Unit 9: World War II Test (Spring 2017)

31 Questions

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Unit 9:  World War II Test (Spring 2017)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court upheld the military order excluding Japanese-Americans from the West Coast on the basis that the action was considered…  
    • A. 

      A matter of national security

    • B. 

      A necessity for the economy

    • C. 

      An attempt to limit immigration from Japan

    • D. 

      A way to protect Japanese Americans from anti-Japanese hysteria

  • 2. 
      The major reason for President Harry Truman’s decision to use atomic bombs against Japan was the… 
    • A. 

      Potential loss of American lives from an invasion of Japan

    • B. 

      Need to defeat Japan before defeating Germany

    • C. 

      Plan to bring democratic government to Japan after the war

    • D. 

      Failure of the island-hopping campaign against Japan

  • 3. 
    What was the major purpose of the Lend-Lease Act (1941)? 
    • A. 

      Sending United States troops to defend France

    • B. 

      Keeping the Soviet Union from invading Chine

    • C. 

      Helping Great Britain without going to war

    • D. 

      Profiting from Germany’s demand for steel and oil from the United States

  • 4. 
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt referred to December 7, 1941, as “a date which will live in infamy” because on that day… 
    • A. 

      Germany invaded Poland

    • B. 

      Japan attacked Pearl Harbor

    • C. 

      Italy declared war on the United States

    • D. 

      The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima

  • 5. 
    The G.I. Bill provided World War II veterans with...
    • A. 

      Free housing and medical care

    • B. 

      Student loans for education

    • C. 

      Free education and loans to buy homes, farms, and small businesses

    • D. 

      A guaranteed job within the US government

    • E. 

      Low-cost education in return for two more years of service in the armed forces

  • 6. 
    During World War II, the need for the United States for more war materials resulted in the… 
    • A. 

      Easing of government controls on the economy

    • B. 

      Use of lengthy strikes by labor unions

    • C. 

      Rationing of some consumer goods

    • D. 

      Reduction in profits for defense industries

  • 7. 
    The Nuremberg War Crimes trials of 1945-1949 established the international precedent that…  ​​
    • A. 

      The United States should avoid commitments with foreign nations

    • B. 

      Military leaders cannot be held responsible for wartime actions

    • C. 

      Individuals may be tried for crime against humanity

    • D. 

      Soldiers must obey an order even if it conflicts with basic humanitarian values

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was LEAST likely a factor in the decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
    • A. 

      Hope that a quick victory in the Pacific would hasten an Allied victory in Europe

    • B. 

      Fear that the USSR would soon enter the war with Japan

    • C. 

      Concern that a land war in Japan would result in massive American casualties

    • D. 

      Awareness that Japanese forces were numerous and spread throughout Asia

    • E. 

      Desire to demonstrate to other world powers the potency of America’s new weapon

  • 9. 
    Use the following to answer the question below            A.  Japan attacks Pearl Harbor            B.  Germany invades Poland            C.  MacArthur dictates a democratic constitution to Japan            D.  Allies invade Europe on D-Day Which sequence of these events related to World War II is in the correct chronological order? 
    • A. 

      D, B, A, and C

    • B. 

      B, A, D, and C

    • C. 

      C, A, B and D

    • D. 

      A, B, C, and D

  • 10. 
    The internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II illustrates that… 
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court can be relied on to defend civil rights

    • B. 

      Threats to national security are often ignored by the government

    • C. 

      Minorities are not allowed to enlist in the United States military

    • D. 

      Civil liberties are sometimes limited during times of national crisis

  • 11. 
    Guadalcanal was the turning point of the Pacific Theater.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Stalingrad was one of the turning points in the European Theater.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Joseph Stalin is responsible for breaking the Non-Aggression Pact with Germany.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    What is the most likely explanation for the changes in income shown in the chart?
    • A. 

      World War II veterans benefited from an economic boom following the war

    • B. 

      Conversion to a wartime economy created new jobs

    • C. 

      New laws were passed that permitted child labor in wartime

    • D. 

      Membership in labor unions was prohibited during wartime

  • 15. 
     A key purpose of this World War II poster was to?
    • A. 

      Illustrate the nature of modern warfare

    • B. 

      Influence the Axis powers to end the war

    • C. 

      Gain support for the war effort

    • D. 

      Encourage protest against the war

  • 16. 
    This World War II poster recognizes the…
    • A. 

      Role of women as military officers

    • B. 

      Contribution of women to wartime defense

    • C. 

      Legal equality of women

    • D. 

      Return of women to the workforce after the war

  • 17. 
    What type of items did many Americans ration during World War II?*Check that all that apply*
    • A. 

      Cigaretts

    • B. 

      Gas

    • C. 

      Coffee

    • D. 

      Food

    • E. 

      Rubber

  • 18. 
    The Allied military strategy used in the Pacific Theater was called...
    • A. 

      Island Hopping

    • B. 

      Leap Frog

    • C. 

      War

  • 19. 
    African Americans aided and serviced in WWII in numerous ways.  Check all of the possible answers choices which African Americans aided during WWII.
    • A. 

      Tuskgee Airmen

    • B. 

      Joined the Armed Forces

    • C. 

      Completed Special Mission operations

    • D. 

      Became spies

  • 20. 
    Benito Mussolini and Italy wanted to return the country to its glory days of the Roman Empire.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Which countries were to aid Germany temporarily following World War II?
    • A. 

      USA

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Great Britain

    • D. 

      Soviet Union

    • E. 

      Spain

    • F. 

      Canada

  • 22. 
    What/who is the main different between the Yalta Conference and the Potsdam Conference?
    • A. 

      FDR died so Harry Truman is now the American presdient

    • B. 

      Hitler committed suicide

    • C. 

      The USSR pulled out of the war and Spain stepped in

    • D. 

      The ideas on how to deal with the end of the war when it came

  • 23. 
    During World War II, the federal government dealt with the problem shown in this cartoon by...
    • A. 

      Rationing gasoline used by American drivers

    • B. 

      Ending the use of tanks by the military

    • C. 

      Increasing imports of oil from the Dutch East Indies

    • D. 

      Setting higher mileage standards for car manufacturers

  • 24. 
    During World War II, the federal government was accused of violating constitutional rights by...
    • A. 

      Signing the Yalta Agreement

    • B. 

      Implementing a draft to expand the armed forces

    • C. 

      Relocating Japanese Americans to internment camps

    • D. 

      Initiating the secret Manhattan Project

  • 25. 
    “Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. . . .” —President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address to Congress, December 8, 1941In this statement, President Roosevelt was addressing Congress about the....
    • A. 

      D-Day invasion of France

    • B. 

      Sinking of merchant ships in the Atlantic Ocean

    • C. 

      Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    • D. 

      Air raids on the Panama Canal

  • 26. 
    Which standard of justice was applied to Nazi leaders who were tried at Nuremberg after World War II?
    • A. 

      Military attacks on civilian populations are legal

    • B. 

      Individuals can be held personally responsible for war crimes

    • C. 

      Military officers are not accountable for crimes if they were obeying orders

    • D. 

      Only the League of Nations can determine international law

  • 27. 
    Which conclusion about the United States economy during World War II is most clearly supported by the information in the graph?
    • A. 

      Organized labor conducted frequent strikes during the war years

    • B. 

      The war led to improved economic conditions

    • C. 

      The Gross National Product (GNP) steadily declined during the war years

    • D. 

      Unemployment increased throughout the war

  • 28. 
    The scientists working on the Manhattan Project during World War II were responsible for...
    • A. 

      Designing weapons for the D-Day invasion

    • B. 

      Building satellites to spy on the Axis nations

    • C. 

      Creating materials for biological and chemical warfare

    • D. 

      Developing the atomic bomb

  • 29. 
    …It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin. This policy shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard to the time required to effectuate [implement] any necessary changes without impairing efficiency or morale.…— Section 1, Executive Order 9981 36The purpose of Executive Order 9981, issued by President Harry Truman, was to 
    • A. 

      Encourage women to join the armed services

    • B. 

      End racial segregation in the military

    • C. 

      Ensure adequate manpower to fight the Korean War

    • D. 

      Establish war crimes tribunals in Western Europe