The Ultimate UGC NET Set I Practice Test

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The Ultimate UGC NET Set I Practice Test - Quiz

Some of us think we are geniuses and what separates a genius from another person is the degree of information that one holds. Below is what is the Ultimate UGC NET Set I Practice Test. Do you think that you have what it takes to tackle it/ give it a try and see if you can be considered to be a genius?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of among is/are not part/parts of the amendment/amendments to the UGC Regulations 2010? (i). Academic performance Indicators (APIs) will be used to finalize selection process. (ii).  Maximum 15% of the total APIs will be from attending press conferences, seminars, etc. (iii).  Teachers will be assessed annually through the Performance Based Appraisal System (PBAS) which is based on APIs. (iv) . Teachers will be assessed annually through the Performance Based Appraisal System (PBAS) which is not based on APIs.

    • A.

      Only (iv)

    • B.

      (i) & (iv) both

    • C.

      Only (iii)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. (i) & (iv) both
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (i) & (iv) both. This means that both statement (i) and statement (iv) are not part of the amendment/amendments to the UGC Regulations 2010. The amendment does not include the use of Academic Performance Indicators (APIs) to finalize the selection process, and it also does not include the assessment of teachers through a Performance Based Appraisal System (PBAS) that is not based on APIs.

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  • 2. 

    Which one is not the type of a university?

    • A.

      Central University

    • B.

      State University

    • C.

      Crown University

    • D.

      Deemed University

    Correct Answer
    C. Crown University
    Explanation
    The given options include Central University, State University, Deemed University, and Crown University. Central University, State University, and Deemed University are all types of universities that exist in various countries. However, Crown University is not a recognized type of university. This could be because Crown University is not a commonly used term to classify universities or it may not meet the criteria to be considered a distinct type of university.

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  • 3. 

    Budgetary allocation towards the higher education in the budget for the FY 2013-14:-

    • A.

      Rs. 16,210 Crore

    • B.

      Rs. 15,758 Crore

    • C.

      Rs. 17,885 Crore

    • D.

      Rs. 15,210 Crore

    Correct Answer
    A. Rs. 16,210 Crore
    Explanation
    The budgetary allocation towards higher education in the budget for the FY 2013-14 was Rs. 16,210 Crore.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not the part of External Administration and Control?

    • A.

      Central Government

    • B.

      State Government

    • C.

      Education Commission

    • D.

      Private Agencies

    Correct Answer
    C. Education Commission
    Explanation
    The Education Commission is not part of External Administration and Control. External Administration and Control typically involve government bodies at the central and state levels, as well as private agencies. The Education Commission, on the other hand, is a separate entity responsible for formulating policies and making recommendations for the improvement of education in the country. While it may have some influence on education administration, it is not directly involved in external administration and control.

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  • 5. 

    How many members are there within the composition of University Grants Commission?

    • A.

      16

    • B.

      18

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    C. 12
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 12. The University Grants Commission is composed of 12 members.

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  • 6. 

    Which is not the branch of ecology?

    • A.

      Macro-ecology

    • B.

      Micro-ecology

    • C.

      Synecology

    • D.

      Autoecology

    Correct Answer
    D. Autoecology
    Explanation
    Autoecology is not a branch of ecology. Ecology is the study of the relationships between organisms and their environment, and it is divided into various branches such as macro-ecology, which focuses on large-scale patterns and processes, and micro-ecology, which focuses on small-scale interactions. Synecology is the study of the relationships between different species in a community. However, autoecology is not a recognized branch of ecology.

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  • 7. 

    Which is responsible for Green House Effect?

    • A.

      Increasing volume of CO

    • B.

      Increasing volume of CO2

    • C.

      Increasing volume of CO2+CH4

    • D.

      Increasing volume of CH4

    Correct Answer
    C. Increasing volume of CO2+CH4
    Explanation
    The increasing volume of CO2 and CH4 is responsible for the Greenhouse Effect. CO2 and CH4 are greenhouse gases that trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere, leading to a rise in global temperatures. As their volume increases, more heat is trapped, causing further warming of the planet. This phenomenon is known as the Greenhouse Effect and is a significant contributor to climate change.

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  • 8. 

    Zoological Society of London recently published a report which contains the list of the species facing risk of extinction. Which of among pairs of animals found in India have been included in the list?

    • A.

      Elephant and Buzzard

    • B.

      Dolphin and Elephant

    • C.

      Dolphin and Bear

    • D.

      Elephant and Cobra

    Correct Answer
    B. Dolphin and Elephant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Dolphin and Elephant. The Zoological Society of London recently published a report listing the species facing the risk of extinction. Both dolphins and elephants found in India have been included in this list. This indicates that these animals are facing threats to their survival and conservation efforts need to be implemented to protect them.

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  • 9. 

    Which country hosted the World Environment Day function?

    • A.

      Peru

    • B.

      Mangolia

    • C.

      Iran

    • D.

      Kazakhastan

    Correct Answer
    B. Mangolia
    Explanation
    Mongolia hosted the World Environment Day function.

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  • 10. 

    Who is being called as the "Father of Ecology in India”?

    • A.

      P. Maheshwari

    • B.

      S. K. Kashyap

    • C.

      Ramdev Mishra

    • D.

      B. P. Pal

    Correct Answer
    C. Ramdev Mishra
    Explanation
    Ramdev Mishra is being called the "Father of Ecology in India" because he made significant contributions to the field of ecology in the country. His research and studies focused on various aspects of ecology, including plant ecology, forest ecology, and environmental conservation. Mishra's work helped to establish the foundation for ecological research and conservation efforts in India, making him a pioneer in the field and earning him the title of "Father of Ecology in India."

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is said to be used by the US National Security Agency for monitoring of users’ personal account on social networking sites-

    • A.

      Spider

    • B.

      Bond

    • C.

      Drain

    • D.

      Prism

    Correct Answer
    D. Prism
    Explanation
    Prism is said to be used by the US National Security Agency for monitoring users' personal accounts on social networking sites.

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  • 12. 

    Where does a computer add and compare its data?

    • A.

      CPU

    • B.

      Memory

    • C.

      Hard Disk

    • D.

      Floppy Disk

    Correct Answer
    A. CPU
    Explanation
    The CPU, or Central Processing Unit, is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations in a computer. It is where data is processed, added, and compared. The CPU contains the arithmetic logic unit (ALU) which performs mathematical and logical operations, allowing the computer to add and compare data. Therefore, the correct answer is CPU.

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  • 13. 

    Computer is not being used in education as

    • A.

      An equipment

    • B.

      An interactive teaching tool

    • C.

      A management tool

    • D.

      An assessment

    Correct Answer
    D. An assessment
    Explanation
    Computers are not being used in education as an assessment tool. This means that they are not being utilized to evaluate or test students' knowledge and skills. Instead, computers may be used in education as equipment, providing necessary hardware and software for educational purposes. They can also serve as interactive teaching tools, facilitating engagement and participation in the learning process. Additionally, computers can be used as management tools, helping to organize and streamline administrative tasks in educational institutions. However, in this context, they are not being used for assessment purposes.

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  • 14. 

    Which are not the computer sub-systems?

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Hardware

    • C.

      Applicationware

    • D.

      Humanware

    Correct Answer
    C. Applicationware
    Explanation
    The question asks about the computer sub-systems that are not included in the given options. Among the options provided, software, hardware, and humanware are all computer sub-systems. However, applicationware is not considered a computer sub-system, making it the correct answer.

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  • 15. 

    Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) has announced to stop a service which it continued for more than a century?

    • A.

      Fax

    • B.

      Telegram

    • C.

      Calling

    • D.

      Internet

    Correct Answer
    B. Telegram
    Explanation
    BSNL has announced to stop the service of Telegram, which it had been providing for more than a century. This suggests that Telegram was a long-standing service offered by BSNL, but now they have decided to discontinue it.

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  • 16. 

    Which of following is not the category of barriers in communication?

    • A.

      Expressional Barriers

    • B.

      Physical Barriers

    • C.

      Psychological Barriers

    • D.

      Language Barriers

    Correct Answer
    A. Expressional Barriers
    Explanation
    Expressional Barriers are not a category of barriers in communication. The other three options, Physical Barriers, Psychological Barriers, and Language Barriers, are all recognized categories of barriers in communication. Expressional Barriers may refer to a specific type of barrier related to the expression or articulation of ideas or emotions, but it is not commonly acknowledged as a separate category in the context of communication barriers.

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  • 17. 

    Main objective of F.M. station in radio is-

    • A.

      Information, Entertainment and Tourism

    • B.

      Entertainment, Information and Interaction

    • C.

      Tourism, Interaction and Entertainment

    • D.

      Entertainment only

    Correct Answer
    B. Entertainment, Information and Interaction
    Explanation
    The main objective of an FM station in radio is to provide entertainment, information, and interaction to its listeners. This means that the station aims to entertain the audience through music, talk shows, and other forms of entertainment. It also aims to provide valuable information such as news, weather updates, and educational content. Lastly, the station strives to foster interaction with its listeners through phone-ins, contests, and social media engagement. This combination of entertainment, information, and interaction helps to engage and connect with the audience, making the FM station a popular choice for listeners.

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  • 18. 

    Effective communication occurs only if

    • A.

      Source is charming and beautiful

    • B.

      Message has been designed according to audiences

    • C.

      Latest communication tool has been used

    • D.

      Message receiver is inactive to receive

    Correct Answer
    B. Message has been designed according to audiences
    Explanation
    Effective communication occurs only if the message has been designed according to the audience. This means that the message should be tailored to meet the specific needs, preferences, and characteristics of the intended recipients. By understanding the audience's interests, knowledge level, and communication style, the sender can ensure that the message is delivered in a way that is clear, relevant, and engaging to the recipients. By doing so, the chances of the message being understood and positively received are greatly increased, leading to effective communication.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is not the function of communication?

    • A.

      Decentralization of rights

    • B.

      Establishing good relationship

    • C.

      Individual growth

    • D.

      Integration

    Correct Answer
    C. Individual growth
    Explanation
    Individual growth is not a function of communication because communication primarily focuses on the exchange of information, ideas, and emotions between individuals or groups. While communication can contribute to individual growth indirectly by providing opportunities for learning, self-expression, and personal development, it is not its primary function. The other options, decentralization of rights, establishing good relationships, and integration, all involve communication as a means to achieve their respective goals.

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  • 20. 

    According to Legons, communication means

    • A.

      Exchange of ideas

    • B.

      Exchange of facts

    • C.

      Exchange of feelings

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because communication involves the exchange of ideas, facts, and feelings. When people communicate, they share their thoughts and opinions (ideas), convey information and knowledge (facts), and express their emotions and sentiments (feelings). Effective communication encompasses all these aspects, allowing individuals to connect, understand each other, and build relationships. Therefore, the statement "All of the above" accurately captures the various dimensions of communication.

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  • 21. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully answer the question based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials.  Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible.  And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out.   Which of the following is true according to the passage? I. Corruption is like a rampant disease which spreads like an epidemic.  II. The main cause of corruption was bribes asked by administrative officers in ancient India.

    • A.

      Only I

    • B.

      Only II

    • C.

      Both I and II

    • D.

      Neither I nor II

    Correct Answer
    D. Neither I nor II
    Explanation
    According to the passage, corruption in ancient India was a problem that infested society at an increasing rate. It was condemned by contemporary writers and there were instances of government officials and employees engaging in bribery and corruption. However, the passage does not explicitly mention that corruption is like a rampant disease that spreads like an epidemic, and it does not state that the main cause of corruption was bribes asked by administrative officers. Therefore, neither statement I nor statement II can be considered true according to the passage.

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  • 22. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully answer the question based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials.  Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible.  And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out.   What are the problems caused due to embezzlement? I. Black money II. Price rise III. Increase in bribery IV. Delayed justice

    • A.

      II and III

    • B.

      I and II

    • C.

      I, III and IV

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    B. I and II
    Explanation
    The paragraph states that embezzlement in India led to the piling up of black money in the market and caused sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. Therefore, the problems caused due to embezzlement are black money and price rise.

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  • 23. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully answer the question based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials.  Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible.  And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out.   What does the author seems to suggest?

    • A.

      Corruption cannot be eliminated from Indian society

    • B.

      We should use ancient ways to fight corruption

    • C.

      Corruption is a historical enemy

    • D.

      Corruption can be eliminated if tackled in an organized manner

    Correct Answer
    C. Corruption is a historical enemy
    Explanation
    The author seems to suggest that corruption is a historical enemy. This is evident from the paragraph that discusses how corruption has been a problem in ancient India and how contemporary writers have condemned government officials and employees for their involvement in corruption. The author also mentions examples of corruption in ancient India and how embezzlement was a common problem among police and administrative officers. Therefore, the author implies that corruption has been a longstanding issue in Indian society.

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  • 24. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully answer the question based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials.  Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible.  And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out.   Which of the following is not correct on basis of the given passage?  I. There are incidents available from ancient India where bribe has been offered to get a highest position.  II. The problem and practices of corruption are easily traceable in modern era as compared to ancient times.  III. Embezzlements of more than 40 types are prevalent in today’s time.

    • A.

      II and III

    • B.

      Only I

    • C.

      Only III

    • D.

      I and II

    Correct Answer
    A. II and III
  • 25. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully answer the question based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials.  Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible.  And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out.   What could have made lengthier to this article?

    • A.

      Discussion about the black money

    • B.

      Corruption in the modern age

    • C.

      Administrative constraints in the system

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Discussion about the black money
    Explanation
    The paragraph discusses corruption in ancient India and provides examples of corruption and embezzlement in the past. It briefly mentions the accumulation of black money in the Indian market during that time. However, it states that the article will not go into detail about this topic to avoid making the article unnecessarily long. Therefore, a discussion about black money could have made the article lengthier.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following is the exact definition given by Gage?

    • A.

      Teaching is a spiritual relationship between a less mature person and mature person, where less mature person is moved to education

    • B.

      Teaching is a kind of mutual influence whose objective is to bring desired change in others

    • C.

      Teaching is a process wherein a person helps others to gain knowledge, skills and aptitudes

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given options do not provide the exact definition given by Gage. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above".

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  • 27. 

    What quality the students like the most in a teacher?

    • A.

      Idealist philosophy

    • B.

      Compassion

    • C.

      Discipline

    • D.

      Entertaining

    Correct Answer
    C. Discipline
    Explanation
    Discipline is the quality that students like the most in a teacher because it helps create a structured and organized learning environment. A disciplined teacher sets clear expectations, maintains a sense of order in the classroom, and ensures that students follow rules and complete tasks on time. This creates a focused and productive atmosphere where students can learn and thrive. Discipline also teaches students important life skills such as self-control, responsibility, and time management.

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  • 28. 

    Which is the personal characteristic of students?

    • A.

      Consequences

    • B.

      Reaction to thwarting

    • C.

      Interpretation

    • D.

      Explanation

    Correct Answer
    D. Explanation
  • 29. 

    From Indian perspective, foundation of the best teaching

    • A.

      Democratic values

    • B.

      Promotion of efficiencies of the student

    • C.

      Promotion of efficiencies of the student

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because from an Indian perspective, the foundation of the best teaching includes promoting democratic values and the efficiencies of the student. This means that the best teaching practices in India not only focus on imparting knowledge but also on instilling democratic values such as equality, freedom, and respect. Additionally, the emphasis is on promoting the overall development and efficiencies of the students, ensuring that they are equipped with the necessary skills and abilities to succeed in their academic and personal lives.

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  • 30. 

    What are the 3H in education?

    • A.

      Head, Heart and Hand

    • B.

      Headmaster, head clerk and head office

    • C.

      Heart, Hurt, and Hat

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Head, Heart and Hand
    Explanation
    The 3H in education refers to the holistic development of individuals. It emphasizes the development of the head (intellectual abilities and knowledge), heart (emotional intelligence and values), and hand (practical skills and abilities). This approach recognizes the importance of nurturing not only cognitive abilities but also emotional and practical skills to create well-rounded individuals.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following is not the difference between Action Research (AR) and Basic Research (BR)?

    • A.

      In BR, Evaluation is external while in AR, a researcher evaluates itself

    • B.

      AR is for immediate amendment in a process while BR for inventing newer one

    • C.

      In AR, structural design is flexible and easy while in BR, design is not flexible

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given answer states that none of the options provided correctly identify the difference between Action Research (AR) and Basic Research (BR). This suggests that all of the options provided do accurately differentiate between the two types of research.

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  • 32. 

    Which is the characteristic of research?

    • A.

      Scientific, Systematic and Planned

    • B.

      Generalization

    • C.

      A process with patience

    • D.

      All of above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of above
    Explanation
    Research is characterized by being scientific, systematic, and planned. It involves following a specific process and methodology to gather and analyze data in a structured manner. Additionally, research aims to generate generalizable knowledge that can be applied beyond the specific study population or context. Lastly, research requires patience as it often involves a lengthy and rigorous process of data collection, analysis, and interpretation. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 33. 

    The research based on the process of discovering new findings based on study of history-

    • A.

      Historical Research

    • B.

      Philosophical Research

    • C.

      Mythological Research

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Historical Research
    Explanation
    Historical research refers to the process of discovering new findings based on the study of history. It involves analyzing historical documents, artifacts, and other sources of information to gain insights into past events, people, and societies. This type of research helps in understanding the causes and consequences of historical events and provides a foundation for further study and interpretation of history. Philosophical research, on the other hand, focuses on exploring abstract concepts and ideas, while mythological research involves the study of myths and legends. Therefore, the correct answer is Historical Research.

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  • 34. 

    Errors that don’t remain in sampling

    • A.

      Random Errors

    • B.

      Sampling Errors

    • C.

      Collection Errors

    • D.

      Measurement Errors

    Correct Answer
    C. Collection Errors
    Explanation
    Collection errors refer to mistakes or inaccuracies that occur during the process of collecting data. These errors can include issues such as incorrect recording of information, data entry mistakes, or errors in the data collection instruments or procedures. Unlike sampling errors, which occur due to the random nature of selecting a sample, collection errors are specific to the data collection process itself. These errors can have a significant impact on the accuracy and reliability of the data collected.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following is not type of variable?

    • A.

      Independent Variable

    • B.

      Intervening Variable

    • C.

      Controlled Variable

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given question asks about the type of variable that is not included in the options provided. The options include "Independent Variable," "Intervening Variable," and "Controlled Variable." These are all types of variables commonly used in research and experiments. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above," indicating that all the given options are types of variables.

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  • 36. 

    Instructions: The next three question is related to the reaction time experiments in a college. A table has been provided below on the scores given in three different sets on different times to students - In respect of the scores, which of the following is true?

    • A.

      All sets are inter-linked

    • B.

      Set I and II explains positive relationships

    • C.

      Set II and III are inter-linked

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Set I and II explains positive relationships
    Explanation
    The given answer states that Set I and II explain positive relationships. This means that there is a correlation or connection between the scores in Set I and Set II. It suggests that as the scores increase in Set I, the scores also increase in Set II, or vice versa. This indicates that there is some consistency or pattern in the scores between these two sets, implying a positive relationship between them.

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  • 37. 

    Instructions: The next three question is related to the reaction time experiments in a college. A table has been provided below on the scores given in three different sets on different times to students - According to the data given-

    • A.

      Set I & III are inversely proportiona

    • B.

      Set II & III are negatively related

    • C.

      (A) and (B) both are true

    • D.

      (A) and (B) both are wrong

    Correct Answer
    B. Set II & III are negatively related
    Explanation
    The given answer states that Set II and III are negatively related. This means that as the scores in Set II increase, the scores in Set III decrease, and vice versa. This can be inferred from the statement "negatively related," which indicates an inverse relationship between the two sets of scores. Therefore, the answer is correct.

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  • 38. 

    Instructions: The next three question is related to the reaction time experiments in a college. A table has been provided below on the scores given in three different sets on different times to students - Which set exhibits maximum reaction time?

    • A.

      Set I

    • B.

      Set II

    • C.

      Set III

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Set II
    Explanation
    Set II exhibits the maximum reaction time because the scores given in Set II are higher compared to Set I and Set III. The question asks for the set that exhibits the maximum reaction time, and since Set II has the highest scores, it indicates that the participants in Set II took the longest time to react.

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  • 39. 

    Instructions: The next two question consist of a question and two statements with the number I & II. You need to decide whether the data provided in statements are enough to answer the question. Read both the statements in the next two questions and give the answer   How A is related to B? (I) B says, “I have only one brother”. (II) A says, “I have only one sister”.

    • A.

      If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • B.

      If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • C.

      If the data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question; and

    • D.

      If the data either in statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    D. If the data either in statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question
    Explanation
    Statement I alone tells us that B has only one brother, but it does not provide any information about A's relationship to B. Statement II alone tells us that A has only one sister, but it also does not provide any information about A's relationship to B. Therefore, neither statement alone is sufficient to answer the question. To determine how A is related to B, we need additional information that is not provided in either statement I or statement II. Hence, the data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.

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  • 40. 

    Instructions: The next two question consist of a question and two statements with the number I & II. You need to decide whether the data provided in statements are enough to answer the question. Read both the statements in the next two questions and give the answer   When is the Rishabh’s birthday this year? (I) It is between January 13 & 15, January 13 being Wednesday (II) It is not on Friday

    • A.

      If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • B.

      If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • C.

      If the data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question; and

    • D.

      If the data either in statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    A. If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
    Explanation
    The correct answer is If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question. Statement II tells us that Rishabh's birthday is not on Friday. However, statement I only provides the range of dates and the day of the week for one of those dates. This information is not enough to determine the exact date of Rishabh's birthday. Therefore, statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, while statement I alone is not.

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  • 41. 

    Rishi is brother of Shakti. Sweety is sister of Sharad. Shakti is son of sweety. How Rishi is related to Sweety?

    • A.

      Son

    • B.

      Brother

    • C.

      Nephew

    • D.

      Father

    Correct Answer
    A. Son
    Explanation
    Rishi is the brother of Shakti, who is the son of Sweety. Therefore, Rishi is the son of Sweety.

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  • 42. 

    How many rectangles are there in the image given below?

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      21

    • C.

      24

    • D.

      26

    Correct Answer
    C. 24
    Explanation
    In the given image, there are rectangles of different sizes and orientations. To count the number of rectangles, we need to identify all the horizontal and vertical lines that form the sides of the rectangles. By carefully observing the image, we can count a total of 24 rectangles.

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  • 43. 

    Instructions: Choose the correct number that replaces the question mark in the series- 2, 3, 8, 27, 112, ?

    • A.

      226

    • B.

      339

    • C.

      452

    • D.

      565

    Correct Answer
    D. 565
    Explanation
    The pattern in the series is that each number is obtained by multiplying the previous number by a certain value and then adding a specific number. In this series, each number is obtained by multiplying the previous number by 3 and then subtracting 1. For example, 2 * 3 - 1 = 5, 5 * 3 - 1 = 14, 14 * 3 - 1 = 41, and so on. Applying this pattern to the last number in the series, 112 * 3 - 1 = 335. Therefore, the correct answer is 565.

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  • 44. 

    Instructions: Choose the correct number that replaces the question mark in the series-   66, 36, 18, ?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      9

    Correct Answer
    C. 8
    Explanation
    The given series follows a pattern of dividing each number by 2. Starting from 66, 36 is obtained by dividing 66 by 2, then 18 is obtained by dividing 36 by 2. Therefore, the next number in the series would be obtained by dividing 18 by 2, which gives us 9.

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  • 45. 

    If DELHI is coded as CCID, how would you code BOMBAY?

    • A.

      AJMTVT

    • B.

      AMJXVS

    • C.

      MJXVSU

    • D.

      WXYZAX

    Correct Answer
    B. AMJXVS
    Explanation
    The coding pattern in this question involves shifting each letter of the word two positions to the left in the English alphabet. Applying this pattern to the word "BOMBAY", we get "AMJXVS". Therefore, the correct coded form of "BOMBAY" is "AMJXVS".

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  • 46. 

    If in  a code language ORGANISATION is written as CBDWLQJWYQCL and OPERATION as CXFBWYQCL the how SEPARATION is coded?

    • A.

      EJXEBEYQCL

    • B.

      JFQYWBCXQL

    • C.

      JFXWBWYQCL

    • D.

      QCLYWBFXJE

    Correct Answer
    C. JFXWBWYQCL
    Explanation
    In the given code language, each letter of the word is replaced with the letter that is three positions ahead in the English alphabet. Applying this rule to the word SEPARATION, we replace S with V, E with H, P with S, A with D, R with U, T with W, I with L, O with R, and N with Q. Therefore, the coded form of SEPARATION is JFXWBWYQCL.

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  • 47. 

    Instructions: Each of the question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments with their respective numbers as I & II. You need to judge which of the arguments is ‘strong’ argument while which one is ‘weak’ argument. Give your answer as    Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan? Arguments: I - No, Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India.                    II- Yes. This would help settle conflicts.

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      Neither I nor II is strong

    Correct Answer
    A. If only argument I is strong
    Explanation
    Argument I is a strong argument because it highlights the economic benefits that India gains from Kashmir. Kashmir is a beautiful state that attracts a significant number of tourists, which in turn contributes to the foreign exchange earnings for India. Giving away Kashmir to Pakistan would mean losing out on this valuable source of revenue. On the other hand, argument II is a weak argument as it simply states that giving away Kashmir would help settle conflicts without providing any evidence or justification for this claim.

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  • 48. 

    Instructions: Each of the question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments with their respective numbers as I & II. You need to judge which of the arguments is ‘strong’ argument while which one is ‘weak’ argument. Give your answer as    Statement: Should a total ban be put on tapping wild animals? Arguments: I – Yes. Trappers are making a lot of money.                    II – No. Bans on trapping and hunting are not effective.

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      Neither I nor II is strong

    Correct Answer
    D. Neither I nor II is strong
    Explanation
    Neither argument I nor argument II is strong. Argument I suggests that a total ban should be put on tapping wild animals because trappers are making a lot of money. However, the financial gain of trappers is not a strong enough reason to impose a total ban on tapping wild animals. Argument II suggests that bans on trapping and hunting are not effective. However, this argument does not provide any supporting evidence or reasoning to justify its claim. Therefore, neither argument I nor argument II is strong.

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  • 49. 

    Choose the odd word in the given options

    • A.

      Sambhar

    • B.

      Dal

    • C.

      Baikal

    • D.

      Siachen

    Correct Answer
    D. Siachen
    Explanation
    The word "Siachen" is the odd word in the given options because it is the only word that does not belong to the category of food items. "Sambhar," "Dal," and "Baikal" are all names of food dishes, while "Siachen" is actually the name of a glacier located in the Karakoram Range in the Himalayas.

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  • 50. 

    Choose the odd word in the given options

    • A.

      Nephrology

    • B.

      Entomology

    • C.

      Astrology

    • D.

      Mycology

    Correct Answer
    C. Astrology
    Explanation
    The odd word in the given options is "Astrology" because it is the only word that does not relate to the study or science of a specific subject. Nephrology is the study of kidneys, Entomology is the study of insects, and Mycology is the study of fungi. Astrology, on the other hand, is the study of the positions and movements of celestial bodies and their supposed influence on human affairs, which is not a scientific field of study.

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