Ulangan Harian Soj Xiitkj

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| By Bangyos72
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 88
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Ulangan Harian Soj Xiitkj - Quiz

Topik Perintah dasar LINUXJawab Pertanyaan dibawah ini dengan Benar ?KKM 75


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Kunci dari Write dan quite, simpan file dan keluar adalah :

    • A.

      :se all

    • B.

      :,s//

    • C.

      /string

    • D.

      :wq

    Correct Answer
    D. :wq
    Explanation
    The given answer ":wq" is a command used in the vi text editor to save changes and exit the file. In the given commands, ":se all" is used to enable all options, ":s//" is used to replace the current word with nothing (essentially deleting it), "/string" is used to search for the word "string", and ":wq" is used to save the changes and exit the file. Therefore, the correct answer is ":wq" as it is the final command in the sequence to save and exit the file.

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  • 2. 

    Lilo atau linux loader adalah program yang pertama dijalankan setelah BIOS, jika di dalam harddisk terdapat lebih dari satu sistem operasi maka lilo di install di :

    • A.

      Boot sector

    • B.

      Partisi kedua

    • C.

      Partisi pertama

    • D.

      Master boot record

    Correct Answer
    D. Master boot record
    Explanation
    Lilo, or Linux Loader, is a program that is executed after the BIOS. It is responsible for loading the operating system. If there are multiple operating systems on the hard disk, Lilo is installed in the Master Boot Record (MBR). The MBR is the first sector of the hard disk and contains the partition table and boot loader code. By installing Lilo in the MBR, it can manage the boot process and allow the user to choose which operating system to boot into.

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  • 3. 

    Linux dapat digunakan oleh lebih dari satu pemakai yang masuk ke dalam sistem pada saat bersamaan, diistilahkan :

    • A.

      Multilevel

    • B.

      Multipeoples

    • C.

      Multimaker

    • D.

      Multiuser

    Correct Answer
    D. Multiuser
    Explanation
    Linux dapat digunakan oleh lebih dari satu pemakai yang masuk ke dalam sistem pada saat bersamaan. Ini berarti bahwa sistem operasi Linux mendukung penggunaan multiuser, yang memungkinkan beberapa pengguna untuk menggunakan sistem secara bersamaan.

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  • 4. 

    Linux pada awalnya dibuat oleh seorang mahasiswa Finlandia bernama :

    • A.

      Linux Travolta

    • B.

      Linus Travolta

    • C.

      Linux Travolds

    • D.

      Linus Torvalds

    Correct Answer
    D. Linus Torvalds
    Explanation
    Linus Torvalds is the correct answer because he is the Finnish student who initially created Linux. The other options, Linux Travolta, Linus Travolta, and Linux Travolds, are not the correct names and do not match the actual creator of Linux.

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  • 5. 

    Macam–macam distro Linux :

    • A.

      Redhat, Slackware, Mandrake

    • B.

      Mandrake, transtool, debian

    • C.

      Memphis, knoppix, Arobat

    • D.

      Redhat, avast, xandros

    Correct Answer
    A. Redhat, Slackware, Mandrake
    Explanation
    The given answer lists three different distributions of Linux: Redhat, Slackware, and Mandrake. These are all well-known and widely used distributions in the Linux community. Redhat is a popular distribution known for its stability and enterprise features. Slackware is one of the oldest distributions and is known for its simplicity and adherence to the Unix philosophy. Mandrake, also known as Mandriva, was a user-friendly distribution that focused on ease of use and desktop features. Overall, the answer correctly identifies three distinct distributions of Linux.

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  • 6. 

    Media penyimpanan sementara seperti ram tapi di harddisk disebut :

    • A.

      Lenny

    • B.

      Swap

    • C.

      Http

    • D.

      Kernel

    Correct Answer
    B. Swap
    Explanation
    Swap is the correct answer because it refers to a type of temporary storage space on a hard disk that is used to supplement the computer's RAM. When the RAM becomes full, the operating system moves inactive data from the RAM to the swap space on the hard disk to free up memory for active processes. This allows the computer to continue running smoothly even when the RAM is fully utilized.

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  • 7. 

    Media yang dapat digunakan untuk menginstal linux antara lain, kecuali :

    • A.

      Floppy Disk

    • B.

      Internet

    • C.

      CD ROM

    • D.

      Flash disk

    Correct Answer
    B. Internet
    Explanation
    Media yang dapat digunakan untuk menginstal Linux adalah Floppy Disk, CD ROM, dan Flash disk. Namun, Internet tidak dapat digunakan sebagai media untuk menginstal Linux karena proses instalasi Linux membutuhkan file-file yang cukup besar dan kompleks, yang tidak dapat diunduh melalui koneksi internet biasa. Sebagai gantinya, pengguna dapat menggunakan media penyimpanan fisik seperti Floppy Disk, CD ROM, atau Flash disk untuk menginstal Linux.

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  • 8. 

    Merupakan inti dari OS Linux yang mengatur penggunaan memori, input-output dan proses-proses disebut :

    • A.

      Script

    • B.

      Kernel

    • C.

      Root

    • D.

      LILO

    Correct Answer
    B. Kernel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kernel". The kernel is the core of the Linux operating system that manages memory usage, input-output operations, and processes. It is responsible for controlling hardware resources, scheduling tasks, and providing essential services to other parts of the operating system. Without the kernel, Linux would not be able to function properly.

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  • 9. 

    .Nama-nama sandi pada debian di ambil dari :

    • A.

      Story

    • B.

      Toy story

    • C.

      Turtle

    • D.

      Lion story

    Correct Answer
    B. Toy story
    Explanation
    The names of the code names in Debian are taken from various sources, and in this case, the code name "Toy story" is likely taken from the popular animated film franchise "Toy Story." Debian has a tradition of using names from characters in movies, cartoons, and other references as code names for its releases.

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  • 10. 

    Sebuah distro Linux yang menurunkan Ubuntu adalah :

    • A.

      Debian

    • B.

      RedHat

    • C.

      Fedora

    • D.

      Mandriva

    Correct Answer
    A. Debian
    Explanation
    Debian is a Linux distribution that is derived from Ubuntu. Ubuntu itself is based on Debian and inherits many of its features and package management system. Therefore, Debian can be considered as a Linux distribution that is derived from Ubuntu.

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  • 11. 

    Server web yang dapat dijalankan di banyak sistem operasi (Unix, BSD, Linux, Microsoft Windows dan Novell Netware serta platform lainnya) yang berguna untuk melayani dan memfungsikan situs web adalah pengertian dari :

    • A.

      Apache

    • B.

      Squid

    • C.

      MySQL

    • D.

      SQL

    Correct Answer
    A. Apache
    Explanation
    Apache adalah server web yang dapat dijalankan di berbagai sistem operasi seperti Unix, BSD, Linux, Microsoft Windows, dan Novell Netware. Apache berfungsi untuk melayani dan memfungsikan situs web. Apache merupakan salah satu server web yang paling populer dan banyak digunakan di seluruh dunia.

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  • 12. 

    Server yang dapat membuat sistem berbasis Unix (seperti Linux) untuk melakukan sharing resource dengan sistem berbasis Windows adalah :

    • A.

      Proxy

    • B.

      Squid

    • C.

      Squirel

    • D.

      Samba

    Correct Answer
    D. Samba
    Explanation
    Samba is the correct answer because it is a software suite that allows Unix-based systems, such as Linux, to share resources with Windows-based systems. Samba enables file and printer sharing between different operating systems and provides seamless integration between Unix and Windows environments. It allows Unix servers to act as file and print servers for Windows clients, making it possible for Unix systems to participate in a Windows network and share resources effectively.

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  • 13. 

    Setelah DHCP selesai dikonfigurasi langkah berikutnya adalah merestart komputer server, perintahnya adalah :

    • A.

      Apt-get install squid

    • B.

      Nano /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf

    • C.

      Nano /etc/squid/squid.conf

    • D.

      /etc/init.d/isc-dhcp-server restart

    Correct Answer
    D. /etc/init.d/isc-dhcp-server restart
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "/etc/init.d/isc-dhcp-server restart". After configuring DHCP, the next step is to restart the DHCP server on the computer. This command will restart the DHCP server and apply the new configuration settings.

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  • 14. 

    Siapa yang pertama kali memperkenalkan debian? :

    • A.

      Purdue

    • B.

      Ian Murdoch

    • C.

      Steve

    • D.

      Smith

    Correct Answer
    B. Ian Murdoch
    Explanation
    Ian Murdoch is the correct answer because he was the person who first introduced Debian. Debian is a popular Linux distribution that was first released in 1993 by Ian Murdoch. He founded the project and played a significant role in its development and initial release. His contributions to the open-source community and the creation of Debian have had a lasting impact on the world of Linux.

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  • 15. 

    Tanda bahwa shell prompt masuk sebagai root adalah….. 

    • A.

      #

    • B.

      @

    • C.

      $

    • D.

      *.*

    Correct Answer
    A. #
    Explanation
    The correct answer is #. The # symbol is commonly used as the shell prompt for the root user in Unix-like operating systems. It indicates that the shell is running with root privileges, allowing the user to perform administrative tasks and access system files and directories.

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  • 16. 

    Partisi default (root) jenis Reiserfs digunakan oleh sistem operasi

    • A.

      Windows XP

    • B.

      Linux Redhat

    • C.

      Windows ME

    • D.

      Linux Suse

    Correct Answer
    D. Linux Suse
    Explanation
    The default root partition type used by the Linux Suse operating system is Reiserfs.

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  • 17. 

    Perintah yang digunakan untuk pindah direktori adalah :

    • A.

      Debian:/#cd root ---à pindah ke direktori root

    • B.

      Debian:/#mkdir [nama_direktori]

    • C.

      Debian:/# cat [nama_file]

    • D.

      Debian:/#rm [nama_file]

    Correct Answer
    A. Debian:/#cd root ---à pindah ke direktori root
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "debian:/#cd root ---à pindah ke direktori root". This is the correct command to change the current working directory to the "root" directory in the Debian operating system. The "cd" command is used to change directories, and "root" is the name of the directory we want to navigate to.

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  • 18. 

    .Perintah yang digunakan untuk membuat direktori adalah :

    • A.

      Debian:/#mkdir [nama_direktori]

    • B.

      Debian:/# cat [nama_file]

    • C.

      Debian:/#less [nama_file]

    • D.

      Debian:/#rm [nama_file]

    Correct Answer
    A. Debian:/#mkdir [nama_direktori]
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "debian:/#mkdir [nama_direktori]". This command is used to create a directory in the Debian operating system. The "mkdir" command stands for "make directory" and is followed by the name of the directory that you want to create. By executing this command, a new directory with the specified name will be created in the current location.

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  • 19. 

    Perintah untuk mengkonfigurasi ROUTER adalah :

    • A.

      Nano /etc/network/interfaces

    • B.

      Nano /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf

    • C.

      Nano /etc/sysctl.conf

    • D.

      /etc/init.d/networking restart

    Correct Answer
    A. Nano /etc/network/interfaces
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nano /etc/network/interfaces." This command is used to configure the network interfaces on a router. The "/etc/network/interfaces" file contains the network configuration settings for the router, such as IP addresses, subnet masks, and gateway addresses. By using the "nano" command followed by the file path, the user can open and edit the network configuration file to make any necessary changes.

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  • 20. 

    Berikut adalah perintah Linux  “  chmod  “ yang berfungsi untuk 

    • A.

      Mengubah izin akses

    • B.

      Mencari file

    • C.

      Untuk keluar dari system

    • D.

      menampilkan pesan di layar

    Correct Answer
    A. Mengubah izin akses
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mengubah izin akses." The chmod command in Linux is used to change the permissions or access mode of a file or directory. It allows users to specify who can read, write, and execute a file. By using the chmod command, users can modify the access rights for themselves, the group they belong to, and others.

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