TOA Accounting Concepts Test

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TOA Accounting Concepts Test - Quiz

Accounting is an interesting concept. If you are a student of accountancy and want to test your knowledge regarding this subject, this 'TOA Accounting Test' is perfect for you. In this quiz, we will ask you MCQ questions based on basic accounting principles. If you answer all the questions correctly, it'll mean that you have a very strong accounts knowledge. So, do you feel ready to take this test? Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following statements is/are true? I. Accounting is a service activity intended to fulfill a useful function in society II. Accounting involves the art of recording, classifying, and summarizing transactions and events, and interpreting the results thereof. III. Accounting is an art but not a science IV. Accounting provides quantitative financial information intended to be useful   in making economic decisions  

    • A.

      I, II, III, IV

    • B.

      I, II, III

    • C.

      I, II, IV

    • D.

      II, III, IV

    Correct Answer
    C. I, II, IV
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because statements I, II, and IV are all true. Statement I states that accounting is a service activity intended to fulfill a useful function in society, which is true as accounting provides valuable financial information to individuals and organizations. Statement II states that accounting involves the art of recording, classifying, and summarizing transactions and events, and interpreting the results thereof, which is true as these are fundamental tasks in accounting. Statement IV states that accounting provides quantitative financial information intended to be useful in making economic decisions, which is true as financial information helps in making informed decisions about investments, expenses, and other economic activities.

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  • 2. 

    Name the branch of accounting that is concerned with the presentation of financial information primarily for use of the third person outside of the business enterprise.

    • A.

      Financial Accounting

    • B.

      Management Accounting

    • C.

      Government Accounting

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Financial Accounting
    Explanation
    Financial accounting is the branch of accounting that focuses on presenting financial information to external users such as investors, creditors, and regulators. It involves the preparation of financial statements, such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, which provide a summary of the company's financial performance and position. This information is crucial for stakeholders outside the business to make informed decisions about their investments or dealings with the company. Management accounting, on the other hand, is concerned with providing financial information to internal users within the business to aid in decision-making and planning. Government accounting is specific to the accounting practices used by government entities. Therefore, the correct answer is Financial Accounting.

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  • 3. 

    Accounting is an art because:

    • A.

      Of the existence of a body knowledge governing accounting practice

    • B.

      Of accounting theory

    • C.

      The necessity of applying creative skill and ability

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The necessity of applying creative skill and ability
    Explanation
    Accounting is considered an art because it requires the application of creative skill and ability. While there is a body of knowledge and theory governing accounting practice, the actual execution of accounting tasks involves making subjective decisions and interpretations. Accountants often need to use their creativity to analyze financial data, make estimates, and present information in a clear and meaningful way. This artistic aspect of accounting sets it apart from purely scientific disciplines and highlights the importance of individual judgment and expertise in the field.

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  • 4. 

    Financial accounting is the branch of accounting that focuses on:

    • A.

      Special purpose reports of financial position and results of operations

    • B.

      Financial statements

    • C.

      The various need of statement users

    • D.

      General purpose reports of financial position and results of operations

    Correct Answer
    D. General purpose reports of financial position and results of operations
    Explanation
    Financial accounting is the branch of accounting that focuses on providing general purpose reports of financial position and results of operations. These reports are prepared for external users, such as investors, creditors, and government agencies, to provide them with relevant and reliable financial information about a company. These reports help users make informed decisions regarding their investments, loans, and other financial transactions. By focusing on general purpose reports, financial accounting ensures that the information is presented in a standardized format and follows generally accepted accounting principles, making it comparable across different companies and industries.

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  • 5. 

    General-purpose information is:

    • A.

      Not intended to satisfy the specialized needs of individual users.

    • B.

      Intended to satisfy the specialized needs of individual users

    • C.

      Not intended to satisfy the common needs of individual users.

    • D.

      Provided by managerial accounting.

    Correct Answer
    A. Not intended to satisfy the specialized needs of individual users.
    Explanation
    General-purpose information refers to information that is meant to be applicable and useful to a wide range of users, rather than catering to specific or specialized needs. It is designed to provide a broad overview or understanding of a topic, rather than delving into specific details or requirements that may be unique to individual users. Therefore, it is not intended to satisfy the specialized needs of individual users.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is not true?

    • A.

      Accounting is concerned primarily with quantitative information used by persons who must make economic decisions among alternative actions.

    • B.

      Governmental accounting is also known as municipal or fund accounting

    • C.

      The branch of accounting concerned with the presentation of financial information to assist management in planning and controlling operations is called managerial accounting.

    • D.

      Financial accounting emphasizes special purpose information based on presumption that significant numbers of users need similar information.

    Correct Answer
    D. Financial accounting emphasizes special purpose information based on presumption that significant numbers of users need similar information.
    Explanation
    Financial accounting does not emphasize special purpose information based on the presumption that significant numbers of users need similar information. Financial accounting is concerned with providing general purpose financial information to external users, such as investors, creditors, and regulators. It focuses on providing information that is relevant, reliable, and comparable to help users make informed economic decisions.

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  • 7. 

    The body of rules and principles which govern accounting practices is referred to as

    • A.

      Accounting practice

    • B.

      Accounting principles

    • C.

      Accounting concepts

    • D.

      Accounting theory

    Correct Answer
    D. Accounting theory
    Explanation
    Accounting theory refers to the body of rules and principles that govern accounting practices. It provides a framework for understanding and interpreting accounting practices and helps guide the development of accounting standards and policies. Accounting theory encompasses various concepts and principles that are used to record, analyze, and report financial information. It is essential for ensuring consistency, accuracy, and transparency in financial reporting, and plays a crucial role in the field of accounting.

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  • 8. 

    The layers of the structure of accounting theory include the following except:

    • A.

      Methods and procedures

    • B.

      Principles

    • C.

      Measurement and recognition

    • D.

      Postulates and conventions

    Correct Answer
    C. Measurement and recognition
    Explanation
    The layers of the structure of accounting theory include methods and procedures, principles, and postulates and conventions. Measurement and recognition is not included as one of the layers. Measurement refers to the process of determining the monetary value of an item or transaction, while recognition refers to the process of recording the item or transaction in the financial statements. Although measurement and recognition are important aspects of accounting, they are not considered as separate layers in the structure of accounting theory.

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  • 9. 

    The basic assumption or premises on which accounting principles rest are called

    • A.

      Accounting postulates

    • B.

      Accounting procedures

    • C.

      Accounting principles

    • D.

      Accounting laws

    Correct Answer
    A. Accounting postulates
    Explanation
    Accounting postulates refer to the fundamental assumptions or premises on which accounting principles are based. These postulates provide a foundation for the development of accounting principles and help guide the recording, measurement, and reporting of financial information. They are essential in ensuring consistency and reliability in financial reporting. Accounting procedures, on the other hand, are the specific methods and techniques used to implement accounting principles. Accounting principles are the general rules and guidelines that govern the preparation of financial statements. Accounting laws, on the other hand, refer to legal regulations and requirements imposed by government authorities.

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  • 10. 

    The normative attitudes or ideas of the accounting profession as to what ought to represent good accounting practice and which modify the application of accounting principles are known as:

    • A.

      Accounting postulates

    • B.

      Accounting conventions

    • C.

      Accounting procedures

    • D.

      Accounting principles

    Correct Answer
    B. Accounting conventions
    Explanation
    Accounting conventions refer to the normative attitudes or ideas of the accounting profession that determine what should be considered as good accounting practice. These conventions modify the application of accounting principles, which are the fundamental rules and guidelines for preparing financial statements. Accounting conventions provide additional guidance and interpretation to ensure consistency and comparability in financial reporting. They help accountants make judgments and decisions when applying accounting principles in practice.

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  • 11. 

    The general guidelines used in accounting practice that are based on substantial authoritative support are called

    • A.

      Accounting postulates

    • B.

      Accounting conventions

    • C.

      Accounting procedures

    • D.

      Accounting principles

    Correct Answer
    D. Accounting principles
    Explanation
    Accounting principles refer to the general guidelines and rules that govern the preparation and presentation of financial statements. These principles are based on substantial authoritative support, such as accounting standards and regulations, and are followed by accountants and financial professionals to ensure consistency, comparability, and reliability of financial information. They provide a framework for recording, measuring, and reporting financial transactions and events in a way that accurately represents the financial position and performance of an entity.

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  • 12. 

    The specific methods used by accountants in carrying out the general guidelines provided by GAAP, including the numerous rules specifying how financial data should be recorded, classified, summarized, and reported are referred to as:

    • A.

      Accounting postulates

    • B.

      Accounting conventions

    • C.

      Accounting procedures

    • D.

      Accounting principles

    Correct Answer
    C. Accounting procedures
    Explanation
    Accounting procedures refer to the specific methods and techniques that accountants use to implement the general guidelines provided by GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles). These procedures include the rules and protocols for recording, classifying, summarizing, and reporting financial data. They provide a standardized framework for accountants to follow, ensuring consistency and accuracy in financial reporting. Accounting procedures help organizations maintain transparency, facilitate decision-making, and comply with regulatory requirements.

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  • 13. 

    “The accounting entity is assumed to be separate and distinct from other entities and from the owners, managers, and employees which constitute the firm”. This postulate is referred to as:

    • A.

      Matching

    • B.

      Going concern

    • C.

      Historical cost

    • D.

      Specific-separate-entity

    Correct Answer
    D. Specific-separate-entity
    Explanation
    The postulate referred to as "Specific-separate-entity" assumes that the accounting entity is separate and distinct from other entities and from the owners, managers, and employees of the firm. This means that the financial transactions and records of the entity are kept separate from personal transactions and records of individuals associated with the entity. It ensures that the entity's financial information is reliable and can be used for decision-making purposes.

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  • 14. 

    Unless there is specific evidence to the contrary, the firm will continue to be in existence in the foreseeable future. This postulate is referred to as

    • A.

      Matching

    • B.

      Going concern

    • C.

      Historical cost

    • D.

      Specific-separate-entity

    Correct Answer
    B. Going concern
    Explanation
    The postulate that states that a firm will continue to be in existence in the foreseeable future, unless there is specific evidence to the contrary, is referred to as "Going concern". This means that the firm is expected to continue its operations and fulfill its obligations to stakeholders, such as investors, creditors, and employees. It assumes that the company will not be liquidated or forced to cease operations in the near future. This principle is important for financial reporting as it allows for the proper valuation and presentation of assets and liabilities.

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  • 15. 

    “Money is the best measuring unit of a firm’s assets, liabilities and equity, as well as changes therein; its instability is immaterial”. This postulate is referred to as

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Revenue recognition

    • C.

      Money-measuring unit

    • D.

      Fiscal period

    Correct Answer
    C. Money-measuring unit
    Explanation
    The postulate that states "Money is the best measuring unit of a firm's assets, liabilities and equity, as well as changes therein; its instability is immaterial" is referred to as the Money-measuring unit. This postulate suggests that money is the most appropriate and reliable unit of measurement for financial transactions and the financial position of a firm. It implies that the value of money remains consistent and can accurately represent the value of a firm's assets, liabilities, and equity.

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  • 16. 

    “Cost is normally the proper money measurement of a firm’s assets, liabilities, and equity, and changes in them because it is objective, verifiable and convenient to obtain, approximating value at time of acquisition. “ This postulate is referred to as

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Revenue recognition

    • C.

      Money measuring unit

    • D.

      Fiscal period

    Correct Answer
    A. Historical cost
    Explanation
    The postulate mentioned in the question is referred to as Historical cost. Historical cost is the practice of recording assets, liabilities, and equity at their original cost when they were acquired or incurred. It is considered proper because it is objective, verifiable, and convenient to obtain. Using historical cost allows for consistency and comparability in financial reporting as it provides a reliable and transparent basis for measuring the value of a firm's resources and obligations.

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  • 17. 

    “The life of a business firm can be segmented into short run time periods in order to provide timely financial information to aid in financial decision making; hence, periodic reporting implies the use of accrual accounting and use of estimates ( approximations) and informed judgment by accountants.” This postulate is referred to as

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Revenue recognition

    • C.

      Money measuring unit

    • D.

      Fiscal period

    Correct Answer
    D. Fiscal period
    Explanation
    The postulate referred to as the fiscal period states that the life of a business firm can be divided into short run time periods to provide timely financial information for financial decision making. This implies the use of accrual accounting, which recognizes revenue and expenses when they are incurred, and the use of estimates and informed judgment by accountants. The fiscal period concept ensures that financial information is reported periodically to stakeholders, allowing them to make informed decisions based on the most up-to-date information.

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  • 18. 

    “The point of sale when goods are delivered or services are rendered, is the time at which revenue is to be recognized.” This postulate is referred to as

    • A.

      Historical cost

    • B.

      Revenue recognition

    • C.

      Money measuring unit

    • D.

      Fiscal period

    Correct Answer
    B. Revenue recognition
    Explanation
    The postulate mentioned in the statement states that revenue should be recognized at the point of sale when goods are delivered or services are rendered. This means that revenue should be recorded in the financial statements at the time when the transaction occurs, rather than when the payment is received. This postulate is known as revenue recognition.

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  • 19. 

    “Goods and services used (“expenses”) during the fiscal period can be associated with the revenue earned during the same fiscal period”. This postulate referred to as

    • A.

      Matching

    • B.

      Going concern

    • C.

      Historical Cost

    • D.

      Specific-separate entity

    Correct Answer
    A. Matching
    Explanation
    The postulate referred to as Matching states that the expenses incurred during a fiscal period should be associated with the revenue earned during the same period. This means that the costs of producing goods or providing services should be matched with the revenue generated from selling those goods or services in order to accurately measure the profitability of the business. Matching ensures that expenses are recognized in the same period as the revenue they help generate, providing a more accurate representation of the financial performance of the company.

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  • 20. 

    “Exception to the application of accounting theory are permitted if the amount involve is not material; financial reporting is concerned only with information that is significant enough to affect evaluations or decisions.” This convention is called

    • A.

      Conservatism

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Consistency

    • D.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    D. Materiality
    Explanation
    The convention being described in the given statement is materiality. Materiality is the concept in accounting that allows for exceptions to be made in the application of accounting theory if the amount involved is not significant enough to affect evaluations or decisions. This means that if an item or transaction is deemed immaterial, it does not need to be reported or disclosed in the financial statements. Materiality ensures that financial reporting focuses on information that is relevant and significant to users of the financial statements.

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  • 21. 

    “The same accounting procedures for a given entity should be used from one period to the next. Changes may however be made if it will result in more accurate or useful information for decision making provided it disclosed”. The convention is called

    • A.

      Conservatism

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Consistency

    • D.

      Materiality

    Correct Answer
    C. Consistency
    Explanation
    Consistency is the correct answer because it refers to the practice of using the same accounting procedures for a given entity from one period to the next. However, it allows for changes to be made if they will result in more accurate or useful information for decision making, as long as these changes are properly disclosed. This convention ensures that financial statements are comparable over time and allows users to make meaningful comparisons and analysis.

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  • 22. 

    “Financial statements of different firms should be based on similar accounting principles and procedures in order to aid users of financial statements in finding similarities and differences among firms for purposed of financial decision making” This convention is called

    • A.

      Consistency

    • B.

      Comparability

    • C.

      Objectivity

    • D.

      Conservatism

    Correct Answer
    B. Comparability
    Explanation
    The convention that financial statements of different firms should be based on similar accounting principles and procedures in order to aid users of financial statements in finding similarities and differences among firms for the purpose of financial decision making is called comparability. Comparability ensures that financial information can be compared across different companies, allowing users to make informed decisions based on the similarities and differences observed in the financial statements.

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  • 23. 

    “Accounting measurement should be based on evidence that is verifiable by competent persons”. This convention is called

    • A.

      Consistency

    • B.

      Comparability

    • C.

      Objectivity

    • D.

      Conservatism

    Correct Answer
    C. Objectivity
    Explanation
    The convention of accounting measurement being based on evidence that is verifiable by competent persons is referred to as objectivity. This means that the information recorded in the financial statements should be supported by reliable and unbiased evidence, ensuring that the financial information is accurate and can be trusted by users of the financial statements. Objectivity helps to enhance the credibility and reliability of the financial information, allowing for better decision-making by stakeholders.

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  • 24. 

    “The accountant should recognize all possible losses but anticipate no profit. Where alternative courses of action are available, he should choose the alternative least favorable to owners’ equity.

    • A.

      Consistency

    • B.

      Comparability

    • C.

      Objectivity

    • D.

      Conservatism

    Correct Answer
    D. Conservatism
    Explanation
    The concept of conservatism in accounting suggests that the accountant should recognize all possible losses but anticipate no profit. This means that when faced with uncertainty or multiple options, the accountant should choose the alternative that is least favorable to owners' equity. By being conservative, the accountant aims to present a more cautious and realistic view of the financial statements, ensuring that potential losses are accounted for and minimizing the risk of overstating assets or income. This principle helps to ensure that financial statements are reliable and provide a more accurate representation of the company's financial position.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 23, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Cpama2ster2010
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