UGC NET June 2014 Model Practice Set Paper – 1 (General Paper On Teaching And Research Aptitude)

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UGC NET Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of among is/are not part/parts of the amendment/amendments to the UGC Regulations 2010? (i) Academic performance Indicators (APIs) will be used to finalize selection process. (ii) Maximum 15% of the total APIs will be from attending press conferences, seminars, etc. (iii) Teachers will be assessed annually through the Performance Based Appraisal System (PBAS) which is based on APIs. (iv) Teachers will be assessed annually through the Performance Based Appraisal System (PBAS) which is not based on APIs.

    • A.

      Only (iv)

    • B.

      (i) & (iv) both

    • C.

      Only (iii)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. (i) & (iv) both
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (i) & (iv) both. This means that both options (i) and (iv) are not part of the amendment/amendments to the UGC Regulations 2010. Option (i) states that academic performance indicators (APIs) will be used to finalize the selection process, while option (iv) states that teachers will be assessed annually through the Performance Based Appraisal System (PBAS) which is not based on APIs.

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  • 2. 

    Which one is not the type of a university?

    • A.

      Central University

    • B.

      State University

    • C.

      Crown University

    • D.

      Deemed University

    Correct Answer
    C. Crown University
    Explanation
    The term "Crown University" is not commonly used to categorize universities. It is not a recognized type of university. Central University, State University, and Deemed University are all well-known types of universities that exist in different countries.

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  • 3. 

    International Mother Earth Day observed across the world on:-

    • A.

      20 April 2014

    • B.

      21 April 2014

    • C.

      22 April 2014

    • D.

      23 April 2014

    Correct Answer
    C. 22 April 2014
    Explanation
    International Mother Earth Day is observed on 22 April 2014. This day is dedicated to promoting environmental awareness and encouraging people to take action to protect the Earth. It is a global initiative to raise awareness about the importance of preserving and conserving the environment for future generations. The date of 22 April is significant as it marks the anniversary of the modern environmental movement, which began in 1970. Various activities and events are organized on this day to highlight the need for sustainable practices and to inspire individuals and communities to make a positive impact on the planet.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not the part of External Administration and Control?

    • A.

      Central Government

    • B.

      State Government

    • C.

      Education Commission

    • D.

      Private Agencies

    Correct Answer
    C. Education Commission
    Explanation
    The Education Commission is not part of External Administration and Control. External Administration and Control typically refers to the central and state governments, as well as private agencies that play a role in governing and regulating various aspects of society. The Education Commission, on the other hand, is a separate entity that focuses specifically on education policies and reforms. Therefore, it is not considered part of External Administration and Control.

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  • 5. 

    How many members are there within the composition of University Grants Commission?

    • A.

      16

    • B.

      18

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    C. 12
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 12. The University Grants Commission (UGC) is a statutory body in India responsible for the coordination, determination, and maintenance of standards of higher education. It consists of 12 members, including a chairman, vice-chairman, and other members appointed by the government. These members are experts in various fields such as education, science, and social sciences. The UGC plays a crucial role in promoting and regulating higher education institutions in India.

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  • 6. 

    Which is not the branch of ecology?

    • A.

      Macro-ecology

    • B.

      Micro-ecology

    • C.

      Synecology

    • D.

      Autoecology

    Correct Answer
    D. Autoecology
    Explanation
    Autoecology is the study of individual species and their interactions with their environment. It focuses on the physiological, behavioral, and evolutionary aspects of a single species. On the other hand, macro-ecology, micro-ecology, and synecology all deal with the study of ecological interactions at different scales. Macro-ecology studies ecological patterns and processes at large spatial scales, while micro-ecology focuses on small-scale interactions within communities. Synecology examines the relationships between different species within a community. Therefore, autoecology does not fit into the category of branches of ecology as it focuses on individual species rather than broader ecological interactions.

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  • 7. 

    Which is responsible for Green House Effect?

    • A.

      Increasing volume of CO

    • B.

      Increasing volume of CO2

    • C.

      Increasing volume of CO2+CH4

    • D.

      Increasing volume of CH4

    Correct Answer
    C. Increasing volume of CO2+CH4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is increasing volume of CO2+CH4. The greenhouse effect is caused by the presence of certain gases in the Earth's atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). These gases trap heat from the sun and prevent it from escaping back into space, leading to a warming effect on the planet. The increasing volume of CO2 and CH4 in the atmosphere intensifies the greenhouse effect and contributes to global warming.

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  • 8. 

    Who is being called as the ‘Father of Ecology in India”?

    • A.

      P. Maheshwari

    • B.

      S. K. Kashyap

    • C.

      Ramdev Mishra

    • D.

      B. P. Pal

    Correct Answer
    C. Ramdev Mishra
    Explanation
    Ramdev Mishra is being called the "Father of Ecology in India".

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  • 9. 

    The Supreme Court of India has directed that woman employee of the central government can get an uninterrupted leave for ________ years for childcare and it includes needs like examination and sickness?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court of India has directed that woman employee of the central government can get an uninterrupted leave for two years for childcare and it includes needs like examination and sickness. This means that women working for the central government are entitled to a continuous leave period of two years for childcare purposes, which also covers situations such as examinations and sickness.

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  • 10. 

    Hero MotoCorp on 21 April 2014 announced that it has entered Bangladesh in two wheeler segment through a joint venture of 55:45 with a Bangladesh firm. Name it?

    • A.

      Tagaz

    • B.

      Aftab Automobiles

    • C.

      Nitol Niloy

    • D.

      Walton Hi-Tech Industries

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitol Niloy
    Explanation
    Hero MotoCorp entered Bangladesh in the two-wheeler segment through a joint venture with Nitol Niloy, a Bangladesh firm.

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  • 11. 

    The Chariman of Rajya Sabha, Hamid Ansari in April 2014 administered oath to four members as Rajya Sabha member on four vacant seats of Odisha in his Chamber in Parliament House. One of the four members who took the oath of the Upper House of the Parliament is also a Chairman of IPL, name him?

    • A.

      AU Singh Deo

    • B.

      Kalpataru Das

    • C.

      Sarojini Hembram

    • D.

      Ranjib Biswal

    Correct Answer
    D. Ranjib Biswal
    Explanation
    Ranjib Biswal is the correct answer because he is the only option given who is associated with the IPL. The question asks for the name of the member who is both a Rajya Sabha member and the Chairman of the IPL, and Ranjib Biswal fits this description. The other options do not have any known association with the IPL.

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  • 12. 

    Where does a computer add and compare its data?

    • A.

      CPU

    • B.

      Memory

    • C.

      Hard Disk

    • D.

      Floppy Disk

    Correct Answer
    A. CPU
    Explanation
    The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is responsible for performing calculations and executing instructions in a computer. It contains the ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit), which is where data is added and compared. The ALU performs mathematical operations, such as addition, and logical operations, such as equality comparisons. Therefore, the CPU is the correct answer as it is where a computer adds and compares its data.

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  • 13. 

    Computer is not being used in education as

    • A.

      An equipment

    • B.

      An interactive teaching tool

    • C.

      A management tool

    • D.

      An assessment

    Correct Answer
    D. An assessment
    Explanation
    The computer is not being used in education as an assessment tool. This means that it is not being utilized to evaluate or test students' knowledge and skills. While computers can be used for various purposes in education, such as being an equipment, interactive teaching tool, or management tool, they are not being used specifically for assessment in this context.

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  • 14. 

    Which are not the computer sub-systems?

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Hardware

    • C.

      Applicationware

    • D.

      Humanware

    Correct Answer
    C. Applicationware
    Explanation
    The given options include software, hardware, and humanware, which are all sub-systems of a computer. Applicationware is not a recognized term in the field of computer systems. Therefore, it can be concluded that applicationware is not a computer sub-system.

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  • 15. 

    Who on 20 April 2014 won the Monte Carlo Masters Tennis?

    • A.

      Roger Federer

    • B.

      Stanislas Wawrinka

    • C.

      Bob Bryan

    • D.

      Ivan Dodi

    Correct Answer
    B. Stanislas Wawrinka
    Explanation
    Stanislas Wawrinka won the Monte Carlo Masters Tennis on 20 April 2014.

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  • 16. 

    Which of following is not the category of barriers in communication?

    • A.

      Expressional Barriers

    • B.

      Physical Barriers

    • C.

      Psychological Barriers

    • D.

      Language Barriers

    Correct Answer
    A. Expressional Barriers
    Explanation
    Expressional Barriers are not a category of barriers in communication. The other options, Physical Barriers, Psychological Barriers, and Language Barriers, are all recognized categories of barriers that can hinder effective communication. Expressional Barriers refer to obstacles that arise from the way individuals express themselves, such as using unclear or ambiguous language, lack of confidence in speaking, or non-verbal communication issues. However, this is not a commonly recognized category of barriers in communication.

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  • 17. 

    Main objective of F.M. station in radio is-

    • A.

      Information, Entertainment and Tourism

    • B.

      Entertainment, Information and Interaction

    • C.

      Tourism, Interaction and Entertainment

    • D.

      Entertainment only

    Correct Answer
    B. Entertainment, Information and Interaction
    Explanation
    The main objective of an F.M. station in radio is to provide entertainment, information, and interaction to its listeners. F.M. stations aim to engage and entertain their audience through various programs, music, and talk shows. They also provide valuable information on current events, news, weather updates, and other relevant topics. Additionally, F.M. stations encourage interaction with their listeners through phone-ins, contests, and social media platforms, allowing for a two-way communication between the station and its audience.

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  • 18. 

    Effective communication occurs only if

    • A.

      Source is charming and beautiful

    • B.

      Message has been designed according to audiences

    • C.

      Latest communication tool has been used

    • D.

      Message receiver is inactive to receive

    Correct Answer
    B. Message has been designed according to audiences
    Explanation
    Effective communication occurs only if the message has been designed according to the audiences. This means that the message should be tailored to suit the needs, preferences, and understanding of the intended recipients. By considering the audience's background, interests, and communication style, the sender can ensure that the message is clear, relevant, and engaging. This personalized approach enhances the chances of effective communication by increasing the likelihood of the message being understood and well-received by the audience.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is not the function of communication?

    • A.

      Decentralization of rights

    • B.

      Establishing good relationship

    • C.

      Individual growth

    • D.

      Integration

    Correct Answer
    C. Individual growth
    Explanation
    Individual growth is not a function of communication because communication primarily focuses on the exchange of information, ideas, and emotions between individuals or groups. While communication can facilitate personal development by providing opportunities for learning and self-expression, it is not its primary purpose. Other options listed, such as decentralization of rights, establishing good relationships, and integration, all relate to the key functions of communication in various contexts.

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  • 20. 

    According to Legons, communication means

    • A.

      Exchange of ideas

    • B.

      Exchange of facts

    • C.

      Exchange of feelings

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Communication, according to Legons, encompasses the exchange of ideas, facts, and feelings. This means that communication involves sharing thoughts and opinions, conveying information and knowledge, as well as expressing emotions. By including all three aspects, communication becomes a comprehensive process that encompasses various forms of expression and interaction between individuals.

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  • 21. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully the answer the next five questions (21-25) based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials. Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible. And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out. Which of the following is true according to the passage? I. Corruption is like a rampant disease which spreads like an epidemic. II. The main cause of corruption was bribes asked by administrative officers in ancient India.

    • A.

      Only I

    • B.

      Only II

    • C.

      Both I and II

    • D.

      Neither I nor II

    Correct Answer
    D. Neither I nor II
    Explanation
    According to the passage, corruption in ancient India was a problem that infested society at an increasing rate. The corruption problem was coupled with bribery, and contemporary writers condemned government officials and employees for their involvement in corruption. The passage does not mention that corruption is like a rampant disease or that the main cause of corruption was bribes asked by administrative officers. Therefore, neither statement I nor statement II is true according to the passage.

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  • 22. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully the answer the next five questions (21-25) based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials. Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible. And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out. What are the problems caused due to embezzlement? I. Black money II. Price rise III. Increase in bribery IV. Delayed justice

    • A.

      II and III

    • B.

      I and II

    • C.

      I, III and IV

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    B. I and II
    Explanation
    The paragraph states that embezzlement in India led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in the market and caused sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. Therefore, the problems caused due to embezzlement are black money and price rise.

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  • 23. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully the answer the next five questions (21-25) based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials. Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible. And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out. What does the author seems to suggest?

    • A.

      Corruption cannot be eliminated from Indian society.

    • B.

      We should use ancient ways to fight corruption.

    • C.

      Corruption is a historical enemy.

    • D.

      Corruption can be eliminated if tackled in an organized manner.

    Correct Answer
    C. Corruption is a historical enemy.
    Explanation
    The author seems to suggest that corruption is a historical enemy. This is evident from the paragraph where the author discusses corruption problems in ancient India and how contemporary writers condemned government officials and employees for their involvement in corruption and bribery. The author also mentions that corruption was a problem in the yesteryears and provides examples of embezzlement practices in ancient times. Therefore, the author implies that corruption has been a longstanding issue in Indian society.

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  • 24. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully the answer the next five questions (21-25) based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials. Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible. And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out. What could have made lengthier to this article?

    • A.

      Discussion about the black money

    • B.

      Corruption in the modern age

    • C.

      Administrative constraints in the system

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Discussion about the black money
    Explanation
    The paragraph mentions that the embezzlement in different spheres of administration led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in the Indian market during the age of the Arthasastra. However, it states that the article does not go into detail about this issue to avoid making it unnecessarily long. Therefore, discussing the black money could have made the article lengthier.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is the exact definition given by Gage?

    • A.

      Teaching is a spiritual relationship between a less mature person and mature person, where less mature person is moved to education

    • B.

      Teaching is a kind of mutual influence whose objective is to bring desired change in others

    • C.

      Teaching is a process wherein a person helps others to gain knowledge, skills and aptitudes.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
  • 26. 

    What quality the students like the most in a teacher?

    • A.

      Idealist philosophy

    • B.

      Compassion

    • C.

      Discipline

    • D.

      Entertaining

    Correct Answer
    C. Discipline
    Explanation
    Discipline is the quality that students like the most in a teacher because it helps create a structured and organized learning environment. A disciplined teacher sets clear expectations, establishes routines, and maintains order in the classroom. This creates a sense of stability and allows students to focus on their studies without distractions. Additionally, discipline teaches students important life skills such as time management, self-control, and responsibility. Overall, a disciplined teacher fosters a positive and conducive learning atmosphere, which is highly appreciated by students.

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  • 27. 

    Instructions: Read the following paragraph carefully the answer the next five questions (21-25) based on the same. Corruption in India is has been a problem ever since the country had been having a multilayered administration by officers, ministers and other administrative chiefs. The corruption problem in ancient India, coupled with bribery, kept infesting the society more and more in an increasing rate. This is quite clear from the way the contemporary writers like Ksemendra and Kalhana have condemned the government officials, as well as other employees of different levels, in their celebrated works. Ksemendra in his Dasavataracaritam has advised the king to remove all the officials, ministers, generals and priests from office with immediate effect, who were either taking bribes themselves or have been indulging in corruption in some other way. Yet another work by Ksemendra, called Narmamala, depicts corruption bribery spreading fast like rampant maladies. He also found an answer to the much discussed question how to stop corruption in India of his time; he has explicitly addressed the contemporary intelligentsia to step forward and shoulder the responsibility of purging their folks. Kalhana too was merciless in his condemnation of the corrupt government officers in India of his own time. He damned the officials outright and asked the king to stay alert from their evil entente. Kalhana has also cited some examples of top incidents of corruption in India of his days. He said that Bijja became even richer than the kind as he sought to unfair means of getting money, while Ananda managed to achieve a high post in the office by bribing his higher officials. Embezzlements in India was just the same problem in the yesteryears as they are now, mostly among the police and administrative officers. In fact, Kautilya has given a detailed list, referring to not less than forty ways of embezzlement that the treasury officers in his time were used to practice. The most common of them were pratibandha or obstruction, prayoga or loan, vyavahara or trading, avastara or fabrication of accounts, pariahapana or causing less revenue and thereby affecting the treasury, upabhoga or embezzling funds for self enjoyment, and apahara or defalcation. And he uses a nice metaphor too – just like one cannot resist tasting the drop of honey or poison on the tip of the tongue, a government servant can never resist devouring even a bit of the government revenue. Again, we cannot confirm if a fish under water is drinking water or not; similarly, ascertaining the bribery, corruption and embezzlement on the part of government officials and policemen were equally impossible. And no wonder, this huge amount of embezzlement in different spheres of the administration and in varied degrees led to the piling up of a huge amount of black money in Indian market in the age of the Arthasastra; nevertheless, we would not enquire into that in detail and make this article unnecessarily long. In brief, that caused all the similar problems we find today, including sudden and unpredictable hikes in the prices of essential goods. It would have been quite interesting to address the issue under the present economic circumstances of the present day India, but the scope of this article would ask to better leave that out. Which of the following is not correct on basis of the given passage? I. There are incidents available from ancient India where bribe has been offered to get a highest position. II. The problem and practices of corruption are easily traceable in modern era as compared to ancient times. III. Embezzlements of more than 40 types are prevalent in today’s time.

    • A.

      II and III

    • B.

      Only I

    • C.

      Only III

    • D.

      I and II

    Correct Answer
    A. II and III
    Explanation
    The passage does not mention anything about incidents in ancient India where bribe has been offered to get a highest position, so statement I is not correct. The passage also does not mention anything about embezzlements of more than 40 types being prevalent in today's time, so statement III is not correct. Therefore, the correct answer is II and III.

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  • 28. 

    Classroom communication must be

    • A.

      Teacher Centric

    • B.

      Student Centric

    • C.

      General Centric

    • D.

      Textbook Centric

    Correct Answer
    B. Student Centric
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Student Centric" because it implies that the focus of classroom communication should be on the students. This approach involves actively engaging students in the learning process, encouraging their participation, and tailoring instruction to meet their individual needs. It recognizes that students are active learners who construct their own knowledge and understanding through meaningful interactions and collaboration with their peers and teacher. By adopting a student-centric approach, educators can create a more inclusive and interactive learning environment that promotes student engagement, motivation, and success.

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  • 29. 

    What are the 3H in education?

    • A.

      Head, Heart and Hand

    • B.

      Headmaster, head clerk and head office

    • C.

      Heart, Hurt, and Hat

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Head, Heart and Hand
    Explanation
    The 3H in education refers to the holistic approach towards learning, which involves developing the head (intellectual abilities), heart (emotional and social skills), and hand (practical and vocational skills). This approach recognizes the importance of nurturing not only cognitive abilities but also emotional intelligence and practical skills to create well-rounded individuals capable of succeeding in various aspects of life.

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  • 30. 

    From Indian perspective, foundation of the best teaching

    • A.

      Democratic values

    • B.

      Promotion of efficiencies of the student

    • C.

      Teacher as a friend and philosopher

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The foundation of the best teaching from an Indian perspective encompasses several aspects. Firstly, democratic values play a crucial role in creating an inclusive and participatory learning environment. Secondly, the promotion of efficiencies of the student ensures that each student's unique abilities and talents are nurtured. Lastly, the teacher's role as a friend and philosopher helps in building a strong teacher-student relationship based on trust and guidance. Therefore, all of the above factors contribute to the best teaching practices in India.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following is not the difference between Action Research (AR) and Basic Research (BR)?

    • A.

      In BR, Evaluation is external while in AR, a researcher evaluates itself

    • B.

      AR is for immediate amendment in a process while BR for inventing newer one

    • C.

      In AR, structural design is flexible and easy while in BR, design is not flexible

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given answer states that none of the options provided is the difference between Action Research (AR) and Basic Research (BR). This means that all the differences mentioned in the options are actually valid differences between AR and BR. Therefore, the correct answer is that there is no difference between AR and BR based on the options provided.

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  • 32. 

    Which is the characteristic of research?

    • A.

      Scientific, Systematic and Planned

    • B.

      Generalization

    • C.

      A process with patience

    • D.

      All of above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of above.
    Explanation
    The characteristic of research includes being scientific, systematic, planned, and involving generalization. Research is a methodical and structured process that follows scientific principles to gather and analyze data. It involves careful planning and organization to ensure reliable results. Additionally, research aims to make generalizations and draw conclusions that can be applied to a broader population or situation. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of above."

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  • 33. 

    The research based on the process of discovering new findings based on study of history-

    • A.

      Historical Research

    • B.

      Philosophical Research

    • C.

      Mythological Research

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Historical Research
    Explanation
    Historical research is the correct answer because it involves the study of past events, people, and societies to understand and interpret historical records and artifacts. It aims to discover new findings and insights by analyzing primary and secondary sources, conducting interviews, and examining archaeological evidence. This type of research helps to deepen our understanding of the past, identify patterns and trends, and contribute to the field of history.

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  • 34. 

    Errors that don’t remain in sampling

    • A.

      Random Errors

    • B.

      Sampling Errors

    • C.

      Collection Errors

    • D.

      Measurement Errors

    Correct Answer
    C. Collection Errors
    Explanation
    Collection errors refer to mistakes or inaccuracies that occur during the process of collecting data. These errors can be caused by various factors such as human error, faulty equipment, or improper data collection techniques. Unlike sampling errors or random errors, collection errors do not pertain to the selection or measurement of the sample itself, but rather to the process of gathering the data. These errors can significantly affect the validity and reliability of the collected data, leading to incorrect conclusions or findings.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following is not type of variable?

    • A.

      Independent Variable

    • B.

      Intervening Variable

    • C.

      Controlled Variable

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The question asks for a variable that is not a type of variable. The options provided are "Independent Variable," "Intervening Variable," "Controlled Variable," and "None of the above." Since all three options mentioned are types of variables, the correct answer is "None of the above."

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  • 36. 

    Instructions: The next three questions (36-38) is related to the reaction time experiments in a college. A table has been provided below on the scores given in three different sets on different times to students - Class Set I Set II Set III 1 616 500 300 2 711 720 511 3 898 988 678 4 740 612 450 5 421 533 250 6 812 844 614 7 521 541 341 8 781 777 551 9 698 756 448 10 701 676 305   In respect of the scores, which of the following is true?

    • A.

      All sets are inter-linked.

    • B.

      Set I and II explains positive relationships.

    • C.

      Set II and III are inter-linked.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. Set I and II explains positive relationships.
    Explanation
    The given table shows the scores of different sets in three different times. By comparing the scores of Set I and Set II, it can be observed that there is a positive relationship between the scores. As the scores in Set II are higher than the scores in Set I for all the classes, it can be concluded that Set I and II explains positive relationships. Therefore, the correct answer is "Set I and II explains positive relationships."

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  • 37. 

    Instructions: The next three questions (36-38) is related to the reaction time experiments in a college. A table has been provided below on the scores given in three different sets on different times to students - Class Set I Set II Set III 1 616 500 300 2 711 720 511 3 898 988 678 4 740 612 450 5 421 533 250 6 812 844 614 7 521 541 341 8 781 777 551 9 698 756 448 10 701 676 305   Which set exhibits maximum reaction time?

    • A.

      Set I

    • B.

      Set II

    • C.

      Set III

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Set II
    Explanation
    Set II exhibits the maximum reaction time because it has the highest scores compared to Set I and Set III. The scores in Set II are consistently higher than the scores in the other sets, indicating a longer reaction time.

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  • 38. 

    Instructions: The next three questions (36-38) is related to the reaction time experiments in a college. A table has been provided below on the scores given in three different sets on different times to students - Class Set I Set II Set III 1 616 500 300 2 711 720 511 3 898 988 678 4 740 612 450 5 421 533 250 6 812 844 614 7 521 541 341 8 781 777 551 9 698 756 448 10 701 676 305   According to the data given-

    • A.

      Set I & III are inversely proportional.

    • B.

      Set II & III are negatively related.

    • C.

      (A) and (B) both are true.

    • D.

      (A) and (B) both are wrong.

    Correct Answer
    B. Set II & III are negatively related.
    Explanation
    By analyzing the data given in the table, we can see that as the scores in Set III decrease, the scores in Set II tend to increase. This indicates a negative relationship between Set II and Set III. Therefore, the correct answer is that Set II and Set III are negatively related.

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  • 39. 

    Instructions: The next two questions (39-40) consist of a question and two statements with the number I & II. You need to decide whether the data provided in statements are enough to answer the question. Read both the statements in the next two questions and give the answer How A is related to B? (I) B says, “I have only one brother”. (II) A says, “I have only one sister”.

    • A.

      If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • B.

      If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • C.

      If the data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question; and

    • D.

      If the data either in statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    D. If the data either in statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question
    Explanation
    Both statements provide information about the number of siblings that B and A have, but they do not directly provide information about how A is related to B. Therefore, the data in either statement I or statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question. Additionally, when considering both statements together, we still do not have enough information to determine the specific relationship between A and B. Therefore, the data in statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.

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  • 40. 

    Instructions: The next two questions (39-40) consist of a question and two statements with the number I & II. You need to decide whether the data provided in statements are enough to answer the question. Read both the statements in the next two questions and give the answer When is the Rishabh’s birthday this year? (I) It is between January 13 & 15, January 13 being Wednesday (II) It is not on Friday

    • A.

      If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • B.

      If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question

    • C.

      If the data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question; and

    • D.

      If the data either in statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    A. If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
    Explanation
    Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question. Since Rishabh's birthday is not on Friday, we can conclude that his birthday falls on either January 13 or January 14. Therefore, we can determine the date of Rishabh's birthday based on statement II alone. Statement I is not necessary to answer the question as it only provides additional information about the day of the week.

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  • 41. 

    Rishi is brother of Shakti. Sweety is sister of Sharad. Shakti is son of sweety. How Rishi is related to Sweety?

    • A.

      Son

    • B.

      Brother

    • C.

      Nephew

    • D.

      Father

    Correct Answer
    A. Son
    Explanation
    Rishi is the brother of Shakti, and Shakti is the son of Sweety. Therefore, Rishi is the son of Sweety.

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  • 42. 

    How many rectangles are there in the image given below?

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      21

    • C.

      24

    • D.

      26

    Correct Answer
    C. 24
    Explanation
    The image given below consists of multiple rectangles. By counting the number of rectangles in the image, it can be determined that there are a total of 24 rectangles.

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  • 43. 

    Instructions: Choose the correct number that replaces the question mark in the series- 2, 3, 8, 27, 112, ?

    • A.

      226

    • B.

      339

    • C.

      452

    • D.

      565

    Correct Answer
    D. 565
    Explanation
    The given series follows a pattern where each number is obtained by multiplying the previous number by a specific factor and then adding a certain value. In this series, the factor is increasing by 1 each time and the value being added is the cube of the current position in the series. Starting with 2, the next number is obtained by multiplying 2 by 1 and adding 1^3, which gives 3. Similarly, 3 is multiplied by 2 and added with 2^3 to get 8, and so on. Continuing this pattern, the missing number can be found by multiplying 112 by 5 and adding 5^3, resulting in 565.

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  • 44. 

    Instructions: Choose the correct number that replaces the question mark in the series- 66, 36, 18, ?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      9

    Correct Answer
    C. 8
    Explanation
    The given series follows a pattern where each number is halved to obtain the next number. Starting with 66, we halve it to get 33, then halve 33 to get 16.5, which is rounded off to 18. Continuing the pattern, we halve 18 to get 9. Therefore, the number that replaces the question mark in the series is 9.

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  • 45. 

    The mean of four numbers a, b, c, d is 100. If c = 70 then the mean of the remaining numbers is

    • A.

      30

    • B.

      85/2

    • C.

      170/3

    • D.

      110

    Correct Answer
    D. 110
    Explanation
    If the mean of four numbers is 100 and one of the numbers, c, is 70, then the sum of the remaining three numbers (a, b, and d) is 300 (100 multiplied by 3). Since the mean is the sum divided by the number of values, the mean of the remaining numbers is 300 divided by 3, which is equal to 100. Therefore, the correct answer is 110.

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  • 46. 

    If the radius of a circle is increased by 50%, the perimeter of the circle will be increased by

    • A.

      20%

    • B.

      30%

    • C.

      40%

    • D.

      50%

    Correct Answer
    D. 50%
    Explanation
    When the radius of a circle is increased by 50%, the new radius becomes 1.5 times the original radius. The perimeter of a circle is given by the formula P = 2πr, where r is the radius. Since the radius has increased by 50%, the new perimeter will be 2π(1.5r) = 3πr, which is 3 times the original perimeter. Therefore, the perimeter has increased by 200%, which is equivalent to a 100% increase. So, the correct answer is 50%.

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  • 47. 

    Instructions for: Each of the questions given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments with their respective numbers as I & II. You need to judge which of the arguments is ‘strong’ argument while which one is ‘weak’ argument. Give your answer as Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan? Arguments: I - No, Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India. II- Yes. This would help settle conflicts.

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      Neither I nor II is strong

    Correct Answer
    A. If only argument I is strong
    Explanation
    The argument I states that India should not give away Kashmir to Pakistan because it is a beautiful state and earns a lot of foreign exchange for India. This argument is strong because it highlights the economic benefits that India gains from Kashmir. On the other hand, argument II suggests that India should give away Kashmir to Pakistan in order to settle conflicts. This argument is weak because it does not provide any substantial reason or evidence to support its claim. Therefore, the correct answer is "if only argument I is strong."

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  • 48. 

    Instructions : Each of the questions given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments with their respective numbers as I & II. You need to judge which of the arguments is ‘strong’ argument while which one is ‘weak’ argument. Give your answer as Statement: Should a total ban be put on tapping wild animals? Arguments: I – Yes. Trappers are making a lot of money. II – No. Bans on trapping and hunting are not effective.

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      Neither I nor II is strong

    Correct Answer
    D. Neither I nor II is strong
    Explanation
    Neither argument I nor argument II is strong. Argument I suggests that a total ban should be put on tapping wild animals because trappers are making a lot of money. However, the fact that trappers are making money does not necessarily mean that a ban should be put in place. Argument II suggests that bans on trapping and hunting are not effective. However, this argument does not provide any evidence or reasoning to support its claim. Therefore, neither argument can be considered strong.

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  • 49. 

    Choose the odd word in the given options

    • A.

      Sambhar

    • B.

      Dal

    • C.

      Baikal

    • D.

      Siachen

    Correct Answer
    D. Siachen
    Explanation
    The word "Siachen" is the odd word in the given options because it is the only word that does not belong to the category of food or cuisine. "Sambhar" and "Dal" are both Indian dishes, while "Baikal" refers to a type of fish found in Russia. Siachen, on the other hand, is a glacier located in the Karakoram range in the Himalayas.

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  • 50. 

    Choose the odd word in the given options

    • A.

      Nephrology

    • B.

      Entomology

    • C.

      Astrology

    • D.

      Mycology

    Correct Answer
    C. Astrology
    Explanation
    The odd word in the given options is "Astrology" because it is the only word that does not pertain to the study or science of living organisms. Nephrology is the study of the kidneys, Entomology is the study of insects, and Mycology is the study of fungi. However, Astrology is the study of the movements and positions of celestial bodies and their supposed influence on human affairs, which is not related to the study of living organisms.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 12, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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