Unit 9 - Acids, Bases, And Salts Review

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 150

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Acid Quizzes & Trivia

Acids, Bases, and Salts


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A(n) _____ is a compound formed when the negative ions from an acid combine with the positive ions to form a base.
    • A. 

      Ester

    • B. 

      Alcohol

    • C. 

      Carboxyl

    • D. 

      Salt

  • 2. 
    _____ are solutions containing ions that react with acids or bases to minimize their effects.
    • A. 

      Buffers

    • B. 

      Hydroxide

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Indicators

  • 3. 
    Which of the following bases can be ingested safely?
    • A. 

      Aluminum hydroxide

    • B. 

      Sodium hydroxide

    • C. 

      Calcium hydroxide

    • D. 

      Ammonia

  • 4. 
    The _____ of a solution is solution is a measure of the concentration of hydronium ions in it.
    • A. 

      Strength

    • B. 

      Concentration

    • C. 

      PH

    • D. 

      Indicator

  • 5. 
    ____ is a chemical reaction between an acid and a base that takes place in a water solution.
    • A. 

      Decomposition

    • B. 

      Hydrolysis

    • C. 

      Saponification

    • D. 

      Neutralization

  • 6. 
    In chemical equations describing ionization, what do double arrows pointing in opposite directions indicate?
    • A. 

      The reaction is doubled.

    • B. 

      The ionization reaction is incomplete.

    • C. 

      The reaction is a strong acid.

    • D. 

      There is twice as much product as reactant.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements about bases is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Bases in solution feel slippery.

    • B. 

      Bases form hydroxide ions in solution.

    • C. 

      Bases form when acid reacts and metals.

    • D. 

      Pure, undissolved bases are often crystalline solids.

  • 8. 
    Which two terms refer to the amount of acid or base dissolved in solution?
    • A. 

      Strong and dilute

    • B. 

      Strong and weak

    • C. 

      Dilute and concentrated

    • D. 

      Weak and concentrated

  • 9. 
    Which two groups does a soap molecule contain?
    • A. 

      Hydronium and hydroxide

    • B. 

      Hydroxide and carboxylic acid

    • C. 

      Nonpolar carbon chain and salt of a carboxylic acid

    • D. 

      Nonpolar nitrogen chain and carboxylic acid

  • 10. 
    A(n) _____ is an organic compound that changes color in acid.
    • A. 

      Base

    • B. 

      Catalyst

    • C. 

      Salt

    • D. 

      Indicator

  • 11. 
    Which three acids are used in fertilizers?
    • A. 

      Phosphoric, carbonic, and ascorbic

    • B. 

      Nitric, acetic, and sulfuric

    • C. 

      Acetic, carbonic, and hydrochloric

    • D. 

      Nitric, sulfuric, and phosphoric

  • 12. 
    A(n) _____ is an organic compound formed by the reaction of an organic acid and an alcohol.
    • A. 

      Base

    • B. 

      Salt

    • C. 

      Indicator

    • D. 

      Ester

  • 13. 
    Which of the following composition of cleansers is the best choice if you have hard water?
    • A. 

      Long hydrocarbon chain with sodium salt

    • B. 

      Long hydrocarbon chain with potassium salt

    • C. 

      Long hydrocarbon chain with sulfonic acid group

    • D. 

      Long-chain fatty acid with sodium hydroxide

  • 14. 
    Which of the following substances contains a base?
    • A. 

      Aspirin

    • B. 

      Vinegar

    • C. 

      Fertilizer

    • D. 

      Lemon juice

  • 15. 
    Which of the following has the highest pH?
    • A. 

      Vitamin C

    • B. 

      Vinegar

    • C. 

      Ammonia

    • D. 

      Pure water

  • 16. 
    Which of the following statements about acids is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Acids form hydroxide ions in solution

    • B. 

      Many foods contains acids

    • C. 

      Acids taste sour

    • D. 

      Acids are corrosive

  • 17. 
    A(n) ______ is a substance that produce hydrogen ions in solution.
    • A. 

      Salt

    • B. 

      Base

    • C. 

      Indicator

    • D. 

      Acid

  • 18. 
    What is a disadvantage of adding phosphates to detergents?
    • A. 

      Phosphates cause a detergent to produce scum in hard water.

    • B. 

      Detergents with phosphates cannot clean as throughly as those without them do.

    • C. 

      Phosphates are corrosive.

    • D. 

      Phosphates can cause overgrowth of algae in waterways.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following acids is NOT edible?
    • A. 

      Carbonic

    • B. 

      Lactic

    • C. 

      Sulfuric

    • D. 

      Phosphoric

  • 20. 
    _____ are organic salts.
    • A. 

      Polymers

    • B. 

      Titrations

    • C. 

      Soaps

    • D. 

      Esters

  • 21. 
    Match the following characteristics to either an acid or a base:
    • type of ions produced in a solution: H+
    • charge of ion: positive
    • taste: sour
    • common example: HCl
    • pH: <7
    • common use: fertilizers
    • A. 

      Acid

    • B. 

      Base

  • 22. 
    Match the following characteristics to either and acid or a base:
    • type of ions produced in a solution: OH-
    • charge of ion: negative
    • taste: bitter
    • common example: ammonia
    • pH: >7
    • common use: food preparation
    • A. 

      Acid

    • B. 

      Base

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