Take Home Quiz Chapter 9

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 241

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Home Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The preanalytical phase of the testing process begin for the laborataory when a:
    • A. 

      Blood or body fluid specimen is collected.

    • B. 

      Patient is admitted to a healthcare facility.

    • C. 

      Specimen is submitted for processing.

    • D. 

      Test is ordered by a patient's physician.

  • 2. 
    Most reference ranges are based on normal laboratory test valyes for:
    • A. 

      Fasting patients.

    • B. 

      Healthy people.

    • C. 

      I11 individuals.

    • D. 

      Treated patients.

  • 3. 
    Diurnal variation associated with some blood components are:
    • A. 

      Abnormal changes that occur once a day.

    • B. 

      Changes that follow a monthly cycle.

    • C. 

      Normal fluctuations throughout the day.

    • D. 

      Variations that occur on an hourly basis

  • 4. 
    A patient;s arm is swollen. The term used to describe this condition is:
    • A. 

      Cyanotic.

    • B. 

      Edematous.

    • C. 

      Sclerosed.

    • D. 

      Thrombosed.

  • 5. 
    Lipemia results from:
    • A. 

      High fat content of the blood.

    • B. 

      Improper specimen handling.

    • C. 

      Increased number of platelets.

    • D. 

      Specimen hemoconcentration.

  • 6. 
    A patient with a high degree of jaundice typically has:
    • A. 

      Bruising and petechiae.

    • B. 

      Edematous extremities.

    • C. 

      Hemolyzed specimens.

    • D. 

      Yellow skin and sclerae.

  • 7. 
    Lymphostasis is:
    • A. 

      Impaired secretion of lymph fluid,

    • B. 

      Obstruction of the flow of lymph.

    • C. 

      Reduced lymphocyte production.

    • D. 

      Stoppage of lymphoid functions.

  • 8. 
    This is the medical term for a nervious system response to abrupt pain, stress, or trauma:
    • A. 

      Circadian response

    • B. 

      Latrogenic reflux

    • C. 

      Vasovagal syncope

    • D. 

      Venous stagnation

  • 9. 
    Small non-rasied red spots appear on the patient's skin below where the tourniquet has been tied. What are they and what causes them?
    • A. 

      A rash from tying the tourniquet too tightly

    • B. 

      Bilirubin spots as a result of a diseased liver

    • C. 

      Dermatitis from an allergy to the tourniquet

    • D. 

      Petechiae due to capillary or platelet defects

  • 10. 
    Venous stasis is:
    • A. 

      Backflow of tissue fluid into a vein.

    • B. 

      Part of the normal coagulation process.

    • C. 

      Stoppage of the normal venous blood flow.

    • D. 

      Vein collapse from excess pressure.

  • 11. 
    A hematoma is a:
    • A. 

      Blood clot inside a vein.

    • B. 

      Pool of fluid from an iv.

    • C. 

      Swelling or mass of blood.

    • D. 

      Symptom of nerve injury.

  • 12. 
    Mastectomy is the medical term for breast:
    • A. 

      Biopsy.

    • B. 

      Reduction.

    • C. 

      Removal.

    • D. 

      Surgery.

  • 13. 
    Exsanguination is:
    • A. 

      Autologous donation of blood.

    • B. 

      Iatrogenic depletion of blood.

    • C. 

      Life-threatening loss of blood.

    • D. 

      Therapeutic removal of blood.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is a product of the breakdown of red blood cells (RBCs)?
    • A. 

      Bilirubin

    • B. 

      Creatinine

    • C. 

      Glucagon

    • D. 

      Lipid (fat_

  • 15. 
    A vein that is thrombosed is:
    • A. 

      Clotted.

    • B. 

      Patent.

    • C. 

      Scarred.

    • D. 

      Swollen.

  • 16. 
    A patient goes into convulsion while you are drawing his blood. The last tube has just started to fill. Which of the following is the wrong thing to do?
    • A. 

      Complete the draw as quickly as you can.

    • B. 

      Immediately discontinue the blood draw.

    • C. 

      Prevent the patient from injuring himself.

    • D. 

      Notify the appropriate first-aid personnel.

  • 17. 
    The patient has in IV in the left foreawm and a large hematoma in the antecubital area of the right arm. The best place to collect a specimen by venipuncture is the:
    • A. 

      Left arm above the IV entry point.

    • B. 

      Left arm below the IV entry point.

    • C. 

      Right arm distal to the hematoma.

    • D. 

      Right arm in the antecubital area.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not true of Hematomas?
    • A. 

      It is a swelling or mass of blood

    • B. 

      It can lead to inaccurate test results

    • C. 

      It can causes an obstruction of blood flow

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 19. 
    Hemoconcentration from prolonged tourniquet application increases:
    • A. 

      Blood plasma volume.

    • B. 

      Non-filterable analytes.

    • C. 

      PH and oxygen levels.

    • D. 

      Specimen hemolysis.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is the medical term for fainting?
    • A. 

      Sclerosis

    • B. 

      Stasis

    • C. 

      Supine

    • D. 

      Syncope

  • 21. 
    In which instance if the patient closest to the basal state? The patient who:
    • A. 

      Arrived at the lab at 0800 and had not eaten since dinner the prior night.

    • B. 

      Came straight to the lab after working all night but was fasting at work.

    • C. 

      Has been awake but lying down quietly resting for the last several hours.

    • D. 

      Is awakened for a blood draw at 0600 after fasting since 0800 last night.

  • 22. 
    The best specimens to use for establishing inpatient reference ranges for blood tests are:
    • A. 

      Basal-state specimens.

    • B. 

      Fasting specimens.

    • C. 

      Postprandial specimens.

    • D. 

      Steady-state specimens.

  • 23. 
    Which test requires the parient's age in calculating results?
    • A. 

      Cold agglutinin titer

    • B. 

      C-reactive protein

    • C. 

      Creatine kinase mb

    • D. 

      Creatinine clearance

  • 24. 
    Which of the following tests is most affected by altitude?
    • A. 

      Cholesterol

    • B. 

      Electrolytes

    • C. 

      Magnesium

    • D. 

      RBC count

  • 25. 
    Persistent diarrhea in the absence of fluid replacement may cause:
    • A. 

      Hemoconcentration.

    • B. 

      Iatrogenic anemia.

    • C. 

      Petechiae formation.

    • D. 

      Red cell destruction.

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