Unit 9: World War II Test (Spring 2017)

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 228

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Unit 9:  World War II Test (Spring 2017) - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court upheld the military order excluding Japanese-Americans from the West Coast on the basis that the action was considered…  
    • A. 

      A matter of national security

    • B. 

      A necessity for the economy

    • C. 

      An attempt to limit immigration from Japan

    • D. 

      A way to protect Japanese Americans from anti-Japanese hysteria

  • 2. 
      The major reason for President Harry Truman’s decision to use atomic bombs against Japan was the… 
    • A. 

      Potential loss of American lives from an invasion of Japan

    • B. 

      Need to defeat Japan before defeating Germany

    • C. 

      Plan to bring democratic government to Japan after the war

    • D. 

      Failure of the island-hopping campaign against Japan

  • 3. 
    What was the major purpose of the Lend-Lease Act (1941)? 
    • A. 

      Sending United States troops to defend France

    • B. 

      Keeping the Soviet Union from invading Chine

    • C. 

      Helping Great Britain without going to war

    • D. 

      Profiting from Germany’s demand for steel and oil from the United States

  • 4. 
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt referred to December 7, 1941, as “a date which will live in infamy” because on that day… 
    • A. 

      Germany invaded Poland

    • B. 

      Japan attacked Pearl Harbor

    • C. 

      Italy declared war on the United States

    • D. 

      The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima

  • 5. 
    The G.I. Bill provided World War II veterans with...
    • A. 

      Free housing and medical care

    • B. 

      Student loans for education

    • C. 

      Free education and loans to buy homes, farms, and small businesses

    • D. 

      A guaranteed job within the US government

    • E. 

      Low-cost education in return for two more years of service in the armed forces

  • 6. 
    During World War II, the need for the United States for more war materials resulted in the… 
    • A. 

      Easing of government controls on the economy

    • B. 

      Use of lengthy strikes by labor unions

    • C. 

      Rationing of some consumer goods

    • D. 

      Reduction in profits for defense industries

  • 7. 
    The Nuremberg War Crimes trials of 1945-1949 established the international precedent that…  ​​
    • A. 

      The United States should avoid commitments with foreign nations

    • B. 

      Military leaders cannot be held responsible for wartime actions

    • C. 

      Individuals may be tried for crime against humanity

    • D. 

      Soldiers must obey an order even if it conflicts with basic humanitarian values

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was LEAST likely a factor in the decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
    • A. 

      Hope that a quick victory in the Pacific would hasten an Allied victory in Europe

    • B. 

      Fear that the USSR would soon enter the war with Japan

    • C. 

      Concern that a land war in Japan would result in massive American casualties

    • D. 

      Awareness that Japanese forces were numerous and spread throughout Asia

    • E. 

      Desire to demonstrate to other world powers the potency of America’s new weapon

  • 9. 
    Use the following to answer the question below            A.  Japan attacks Pearl Harbor            B.  Germany invades Poland            C.  MacArthur dictates a democratic constitution to Japan            D.  Allies invade Europe on D-Day Which sequence of these events related to World War II is in the correct chronological order? 
    • A. 

      D, B, A, and C

    • B. 

      B, A, D, and C

    • C. 

      C, A, B and D

    • D. 

      A, B, C, and D

  • 10. 
    The internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II illustrates that… 
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court can be relied on to defend civil rights

    • B. 

      Threats to national security are often ignored by the government

    • C. 

      Minorities are not allowed to enlist in the United States military

    • D. 

      Civil liberties are sometimes limited during times of national crisis

  • 11. 
    Guadalcanal was the turning point of the Pacific Theater.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Stalingrad was one of the turning points in the European Theater.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Joseph Stalin is responsible for breaking the Non-Aggression Pact with Germany.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    What is the most likely explanation for the changes in income shown in the chart?
    • A. 

      World War II veterans benefited from an economic boom following the war

    • B. 

      Conversion to a wartime economy created new jobs

    • C. 

      New laws were passed that permitted child labor in wartime

    • D. 

      Membership in labor unions was prohibited during wartime

  • 15. 
     A key purpose of this World War II poster was to?
    • A. 

      Illustrate the nature of modern warfare

    • B. 

      Influence the Axis powers to end the war

    • C. 

      Gain support for the war effort

    • D. 

      Encourage protest against the war

  • 16. 
    This World War II poster recognizes the…
    • A. 

      Role of women as military officers

    • B. 

      Contribution of women to wartime defense

    • C. 

      Legal equality of women

    • D. 

      Return of women to the workforce after the war

  • 17. 
    What type of items did many Americans ration during World War II?*Check that all that apply*
    • A. 

      Cigaretts

    • B. 

      Gas

    • C. 

      Coffee

    • D. 

      Food

    • E. 

      Rubber

  • 18. 
    The Allied military strategy used in the Pacific Theater was called...
    • A. 

      Island Hopping

    • B. 

      Leap Frog

    • C. 

      War

  • 19. 
    African Americans aided and serviced in WWII in numerous ways.  Check all of the possible answers choices which African Americans aided during WWII.
    • A. 

      Tuskgee Airmen

    • B. 

      Joined the Armed Forces

    • C. 

      Completed Special Mission operations

    • D. 

      Became spies

  • 20. 
    Benito Mussolini and Italy wanted to return the country to its glory days of the Roman Empire.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Which countries were to aid Germany temporarily following World War II?
    • A. 

      USA

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Great Britain

    • D. 

      Soviet Union

    • E. 

      Spain

    • F. 

      Canada

  • 22. 
    What/who is the main different between the Yalta Conference and the Potsdam Conference?
    • A. 

      FDR died so Harry Truman is now the American presdient

    • B. 

      Hitler committed suicide

    • C. 

      The USSR pulled out of the war and Spain stepped in

    • D. 

      The ideas on how to deal with the end of the war when it came

  • 23. 
    During World War II, the federal government dealt with the problem shown in this cartoon by...
    • A. 

      Rationing gasoline used by American drivers

    • B. 

      Ending the use of tanks by the military

    • C. 

      Increasing imports of oil from the Dutch East Indies

    • D. 

      Setting higher mileage standards for car manufacturers

  • 24. 
    During World War II, the federal government was accused of violating constitutional rights by...
    • A. 

      Signing the Yalta Agreement

    • B. 

      Implementing a draft to expand the armed forces

    • C. 

      Relocating Japanese Americans to internment camps

    • D. 

      Initiating the secret Manhattan Project

  • 25. 
    “Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. . . .” —President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address to Congress, December 8, 1941In this statement, President Roosevelt was addressing Congress about the....
    • A. 

      D-Day invasion of France

    • B. 

      Sinking of merchant ships in the Atlantic Ocean

    • C. 

      Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    • D. 

      Air raids on the Panama Canal

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