San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains
New Orleans – Mississippi River New Orleans – Mississippi River
Pittsburgh – Hudson River
Cleveland – Atlantic Coastal Plain
The Great Plains and Texas
The Northeast and southern California
The South and the Rocky Mountain states
The Appalachian states and the Midwest
States in the Union
Senators from each state
Electoral college votes from each state
Supreme Court justices
Scarcity of flat land on which to build factories
Shortages of timber and coal
Desire of workers to live in mild climates
Availability of waterpower to operate machines
Colonial attempts to build a strong national government
Efforts by the British to strengthen their control over the colonies
Steps in the growth of representative democracy
Early social reform movements
Is a limited monarchy
Violates natural rights
Becomes involved in entangling alliances
Favors one religion over another
The government should guarantee every citizen economic security.
The central government and state governments should have equal power.
If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown.
Rulers derive their right to govern from God and are therefore bound to govern in the nation’s best interest.
Lack of debate over the ratification of the United States Constitution
Plan of government set up by the Articles of Confederation
Development of a Federal court system
Constitutional provision for a strong President
Limitations of the principles underlying most European governments of the 1700’s.
Adaptations of the laws of Spanish colonial governments in North America.
Adoptions of rules used by the Holy Roman Empire.
Reflections of the philosophies of the European Enlightenment.
House of Representatives
The free speech rights of Communists have often been violated.
During wartime, limitations on civil rights have been upheld by judicial action.
The rights of protestors have been preserved even in times of national stress.
Economic interests of foreign nations are frequently upheld in United States courts.
The power of the Supreme Court does not extend to cases of race
Congress could not pass a law depriving territorial residents of their property
A national vote should be held to decide the legality of slavery
The economic well-being of the western states depended on slave labor
Voting rights of minorities
Guarantees of free speech and press
Principle of separation of church and state
Rights of accused persons
Some aspects of the New Deal were declared unconstitutional
State governments took over relief agencies
Congress was forced to abandon efforts to improve the economy
The constitutional authority of the President was greatly expanded
Reluctance to overturn state laws
Insistence on restricting freedom of speech to spoken words
Expansion of individual rights in criminal cases
Refusal to reconsider the issues of the Plessy v. Ferguson case
The National Government
State and local governments
Trusts and monopolies
The elastic clause
Guarantees to the States
The Bill of Rights
Encourage foreign trade
Help the nation’s manufacturers
Reduce the cost of consumer goods
Improve the quality of goods
Power granted to the President to make treaties
President’s power as Commander in Chief
Authority of Congress to declare war
Senate’s duty to approve the appointment of ambassadors
Enactment of protective tariffs
Extension of slavery
Voting rights for minorities
Universal public education
Reduced British control of North America
Focused the United States on westward expansion
Extended United States control over Mexico
Decreased tensions with Native American Indians
Slavery was not profitable
The government was a union of people and not of states.
The Southern States did not permit their people to vote on secession.
As the Commander in Chief, he had the duty to defend the United States against foreign invasion.