Lesson 1 Assessment. Climate Change.

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| By Aleksey_semyonov
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Climate Change Quizzes & Trivia

Lesson 1 assessment


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is most suitable definition of climate change?

    • A.

      Climate change refers to any significant human induced change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among others, that occur over several decades or longer

    • B.

      Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among others, that occur over several decades or longer

    • C.

      Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for a short period of time. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among others, that occur over a period of one year

    • D.

      Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time and caused solely by natural factors. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among others, that occur over several decades or longer due to natural processes

    Correct Answer
    B. Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among others, that occur over several decades or longer
    Explanation
    Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among others, that occur over several decades or longer. This definition accurately captures the concept of climate change as a long-term phenomenon that involves significant alterations in various climate parameters. It emphasizes the duration and magnitude of the changes, highlighting the importance of long-term trends rather than short-term fluctuations. Additionally, it does not attribute climate change solely to natural factors, acknowledging that human activities can also contribute to these changes.

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  • 2. 

    Which is not a greenhouse gas?

    • A.

      CO2

    • B.

      CH4

    • C.

      H2O

    • D.

      O2

    • E.

      H2

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. O2
    E. H2
    Explanation
    Oxygen (O2) and hydrogen (H2) are not greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases are gases that trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere and contribute to the greenhouse effect, leading to global warming. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and water vapor (H2O) are all greenhouse gases because they have the ability to absorb and emit infrared radiation, trapping heat in the atmosphere. Oxygen and hydrogen do not possess this property, therefore they are not considered greenhouse gases.

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  • 3. 

    Is it true that climate change is caused solely by anthropogenic factors?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "climate change is caused solely by anthropogenic factors" is false. While human activities, such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation, contribute significantly to climate change, natural factors also play a role. Natural factors include volcanic eruptions, solar radiation, and variations in Earth's orbit. These natural factors have influenced climate throughout history, and it is important to consider both human and natural factors when studying and addressing climate change.

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  • 4. 

    What is the term used to describe action directed at removal or reduction of concentration of GHG in the atmosphere?

    • A.

      Adaptation

    • B.

      Mitigation

    • C.

      Absorbtion

    • D.

      Inhibition

    • E.

      Annihilation

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitigation
    Explanation
    Mitigation is the term used to describe action directed at removal or reduction of concentration of GHG (Greenhouse Gases) in the atmosphere. It refers to efforts and strategies aimed at reducing the emission of GHGs, as well as removing or capturing them from the atmosphere. This can include measures such as transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, implementing carbon capture and storage technologies, and promoting sustainable practices. Mitigation is an important approach in addressing climate change and its associated impacts.

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  • 5. 

    What is the term used to describe action directed at adapting various systems and processes to the climate change effects? 

    • A.

      Mitigation

    • B.

      Technology Transfer

    • C.

      Adaptation

    • D.

      Risk reduction

    • E.

      Reformation

    Correct Answer
    C. Adaptation
    Explanation
    Adaptation is the term used to describe action directed at adapting various systems and processes to the climate change effects. This involves making changes and adjustments to mitigate the impacts of climate change on natural and human systems. It includes measures such as developing resilient infrastructure, implementing sustainable land and water management practices, and enhancing the capacity of communities to cope with climate-related risks and hazards. Adaptation aims to reduce vulnerability and build resilience to the changing climate conditions.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following can be caused by climate change?

    • A.

      Draught

    • B.

      Sea level rise

    • C.

      Extreme weather conditions

    • D.

      Extended day time

    • E.

      Shorter night time

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Draught
    B. Sea level rise
    C. Extreme weather conditions
    Explanation
    Climate change can cause drought, sea level rise, and extreme weather conditions. Drought occurs when there is a prolonged period of low rainfall, which can be influenced by changes in climate patterns. Sea level rise is a result of melting ice caps and thermal expansion of seawater, both of which are linked to global warming. Extreme weather conditions, such as hurricanes, heatwaves, and heavy rainfall, are becoming more frequent and intense due to climate change. However, climate change does not directly affect the length of day or night, so the options of extended daytime and shorter nighttime are not caused by climate change.

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  • 7. 

    Some regions are more vulnerable to the effects of climate change than others?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Climate change affects different regions differently due to various factors such as geographical location, topography, and existing environmental conditions. Some regions may experience more extreme weather events, such as hurricanes or droughts, while others may face rising sea levels or melting glaciers. Additionally, certain regions may have limited resources or infrastructure to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change. Therefore, it is true that some regions are more vulnerable to the effects of climate change than others.

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  • 8. 

    Some countries might benefit economically from the effects of climate change?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Some countries might benefit economically from the effects of climate change because certain regions may experience longer growing seasons, increased agricultural productivity, and expanded access to natural resources. Additionally, industries such as tourism, insurance, and construction may thrive in areas that are less affected by extreme weather events. However, it is important to note that these potential economic benefits are outweighed by the overall negative impacts of climate change, including increased risks to human health, biodiversity loss, and social and economic disruptions.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not a source of methane?

    • A.

      Oil mining

    • B.

      Organic decay

    • C.

      Volcanoes

    • D.

      Hydroelectric power plants

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydroelectric power plants
    Explanation
    Hydroelectric power plants are not a source of methane because they generate electricity by harnessing the power of flowing or falling water, such as rivers or dams. Methane is a greenhouse gas that is primarily emitted from activities such as oil mining, organic decay, and volcanoes. Hydroelectric power plants do not involve the extraction or decomposition of fossil fuels, nor do they release gases like methane into the atmosphere. Instead, they produce clean and renewable energy without contributing to methane emissions.

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  • 10. 

    Which sentence best describes the view of scientists on changes in average global temperature?

    • A.

      The temperature is stable

    • B.

      The temperature increases at rate of 2 degrees per decade

    • C.

      The temperature increases

    • D.

      The temperature fluctuations started to happen only after the industrial revolution

    Correct Answer
    C. The temperature increases
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The temperature increases." This statement accurately reflects the view of scientists on changes in average global temperature. Scientific studies and research have consistently shown that the Earth's temperature has been rising over the past century due to human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. This increase in temperature is causing various impacts, such as melting ice caps, rising sea levels, and more frequent extreme weather events.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 22, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Aleksey_semyonov
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