Unit 7 - Chemical Reactions Review

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Chemical Reaction Quizzes & Trivia

In science, a chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another. This typically involves the changing of electron positions in the manipulation of chemical bonds between atoms.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What type of reaction produces a precipitate?

    • A.

      Synthesis

    • B.

      Single displacement

    • C.

      Double displacement

    • D.

      Decomposition

    Correct Answer
    C. Double displacement
    Explanation
    Double displacement reactions produce a precipitate. In a double displacement reaction, the positive ions of two compounds switch places, forming two new compounds. If one of the products is insoluble in water, it will form a solid precipitate. This occurs because the positive and negative ions of the reactants combine to form an insoluble compound, which then separates from the solution as a solid.

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  • 2. 

    ____ is a way to describe a chemical reaction using chemical formulas and symbols.

    • A.

      Synthesis

    • B.

      A physical law

    • C.

      The law of conservation of matter

    • D.

      A chemical equation

    Correct Answer
    D. A chemical equation
    Explanation
    A chemical equation is a way to describe a chemical reaction using chemical formulas and symbols. It represents the reactants and products involved in the reaction and provides information about the stoichiometry of the reaction, such as the number of molecules or moles of each substance. It allows scientists to understand and communicate the specific chemical changes that occur during a reaction. The other options, synthesis, a physical law, and the law of conservation of matter, do not accurately describe the concept of using chemical formulas and symbols to represent a chemical reaction.

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  • 3. 

    An insoluble compound that comes out of solution during a double displacement reaction is called a _____.

    • A.

      Reactant

    • B.

      Solvent

    • C.

      Precipitate

    • D.

      Catalyst

    Correct Answer
    C. Precipitate
    Explanation
    During a double displacement reaction, two compounds exchange ions to form two new compounds. Sometimes, one of the products formed is insoluble in the reaction mixture and separates out as a solid. This solid is called a precipitate. Therefore, the correct answer is precipitate.

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  • 4. 

    What does it mean for a chemical equation to be balanced?

    • A.

      The number of reactants is equal to the number of products.

    • B.

      The reactants and products are written with the same coefficients.

    • C.

      The same number of atoms of each element is on both sides of the equation.

    • D.

      The solid products weight the same as the reactants.

    Correct Answer
    C. The same number of atoms of each element is on both sides of the equation.
    Explanation
    A balanced chemical equation means that the number of atoms of each element is the same on both sides of the equation. This is important because it ensures that the law of conservation of mass is obeyed. In a balanced equation, the total mass of the reactants is equal to the total mass of the products, indicating that no atoms are created or destroyed during the reaction. By adjusting the coefficients in the equation, we can achieve this balance and accurately represent the reaction.

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  • 5. 

    In chemical equations, ______ represents the number of units of each substance.

    • A.

      Precipitates

    • B.

      Products

    • C.

      Reactants

    • D.

      Coefficients

    Correct Answer
    D. Coefficients
    Explanation
    Coefficients in chemical equations represent the number of units of each substance. They are used to balance the equation by ensuring that the number of atoms on both sides of the equation is equal. Coefficients indicate the ratio in which substances react or are produced in a chemical reaction.

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  • 6. 

    The chemical formula for a compound tells _____.

    • A.

      How stable the compound is

    • B.

      What type of chemical bond it forms

    • C.

      How electrons are arranged

    • D.

      What elements it contains

    Correct Answer
    D. What elements it contains
    Explanation
    The chemical formula for a compound tells what elements it contains. The chemical formula represents the types and number of atoms of each element present in the compound. It provides a concise and standardized way to represent the composition of a compound. By knowing the chemical formula, one can determine the elements that make up the compound and their respective ratios.

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  • 7. 

    If electric current passes through water and initiates a decomposition reaction, what are the expected products?

    • A.

      Oxygen and water

    • B.

      Hydrogen and oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • D.

      Hydrogen oxide

    Correct Answer
    B. Hydrogen and oxygen
    Explanation
    When an electric current passes through water, a process known as electrolysis occurs. During electrolysis, water molecules are broken down into their constituent elements. The positive electrode (anode) attracts negatively charged hydroxide ions (OH-) and causes the oxidation of water molecules, resulting in the release of oxygen gas (O2). At the same time, the negative electrode (cathode) attracts positively charged hydrogen ions (H+) and causes the reduction of water molecules, leading to the formation of hydrogen gas (H2). Therefore, the expected products of the decomposition reaction are hydrogen and oxygen.

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  • 8. 

    When iron combines with oxygen and water in the air to form rust, what substance in the reaction is the product?

    • A.

      Iron

    • B.

      Rust

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    B. Rust
    Explanation
    When iron combines with oxygen and water in the air to form rust, the substance that is produced in the reaction is rust. Rust is a reddish-brown compound that forms on the surface of iron when it reacts with oxygen and water. It is a common form of corrosion and is composed mainly of hydrated iron(III) oxide.

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  • 9. 

    As a result of the experiments of Lavoisier, you know that in a chemical reaction the masses of the products _____.

    • A.

      Is less than the mass of the reactants

    • B.

      Always equals the mass of the reactants

    • C.

      Cannot be predicted based on the mass of the reactants

    • D.

      Is twice as great as the mass of the reactants

    Correct Answer
    B. Always equals the mass of the reactants
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "always equals the mass of the reactants." This is based on the law of conservation of mass, which states that mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction. Therefore, the total mass of the products must be equal to the total mass of the reactants.

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  • 10. 

    New substances produced by a chemical reaction are ____.

    • A.

      Products

    • B.

      Resultants

    • C.

      Reactants

    • D.

      Coefficients

    Correct Answer
    A. Products
    Explanation
    In a chemical reaction, new substances are formed as a result of the reaction. These new substances are called products. Reactants are the substances that undergo the reaction, while coefficients are used to balance the equation representing the reaction. Resultants is not a term commonly used in chemistry to describe the new substances formed in a chemical reaction.

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  • 11. 

    In a ______ reaction, two or more substances combine to form another substance.

    • A.

      Single displacement

    • B.

      Double displacement

    • C.

      Decomposition

    • D.

      Synthesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Synthesis
    Explanation
    In a synthesis reaction, two or more substances combine to form another substance. This type of reaction is characterized by the formation of a new compound from simpler reactants. It involves the combination of atoms or molecules to create a more complex product.

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  • 12. 

    A change in which one or more substances are converted into new substances is a _____.

    • A.

      Nuclear reaction

    • B.

      Chemical reaction

    • C.

      Chemical fusion

    • D.

      Physical change

    Correct Answer
    B. Chemical reaction
    Explanation
    A change in which one or more substances are converted into new substances is known as a chemical reaction. In a chemical reaction, the bonds between atoms in the reactants are broken and new bonds are formed to create different substances. This process involves the rearrangement of atoms and the release or absorption of energy. Unlike physical changes, which only affect the physical properties of a substance, chemical reactions result in the formation of entirely new substances with different chemical properties.

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  • 13. 

    A(n) _____ is a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being permanently changed itself.

    • A.

      Catalyst

    • B.

      Inhibitor

    • C.

      Exotherm

    • D.

      Endotherm

    Correct Answer
    A. Catalyst
    Explanation
    A catalyst is a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being permanently changed itself. It works by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction to occur, allowing it to happen more quickly. This is achieved by providing an alternative reaction pathway with a lower energy barrier. The catalyst is not consumed in the reaction and can be used repeatedly.

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  • 14. 

    Why is oxygen written with a subscript 2?

    • A.

      It usually exists as a diatomic molecule.

    • B.

      Its mass is twice as great as the reactants'.

    • C.

      There are two times as many oxygen atoms as reactant atoms.

    • D.

      Its mass increases by two times as a result of the reaction.

    Correct Answer
    A. It usually exists as a diatomic molecule.
    Explanation
    Oxygen is written with a subscript 2 because it usually exists as a diatomic molecule. This means that oxygen atoms typically bond together in pairs, forming O2 molecules. This is the most stable and common form of oxygen found in nature.

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  • 15. 

    The law of conservation of mass states that _____.

    • A.

      In a chemical reaction, matter is not created or destroyed, but is conserved.

    • B.

      Matter can be created and destroyed but does not change forms.

    • C.

      In a chemical reaction, efforts should be made to preserve rare elements without changing them.

    • D.

      In a chemical reaction, the final mass of the products is always greater than the starting mass of the reactants.

    Correct Answer
    A. In a chemical reaction, matter is not created or destroyed, but is conserved.
    Explanation
    The law of conservation of mass states that matter is not created or destroyed, but is conserved. This means that in a chemical reaction, the total mass of the reactants will be equal to the total mass of the products. The atoms in the reactants may rearrange to form different molecules in the products, but the total number of atoms remains the same. This principle is fundamental in chemistry and is used to balance chemical equations and analyze reactions.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is a chemical reaction?

    • A.

      Water freezing into ice

    • B.

      Water evaporating from salt water leaving salt crystals

    • C.

      Dew forming on grass

    • D.

      Rust forming on a car body

    Correct Answer
    D. Rust forming on a car body
    Explanation
    Rust forming on a car body is a chemical reaction because it involves a chemical change. Rust is formed when iron reacts with oxygen in the presence of water or moisture, resulting in the formation of iron oxide. This process is known as oxidation and is a chemical reaction. In contrast, the other options mentioned are physical changes rather than chemical reactions.

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  • 17. 

    Some elements usually exist in combinations of two atoms. These combinations are called ______.

    • A.

      Diatomic molecules

    • B.

      Coefficients

    • C.

      Ions

    • D.

      Isotopes

    Correct Answer
    A. Diatomic molecules
    Explanation
    Diatomic molecules refer to combinations of two atoms that are usually found together. These molecules can be made up of the same element or different elements. Examples of diatomic molecules include oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2), and hydrogen (H2). These molecules are stable and have specific properties that differ from their individual atoms.

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  • 18. 

    Identify the following as either endothermic or exothermic. The temperature of the beaker holding the reacting substances is increased.

    • A.

      Endothermic

    • B.

      Exothermic

    Correct Answer
    B. Exothermic
    Explanation
    When the temperature of the beaker holding the reacting substances is increased, it indicates that heat is being released from the reaction. This release of heat is characteristic of an exothermic reaction, where energy is transferred from the system (reacting substances) to the surroundings (beaker). Therefore, the correct answer is exothermic.

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  • 19. 

    Identify the following as either endothermic or exothermic. The temperature of the beaker holding the reacting substances is decreased.

    • A.

      Endothermic

    • B.

      Exothermic

    Correct Answer
    A. Endothermic
    Explanation
    When the temperature of the beaker holding the reacting substances is decreased, it indicates that heat is being absorbed from the surroundings. This suggests that the reaction is endothermic, as it requires an input of energy (in the form of heat) to proceed.

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  • 20. 

    Identify the following as either endothermic or exothermic. Frost formed on the outside of the beaker holding the reacting substances.

    • A.

      Endothermic

    • B.

      Exothermic

    Correct Answer
    A. Endothermic
    Explanation
    The formation of frost on the outside of the beaker suggests that heat is being absorbed from the surroundings, causing a decrease in temperature. This indicates an endothermic reaction, as it requires an input of energy in the form of heat to occur.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 14, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Haszshe
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