいっても いいですか

    • D.

      すわって ください

    Correct Answer
    A. ちょっと まって ください
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ちょっと まって ください. This is the correct Hiragana representation of the Romaji phrase "Chotto matte kudasai," which means "Please wait a minute."

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  • 36. 

    Japanese are considered as one of the most well- disciplined race, which of the following are their characteristics?

    • A.

      Time- bound

    • B.

      Innovative

    • C.

      Respectful

    • D.

      All choices are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All choices are correct
    Explanation
    Japanese are considered as one of the most well-disciplined races because they possess the characteristics of being time-bound, innovative, and respectful. Being time-bound means that they value punctuality and are known for their efficiency in managing time. Their innovative nature is evident in their technological advancements and contributions to various industries. Additionally, Japanese culture emphasizes respect for others, including their elders, authority figures, and peers. These characteristics collectively contribute to the perception of Japanese people as a well-disciplined race.

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  • 37. 

    In Japanese the predicate always stands at the start of the sentence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In Japanese, the predicate does not always stand at the start of the sentence. The word order in Japanese is flexible and can vary depending on the context and emphasis. While the predicate often comes at the end of the sentence, it can also appear at the beginning or in the middle. Therefore, the statement that the predicate always stands at the start of the sentence is incorrect.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following languages is a tonal language?

    • A.

      Mandarin Chinese

    • B.

      German

    Correct Answer
    A. Mandarin Chinese
    Explanation
    Mandarin Chinese is a tonal language, meaning that the pitch or tone used when pronouncing a word can change its meaning. In Mandarin Chinese, there are four main tones, plus a neutral tone. This contrasts with languages like Spanish, French, and German, which are not tonal languages and do not rely on pitch variations to convey meaning.

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  • 39. 

    Is [your statement here] true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the statement is true. However, since the question does not provide any specific statement, it is impossible to determine the accuracy of the given answer. Therefore, without further information, it is not possible to provide a valid explanation for the given answer.

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  • 40. 

    Japanese grammar does not use definite or indefinite articles (an, a and the).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Japanese grammar does not use definite or indefinite articles such as "an," "a," and "the." This means that when speaking or writing in Japanese, there is no need to include these articles before nouns. This is different from English grammar, where articles are used to specify whether a noun is definite or indefinite. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 41. 

    Japanese Language has three writing systems these are; Hiragana, Katakana and Kanojo

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false because the third writing system mentioned, "Kanojo," is not a correct term for a writing system in the Japanese language. The correct third writing system is "Kanji," which consists of Chinese characters used in the Japanese writing system. Hiragana and Katakana are the other two writing systems in Japanese, used for phonetic purposes.

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  • Feb 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 14, 2020
    Quiz Created by
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