United States History: Regents Review

59 Questions

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United States History: Regents Review

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which city is paired with the geographical feature that directly contributed to its growth?
    • A. 

      San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains San Francisco – Rocky Mountains

    • B. 

      New Orleans – Mississippi River New Orleans – Mississippi River

    • C. 

      Pittsburgh – Hudson River

    • D. 

      Cleveland – Atlantic Coastal Plain

  • 2. 
    The best source of information for identifying the location of the major mountain ranges in the United States is:
    • A. 

      An encyclopedia

    • B. 

      An almanac

    • C. 

      An atlas

    • D. 

      A dictionary

  • 3. 
    According to the 1990 census, which two areas of the United States include the most densely populated parts of the nation?
    • A. 

      The Great Plains and Texas

    • B. 

      The Northeast and southern California

    • C. 

      The South and the Rocky Mountain states

    • D. 

      The Appalachian states and the Midwest

  • 4. 
    Population data from the census of 2000 was used to determine the number of
    • A. 

      States in the Union

    • B. 

      Senators from each state

    • C. 

      Electoral college votes from each state

    • D. 

      Supreme Court justices

  • 5. 
    Which geographic factor had the greatest influence on early patterns of industrialization in the United States?
    • A. 

      Scarcity of flat land on which to build factories

    • B. 

      Shortages of timber and coal

    • C. 

      Desire of workers to live in mild climates

    • D. 

      Availability of waterpower to operate machines

  • 6. 
    In the Colonial Era, developments such as the New England town meetings and the establishment of the Virginia House of Burgesses represented
    • A. 

      Colonial attempts to build a strong national government

    • B. 

      Efforts by the British to strengthen their control over the colonies

    • C. 

      Steps in the growth of representative democracy

    • D. 

      Early social reform movements

  • 7. 
    According to the Declaration of Independence, the people have the right to alter or abolish a government if that government
    • A. 

      Is a limited monarchy

    • B. 

      Violates natural rights

    • C. 

      Becomes involved in entangling alliances

    • D. 

      Favors one religion over another

  • 8. 
    Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?
    • A. 

      The government should guarantee every citizen economic security.

    • B. 

      The central government and state governments should have equal power.

    • C. 

      If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown.

    • D. 

      Rulers derive their right to govern from God and are therefore bound to govern in the nation’s best interest.

  • 9. 
    In the 1780s, many Americans distrusted a strong central government. This distrust is best shown by the
    • A. 

      Lack of debate over the ratification of the United States Constitution

    • B. 

      Plan of government set up by the Articles of Confederation

    • C. 

      Development of a Federal court system

    • D. 

      Constitutional provision for a strong President

  • 10. 
    "We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; . . ." This quotation is evidence that some of the basic ideas in the Declaration of Independence were
    • A. 

      Limitations of the principles underlying most European governments of the 1700’s.

    • B. 

      Adaptations of the laws of Spanish colonial governments in North America.

    • C. 

      Adoptions of rules used by the Holy Roman Empire.

    • D. 

      Reflections of the philosophies of the European Enlightenment.

  • 11. 
    The authors of the United States Constitution believed that the voice of the people should be heard frequently. Which part of the Government was instituted to respond most directly to the will of the people?
    • A. 

      Senate

    • B. 

      House of Representatives

    • C. 

      Supreme Court

    • D. 

      Presidency

  • 12. 
    Which idea is illustrated by the Supreme Court cases Schenck v. United States and Korematsu v . United States?
    • A. 

      The free speech rights of Communists have often been violated.

    • B. 

      During wartime, limitations on civil rights have been upheld by judicial action.

    • C. 

      The rights of protestors have been preserved even in times of national stress.

    • D. 

      Economic interests of foreign nations are frequently upheld in United States courts.

  • 13. 
    The Dred Scott decision on the issue of slavery upheld the Southern viewpoint that
    • A. 

      The power of the Supreme Court does not extend to cases of race

    • B. 

      Congress could not pass a law depriving territorial residents of their property

    • C. 

      A national vote should be held to decide the legality of slavery

    • D. 

      The economic well-being of the western states depended on slave labor

  • 14. 
    The decisions of the United States Supreme Court in Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, and Escobedo v. Illinois all advanced the
    • A. 

      Voting rights of minorities

    • B. 

      Guarantees of free speech and press

    • C. 

      Principle of separation of church and state

    • D. 

      Rights of accused persons

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Some aspects of the New Deal were declared unconstitutional

    • B. 

      State governments took over relief agencies

    • C. 

      Congress was forced to abandon efforts to improve the economy

    • D. 

      The constitutional authority of the President was greatly expanded

  • 16. 
    Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court was considered "activist" because of its
    • A. 

      Reluctance to overturn state laws

    • B. 

      Insistence on restricting freedom of speech to spoken words

    • C. 

      Expansion of individual rights in criminal cases

    • D. 

      Refusal to reconsider the issues of the Plessy v. Ferguson case

  • 17. 
    The speakers below are discussing foreign policies that the United States has followed at various times. Base your answers on their statements and on your knowledge of social studies. Speaker A: Steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world. Speaker B: The United States will give economic aid to needy countries anywhere in the world, but will not provide military aid. Speaker C: The United States must prevent the growth of communism. Speaker D: The United States can take over other countries to help them become more like us. Which speaker states a policy most similar to the foreign policy advice given by President George Washington in his Farewell Address?
    • A. 

      Speaker A

    • B. 

      Speaker B

    • C. 

      Speaker C

    • D. 

      Speaker D

  • 18. 
    When John Marshall was Chief Justice, United States Supreme Court decisions tended to strengthen the power of
    • A. 

      The National Government

    • B. 

      State and local governments

    • C. 

      Labor unions

    • D. 

      Trusts and monopolies

  • 19. 
    Alexander Hamilton’s argument that the government has the power to create a National Bank is based on which part of the Constitution?
    • A. 

      The Preamble

    • B. 

      The elastic clause

    • C. 

      Guarantees to the States

    • D. 

      The Bill of Rights

  • 20. 
    At times, the United States Government has passed protective tariffs to
    • A. 

      Encourage foreign trade

    • B. 

      Help the nation’s manufacturers

    • C. 

      Reduce the cost of consumer goods

    • D. 

      Improve the quality of goods

  • 21. 
    “. . . the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers. . . .” — President James Monroe, 1823 Which President later built on the idea expressed in this quotation?
    • A. 

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • C. 

      Harry Truman

    • D. 

      Richard Nixon

  • 22. 
    The legal basis for the United States purchase of the Louisiana Territory was the
    • A. 

      Power granted to the President to make treaties

    • B. 

      President’s power as Commander in Chief

    • C. 

      Authority of Congress to declare war

    • D. 

      Senate’s duty to approve the appointment of ambassadors

  • 23. 
    1. "Compromise Enables Maine and Missouri To Enter Union" (1820)
    2. "California Admitted to Union as Free State" (1850)
    3. "Kansas-Nebraska Act Sets Up Popular Sovereignty" (1854)
    Which issue is reflected in these headlines?
    • A. 

      Enactment of protective tariffs

    • B. 

      Extension of slavery

    • C. 

      Voting rights for minorities

    • D. 

      Universal public education

  • 24. 
    The Louisiana Purchase had great geographic significance for the United States because it
    • A. 

      Reduced British control of North America

    • B. 

      Focused the United States on westward expansion

    • C. 

      Extended United States control over Mexico

    • D. 

      Decreased tensions with Native American Indians

  • 25. 
    Which argument did President Abraham Lincoln use against the secession of the Southern States?
    • A. 

      Slavery was not profitable

    • B. 

      The government was a union of people and not of states.

    • C. 

      The Southern States did not permit their people to vote on secession.

    • D. 

      As the Commander in Chief, he had the duty to defend the United States against foreign invasion.

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Succeeded without causing major controversy

    • B. 

      Developed significant popular support

    • C. 

      Achieved their goals without government action

    • D. 

      Failed to affect the nation as a whole

  • 27. 
    Which statement best explains President Abraham Lincoln’s justification for the Civil War?
    • A. 

      As an abolitionist, President Lincoln wanted to end slavery in the United States.

    • B. 

      President Lincoln wanted to keep the South economically dependent on the industrial North.

    • C. 

      President Lincoln’s oath of office required him to defend and preserve the Union.

    • D. 

      To keep the support of Great Britain and France, President Lincoln had to try to end slavery immediately.

  • 28. 
    A major result of the Civil War was that the
    • A. 

      Economic system of the South came to dominate the United States economy

    • B. 

      Federal Government’s power over the States was strengthened

    • C. 

      Members of Congress from Southern States gained control of the legislative branch

    • D. 

      Nation’s industrial development came to a standstill

  • 29. 
    Which statement best summarizes the beliefs of Booker T. Washington?
    • A. 

      The best solution for African Americans was to return to Africa.

    • B. 

      Social equality for African Americans would be easier to achieve than legal rights.

    • C. 

      The way to dissolve the barriers of segregation and bring about an end to Jim Crow laws was by active, violent resistance.

    • D. 

      The most immediate means for African Americans to achieve equality was to expand their opportunities for vocational education.

  • 30. 
    Which statement about the philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois is most accurate?
    • A. 

      They differed as to the best way that African Americans could effectively achieve equality.

    • B. 

      Both demanded programs that would provide for immediate social equality.

    • C. 

      Both believed that vocational training would provide the most important kind of education for African Americans.

    • D. 

      Neither wanted the Federal Government to play a major role in protecting the civil rights of African Americans.

  • 31. 
    Base your answer to the question below on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies. "[The registrar] brought a big old book out there, and he gave me the sixteenth section of the constitution of Mississippi, . . . I could copy it like it was in the book, but after I got through copying it, he told me to give a reasonable interpretation and tell the meaning of the section I had copied. Well, I flunked out." Source: A History of the United States since 1861 The main intent of the literacy test described in the passage was to
    • A. 

      Encourage reform of the political system

    • B. 

      Encourage Mississippi residents to learn about their state’s legal system

    • C. 

      Prevent African Americans from exercising a basic right

    • D. 

      Enforce the provisions of the United States Constitution

  • 32. 
    In the United States, the Red Scare of 1919 and the McCarthy Era of the early 1950’s were periods of
    • A. 

      Severe economic depression

    • B. 

      Widespread support for groups promoting international anarchy

    • C. 

      Great growth in art, literature, and music

    • D. 

      Persecution of people suspected of holding anti-American political views

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Immigrants to the United States are consistently denied equal protection under the law.

    • B. 

      A person’s best protection from persecution rests with the Supreme Court.

    • C. 

      Civil rights are sometimes compromised by the public’s fear of radical political groups

    • D. 

      Violent protests in the United States are usually met with a violent response from the government.

  • 34. 
    Which factors were the major causes of the Red Scare and the Palmer Raids, which followed World War I?
    • A. 

      Success of the Communist Party in congressional and Presidential elections

    • B. 

      Race riots in Los Angeles and the revival of the Ku Klux Klan

    • C. 

      Failure of the United States to join the League of Nations and the unpaid German war debts

    • D. 

      The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 in Russia and workers’ strikes in the United States

  • 35. 
    After World War I, why did American farmers fail to share in the general economic growth of the United States?
    • A. 

      Many immigrants were settling in the west and competing with the farmers.

    • B. 

      The Federal Government reduced the number of acres on which farmers could grow subsidized crops.

    • C. 

      Farmers could not produce enough to keep up with demand.

    • D. 

      Overproduction and competition caused falling prices.

  • 36. 
    The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920’s was a period when African Americans
    • A. 

      Left the United States in large numbers to settle in Nigeria

    • B. 

      Created noteworthy works of art and literature

    • C. 

      Migrated to the West in search of land and jobs

    • D. 

      Used civil disobedience to fight segregation in the Armed Forces

  • 37. 
    Which geographic feature is primarily responsible for the lowest population the area shown on the map?
    • A. 

      Columbia River

    • B. 

      Pacific Ocean

    • C. 

      Rocky Mountains

    • D. 

      Mississippi River Valley

  • 38. 
    Acquiring New Orleans as part of the Louisiana Purchase was considered important to the development of the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys because the city
    • A. 

      Provided protection from attacks by the Spanish

    • B. 

      Provided migrant workers for river valley farms

    • C. 

      Served as a port for American agricultural goods

    • D. 

      Served as the cultural center for the nation

  • 39. 
    A major cause of the growth of state and Federal highway systems after World War II was the
    • A. 

      Increased use of mass transit systems

    • B. 

      Growing prosperity of inner-city areas

    • C. 

      Rapid development of suburbs

    • D. 

      Return of city dwellers to farm areas

  • 40. 
    During World War II, women and minorities made economic gains mainly because
    • A. 

      A shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace

    • B. 

      More educational opportunities increased the number of skilled workers in these groups

    • C. 

      Labor unions successfully demanded equal opportunities for these groups

    • D. 

      New civil rights legislation forced businesses to change their hiring practices

  • 41. 
    A major cause of the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II was
    • A. 

      National segregation policies

    • B. 

      Immigration quotas

    • C. 

      Racial prejudice

    • D. 

      Economic depression

  • 42. 
    “ . . . his legislative leadership was remarkable. No President since Lincoln had done more for civil rights. Yet much of this was forgotten as American society became increasingly divided over United States participation in a bloody, undeclared war.” Which 20th-century President does this statement most accurately describe?
    • A. 

      Woodrow Wilson

    • B. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • C. 

      Lyndon Johnson

    • D. 

      Ronald Reagan

  • 43. 
    The Great Society of Lyndon Johnson is most similar to which other Presidential program?
    • A. 

      Warren Harding’s Return to Normalcy

    • B. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal

    • C. 

      Ronald Reagan’s New Federalism

    • D. 

      George Bush’s Thousand Points of Light

  • 44. 
    The Great Society programs of the 1960’s used the power of the Federal Government to bring about
    • A. 

      An all-volunteer military

    • B. 

      Antipoverty reforms

    • C. 

      Deregulation of business

    • D. 

      Reduced defense spending

  • 45. 
    The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan represented attempts by the United States to deal with the
    • A. 

      National debt

    • B. 

      Spread of communism

    • C. 

      President’s political opposition

    • D. 

      Arms race

  • 46. 
    The speakers below are discussing foreign policies that the United States has followed at various times. Base your answers on their statements and on your knowledge of social studies. Speaker A: Steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world. Speaker B: The United States will give economic aid to needy countries anywhere in the world, but will not provide military aid. Speaker C: The United States must prevent the growth of communism. Speaker D: The United States can take over other countries to help them become more like us. The Korean conflict and the Vietnam conflict were attempts to carry out the foreign policy described by Speaker
    • A. 

      Speaker A

    • B. 

      Speaker B

    • C. 

      Speaker C

    • D. 

      Speaker D

  • 47. 
    • A. 

      Colonialism

    • B. 

      Nonalignment

    • C. 

      Appeasement

    • D. 

      Collective security

  • 48. 
    Shortly after World War II, the cold war developed mainly as a result of the
    • A. 

      United States refusal to send economic aid to European nations

    • B. 

      Soviet domination of Eastern Europe

    • C. 

      Competition between the superpowers to explore outer space

    • D. 

      Continuation of the pre-World War II balance of power

  • 49. 
    The United States Federal Reserve System was established to
    • A. 

      Provide loans to industrialists

    • B. 

      End the Great Depression

    • C. 

      Provide for a balanced budget

    • D. 

      Regulate the money supply

  • 50. 
    President Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal and President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society were similar in that both
    • A. 

      Returned control of social welfare programs to the states

    • B. 

      Relied on individual initiative to improve the economy

    • C. 

      Were supported by Congress over the objections of the majority of state governments

    • D. 

      Increased the role of the Federal Government in dealing with social and economic problems

  • 51. 
    During the colonial period, goods were most commonly transported on
    • A. 

      Rivers

    • B. 

      Railroads

    • C. 

      Canals

    • D. 

      Turnpikes

  • 52. 
    Which protection in the Bill of Rights is most directly related to the 1735 trial of John Peter Zenger?
    • A. 

      Freedom of the press

    • B. 

      Right to bear arms

    • C. 

      Ban on unreasonable searches

    • D. 

      Freedom from double jeopardy

  • 53. 
    In the publication Common Sense, Thomas Paine argued that
    • A. 

      Foreign nations would reject an independent American government

    • B. 

      The British government would be impossible to overthrow

    • C. 

      America was dependent on British trade and protection

    • D. 

      The American colonies should break away from England

  • 54. 
    Alexander Hamilton’s proposal to create a national bank and Thomas Jefferson’s proposal to purchase the Louisiana Territory were criticized because both actions would
    • A. 

      Place too much power in the hands of Congress

    • B. 

      Violate protections in the Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      Increase foreign influence in the United States

    • D. 

      Require a loose interpretation of the Constitution

  • 55. 
    The establishment of the president’s cabinet as part of the United States government was the result of a
    • A. 

      Law passed by Congress

    • B. 

      Constitutional amendment

    • C. 

      Precedent started by George Washington

    • D. 

      Ruling of the United States Supreme Court

  • 56. 
    The formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) was primarily a response to
    • A. 

      Racism and prejudice

    • B. 

      Nationalism and patriotism

    • C. 

      Abolition and temperance

    • D. 

      Militarism and colonialism

  • 57. 
    Base your answers to questions 23 and 24 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies. "We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you.…" — Telegram of January 19, 1917 This telegram was part of an effort to
    • A. 

      Form an alliance between Germany and the United States

    • B. 

      Convince several western states to secede from the United States

    • C. 

      Bring Mexico into World War I on the side of Great Britain and France

    • D. 

      Enlist Mexican support for Germany if the United States declared war

  • 58. 
    Henry Cabot Lodge and other senators opposed ratification of the Treaty of Versailles (1919) because they believed the treaty
    • A. 

      Failed to punish Germany for its involvement in World War I

    • B. 

      Excluded reparations for European allies

    • C. 

      Could draw the United States into future conflicts

    • D. 

      Placed blame for World War I on all the warring countries

  • 59. 
    A main goal of President Richard Nixon’s policy of détente was to
    • A. 

      Sponsor free elections in North and South Korea

    • B. 

      Reduce tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Negotiate an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict

    • D. 

      Build support for recognition of the Nationalist government of Taiwan